Multiple Myeloma

MULTIPLE MYELOMA backpain

Last Updated February 20th, 2019

Overview

Cancer is any condition involving the uncontrolled growth of cells to such an extent that this disturbs the normal physiological processes of the body. Blood cancer can be of several types since blood is composed of many different kinds of cells and these can be affected in various ways. Leukemia and lymphoma are well known cancers of the blood. Another less well known but related type of blood cancer is multiple myeloma. This malignancy arises in the blood plasma cells which are usually present in the bone marrow. This disease is hereditary in a small number of cases.

 

What Is Multiple Myeloma?

MULTIPLE MYELOMA bone marrowA multiple myeloma is a form of blood cancer that arises when the plasma cells multiply uncontrollably and form tumors. The function of plasma cells is to produce antibodies that help the body fight pathogens. When plasma cells turn malignant, they fail to perform this function and even prevent the production of others kinds of healthy blood cells. Unlike normal plasma cells, they do not die out when they have worn out or become damaged.

As a result, they accumulate progressively until the bone marrow becomes saturated with defective and malignant plasma cells known as myeloma cells. These malignant cells may be scattered throughout the bone marrow or they may clump together into a plasmacytoma. Multiple myeloma is the condition wherein several such growths arise in the body.

 

What Are Its Causes?

The marrow is the spongy core of the bones and this is where blood cells develop. The three main types of blood corpuscles are white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. Each has a distinct set of functions. White blood cells fight infection and foreign bodies. When there is an infection in the body, a certain type of white blood cell known as a B-lymphocyte transforms into a plasma cell. It is these cells that are affected when a person has multiple myeloma.

The function of a plasma cell is to produce antibodies that enable the body to disable pathogens. Plasma cells are capable of producing a variety of antibodies. Certain genetic changes or mutations within plasma cells can trigger the transformations that turn them into malignant cells. Unlike normal cells, these malignant ones do not die when they wear out or get damaged. As a result of this, there is an abnormally high accumulation of defective plasma cells (myeloma cells) and not enough healthy ones. These malignant myeloma cells clump together to form masses known as a plasmacytoma.

The reasons behind the initial genetic mutation are not well understood. In fact, abnormalities in bone marrow cells may also have a bearing on plasma cells turning malignant.

 

Risk Factors

MULTIPLE MYELOMA appetite lossResearch has uncovered certain factors associated with an elevated risk of developing multiple myeloma:

  • Having a close relative with this disease roughly quadruples one’s own chances of developing it.
  • Being overweight or obese.
  • Exposure to radiation.
  • Having other diseases associated with plasma cell abnormalities. This includes solitary plasmacytoma and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS).
  • The risk increases with advancing age. The incidence of this disease is particularly high in those over 65 years of age.
  • Certain racial groups are more susceptible than others. For instance, African Americans are more likely to develop multiple myeloma than white Americans.
  • Men are more likely to be affected than women.

 

What Are The Effects of Multiple Myeloma?

A myeloma cell is programmed to multiply indefinitely. Thus, it produces millions of copies or clones of itself, all of which contain the same genetic defect. Although these are different from plasma cells, they do make antibodies. Where healthy plasma cells will produce different types of antibodies in specified quantities in response to infection, myeloma cells, on the other hand, are like machines that cannot be switched off. Even when there is no infection in the body, myeloma cells continue to manufacture antibodies.

Since myeloma cells are all clones of each other, they produce vast quantities of the same kind of antibody, earning these antibodies the name ‘monoclonal proteins’ or ‘M-proteins’ for short. Just like other antibodies, M-proteins are a combination of molecular chains. They include two pairs of one light protein chain and a heavy protein chain each. Typically, myeloma cells tend to produce more light than heavy chains, leading to an excessive buildup of free light chains.

The following are typical features of this disease:

  • Higher susceptibility to infection: A healthy body will have small quantities of normal antibodies produced by healthy plasma cells. In a person who has multiple myeloma, M-proteins are often present in excessive quantities. This condition is known as monoclonal gammopathy. As a result, the person’s immune system becomes weak, increasing susceptibility to infection.
  • Bone problems: Myeloma cells produce chemicals that accelerate the process of breakdown of bone, weakening bone tissue. This leads to the elevation of the quantity of calcium in the bloodstream (hypercalcemia).
  • Anemia and thrombocytopenia: The overgrowth of myeloma cells inhibits the production of other kinds of normal blood corpuscles. When numbers of red blood cells drop steeply this leads to anemia and the organs and tissues become starved of oxygen. Lack of platelets is known as thrombocytopenia and this results in a lower ability of the blood to clot in the event of injury.
  • Light chain amyloidosis: Excess light chains (amyloids) form deposits in the tissues and organs disturbing their normal functioning. A load of abnormal deposits builds up faster than it can be cleared out. Hence, this is a progressive condition in the absence of effective treatment. Organs such as the kidney and heart may eventually fail as a result of an excessive light chain amyloid load.

 

Specific Symptoms

  • MULTIPLE MYELOMA backpainFatigue.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Dizziness.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Bone pain that may arise in any area such as the hips, ribs or back.
  • Frequent and recurrent infection and fever.
  • Reduced ability of the blood to clot. There may be excessive bleeding from minor cuts or injuries.
  • Darkened purple lumps below the skin.
  • Swelling of the legs.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Kidney problems.
  • Increased susceptibility to fractures.
  • Thickening of blood because of excessive M-proteins.
  • Dehydration.
  • Excessive thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Constipation.
  • Neurological symptoms such as numbness and mental confusion on account of nerve damage.
  • Irregular heart rhythm.

 

What Are The Different Types of Multiple Myeloma?

There are several possible variants of multiple myeloma. These are:

  • Indolent Multiple Myeloma: In this case, the condition is largely asymptomatic although there is a high likelihood of progression into symptomatic disease eventually.
  • Active Multiple Myeloma: This form of the disease is symptomatic. Features such as anemia, bone lesions, plasmacytomas and kidney problems may all be present. M-proteins will be present in the blood and urine.
  • Solitary Plasmacytoma of the bone: This presents with a single tumor composed of myeloma cells and located within the bone. Apart from pain at the affected site, there may be none of the other typical features of multiple myeloma. Eventually, the patient is likely to develop more such growths.
  • Extramedullary Plasmacytoma: Clumps of myeloma cells arise in other parts of the body apart from the bone marrow. Usually, they appear in the soft tissues, in the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, brain or breasts. The patient may have purplish lumps just below the skin if the growths are present in those areas.
  • Light Chain Myeloma or Bence Jones Myeloma: In this form of the disease, the myeloma cells produce only light protein chains. They do not produce heavy chains. This often leads to kidney damage. It accounts for about 15-20% of cases of multiple myeloma.
  • oligosecretory or Non-Secretory Myeloma: Typically, the myeloma cells produce vast quantities of M-proteins. However, in this case, it is not so. There may be only small or negligible output of M-proteins. However, the bone will exhibit lytic lesions.
  • ImmunoglobulinD Myeloma: Patients with this type tend to be somewhat younger than in other cases. This form of cancer is rather rare.
  • Immunoglobulin E Myeloma: This is the least common type. It follows an aggressive course and rapidly progresses beyond the bone marrow.

 

What Complications Can It Give Rise To?

There can be a range of severe and critical outcomes in instances of multiple myeloma:

  • The body becomes unable to mount a robust immune response in case of infection, leaving the patient susceptible to all kinds of infectious disease. In fact, complications are likely to arise as a result of these infections that are unrelated to actual cancer itself.
  • Abnormal thickening of the blood means that blood supply to vital organs such as the brain may reduce and this can lead to severe complications. Patients may need to remain on a course of blood thinners in order to keep such problems at bay.
  • Fractures as a result of the weakening of bone tissue.
  • Organ failure as a result of amyloid builds up. Usually, the kidneys tend to suffer.
  • Extreme hypercalcemia can render the patient comatose.
  • Spinal cord compression can develop when the bones of the vertebrae sustain damage or fractures. This leads to numbness, pain, and weakness of muscles and warrants urgent medical attention.

 

What Is The Procedure For Diagnosing Multiple Myeloma?

Generally, symptoms do not manifest until the disease has reached an advanced stage. The following tests provide indications that help in making a diagnosis of multiple myeloma:

  • Blood tests: Complete blood count tests help diagnose anemia and thrombocytopenia. Free light chains may be present in the blood. A viscosity of the blood may also be abnormal. Blood chemistry tests measure the levels of substances such as blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and albumin besides electrolytes like calcium. This helps assess kidney function.
  • Urine tests to look for free light protein chains.
  • Electrophoresis tests measure quantities of antibodies and detect the presence of M-proteins. This involves testing both blood and urine samples.
  • Imaging tests to check for tumors in other parts of the body.
  • Tissue biopsy. This involves examining samples of bone tissue under a microscope to look for signs of damage.

 

Treatment & Prevention

Conditions such as multiple myeloma require treatments done in two phases. One is a local treatment which involves treating the cancerous tumor without affecting the rest of the body. The second is a systemic treatment which includes therapies that are aimed at cancer cells that have traveled to other parts of the body.

  • Local treatment involves surgery and radiation therapy. These are employed if the myeloma is in its early stages.
  • Systemic treatment is done with the help of chemotherapy, stem cell transplant, biphosphonate, or plasmapheresis. The method employed here depends on which stage cancer has progressed to.

It is important to discuss all possible treatment methods to treat myeloma along with the side-effects of each. Also, make sure that you get a second opinion as well for diagnosis and treatment of myeloma. There are no specific ways that will guarantee a complete prevention from multiple myeloma. However, controlling the associated risk factors can reduce your chances of developing this condition.

These precautionary methods include:

  • Consuming a low-fat, balanced diet with healthy amounts of antioxidants.
  • Refraining from smoking (both active and passive).
  • Avoiding exposure to hazardous chemicals such as asbestos, pesticides etc.
  • Getting complete vaccination for viral diseases such as hepatitis.
  • Practicing safe sex that hinders the spread of HIV.
  • Protecting yourself from harmful radiations that can cause myeloma.

Facts

  • Multiple myeloma can occur in those regions where the bone marrow is active. In adults, these regions include the skull, spine, pelvis, ribs, and the shoulders.
  • The exact cause for multiple myeloma still eludes the medical community. The associated risk factors include genetic abnormalities and environmental toxin exposure.

Facts

  • The median survival associated with multiple myeloma is about 3 years, though there are patients who have lived for almost 10 years.
  • 96% of the diagnosed cases of myeloma are done in patients above 45 years and older. Only 1% of cases are detected people less than 32 years of age.

Facts

  • Toxic substances such as asbestos, benzene, and pesticides increase the risk factor. Thus people involved in leather, petroleum, agriculture, cosmetology industries are at high risk.

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Discuss with your doctor and cancer team regarding the side-effects of the treatment prescribed (chemo or radiation therapy).
  • Ask for help from people around you for day-today tasks as myeloma makes you more vulnerable to pains, fractures, and infections.
  • Go for each and every follow-up appointment and discuss the progress of treatment and side-effects experienced by you clearly with the doctor.
  • Get prompt treatment for any systemic condition that might occur as a part of the therapy such as hypercalcemia.
Don'ts
  • Completely rely on alternative treatment methods such as herbal supplements or special diets. None of these have received any form of approval from major government bodies.
  • Practice unhealthy dietary and lifestyle habits. Indulge in healthy physical exercises and consume a nutritious diet.
  • Expose yourself to harmful environmental toxins and infections. Practice proper hygiene and sanitation.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a particular liver enzyme…
Ferritin blood test
Ferritin Test Ferritin test is a blood test that provides vital information on the level of RBCs and iron in…
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and are hence indicative…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are non-invasive breathing tests employed for diagnosing and monitoring lung diseases such as bronchitis
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a particular protein called…
abdominal-CT-scan- image
Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that provides a clear picture of the state of internal…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body is infected by…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
random blood sugar test
Random Blood Sugar Test The random blood sugar or RBS test is a blood test prescribed mainly to check the level of…
cardiolipin antibody igm
Cardiolipin Antibody (ACL) –IgM Test The types of cardiolipin antibodies are the IgG, IgA and IgM types and this particular test measures the…
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG antibodies present in…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
folate test
Folate test The Folate test is used to measure and monitor the levels of folic acid in the blood. The…
HELICOBACTER_PYLORI---IgG
Helicobacter Pylori – IgG Test Helicobacter pylori IgG test is a blood, saliva, and urine test performed to determine if the patien is…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount of the protein…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
lipoprotein A
Lipoprotein (A) Test Lipoprotein (A) test is used to measure and monitor the levels of LDL(Low-Density Lipoprotein) in the bloodstream in…
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in the blood and…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in the blood (serum)…
TPAB test
Treponema Pallidum Antibody(TPAB) test Treponema pallidum bacteria a gram-negative bacteria that has helically coiled, corkscrew-shaped cells, responsible for STDs such as syphilis.
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG class of beta…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon dioxide can prove…
RHEUMATOID_FACTOR_(RF)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Rheumatoid factor or RF is a blood test used to diagnose painful joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis…
serum electrolyte test
Serum Electrolyte If there is an electrolyte imbalance in the body, a serum electrolyte test will help to find out…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is present in the…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
Free T3 test
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) Test The free triiodothyronine or FT3 test is an important blood test that is used to detect the level…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
EMA antibodies
Endomysial Antibodies (EMA) Test EMA test is an investigative blood examination to locate the presence of certain antibodies, called Endomysial antibodies or…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
POSTPRANDIAL-BLOOD-SUGAR
Post-Prandial Blood Sugar Postprandial blood sugar test is an important diabetes diagnosing tool. This simple blood test measure the level of…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
Ezekiel Bread: How to make the “world’s healthiest bread” in your own kitchen Learn more about Ezekiel bread - a bread belonging to the biblical time and containing the secrets to…
Green, brown, & bitter: The instant advantages of including fenugreek in your diet Did you know the earliest usage of fenugreek can be traced back to the Egyptian civilization? Find out…
Love tea, hate tannins? Rooibos tea is just what you need The market is brimming with a multitude of herbal teas. But what makes rooibos tea (or red bush)…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health benefits of using…
hYdroxycut pills
Hydroxycut: How safe are these so-called weight loss supplements? Hydroxycut is a blend of several different ingredients formulated to promote weight loss; powered by a key weight…
How seitan proved to be a blessing in disguise for vegans worldwide Can only meat-eaters enjoy delicious juicy steaks and burgers? With seitan, the best meat substitute available today,even vegans…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more about carb cycling,…
Is bronchitis contagious? And how to prevent this infection? It is acute bronchitis that is contagious which means you can contract it from another person or you…
Urologist: When should you visit one and why? A urologist can treat not only genitourinary problems of both men and women but also can treat various…
The Cabbage Soup Diet: The healthiest way to instant weight loss Cabbage soup diet rapid weight loss diet for those who want to shed those extra pounds in less…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell breakdown. A bilirubin…
BoneMarrow-Biopsy
Bone Marrow Biopsy Bone marrow biopsy is a diagnostic procedure where a small amount of bone marrow is extracted from hip…
beta hcg test
Beta hCG Test A Beta hCG test measures the level of human gonadotropin hormones present in the blood that is primarliy…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It is edible and…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
free thyroxine ft4
Free thyroxine test (FT4) The FT4 or free thyroxine test is a blood test used to detect the level of free thyroixine…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
Water Fasting: What are the pros and cons of this practice? Fasting is defined as a procedure that involves the restriction of food intake. This practice has been widely…
Erythritol: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another marketing ploy? Erythritol is a popular choice of a healthy alternative sweetening agent in foods. But how healthy can a…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test is the most…
Coffee Enema: Turn your favorite morning beverage into a powerful colon cleanser The wonders of coffee are not just limited to waking you up every morning. You can now use…
Vitamin b12
Vitamin B12 Test Vitamin b12 is an essential nutrient required for healthy functioning of the nervous system and also development of…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make you smarter and…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
stevia side effects
Stevia: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another risky additive? Stevia is a plant native to South America.  It has been used as a natural sugar substitute and…
gout diet purines
Gout Diet : Get relief from painful joints by eating these foods Are you a victim of this painful condition? Are medications providing only short relief? Find a list of…
dandelion weight loss
Caralluma Fimbriata: How to eat this cactus to lose weight Caralluma fimbriata is a miracle cactus that can be safely consumed by most for losing weight and boosting…
Psyllium Husk: More than just an effective natural laxative Psyllium husk, or isabgol, is a popular natural laxative . But did you in addition to regulating bowels,…
Gingko Biloba: Therapeutic lessons from the world’s oldest tree The Ginkgo Biloba, well known as the maidenhair,is the oldest living tree and the oldest living fossil. It…
Goji berry: A traditional Chinese berry that packs the best of antioxidants Goji berry is an ancient berry that is considered to be power-packed with nutrients and antioxidants. Which means…
Latest findings on Kombucha; a teacup full of yeast and bacteria How can a tea consisting of a live culture of bacteria & fungi be healthy? With Kombucha, you…
Colloidal silver benefits
Colloidal silver: An essential dietary supplement or yet another pharmaceutical hoax? Colloidal silver is hailed as an effective home remedy for infections. Many believe it can treat HIV and…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
sodium chloride
Halotherapy: How inhaling salt can work wonders for your body Halotherapy is quickly gaining popularity amongst those with respiratory diseases. It has shown promise in its treatment.
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency of hemoglobin could…
6 arguments in favour of glucosamine and where can you find it Studies have shown that glucosamine works by preventing the breakdown of cartilage of the joints. This is usually…
EEG
Electroencephalogram – EEG EEG or electroencephalogram is a diagnostic tool used to access the functioning of neurons and brain activity to…
LFT-test
Liver Function Test – LFT LFT or Liver Function Test is a blood test used to determine the levels of hepatic enzymes which…
ANTI-MICROSOMAL-ANTIBODY-(AMA)
Anti-Microsomal Antibody AMA Test AMA or anti-microsomal antibody test is a blood test that measures the activity of AMA in the body…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
rosacea-treatment--before-_-after
The best and safest ways to treat rosacea Rosacea is a skin disease that is characterized by reddish hives and rashes on the face. Read more…
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You will never believe…
castor oil hair
Castor oil : A vitamin-rich oil for shiny locks and healthy bowels Castor oil bestows unlimited benefits, whether you use it for your hair or skin. But did you know…
probiotics healthy
Probiotics: How to best feed your gut bacteria for higher immunity How can a trillion-strong culture of bacteria swimming in your gut possible be good for you? And does…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of health benefits. Discover…
Hibiscus: Nourish your beauty and health with these vibrant blooms Hibiscus is a trumpet shaped flower found abundantly in tropical countries. It has been historically used for its…
Microneedling: Does this cosmetic procedure live up to the hype? Is microneedling a safe and painless procedure? How can pricking your skin with a series of pins help…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
tonometry
Tonometry Tonometry uses a device called tonometer to measure the pressure inside the eye. This pressure is depends upon…
Anti-CCP Test – Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Anti-ccp or ACCP test is a blood test that is primarily employed to diagnose the onset of rheumatoid…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
Bulletproof coffee recipe
Bulletproof Coffee – Breakfast of champions or yet another health fad? Can this special ketogenic coffee really make your body race as fast as a bullet?
back pain relief
Don’t choose pain: 10 truths about your back ache (and how to get relief) Back pain is one of the most common ailments in the world. Almost 80% of the entire global…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out how you can…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
dandelion health benefits
Dandelion: Little parachutes of health and wellness for your whole body Dandelions are not just bright looking blossoms that cheer your mind. These are powerpacked with essential nutrients that…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
Grapeseed Oil: Find out how to use this oil without any side-effects Grapes are known for their delicious fresh taste and the fact that they make wine a healthy drink.…
The complete “what to eat” guide for gluten intolerance Does eating breads and pastas often makes you nauseous? Gluten intolerance is a common reason why you might…
Epley maneuver: Why is this the best protection from the symptoms of vertigo? Epley maneuver is an exercise that can treat the symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).  It was…
waterchestnut
Water Chestnuts: The tastiest ways to include this healthy tuber in your diet Water chestnut is not a nut after all. It is a tuber (much like the potatoes) growing close…
11 unbelievable health benefits of thyme you didn’t know! Thyme is a herb that has been used in alternative medicine.It is a well known seasoning in the…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
Screening_BETATHALASSEMIA
Beta-Thalassemia Screening Beta-thalassemia screening procedures involve both prenatal and post natal diagnostic methods to determine if a baby has beta-thalassemia…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk of several deadliest…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
tips for perfect sleep
Stop hitting the snooze button: 8 proven steps to perfect sleep Are you tired of not getting enough sleep? All your efforts for a sound sleep going in vain?…
Cottage cheese: What can you find in this healthy chunk of fresh milk cheese? Love cheese but scared of putting on extra pounds? With cottage cheese, you can get the best of…
The right way to prepare Alfalfa sprouts at home Alfalfa or lusan ghas is not just a nutritious animal fodder. This flavonoid-rich herb has some amazing health…
Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast Ever thought how toxic chemicals find their way into our foods? How can they harm our body? And…
How can berberine supplements help you live longer and healthier? Berberine is a turmeric look-alike herbal extract that is credited with numerous health benefits ranging from diabetes cure…
Find all the instant ways to get rid of blackheads Blackheads - Not only are they aesthetically unappealing but if left untreated these can cause bacterial overgrowth on…
How can Kegels help you overcome weak pelvic muscles & incontinence? Kegel exercises are pelvic floor strengthening exercises that can help you overcome incontinence issues that rise out of…