Glutamine: Why is this the right choice for muscle-gain supplement?

glutamine workout

Last Updated July 15th, 2019

Why do we need proteins?

Many post-exercise products (powders, energy bars, etc.) are seen dominating the market trends these days. Some of them are protein supplements and are used to enhance exercise performance. Some work well for weight loss too. If weight loss is your target then adding carbohydrates will not help. This is because carbs contribute to calories and calories contribute to weight gain.

glutamine One of the ways to meet the energy requirement of the body is via proteins. Proteins are a complex bunch of amino acids. These amino acids cater to protein synthesis in the body. Some of the individual amino acids activate the antioxidant machinery and some even behave as antioxidants (substances that conquer the effect of unstable compounds).

Glutamine is an amino acid that possesses more properties than just protein synthesis. Explore more on the role of glutamine, its applications, and side effects.

What is glutamine?

Glutamine is an amino acid (building blocks of proteins). It is a non-essential amino acid or in other words, it is present naturally in the human body.  It is the most abundant amino acid in our body and is present in the blood, serum, plasma, etc. Glutamine acts as a non-carbohydrate energy source in our body. It is the second reliable energy resource after carbohydrates. One gram of L-glutamine provides approximately 4 calories of energy (which is the same as what carbs provide).

Sources of glutamine

glutamine foodsGlutamine is present in many natural food sources as much as it is present in our body. There are many options to choose from which most of them are protein-rich foods. You can rely on foods such as beef, chicken, fish, eggs, beans, carrots, cabbage, spinach, beets, celery, kale, Brussels sprouts, etc.

  • A normal diet may contain 3 – 6 grams per day of glutamine.
  • If you are using glutamine supplements, a minimal dose of L-glutamine of 10 g per day is advisable.
  • For athletic people and those with fatal health conditions (such as cancer patients under chemotherapy), a dose of 40 g/day is advisable.

 

How important is glutamine?

Glutamine is needed for protein synthesis which is in turn essential for growth, development, and repair in our body. It plays a vital role in intestinal health and immunity. The small intestine (the largest organ of the digestive system) plays a vital role in the digestion of the food to extrude the nutrients and supply it to the rest of our body.

Glutamine and the small intestine

Glutamine intestinesGlutamine acts as an important energy source for the intestinal cells aiding in their growth and multiplication. It also aids in key digestive processes such as absorption and nutrient delivery. Conditions such as heat, oxidative damage, and chemotherapy reduce the permeability of the gut resulting in a leaky gut. Glutamine protects the gut lining and prevents a leaky intestine.

It maintains nitrogen balance in our body. The nitrogen from glutamine is vital for protein synthesis. They are used by the beneficial gut bacteria to produce antibacterial peptides. The abundant levels of glutamine prevent the exhaustion of other amino acids for energy production. The flow of food contents in the gut is enhanced.

Glutamine the liver

Liver aids in digestion by the production of bile. Ammonia toxicity causes liver functions to be hampered. Glutamine helps in removing ammonia and prevents liver damage. Psoriasis is a condition where there is abnormal development of itchy scaly skin patches. This is a condition that rises up because of a leaky gut. Often, such patients are advised to consume glutamine containing foods to treat the condition. Glutamine is a major energy source for the immune cells (the white blood cells and certain intestinal cells) as well. They minimize the incidences of infections.

Glutamine for muscle gain 

glutamine workoutNowadays many people are beginning to devote attention to their health and fitness. The hunt for food sources and supplements is surging. Glutamine supplements have carved their way into weight training regimes. It decreases muscle soreness and enhances muscle recovery post strenuous exercises.   Glutamine reduces the levels of the chemicals that are involved in muscle loss.

Treating infection 

Glutamine helps in reducing inflammation. This leads to better recovery from surgeries. It is effective in treating sepsis. In complicated cases such as very low birth weight infants, the use of glutamine has shown remarkable

Glutamine and your brain 

The blood-brain barrier is a line of epithelial cells around the brain that monitor the passage of oxygen, lipid-soluble molecules, and water. Glutamine crosses the blood-brain barrier. Glutamine gets converted into a compound that is useful for brain function. It improves aspects such as mood, concentration, and memory.

Allergies and wound healing 

There are certain compounds that get secreted during an allergic reaction. The levels of these compounds are lowered significantly under the use of glutamine. Upon the occurrence of an injury, the tissues and immune cells surrounding the injury begin to take in glutamine. This urges the muscle cells to synthesize more glutamine which is subsequently used for wound-healing.

Is glutamine an antioxidant?

No. Firstly you need to know that an antioxidant is a substance that helps protect the cells of our body from damaging reactions. Glutamine enhances the antioxidant activity (a tendency to fight the reactions that damage the cells in our body) of antioxidant enzymes. Studies indicate that there is an increase in the efficiency of the antioxidant enzymes in a glutamine-supplemented diet program.

Glutamine: Other health benefits

You can get a lot more benefits than you can think of. Glutamine has positive impacts on aging, heart and much more.

Anti-aging 

Common signs of aging include skin wrinkling, reduced stamina, etc. Metabolism is a process involving energy production, growth, repair, and waste removal. Amongst all the other amino acids, glutamine (being abundantly present) is involved in many of the metabolic processes other than energy production. Glutamine slows down aging, regulates the acid-base balance and helps to maintain the skin firm.

Stress-related damages

There are proteins involved in protecting our body during stress. These proteins are termed as heat shock proteins. Researches show an increase in the level of these heat shock proteins to 3.7 fold upon the administration of glutamine. That is why glutamine works well as a stress reliever.

Glutamine and heart health 

Conditions such as the heart attack or heart surgeries can disrupt the oxygen levels in the heart. During exercise, there is a loss of oxygen. This can result in the cells in the heart to die out. Some studies show that the administration of glutamine in such cases decreases the levels of the proteins that are involved in cell death.

Curb the cravings 

The body of an alcohol addict will rely mostly on alcohol as the energy source. Long term exposure to alcohol drastically depletes the levels of L-glutamine. Alcohol consumption terminates the L-glutamine synthesis at the cellular level and expels out L-glutamine into the urine. Glutamine supplementation curbs alcohol or sugar cravings. It gets converted to glucose in the brain without increasing the insulin levels.

Alcohol addicts, upon recovering from their addiction, experience withdrawal symptoms such as sweating, vomiting, etc. If you are recovering from alcohol addiction, you can consider a diet supplemented with L-glutamine. This helps in alcohol recovery and offers other added benefits such as improved brain function, reduced depression or anxiety, reduced insomnia, etc.

A study of glutamine and its role in alcohol recovery shows the alcohol consumption reduces by 35%. Use of L-glutamine is not a cure for alcohol or sugar addiction, but it can help reduce the cravings to a great deal!

Glutamine as a supplement 

Glutamine is taken as a supplement in cases of major injuries, burns, and surgeries. It is known to improve the survival rate in grave illnesses. There are researches throwing light on glutamine being helpful in resisting stress and also possessing anti-microbial properties in severe brain injuries. Also, these days, many people who are into fitness/gym workouts consume glutamine as a supplement for muscle build up.

Few side effects

  •    Vomiting
  •     Nausea
  •     Hives
  •    Joint pain

 

Glutamine: In a nutshell

glutamine proteinsProteins are vital in the construction of growth, development, repair and waste removal. They are composed of amino acids of which, glutamine is majorly present in our body. Being present in large amounts, glutamine offers many advantages in many biological processes taking place in your body.

Glutamine is the second major fuel source after carbohydrates. It also guards the other amino acids against any harmful attacks, reactions, and exhaustion. It protects the heart by promoting healing post any traumatic event/surgery and aids in enhanced immunity.

Its application is widely seen in wound healing because of its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-microbial benefits. It offers better digestion, better memory and minimizes the intensity of allergic reactions.It is better if you take the glutamine supplementation after consulting your nutritionist and your medical physician.

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

 

 

 

Trending Topics

ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk…
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan…
folate test
Folate test The Folate test is used to measure and monitor the levels of folic acid in…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the…
abdominal-CT-scan- image
Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that provides a clear picture of the…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body…
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin.…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less…
Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are non-invasive breathing tests employed for diagnosing and monitoring lung diseases…
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various…
Ferritin blood test
Ferritin Test Ferritin test is a blood test that provides vital information on the level of RBCs…
HELICOBACTER_PYLORI---IgG
Helicobacter Pylori – IgG Test Helicobacter pylori IgG test is a blood, saliva, and urine test performed to determine if…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of…
serum electrolyte test
Serum Electrolyte If there is an electrolyte imbalance in the body, a serum electrolyte test will help…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and…
RHEUMATOID_FACTOR_(RF)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Rheumatoid factor or RF is a blood test used to diagnose painful joint conditions such…
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself…
Free T3 test
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) Test The free triiodothyronine or FT3 test is an important blood test that is used to…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in…
TPAB test
Treponema Pallidum Antibody(TPAB) test Treponema pallidum bacteria a gram-negative bacteria that has helically coiled, corkscrew-shaped cells, responsible for STDs…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can…
POSTPRANDIAL-BLOOD-SUGAR
Post-Prandial Blood Sugar Postprandial blood sugar test is an important diabetes diagnosing tool. This simple blood test measure…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG…
lipoprotein A
Lipoprotein (A) Test Lipoprotein (A) test is used to measure and monitor the levels of LDL(Low-Density Lipoprotein) in…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity ,…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect…
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is intended to look at the abnormalities in the ureters, bladder, and urethra, to…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could…
Helicobacter pylori IGA
Helicobacter Pylori – IgA Test The H.pylori IgA test is a blood test used to identify the level of IgA…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell…
random blood sugar test
Random Blood Sugar Test The random blood sugar or RBS test is a blood test prescribed mainly to check…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be.…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but…
EEG
Electroencephalogram – EEG EEG or electroencephalogram is a diagnostic tool used to access the functioning of neurons and…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the…
Top natural diuretics: The instant benefits you can get from nature’s water pills Since diuretic drugs are known to cause side effects, it is better to choose a…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet…
EMA antibodies
Endomysial Antibodies (EMA) Test EMA test is an investigative blood examination to locate the presence of certain antibodies, called…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders?…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more…
Is bronchitis contagious? And how to prevent this infection? It is acute bronchitis that is contagious which means you can contract it from another…
Bronchoscopy procedure
Bronchoscopy Bronchoscopy is a procedure where in a scope is inserted into the lung pathway to…
anti-chlamydia antibody tets
Anti-Chlamydia Antibody -IgG Test Anti-Chlamydia Antibody - IgG test is performed by collection of urine or genital fluids as…
free thyroxine ft4
Free thyroxine test (FT4) The FT4 or free thyroxine test is a blood test used to detect the level…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you…
boost brain health
The ultimate tips on how to boost your brain health Would you like to be smarter? Want a sharp memory but bored of doing sudoku?…
glutamine workout
Glutamine: Why is this the right choice for muscle-gain supplement? Glutamine can help you gain muscles and build higher immunity. Read more to find out…
gout diet purines
Gout Diet : Get relief from painful joints by eating these foods Are you a victim of this painful condition? Are medications providing only short relief? Find…
dandelion weight loss
Caralluma Fimbriata: How to eat this cactus to lose weight Caralluma fimbriata is a miracle cactus that can be safely consumed by most for losing…
waterchestnut
Water Chestnuts: The tastiest ways to include this healthy tuber in your diet Water chestnut is not a nut after all. It is a tuber (much like the…
Erythritol: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another marketing ploy? Erythritol is a popular choice of a healthy alternative sweetening agent in foods. But how…
Colloidal silver benefits
Colloidal silver: An essential dietary supplement or yet another pharmaceutical hoax? Colloidal silver is hailed as an effective home remedy for infections. Many believe it can…
blood elements analysis
Blood Element Analysis Test A blood element analysis is a blood test performed to measure the level of toxic…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in…
fructosamine test
Fructosamine Test A fructosamine test is a blood test that measures blood sugar glucose content. Fructosamine level…
erythropoetin test
Erythropoietin (EPO) Test Erythropoetin stimulates the production of RBCs in bone marrow thus an erythropoetin test is done…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make…
oral hygiene tips
6 shocking consequences of bad oral hygiene (and how to avoid them) Did you know bad breath is not just turning off, but also harms your body…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the…
Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast Ever thought how toxic chemicals find their way into our foods? How can they harm…
Psyllium Husk: More than just an effective natural laxative Psyllium husk, or isabgol, is a popular natural laxative . But did you in addition…
GERD heartburn
Heartburn: What are the exact symptoms and the best home remedies? There are easy home remedies for heartburn, which not only acts as a first aid…
Internal bleeding brain
Beware: Ignoring these tell-tale signs of stroke could cost a life The signs and symptoms of a stroke differ depending on which part of the brain…
arterial-blood-gas
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Arterial blood gas analysis is a diagnostic procedure used to determine the volume of oxygen…
beta hcg test
Beta hCG Test A Beta hCG test measures the level of human gonadotropin hormones present in the blood…
cardioliin antibody iga
Cardiolipin Antibody (ACL) – IgA test Cardiolipins are a type of phospholipid that are constituents of the platelets and the cell…
apolipoprotein a1 test
Apolipoprotein -A1 (APO-A1) Test Apolipoprotein A-I (Apo-A1) is an essential protein that constitutes 70% of protein content in high-density…
cardiolipin antibody igm
Cardiolipin Antibody (ACL) –IgM Test The types of cardiolipin antibodies are the IgG, IgA and IgM types and this particular…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media?…
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and…

Related Posts

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.