Cloudy Urine


Last Updated December 20th, 2021

Introduction

Healthy urine is normally clear and light yellow in color with no sediments. The color and odor of the urine is a critical indicator of the health condition of an individual. Therefore, when urine appears cloudy or turbid, it could be indicative of an underlying health condition. In most cases, cloudy urine is a sign of urinary tract infection which affects over eight million people in a year. Cloudy urine is sometimes associated with abdominal pain, frequent urination, bad odor, and painful urination.

Women may complain of cloudy urine much more than men. This is because women’s bladders are more prone to E Coli formation. If the cause of cloudy urine is not connected with urinary tract infection, then it may be indicative of a serious health issue like a kidney problem. If the urine contains too many types of sedimentsor abnormally high levels of certain kinds of cells and crystals, it calls for careful examination.

If this condition is asymptomatic, then it could just be a case of dehydration that can be remedied easily.

What causes cloudy urine?

There are various factors which make urine appear cloudy. Therefore, it is important to ascertain the cause accurately for the best treatment.

Dehydration

Urine becomes cloudy when the body is dehydrated It occurs when there is excessive loss of water from the body due to sweating, vomiting, diarrhea or increased urination. If not treated in time it could be fatal. Quickly replenishing the body with fluid intake can remedy the imbalance.It is important to drink 8 to 10 glasses of water per day to keep the body well hydrated.

Urinary tract infections (UTI)

This is often the cause for urine to look hazy. In this case, urination is very painful accompanied by a foul smell. Itching or burning sensation along with frequent urge to urinate is another complaint among those with UTI.  Men and women experiencing UTI often notice the presence of blood and pus in the urine, which also makes the urine appear cloudy. Early diagnosis and treatment of UTI help in preventing further complications.

Gonorrhea

A type of bacterial infection affecting women that engage in unprotected sex. It causes frequent urge to urinate along with a burning sensation. The discharge from the vaginal area during this time makes the urine cloudy or turbid.

Kidney infections

It normally starts as UTI and tends to affect the functioning of the Kidneys. When the infection is not treated on time it is likely to spread to kidneys with pathogens moving up from ureters to the kidneys. As a result, urine gets cloudy and emanates a foul smell. Kidney infections require quick and correct medical intervention to prevent long-term damage to the kidneys.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones cause severe pain, nausea,and vomiting. High fever, chills, discomfort in urination causes the urine to appear foamy, cloudy or turbid.

Cystitis

It is a type of bladder infection that can make the urine cloudy. It is caused by inflammation in the bladder due to the presence of bacteria. This is also a type of urinary tract infection.

Prostatitis

Infection in the prostate gland can also cause cloudy urine. Some of the associated symptoms are blood in urine, abdominal pain, painful ejaculation, and flu-like symptoms.

Retrograde ejaculation

This is not harmful but can lead to male infertility. This happens when the semen goes into the bladder rather than exit through the penis during ejaculation. The presence of semen in the urine causes it to appear cloudy.

Vulvovaginitis

A condition primarily caused due to bacterial infection, but can also occur due to the presence of viruses or fungi. Itchiness and painful discharge of urine can lead to cloudy urine.

Diabetes

A change in the color and frequency of urination is among the initial symptoms of diabetes. When excess sugar leaves the body, kidneys are damaged due to the breakdown of kidney filters.This causes the urine to appear cloudy.

Chyluria

This condition causes urine to appear milky. This is because of the presence of chyle in the lymphatic system consisting of lymph and lipid particles that carry digested fats from the small intestine to the bloodstream.

Hematuria

Urine that appears pink, brown or red signifies the presence of blood in it. Since this is not visible to the naked eye, only a laboratory test on a urine sample can detect the condition. Infections, medications, kidney disease, kidney stones, are all causes of hematuria.

Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI)

Repeated catheter use creates infections similar to UTI. Bacteria get into the urinary tract if the catheter is not emptied and cleaned well.

Other causes

  • Lymphoma
  • Heat exposure
  • Dehydration
  • Leukemia
  • Bladder cancer
  • Certain autoimmune diseases
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Hypertension

Symptoms of cloudy urine

Cloudy urine symptoms vary depending on where the infection is in the body. UTI related to cloudy urine has the following symptoms.

  • Painful or burning sensation
  • Bladder spasm
  • Abdominal pain
  • Frequent urination
  • Urgent need to urinate
  • Change in the color of the urine
  • Foul smelling urine

Symptoms that occur without UTI infection is often more serious and has to be treated immediately. The warning flags are :

  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Vaginal or penile infection
  • Inflammation in the abdomen
  • Swelling in legs, arms,and face
  • Stiffness in joints
  • Dehydration
  • Swelling of lymph nodes
  • Fever
  • Extreme hunger
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • High blood pressure

The reasons for cloudy urine differ among men and women.

After sex, the urine appears cloudy for men because of the retention of some sperm in the urethra. This normally clears within minutes. Prostate-related issues like prostate infection, swelling of the scrotum, prostate cancer,and sexually transmitted disease are the main factors responsible for cloudy urine in men.

For women, endometriosis and sexually transmitted diseases make the urine appear cloudy. While it appears as UTI in both men and women, the doctor has to carefully diagnose the actual cause behind cloudy urine.

Cloudy urine with a foul smell

Foul smell in urine can be due to various reasons.

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Low-carb diet
  • Fasting
  • High ketone levels in the body
  • Dehydration
  • Consumption of certain foods like beer, garlic,and coffee

Cloudy urine during pregnancy

  • Women go through immense hormonal changes during pregnancy. They are prone to UTI infections during this time. Timely treatment is important to avoid any further complications.
  • Frequency in urination also increases during pregnancy. In addition, the discharge, which is common during pregnancy, tends to mix with urine making it cloudy.
  • When the urine contains high protein levels then it becomes a cause of concern as it points towards an early sign of preeclampsia. In such cases, medication has to be carefully prescribed as it can negatively affect the growing fetus.

Diagnosis

Laboratory test on urine sample is the first step to determine the cause of cloudy urine. In addition, specialists may ask for blood tests to check for signs of kidney damage. Cloudy urine with a foul smell requires thorough evaluation. Doctors may also want to check for signs of dehydration in a patient.

Who is prone to cloudy urine?

  • Diabetics
  • Victims of kidney stones
  • Pregnant women
  • Those with recurring urinary tract infections
  • Fasting
  • Those involved in unsafe sex
  • Unhygienic habits
  • Victims of kidney malfunction
  • Dehydrated patients
  • Patients suffering fromsexually transmitted diseases
  • Prostatitis patients
  • People living in extremely high temperatures

Treatment

Treatment measures for cloudy urine depend on the conditions causing it. Let us look at some of the ways this condition is treated.

Dehydration

If cloudy urine is due to dehydration, consuming a lot of water and foods that are rich in liquids helps. Severe dehydration requires hospitalization.

UTI

Cloudy urine occurring due to UTI requires antibiotic treatment. In severe cases, drugs are given intravenously and then orally for faster relief. Sometimes antibiotics have to be taken for longer periods until the urine shows no signs of infection.

Prostatitis

Bacteria leaking into the prostate usually cause this condition. If cloudy urine is a result of prostate infection, the doctor may request more tests to rule out serious issues before prescribing medication.

Kidney stones

In the case of kidney stones, patients are first treated for pain management. When stones do not pass through urine, simple surgical treatment is the best option.

Proteinuria

High levels of protein in the urine cause proteinuria, which is a sign of high blood pressure. In the case of pregnant women, specialists’ advice bed rest and medications to lower blood pressure.

Diabetes

Frequent/regular urine examination is needed to monitor blood sugar levels and to check for any kidney damage.

Vulvovaginitis

Cloudy urine in case of vulvovaginitis is treated with an antibiotic, antifungal or antiviral medications.

STIs

Depending on the type of disease antibiotics is prescribed. Using protection during sexual activity prevents the spread of STIs.

Cloudy urine associated with pain and presence of blood requires immediate medical help. Antibiotics are prescribed most often when the infection is severe.

Medication for cloudy urine

  • Norfloxacin
  • Amoxicillin (Amoxil, Moxatag, Larotid)
  • Cipro, Cipro XR,(ciprofloxacin)
  • Ampicillin
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Primsol (trimethoprim)
  • Sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim (Bactrim)
  • Trovafloxacin mesylate, Trovan
  • Phenazopyridine

How to prevent cloudy urine

  • Intake of water and foods with fluid content
  • Practice safe sex
  • Consume cranberry juice and blueberry juice
  • Adopt restroom hygiene
  • Include probiotics in the diet
  • Passurine without delaying for long hours
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Consume Vitamin C regularly
  • Avoid unhealthy food and drinks

Natural remedies

Simple home remedies can treat cloudy urine effectively. These remedies are a preferred option to antibiotics especially when there is no serious infection.

  • Cranberry juice is one of the best remedies for treating UTI. It effectively prevents E.coli from sticking to the lining of the urinary tract.
  • Hydrotherapy is a simple and effective remedy, especially during dehydration. Drinking lots of water flushes out the toxins in the urine and makes it clear.
  • Blueberry juice can eliminate the infection-causing bacteria as it contains antioxidants and compounds.
  • Pineapples contain an active enzyme called Bromelain which is effective in treating UTI
  • Baking soda is alkaline in nature. It reduces the symptoms of UTI by neutralizing the acidity in urine.
  • Parsley is a common herb used in cooking. This can effectively treat cloudy urine. Consuming this herb by mixing it with water leads to frequent urination. Sodium from kidney gets flushed out leading to a decrease in acidic content of the urine
  • Celery is best in treating cloudy urine and UTI since it is packed with vitamins and antioxidants
  • Vitamin C increases acidity in the urine thereby killing the bacteria causing urinary tract infection. Including fruits and vegetables containing Vitamin C is highly recommended
  • Probiotics consumption either in the form of supplements or fermented foods such as kefir, probiotic yogurt improves the immune system and prevents recurring UTIs.
  • Some natural supplements like garlic extract, D-mannose, bearberry leaf, cranberry extract are considered best remedies for UTIs.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Drink lots of fluids regularly.
  • Follow restroom hygiene.
  • Include Vitamin C in your diet.
  • Drink cranberry and blueberry juices or take supplements.
  • Practice safe sex.
  • Consult a doctor if the problem appears severe.
Don'ts
  • Hold up urine for long hours.
  • Use unhygienic restrooms.
  • Engage in unprotected sex.

 

 

 

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Hymenoplasty Read on to find out all about hymenoplasty, the procedure, post-surgery care, the risks, and the benefits.
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
Hepatitis A virus infected liver
Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) Total Blood test to look for IgM antibodies to know if you are infected with Hepatitis A virus (HAV),…
smelling-salts-benefits
The actual science behind smelling salts and how it helps in injury recovery Most smelling salts are a mixture of ammonium carbonate and some perfumes which are sniffed by an individual…
amylase test
Amylase Test Amylase test is done by checking the level of this protein in the blood sample and also in…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
Rheumatoid Arthritis xray
Arthritis Profile Arthritis profile is a panel of primarily blood tests used to detect the presence of arthritis or check…
sodium chloride
Halotherapy: How inhaling salt can work wonders for your body Halotherapy is quickly gaining popularity amongst those with respiratory diseases. It has shown promise in its treatment.
Diabetes blood test
Diabetic Profile The diabetic profile is a set of tests used for testing and monitoring the various kinds of Diabetes…
DHEA wrinkles
DHEA: Now get unbelievable age defiance with this wonder hormone! DHEA is known popularly as the age-defying hormone. This supplement is widely used to slow down aging and…
vdrl test syphilis
VDRL Test The VDRL test is a blood test that is used to diagnose sexually transmitted or venereal diseases, primarily…
colposcopy
Colposcopy Colposcopy is a simple, quick and non- invasive diagnostic tool to look closely inside the vulva, vagina, and…
free testosterone test
Free testosterone Free Testosterone Test measures and monitors the level of the free testosterone in the blood. Less than 4%…
Propolis: Yet another amazing gift by the bees to the humans Bee propolis is yet another generous gift by the bees bestowed on the human race. They utilize substances…
liver biopsy procedure
Liver Biopsy Liver biopsy or hepatic biopsy is a diagnostic tool that collects a sample of live tissue from the…
Hysteroscopy_procedure
Hysteroscopy Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive tool to help specialists view the uterus to diagnose and even treat several…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the most powerful antioxidant…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It is edible and…
dandelion weight loss
Caralluma Fimbriata: How to eat this cactus to lose weight Caralluma fimbriata is a miracle cactus that can be safely consumed by most for losing weight and boosting…
Urologist: When should you visit one and why? A urologist can treat not only genitourinary problems of both men and women but also can treat various…
6 arguments in favour of glucosamine and where can you find it Studies have shown that glucosamine works by preventing the breakdown of cartilage of the joints. This is usually…
Psyllium Husk: More than just an effective natural laxative Psyllium husk, or isabgol, is a popular natural laxative . But did you in addition to regulating bowels,…
Miracle extract from the root of maca: 10 ways it can help you! Maca root has been used for years in herbal medicine. Today scientific research is unearthing fresh evidence in…
Lauric Acid: 8 health benefits you can derive from coconuts Appropriate use of saturated fats containing lauric acid can provide you numerous health benefits. This is the main…
kshar sutra
Kshar sutra treatment for piles, fissures and fistula Read to know the benefits and side effects of kshar sutra to treat anal piles, fissures, and fistula…
Cordyceps: How the Caterpillar fungus works as a proven cancer-shield Strange as it may sound, but cordyceps or "caterpillar fungus", a fungus variety native to the Himalayas may…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
hYdroxycut pills
Hydroxycut: How safe are these so-called weight loss supplements? Hydroxycut is a blend of several different ingredients formulated to promote weight loss; powered by a key weight…
superfoods quinoa probiotics
10 fantastic Superfoods you need to include in your diet from today! What exactly are superfoods and how do they battle diseases? From losing weight to looking ravishing- these superfoods…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
creatinine
Creatinine Test The level of creatinine in the blood is a significant indicator of the health of your kidneys. This…
Pelvic_ultrasound
Pelvic Ultrasound Pelvic ultrasound is a process where sound waves are used to create image of your pelvic region organs…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling creeping up on…
Find all the instant ways to get rid of blackheads Blackheads - Not only are they aesthetically unappealing but if left untreated these can cause bacterial overgrowth on…
Did you know drinking alkaline water could be the healthier choice for you? Ever wondered how safe is your drinking water in terms of pH? Recent studies have revealed that Alkaline…
Ultrasound
Abdominal Ultrasound An abdominal ultrasound is used to visualize the organs inside your abdominal cavity including the liver, spleen, gall…
Crossfit with rope
CrossFit: Now get the perfectly sculpted body with this explosive gym routine CrossFit is a fitness regimen that makes use of high-intensity exercises in a shorter period to achieve muscle…
Is it possible to achieve full body detox with Master Cleanse? Master cleanse is a diet consisting of a lemonade based beverage, a salt water drink and a herbal…
Optavia diet
The features of an Optavia diet The Optavia diet endorses pre-packaged meals and snacks called "fuelings" that are tasty, low in calorie, and incorporates…
Tart Cherry: The healthiest excuse for taking that second serving of pie Tart cherry has been traditionally used in delectable desserts such as pies. Recent studies have revealed that its…
Hot cups for detox? Read all about the ancient technique of cupping Did you know inverted hot cups on your back can squeeze out and eject toxins from your body?…
carbamazepine
Carbamazepine / Tegretol test The carbamazepine is a drug that is used to treat epilepsy and the carbamazepine test is performed to…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
Electric toothbrush vs manual toothbrush: Who wins the dental war? Manual brushes are ideal for kids as it is important to start slowly unlike the electric brushes which…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
leptospira Igm test
Leptospira-IgM Test A Leptospira-IgM test is a blood test which is carried out to detect anti-Leptospira IgM antibody. Leptospirosis is…
Coffee Enema: Turn your favorite morning beverage into a powerful colon cleanser The wonders of coffee are not just limited to waking you up every morning. You can now use…
Helicobacter pylori IGA
Helicobacter Pylori – IgA Test The H.pylori IgA test is a blood test used to identify the level of IgA antigen in the…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
piles fissure fistula
Allopathy vs homeopathy vs ayurveda treatment for piles, fissures, and fistula Read to know the best form of treatment among allopathy, homeopathy,or ayurveda for piles, fissures, and fistula
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
cytomegalovirus igm test
Cytomegalo Virus (CMV) – IgM Test The CMV antibodies include both IgM and IgG antibodies which are the immune system's response to a CMV…
glucose-tolerance
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test – GTT Glucose tolerance test (or Oral GTT) is used to detect the onset of diabetes or prediabetes conditions. It…
The right way to prepare Alfalfa sprouts at home Alfalfa or lusan ghas is not just a nutritious animal fodder. This flavonoid-rich herb has some amazing health…
woman with abdominal pain holding ovulation calendar
Ovulation – facts to know about ovulation Learn how and when ovulation occurs, demystify common misconceptions, identify symptoms, methods of detection and right period for…

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