Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people


Last Updated October 11th, 2019

What Are Lectins?

Lectins are plant-based proteins that have been linked with both positive and negative health effects. They help cell interaction in humans and provide a form of defense mechanism in plants. They also help in plant growth due to the presence of nitrogen. Though several parts of the plant contain lectin, still only the seeds of the plants are used widely for consumption.

When taken in smaller amounts lectins play important roles in body processes, including immune function and cell growth. However, larger amounts of consumption can lead to adverse reactions, such as gut wall damage, diarrhea, vomiting, and impaired functionality in absorbing nutrients.

Several studies have brought to light that the lectins bind to cells on the gut wall and trigger a response. This form of cell communication can even play a significant role in cancer therapy. The abundant sources of lectins are available in legumes, grains, and nightshade vegetables.

Healthy Foods That Are High In Lectin

Red kidney beans

Red kidney beans are one among the richest sources of plant-based protein. Apart from providing protein they also enrich the body with carbs that are low on the glycemic index (GI). They possess the capability to release their sugars slowly into the bloodstream and avoid a sudden spike in blood sugar levels. They also contain resistant starch and insoluble fiber, which play a vital role in weight loss and help improve gut health.

These beans also contain several mineral and vitamins such as iron, potassium, folate, and vitamin K1. However, it is advisable to avoid eating these beans raw as they can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea due to high levels of lectin. When cooked properly they are a nutritious food that is a valuable addition to your diet.

Soybeans

Soybeans are one of the most essential sources of protein. They are particularly a much-needed food for vegetarians as they are abundant sources of plant-based proteins. They are a good source of vitamins and minerals, particularly molybdenum, phosphorus, and thiamine. The presence of isoflavones (a crystalline compound whose derivatives occur in many plants, especially in pulses) in soybeans are linked to cancer prevention and also help reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

Similar to red kidney beans, soybeans also contain high levels of lectins. It is, therefore, necessary to cook them well at high temperature. On the other hand, another proven method to reduce the level of lectins is fermentation and sprouting. Fermented soybean products include soy sauce, miso, and tempeh. The sprouts of soybeans are widely used in salads or stir-fries.

Wheat

Wheat is one of the widely used foods across the world. In fact, it is used by 35% of the world’s population. Whole wheat consists of high fiber content and has proved to be beneficial to gut health. It also contains a high glycemic index (GI) which can lead to a sudden increase in blood sugar levels. Some individuals find it difficult to digest wheat due to the presence of gluten (a type of protein found in wheat). On the other hand, it is also a good source of several vitamins and minerals, such as selenium, copper, folate, and ferulic acid (an antioxidant in whole wheat).

The ferulic acid in whole wheat has been linked to a reduction in heart disease. Wheat germs are high in lectin and it is mandatory to cook them well in order to eliminate the excess levels of lectin. Several studies have shown that most of the store-bought wheat products contain low levels of lectin since it’s usually removed during heat treatment.

Peanuts

Peanuts are categorized under legumes and are related to beans and lentils. They provide a great source of energy due to high levels of mono and polyunsaturated fats present in them. They also contain high levels of proteins, vitamins, and minerals, such as biotin, vitamin E, and thiamine.

These nutrients make peanut an antioxidant and the consumption of it has been linked to reducing the risk of heart disease and gallstones (a small, hard crystalline mass formed abnormally in the gall bladder or bile ducts from bile pigments, cholesterol, and calcium salts). Unlike the above-mentioned foods, the lectin level in peanuts cannot be reduced by heating. And research is underway to prove its beneficial qualities.

Tomatoes

These bright red companions are a part of the nightshade family, which also include eggplants and bell peppers. Tomatoes are high in fiber and rich in vitamin C, potassium, folate, and vitamin K1. The compound lycopene (a red carotenoid pigment present in tomatoes and many berries and fruits) present in tomatoes helps reduce inflammation and heart disease. An array of studies has also proved that it can also help protect the body against cancer.

Studies have found that tomato lectins possess the tendency to cross the gut and enter the bloodstream. As a result, some people react to the intake of tomato. The reaction is mostly related to pollen-food allergy syndrome or oral allergy syndrome. It should also be avoided by people who carry rheumatoid arthritis genes, as the consumption of tomato can increase the risk of the disease.

Potatoes

They are another tasty nightshade vegetables which are quite popular in many cuisines. They are eaten in varied forms and are a good source of some vitamins and minerals. They contain high levels of potassium and are good sources of vitamin C and folate. When eaten with the skin they provide antioxidant properties due to the presence of chlorogenic acid. This compound helps in the reduction of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and Alzheimer’s disease.

It has also played a role in weight loss by maintaining a feeling of fullness. It is important to keep in mind the way it is cooked. They are high in lectins which appear to resist heat. Even after cooking 40-50% of the lectins are retained in them. Like tomatoes, some people have experienced adverse effects when they eat potatoes. However, researches are yet to prove the same and it is proved that certain varieties of potatoes are linked to reducing inflammation.

Is Lectin Good Or Bad For You?

Excessive amounts of lectin are indeed harmful and can lead to gastrointestinal distress, loss of muscle strength, etc. They may impact your health negatively and cause you to develop symptoms associated with food sensitivity. In order to acquire the necessary nutrients and maintain a healthy lifestyle, it would be advisable to follow a lectin-free diet.

Large amounts of lectin can cause the following disruptions:

  • Intake of large amounts of lectin can lead to gastric distress as it is not easily digested. It has the capability to bind to the cell membranes lining the digestive tract. This characteristic may disrupt metabolism and cause damage.
  • It increases the growth of bacteria in the small intestine and alters the mucous defense layer. This increases the risk of peptic ulcer.
  • It interacts with the digestion process and causes intestinal damage when consumed over a prolonged period of time.
  • They are titled as antinutrients since they block the absorption of some nutrients.
  • The large intake of lectin can lead to health problems ranging from digestion to chronic diseases.

Lectin-Free Diet

The lectin-free diet is a diet that avoids excessive consumption of lectin and encourages the consumption of alternative food choices. The plan also includes supplements and is beneficially in improving health.

Setbacks of a lectin-free diet

A lectin-free diet is a restrictive diet plant that could make it difficult for you to receive all the essential nutrients. The plan could be healthy but to a limit. This diet cuts down several nutritious foods, such as whole grains, beans, and certain vegetables. It is a diet which may be difficult for vegetarians or vegans to follow since it eliminates the use of legumes, nuts, seeds, and whole grains. When looking at it in a commercial spectrum, it may be questionable as it is quite expensive as it contains specialty milk, pasture-raised meats, and other expensive supplements.

Foods On The Low End Of The Lectin Scale

As mentioned earlier, lectin is a protein present in several plants and animal products. However, there are some fruits and vegetables that contain a lower level of lectin, they are

  • Onion
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Mushrooms
  • Pumpkin
  • Sweet Potato
  • Carrots
  • Asparagus
  • Cherries
  • Apples
  • Blueberries
  • Strawberries
  • Oranges
  • Lemons
  • Cherries
  • Fish
  • Beef
  • Chicken
  • Eggs
  • Avocados
  • Butter
  • Olive Oil

Food On The High End Of The Lectin Scale

Below mentioned foods contain high levels of lectin

  • Nightshade vegetables, such as tomatoes, potatoes, goji berries, peppers, and eggplant.
  • All legumes, such as lentils, beans, peanuts, and chickpeas.
  • Peanut-based products, such as peanut butter and peanut oil.
  • All grains and products made with grain or flour, including cakes, crackers, and bread.
  • Dairy products, such as milk.

Guidelines To Maintain A Healthy Lectin Intake

If you feel that you would love to go lectin free, then it is advisable to adhere to fruits, vegetables, and animal products that are low in lectin.

  • Prepare foods that contain lectin in a pressure cooker to lower the levels of lectin. They have the tendency to attach themselves to carbohydrates and are removed from the body before they can cause any ill effect.
  • The best ways to remove excessive lectins in food are boiling, fermentation, sprouting, peeling, deseeding, and pressure cooking.
  • Soak and boil beans to reduce the lectin content present in them.
  • Grains and beans can be fermented and sprouted to reduce their lectin content.
  • Always make a trial-and-error approach before consuming lectin as you can develop gastric complications.
  • Make sure to substitute a high fiber content diet in order to maintain healthy digestion.
  • Before you consume the foods with lectin make sure to consult your doctor or dietitian.

Lectins in a nutshell

Lectins are a type of carbohydrate-binding protein that plays a role in the digestive tract. They are abundantly available in plants and animal products. The specific foods that contain higher levels of lectin are legumes, nightshade vegetables, dairy products, and grains, such as barley, quinoa, and rice. Some types of lectins, such as ricin, are toxic, but others are not. People with food intolerance to lectin can opt for a lectin-free diet without having to lose the essential nutrients.

Care should be taken not to eliminate lectin suddenly from your diet. The levels of lectin in food aren’t at present of any health concern and are considered healthy. They’re also important sources of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. In smaller amounts, they provide numerous health benefits but larger amounts can reduce your body’s ability to absorb nutrients. Cooking methods that involve moist heat are helpful in decreasing the number of lectins in plants.


TL;DR?

Lectin infographic

  1. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/foods-high-in-lectins
  2. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319593.php
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1115436/
  4. https://www.healthline.com/health/lectin-free-diet#takeaway
  5. https://www.healthline.com/health-news/kelly-clarkson-diet#1

 

Display this infographic on your website

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

 

 

 

Related Posts

Trending Topics

anal sex
Anal Sex : Tips from experts on how to be kinky yet safe Whether it irks you or stokes your fantasies, anal sex has always been an intriguing…
Clitoris: Why is it called the gateway to toe-curling female orgasms? The word clitoris comes from the Greek word kleitoris or “little hill.”  Many compare the…
Female Masturbation: Tips on how to turn up the heat during a solo mission As a female, do you find yourself constantly wondering as to what is the best…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan…
Find the G spot: The top sex positions that guarantee an orgasm There has been a long debate as to whether the G-spot actually exists as a…
Penis pump: Pump your way out of erectile dysfunction One of the options to treat erectile dysfunction is by the use of a penis…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders?…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin.…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be.…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling…
Muscle relaxers: Think twice before popping prescription drugs for muscle pain The market is brimming with OTC muscle relaxers. But these come with a host side-effects.…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol…
What is the average penis size and why should you care? Scientifically speaking, the average size of the penis depends on numerous factors such as genes,…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media?…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes…
waterchestnut
Water Chestnuts: The tastiest ways to include this healthy tuber in your diet Water chestnut is not a nut after all. It is a tuber (much like the…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how…
Orgasms: How to perfect the art of achieving intense bursts of pleasure (every time!) Orgasms are dependent not just on the sexual activity but on your partner as well.…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know…
DASH Diet: What to eat in a “Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension”? If you or your loved one is suffering from chronic hypertension (high blood pressure), dash…
Epley maneuver: Why is this the best protection from the symptoms of vertigo? Epley maneuver is an exercise that can treat the symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo…
Chondroitin spine health
9 amazing ways chondroitin can help you bounce back to health Chondroitin is naturally found in meat, especially in the connective tissues of animals. Chondroitin works…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the…
eating myths debunked
8 ‘healthy eating’ myths you believed until now Is a zero-carb diet really healthy for you? Are organic products worth their cost? Did…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity ,…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is…
How can Kegels help you overcome weak pelvic muscles & incontinence? Kegel exercises are pelvic floor strengthening exercises that can help you overcome incontinence issues that…
Echocardiogram
Echocardiography – ECHO Echocardiography (commonly known as ECHO) is an imaging modality (similar to ultrasonography) used to visualize…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know…
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You…
Spirulina: Battle diabetes and cholesterol with this blue-green algae Spirulina, a species of salt water algae, has now become a billion dollar industry. How…
Improve sex life
9 best tips from around the world for better sex life How can the pungent-smelling garlic pack in a punch to your libido? How could something…
chia seeds weight loss
Chia seeds: How to consume this staple Aztec food to get a leaner body Chia seeds: What is the actual reason for its sudden popularity? Why are celebrities swearing…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help…
Chest X-Ray A chest x-ray is a diagnostic test that uses x-rays to visualize the structures inside…
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and…
paleo keto diet
Paleo vs. Keto: Which diet plan is best suited for your body goals? Is eating like a caveman the right way to go? Can you really eat fats…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the…
Oxidative Stress: Understanding the most lethal phenomenon happening in your body right now Free radicals cause damage to the body, which is known as oxidation.  The amount of…
General adaptation syndrome: Understanding stress, one step at a time The struggle of the body to produce hormones during a stressful situation is the main…
Top natural diuretics: The instant benefits you can get from nature’s water pills Since diuretic drugs are known to cause side effects, it is better to choose a…
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency…
aspartame or sugar
Aspartame – Hidden truths about this storm in a teacup Aspartame, the artificial sweetener, has gone under the scanner on several occasions for allegedly doing…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your…
dandelion health benefits
Dandelion: Little parachutes of health and wellness for your whole body Dandelions are not just bright looking blossoms that cheer your mind. These are powerpacked with…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an…
Goji berry: A traditional Chinese berry that packs the best of antioxidants Goji berry is an ancient berry that is considered to be power-packed with nutrients and…
ANTI-MICROSOMAL-ANTIBODY-(AMA)
Anti-Microsomal Antibody AMA Test AMA or anti-microsomal antibody test is a blood test that measures the activity of AMA…
Screening_BETATHALASSEMIA
Beta-Thalassemia Screening Beta-thalassemia screening procedures involve both prenatal and post natal diagnostic methods to determine if a…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are…
MANUKA HONEY child
Manuka Honey: What is it and why should you choose this over regular honey? Manuka honey is a specific type of honey produced by honey bees that collect nectar…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out…
Cordyceps: How the Caterpillar fungus works as a proven cancer-shield Strange as it may sound, but cordyceps or "caterpillar fungus", a fungus variety native to…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the…
sodium chloride
Halotherapy: How inhaling salt can work wonders for your body Halotherapy is quickly gaining popularity amongst those with respiratory diseases. It has shown promise in…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple…
tips for perfect sleep
Stop hitting the snooze button: 8 proven steps to perfect sleep Are you tired of not getting enough sleep? All your efforts for a sound sleep…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your…
cold flu sinus treatment
How to beat the common cold, flu, and sinus infection instantly? Can you guess some of the easiest tricks to treat cold and sinus infections? How…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you…
MCT oil athletes
MCT Oil : The kind of fats you should be eating MCT oil or Medium Chain Triglycerides is the new buzzword in the fitness industry. What…
erectile dysfunction treatment
Erectile Dysfunction: Effective tips to help you get back on charge Erectile dysfunction is a common male sexual dysfunction. Don't stress out. Just follow these amazing…
Rick Simpson’s Oil: The truths and controversies of this cannabis product Rick Simpson's Oil is an extract from the much-controversial plant, Cannabis. What is the actual…
dandelion weight loss
Caralluma Fimbriata: How to eat this cactus to lose weight Caralluma fimbriata is a miracle cactus that can be safely consumed by most for losing…
Psyllium Husk: More than just an effective natural laxative Psyllium husk, or isabgol, is a popular natural laxative . But did you in addition…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test…
Surgery or home-remedy; what is the right way to treat a burn The treatment of a burn injury depends on its severity. You can save a life…
glucose-tolerance
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test – GTT Glucose tolerance test (or Oral GTT) is used to detect the onset of diabetes or…
testosterone-blood-test
Testosterone test Testosterone is the primary sex hormone in males; produced in the testes and adrenal glands.…
quinoa salad
Quinoa : A prodigious superfood you need to include in your diet today! Quinoa - what is so special about this native South American grain that has taken…
Fluoride: An indispensible mineral or a potential toxin ? Fluoride, the main ingredient of toothpaste, has shown a great potential as a cleanser. However,…
Drinking water benefits
8 reasons why you should grab a bottle of water now! Did you know you don't have to be thirsty for hours to be dehydrated?You could…
xylitol gum
Xylitol : Is this the right sugar substitute for you? Discovered during World War 2 owing to sugar shortage, xylitol has become a common name…
black seed oil benefits
Black Seed Oil: What secret benefits could it bestow on your health? Black seeds or nigella seeds are tiny packets of health brimming with amazing benefits. Find…
Exercises or diet? Find out the healthiest way to gain weight Tired of being called skinny all the time? Looking for healthy ways to beef up?…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling…
Vagus nerve: 7 health benefits of stimulating the “gut-brain” connection As a matter of fact, there are two vagus nerves namely the left and the…
V for Vagina: How well do you know this extraordinary part of the female anatomy? Vagina - a simple part of the human anatomy that has often created a feeling…
Endoscopy Endoscopy is a procedure where an illuminated probe with a camera attached to it is…
colposcopy
Colposcopy Colposcopy is a simple, quick and non- invasive diagnostic tool to look closely inside the…

Related Posts

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.