Trichomoniasis

TRICHOMONIASIS pain

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

What Is A Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)?

Certain parasites, bacteria or viruses can be transmitted through sexual intercourse with an infected person or through contact with the genitals of such an individual. Examples of STIs include chlamydia, syphilis, HIV and genital herpes. Sometimes, these infections can be treated and resolved. In other cases, as with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the infection persists for life and can give rise to debilitating disease. An STI could also result in infertility and pregnancy complications. Making sure to effectively and correctly use a barrier contraceptive, particularly a condom, can help to restrict transmission of STIs. However, this method cannot guarantee to protect against infection.

 

What Is Trichomoniasis?

TRICHOMONIASIS manTrichomoniasis is a parasitic infection that is considered to be one of the most common sexually transmitted infections across the world. It can affect both men and women although women tend to suffer more critical complications. The parasite responsible for this is a protozoan known as Trichomonas vaginalis.

Large numbers of individuals with the infection tend to be asymptomatic. In other words, they do not suffer from symptoms or any impairment to their general health. When the infection is symptomatic, there can be a range of indications. Inflammation of the urethra, cervix, and vagina are the most common of these symptoms. According to a study appearing in the Indian Journal of Medical Research, trichomoniasis accounts for about 2 – 7% of all sexually transmitted infections diagnosed in India. Having trichomoniasis also increases the risk of contracting an HIV infection.

 

What Causes Trichomoniasis And Who Is At Risk?

The parasite that causes this infection is called T. vaginalis. This is a single-celled organism and an anaerobe. It usually passes from one individual to another through unprotected sexual intercourse although it can also be transmitted via unprotected contact with the genitals of an infected person. This means that every sexually active person, whether heterosexual, homosexual or any other, is potentially at risk of contracting this infection. Generally, it tends to affect areas such as the vagina, cervix or vulva in women and the urethra in both sexes. However, it can also affect the mouth or anus as a consequence of oral or anal intercourse.

The list below sets out some well-recognized risk factors that are worth bearing in mind:

  • Trichomoniasis is more common among women than men, particularly those of childbearing age. However, it tends to affect older women more often than younger ones.
  • Having unprotected intercourse increases the likelihood of contracting STIs like trichomoniasis. In particular, neglecting to use a condom puts the uninfected partner at a higher risk of being exposed to infection.
  • Those who have multiple sexual partners are at an increased risk.
  • Having a history of other STIs is also associated with a greater likelihood of having trichomoniasis.
  • Past T. vaginalis infection is another risk factor since recurrence is common.

 

What Are The Symptoms To Look Out For?

TRICHOMONIASIS painIn instances where symptoms do eventually arise, they can take anywhere from five days to a month to show up. The signs of T. vaginalis infection, such as painful urination and intercourse or abnormal discharge or genital itching, are broadly similar to those of other STIs like chlamydia. The infection tends to cause inflammation of the vagina, cervix or urethra in women and the urethra in men. The symptoms could even abate and then return again.

A more detailed list of symptoms appears below:

  • Burning or itching in the genital area.
  • Redness or swelling in the genitals.
  • Burning sensation during urination or after ejaculation.
  • Pain and discomfort during intercourse.
  • Abnormal discharge from the urethra in men.
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge in women. Typically, this discharge is thin and frothy in consistency and may be accompanied by an unpleasant fishy odour. Sometimes it is greyish, greenish or yellowish in colour.
  • Light spotting or bleeding from the vagina.
  • Feeling frequent urges to urinate.

 

What Are Some Potential Complications To Guard Against?

The list below points out some complications that can arise in instances of trichomoniasis:

  • Studies have uncovered an association between trichomoniasis and cervical cancer in women.
  • Patients could develop an atypical pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • There is a risk of suffering from infertility as a result of T. vaginalis infection.
  • Having this infection also increases one’s risk of contracting other sexually transmitted infections, particularly the human immunodeficiency virus. Damage to the protective epithelium of the vagina is responsible for increased susceptibility to HIV. Some sources also indicate the heightened possibility of contracting high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV).
  • When a pregnant mother has trichomoniasis, her baby could be born preterm or with a low birth weight.
  • It could also expose the baby to the possibility of developing respiratory tract infections.
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as many as 1 in every 5 individuals who have been treated for this infection could suffer a recurrence within 3 months of receiving treatment.

 

How Is Trichomoniasis Diagnosed And Treated?

The general symptoms of trichomoniasis share several features with other common sexually transmitted infections. Since the clinical presentation alone is not specific enough, diagnosis of this infection requires specialized tests. The following standard procedures are adopted in testing for trichomoniasis:

  • Physical examination.
  • Medical and sexual history.
  • Cell cultures.
  • Examination of urethral or vaginal discharge.

TRICHOMONIASIS safe sexIt is estimated that coinfection with chlamydia is present in as many as 15-28% of those who test positive for trichomoniasis. Similarly, 10% of patients tend to also test positive for gonorrhea. Hence, any patient diagnosed with trichomoniasis would be well advised to also undergo testing for other STIs.

Trichomoniasis is generally treated with antibiotics. In recent years, however, there have been concerns regarding the emergence of antibiotic resistance in the parasite T. vaginalis. However, instances of infections involving highly resistant strains of T. vaginalis are still relatively rare and the standard antibiotics continue to offer a dependable line of treatment.

Having trichomoniasis increases the risk of getting infected with the HIV/AIDS in case of exposures. In case of HIV/AIDS patients infected with trichomoniasis, the possibility to pass the HIV/AIDS infection to the sexual partner also increases. Thus, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that females with HIV/AIDS should get themselves screened for trichomoniasis at least once a year.

Prevention is mainly by practicing safe sex and being monogamous. Treating the underlying infections is essential. Douching, smoking, alcohol or drug abuse should be avoided. Sexual intercourse only after the completion of the prescribed dosage of medications is advised in order to prevent re-infection.

 

 

Facts

  • As per the information furnished by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around 7 million individuals in the United States have trichomoniasis.
  • Out of the affected population, only 30% develop any symptoms of trichomoniasis.
  • Trichomoniasis affects around 2 million females in the United States, of the age group 14 years to 49 years.

Facts

  • Females are more susceptible to trichomoniasis as compared to males.
  • Older females are more likely to get infected as compared to younger females.
  • After being infected, an individual might experience symptoms within 5 days to 28 days.
  • Low birth weight (less than 5.5 pounds) is commonly observed in babies born to infected mothers.

Facts

  • After receiving treatment for trichomoniasis, approximately 1 in 5 individuals get re-infected.
  • Contraception methods such as birth control pills, implants, shots or diaphragms do not provide protection against sexually transmitted infections.

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Test Your Knowledge

Welcome to your Sexual Health

What is the most commonly sexually transmitted infection in the US?
You can't get STI from oral sex.
What is the best lubricant to be used with latex condoms?
What do birth control implants help with?
Which bodily fluids can transmit HIV?
Cold sores and genital herpes can be caused by the same virus.
When is the best time to perform a breast self-exam (BSE)?
What is a pap smear used to detect?
Chlamydia, if untreated, can lead to infertility in women.
What is a window period in HIV detection?

Take the full quiz

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Be monogamous. Get your sexual partner tested for sexually transmitted diseases.
  • After the treatment for trichomoniasis, wait for at least 7 to 10 days to have sexual intercourse.
  • Practice safe sex. The use of latex condoms in the right manner during sexual intercourse can reduce your possibilities of getting infected.
  • Go for regular checkups. As per the CDC, females with HIV/AIDS should get themselves screened for trichomoniasis at least once a year.
Don'ts
  • Have alcohol consumption for at least 24 hours after taking the medication for the treatment of trichomoniasis.
  • Indulge in douching. Douching can disturb the bacterial flora in the vagina and make you prone to infections.
  • Practice drug abuse. This might increase the risk of sexual assault and thereby make you prone to STIs.

 

 

 

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Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
Coffee Enema: Turn your favorite morning beverage into a powerful colon cleanser The wonders of coffee are not just limited to waking you up every morning. You can now use…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
amylase test
Amylase Test Amylase test is done by checking the level of this protein in the blood sample and also in…
chloride test
Chloride Test A chloride test of the blood checks the level of chloride in body, an important factor governing the…
complement c4 test
Anemia Profile Anemia Profile test (Basic) is a blood screening test that measures the levels of important components of the…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
Optavia diet
The features of an Optavia diet The Optavia diet endorses pre-packaged meals and snacks called "fuelings" that are tasty, low in calorie, and incorporates…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of health benefits. Discover…
Love tea, hate tannins? Rooibos tea is just what you need The market is brimming with a multitude of herbal teas. But what makes rooibos tea (or red bush)…
How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
Epley maneuver: Why is this the best protection from the symptoms of vertigo? Epley maneuver is an exercise that can treat the symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).  It was…
The Cabbage Soup Diet: The healthiest way to instant weight loss Cabbage soup diet rapid weight loss diet for those who want to shed those extra pounds in less…
Atkins diet weight loss
Atkins Diet: The right steps to carb control that can help you lose those pounds fast The Atkins diet is a high fat, low-carb diet with proven weight loss benefits that is flexible enough…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is another remarkable addition.…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling creeping up on…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency of hemoglobin could…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
ANTIPHOSPHOLIPIDANTIBODY(APL)_IgG
Antiphospholipid (APL) antibody-IgG The Antiphospholipid Antibody testing is a blood test used to determine an autoimmune disorder called Antiphospholipid syndrome linked…
valproic acid test
Valproic Acid Test Valproic acid test is performed to generally check for psychiatric and even neurological conditions such as bipolar disease…
phenytoin test
Phenytoin test Phenytoin is a drug that is administered mainly to epilepsy patients. The phenytoin blood test measures the level…
Rubella IgM test
Rubella IgM Test The Rubella IgM test is a blood test that is performed to diagnose the presence of the rubella…
vdrl test syphilis
VDRL Test The VDRL test is a blood test that is used to diagnose sexually transmitted or venereal diseases, primarily…
sodium blood test
Blood Sodium Test A blood sodium test measures the amount of sodium (an important electrolyte) in your body. It is also…
Okra: How can this nutrient-dense vegetable help you fight diabetes? Okra is a food which is rich in nutrients and minerals which are extremely essential for a healthy…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…