Gingivitis

Gingivitis pain

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

Overview of gingivitis

Gum diseases are very common in the middle and low-income countries. The main reason behind this is the unhygienic conditions and the unhealthy lifestyles that are prevalent in these countries. A very common type of gum disease that occurs in the underdeveloped countries is Gingivitis, or gum bleeding. The World Health Organisation has shown that nearly 15% adults between 21-50 years of age and around 30% adults above 50 have different types of gum diseases, of which Gingivitis is the most serious form. The dentists worldwide have reported that at present, Gingivitis is one of the major causes of decay and ultimate loss of teeth. This definitely indicates a major responsibility on the part of the global health organisations to spread the awareness related to oral health and dental care.

 

What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis pain Gingivitis is a form of gum disease that causes swelling, redness and inflammation of the gums. It is basically a periodontal disease that causes irritation and tenderness of the gums. This disease damages the tissues that support the teeth, the gums, the periodontal ligaments and the tooth sockets. Gingivitis mainly results from the plaque build-up over a period of time. A number of other factors like teeth alignment, gum injury and improper brushing and flossing techniques may worsen the existing conditions. The gums in such cases become swollen, tender and severely infected.

Gingivitis is basically the very first stage of gum diseases and causes redness of the gums. These swollen and infected gums tend to bleed when brushed or flossed. When left untreated, the disease may progress to Periodontitis or Pyorrhoea, which have more severe symptoms.

 

What are the main causes of gingivitis?

Gingivitis mainly takes place due to plaque formation and bacterial outgrowth. The main causes of the disease are listed below-

  • Formation of a sticky plaque due to the accumulation of food particles at the roots of the teeth
  • Worsening of the already formed plaque due to the deposition of mucus and more food debris
  • Bacterial growth that occurs in the teeth and the gums
  • Release of toxins by the bacteria
  • Degeneration of the tissues supporting the teeth, gums and the tooth sockets (alveolar bones)
  • Formation of a solidified deposit known as tartar that forms over a period of time and gets trapped at the base of the tooth
  • Improper brushing and flossing techniques (fail to remove the debris at the root the teeth)
  • Abnormal alignment of the teeth, that prevents the toothbrush or floss to reach certain areas where food debris may build up
  • Improper fitting or lack of cleanness of the braces, dentures, crowns, bridges or other external equipments
  • Rough edges of the fillings that irritate the gums
  • Prolonged intake of certain drugs like birth control pills, phenytoin, channel blockers and some more
  • Toxicity caused by metals such as lead or bismuth
  • Hormonal alterations occurring in puberty, pregnancy (increases gum-sensitivity) or after menopause
  • Diseases like Diabetes or other general illnesses
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Deterioration of the dental tissues with age
  • A familial history of gum diseases or dental disorders
  • Poor dietary habits
  • Addictive habits like tobacco smoking or alcoholism
  • A weak immune system due to lack of vaccinations in childhood or some autoimmune disorders
  • Exposure to adverse climatic conditions (especially cold climate)

 

What are the common symptoms of gingivitis?

gingivitis infection in gumsGingivitis is commonly manifested as swollen, reddish and bleeding gums. The warning signs of the disease are as follows-

  • Reddish or purplish discolouration of the gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Bleeding from the gums
  • Gums that tend to bleed on minor exertions caused by brushing or flossing
  • Extreme tenderness and touch-sensitivity of the gums
  • Receding gumline and a progressive baring of the root of the tooth
  • Pain in the gums when touched, which are otherwise painless
  • Appearance of mouth sores (in the more advanced stages)
  • Abnormally shiny and glossy appearance of the gums
  • Reddish discolouration of the gum tissues which become very prominent at a later stage
  • Release of a thick and sticky purulent discharge (pus), often with blood
  • Increased sensitivity of the teeth
  • Bad taste (pungent or metallic taste) in the mouth
  • Generation of bad breath
  • Formation of loose pockets between the teeth and the gums
  • Gradual loosening of the teeth

 

Type of gingivitis

gingivitis treatmentA detailed diagnosis may reveal four distinct categories of Gingivitis. These are elaborated below-

  • Plaque induced gingivitis: In this case, a sticky substance called plaque builds up at the base of the teeth, where they attach with the gums. With time, food debris, saliva and other substances build up over the already formed plaque and worsen the existing condition. Bacterial outgrowth may occur which is followed by gum inflammation and swelling, that lead to gingivitis.
  • Non-plaque induced gingivitis: Plaque formation does not occur here. Gum inflammation results from bacterial or viral infections. This type may also be genetic in nature.
  • Pregnancy-associated gingivitis: Plaque formation occurs in this case. A tumour-like outgrowth occurs on the gums in the gap between two teeth. It mainly arises due to hormonal fluctuations that occur during pregnancy.
  • Acute Necrotising Ulcerative Gingivitis (ANUG): This is characterised by an acute inflammation and degeneration of the gingiva bordering the teeth. The main triggers are- gingivitis, stress, tobacco abuse, poor diet and sleeping problems.

 

Diagnosis and treatment

Gingivitis can be easily detected through the following diagnostic tests-

  • Periodontal probe
  • Dental radiograph

Any kind of treatment for gingivitis involves removal of the plaque and cleaning of the teeth. This helps is removing deposits and also frees the teeth from bacterial infections. In many cases, the dentists may recommend antibacterial mouth rinses and some orthodontic appliances.

 

Prevention of gingivitis

It is necessary on the part of the parents to take care of their children’s oral health in order to avoid dental caries or gum diseases in future. Various other complications such as trench mouth, abscess on the jaw bone or the gingiva and recurring infections have been observed in adults. An overall improvement in hygiene and lifestyle trends can help alleviate these problems especially in the underdeveloped and the developing countries.

 

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Brush and floss your teeth twice a day. Include more of calcium and vitamin C rich food in your diet such as grapefruits, oranges, and dairy products.
  • Fiber-rich fruits and vegetables are great for fortifying your gums.
  • Get your teeth professional cleaned twice a year.
  • Saltwater gargles done with warm water will provide instant relief from the gum pain.
Don'ts

 

  • Consume sugar-laden foods. These create an environment in your oral cavity where bacteria can thrive and cause gum infections. Decrease your sugar consumption.
  • Indulge in substance abuse such as of alcohol, tobacco, or certain drugs can lead to gum decay. Put an end to such habits.

 

 

 

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Psyllium Husk: More than just an effective natural laxative Psyllium husk, or isabgol, is a popular natural laxative . But did you in addition to regulating bowels,…
How can Kegels help you overcome weak pelvic muscles & incontinence? Kegel exercises are pelvic floor strengthening exercises that can help you overcome incontinence issues that rise out of…
Goji berry: A traditional Chinese berry that packs the best of antioxidants Goji berry is an ancient berry that is considered to be power-packed with nutrients and antioxidants. Which means…
Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? People opt to become a pescatarian in order to enrich their bodies with the essential health benefits that…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Erythritol: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another marketing ploy? Erythritol is a popular choice of a healthy alternative sweetening agent in foods. But how healthy can a…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test is the most…
Gua sha: Scraping away layers of pain with this ancient healing tool Gua sha is an ancient oriental healing method which focuses on scraping the body with specific tools to…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
Okra: How can this nutrient-dense vegetable help you fight diabetes? Okra is a food which is rich in nutrients and minerals which are extremely essential for a healthy…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
woman with abdominal pain holding ovulation calendar
Ovulation – facts to know about ovulation Learn how and when ovulation occurs, demystify common misconceptions, identify symptoms, methods of detection and right period for…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…
How seitan proved to be a blessing in disguise for vegans worldwide Can only meat-eaters enjoy delicious juicy steaks and burgers? With seitan, the best meat substitute available today,even vegans…
How can berberine supplements help you live longer and healthier? Berberine is a turmeric look-alike herbal extract that is credited with numerous health benefits ranging from diabetes cure…
Vagus nerve: 7 health benefits of stimulating the “gut-brain” connection As a matter of fact, there are two vagus nerves namely the left and the right but is…
The Cabbage Soup Diet: The healthiest way to instant weight loss Cabbage soup diet rapid weight loss diet for those who want to shed those extra pounds in less…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
CERULOPLASMIN- triple marker
Triple Marker Test A triple marker test is an important prenatal test that is performed to detect the presence of chromosomal…
malarial antigen test
Malaria Antigen Test A malaria antigen test is a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) that can detect malarial antigens (proteins) in your…
apolipoprotein a1 test
Apolipoprotein -A1 (APO-A1) Test Apolipoprotein A-I (Apo-A1) constitutes 70% of protein content in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and helps in lipid metabolism.
piles fissure fistula
Allopathy vs homeopathy vs ayurveda treatment for piles, fissures, and fistula Read to know the best form of treatment among allopathy, homeopathy,or ayurveda for piles, fissures, and fistula
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
10 reasons why you should up your selenium intake Selenium, though a trace mineral, is very much integral to your health. Find out how much selenium intake…
waterchestnut
Water Chestnuts: The tastiest ways to include this healthy tuber in your diet Water chestnut is not a nut after all. It is a tuber (much like the potatoes) growing close…
Urologist: When should you visit one and why? A urologist can treat not only genitourinary problems of both men and women but also can treat various…
hemoglobin variant analysis
Hemoglobin Variant Analysis Hemoglobin variant analysis is a blood test that is used to detect the presence of hemoglobin variants which…
valproic acid test
Valproic Acid Test Valproic acid test is performed to generally check for psychiatric and even neurological conditions such as bipolar disease…
fructosamine test
Fructosamine Test A fructosamine test measures blood sugar glucose content. Fructosamine level can indicate blood sugar level in past 2-3…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
thyroxine t4 test
T4 (Thyroxine) Hormone Test The T4 or thyroxine blood test is an important diagnostic tool that gives a clear picture of how…
antiHEV IgM test
Anti hepatitis E virus (Anti HEV) IgM Test Anti HEV IgM test determines the level of the IgM antibodies in the blood, The disease is often…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
Agave nectar: The bitter truth about this sweetener revealed Agave nectar is considered to be sweeter than the normal table sugar and even contains higher amounts of…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
Cayenne: The remarkable benefits of these red hot chili peppers These may make you rush for a glass of water, but cayenne pepper is actually a healthy additive…
Exercises or diet? Find out the healthiest way to gain weight Tired of being called skinny all the time? Looking for healthy ways to beef up? Why not try…
The right way to prepare Alfalfa sprouts at home Alfalfa or lusan ghas is not just a nutritious animal fodder. This flavonoid-rich herb has some amazing health…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more about carb cycling,…
biopsy procedure
Biopsy Biopsy is a procedure of studying a live tissue sample collected from a specific organ for diagnosing a…
lipase test
Lipase Test A lipase test is a blood test performed to quantitatively measure the level of the enzyme lipase in…
blood ketone test
Blood Ketone (D3HB) Test The Blood Ketone Test measures and monitors the levels of ketone in the blood which is usually performed…
Rheumatoid Arthritis xray
Arthritis Profile Arthritis profile is a panel of primarily blood tests used to detect the presence of arthritis or check…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet can bring all…
avocado benefits
Avocado: 15 reasons why this fruit should be a staple in your diet Did you know that the word avocado literally means "testicles". Don't get grossed out as this power-packed fruit…

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