Brain Diseases

Brain diseases pills

Overview of brain diseases

Disorders of the peripheral and central nervous system are very severe in nature. They may lead to the complete degeneration of the neurological system and permanently incapacitate an individual. These disorders are observed mainly after the age of 65. But in recent years, young adults and even small children are being diagnosed with neurological diseases. The most common form of the neurological disease is “brain diseases” that is affecting the lives of millions worldwide. According to the global estimates by the World Health Organization, 1 out of every 6 people in any country suffers from one or the other type of brain disease. This has resulted in reduced life expectancy all over the world and demands attention from global health organizations.

 

What are brain diseases?

Brain diseasesBrain diseases refer to a group of neurodegenerative disorders that adversely affect the central and peripheral nervous systems. These diseases are not so severe in the initial stages. But they may gradually progress and interfere with the cognitive abilities of an individual. The onset of these diseases is marked by fluctuations in the levels of the primary neurotransmitter chemical (dopamine). In the more advanced stages, degeneration and loss of nerve cells occurs, accompanied by abnormalities in the synaptic connections (connections between nerve cells). In many cases, abnormal clustering of proteins leads to the formation of tangles and plaques. All these phenomena may disrupt the normal functioning of the brain and interfere with learning, judgment, and memory.

 

Causes of brain diseases

Brain diseases mainly occur with age. Numerous extrinsic and intrinsic factors contribute to brain diseases. The commonly analyzed causes are listed below-

  • Plaque formation: Impairment of nerve cell interactions (synapses) may occur due to the formation of plaques (protein beta-amyloid). In the more progressive stages, degeneration and death of brain cells occur.
  • Tangle formation: Structural and functional abnormalities of the essential protein (tau) in the brain lead to the formation of irregular twists in the brain cells. These are known as neurofibrillary tangles. They have detrimental effects on the internal support system of the brain. Henceforth, the normal mechanism of transport of nutrients and other essential materials within the brain is disturbed.
  • Protein degradation: Certain genetic mutations are triggered by toxic materials present in the environment. These lead to degradation of brain proteins due to the disturbed functioning of the protein disposal system of the brain.
  • Protein aggregation: Formation of clustered alpha-synuclein fibrils and a few other proteins are manifested as Lewy bodies within the brain. This results in severe neuronal dysfunctions and death of brain cells.
  • Excitotoxicity: Oversensitization of a particular neurotransmitter (glutamate) occurs in some cases that lead to overactivation of brain cells.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation of brain cells may occur due to existing or past neurological diseases. The release of harmful chemicals (cytokines) occurs in this condition due to overactivation of the microglia.
  • Genetics: A number of genetic disorders may result from mutations of certain genes such as- synphilin-1, UCH-L1 and DJ-1. This leads to an autosomal dominant hereditary trend that is passed on to the future generations within a family. A sharp decline in dopamine levels occurs in such cases. Two examples of such disorders are- Huntington’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.
  • Age: Natural degeneration of brain cells and neurons occurs with age. This leads to disturbed cognitive capabilities in elderly people suffering from brain diseases.
  • Environment: Exposure to environmental toxicities such as lead, mercury, cadmium or arsenic on a regular basis can accelerate the degeneration of brain cells and nerve cells. An example of a deadly chemical that is injected into the body through intravenous drugs is- methyl-phenyl-tetrahydropyridine (MTP).
  • Congenital defects: Certain brain defects are present at birth. Structural anomalies of bones and soft tissues in the head and spine are observed in such cases. These gradually develop into brain diseases.
  • Medications: Various over-the-counter drugs used to treat other diseases can lead to brain toxicity when taken for a long period of time.
  • Substance abuse: Excessive intake of tobacco and alcohol on a regular basis can directly affect the neurotransmitter chemicals within the brain (dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine). This can cause serious brain diseases.

 

What are the warning signs?

Brain diseases parkinsonsBrain diseases are identified through the following symptoms-

  • Headaches
  • Seizures and convulsions
  • Loss of sensation in arms and legs
  • Imbalance
  • Speech problems
  • Vision impairment
  • Hearing loss
  • Difficulty learning
  • Memory loss
  • Loss of judgment
  • Forgetfulness
  • Personality disorders
  • Lack of judgment
  • Constant sweating
  • Drooling
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Unexplained anxiety and nervousness

 

What are the types of brain diseases?

The following types of brain diseases are commonly diagnosed-

  • Parkinson’s disease: It is a disorder of the central nervous system, characterized by overall body imbalance and difficulty in normal movements.
  • Alzheimer’s disease: It is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by problems in memory, language and other cognitive functions.
  • Epilepsy: In this disease, sudden convulsive fits occur due to excessive electrical stimulus at the neuronal receptors.
  • Stroke: In this condition, the death of brain cells occurs due to lack of blood supply to the brain or brain hemorrhage.
  • Brain tumors: Brain tumors may grow from the meningeal tissue (meningioma) or glial tissue (glioma).
  • Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain occurs in this disease due to viral infections.
  • Myasthenia Gravis: It is an autoimmune disease caused due to abnormal functioning of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions.  Extreme muscle weakness and muscular dystrophy occur in this disease.

 

Diagnosis

Proper diagnosis of brain diseases is very necessary to detect the root cause. The following tests are very important-

  • Cerebrospinal fluid analysis
  • CT scan and MRI scan of the brain
  • Blood flow studies of the brain (to detect the presence of clots or hemorrhages)
  • Acute Dopaminergic testing
  • Structural and functional imaging

 

Treatment

Brain diseases pillsParkinson’s disease 

  • Medication –Medications may help with motor skill and tremors. Since Parkinson’s disease is caused due to the lack of dopamine in the brain,  certain medication such as carbidopa-levodopa and dopamine agonists help in substituting the dopamine levels in the brain.
  • Surgery – Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is often advised to those who have a severe case of Parkinson’s disease. Here, a small electrode is implanted in a part of the brain with a generator implanted near the collarbone. The generator sends electric pulses to the brain; hence reducing the symptoms of Parkinson’s.

Brain tumor 

  • Surgery – If your brain tumor is in an accessible location, your doctor will recommend you to get a surgery done. If your surgeon is unable to remove the tumor completely, they will cut a part of it to test it, to help find out the type of tumor it is.
  • Radiation therapy – Here, high energy light beams are used to kill the cancer cells. This therapy is mostly done after the surgery to kill the remaining cancer cells.
  • Radiosurgery – In this treatment method, multiple high energy beams are used to eliminate the tumor cells.
  • Chemotherapy – Here drugs are given orally or intravenously to get rid of the cancer cells. This is the most common treatment method for all types of cancers.
  • Targeted drug therapy – This method of treatment targets the abnormalities that are present in the cancer cells, to help kill the cancer cells altogether.

Epilepsy 

  • Medication – Your doctor will prescribe your medications based on your age, the frequency of seizures and other medications that you might be taking. Epilepsy can be treated by the anti-epileptic medications which tend to stop your seizures.
  • Surgery –When the patient’s body refuses to accept the medications, surgery is the only option. Doctors will operate on a patient only if
  • The patient’s seizures originate in a small portion of the brain.
  • The area that needs to be operated on does not affect any vital function such as speech, motor, cognition etc.
  • Vagus nerve stimulation – This form of therapy can reduce seizures by 20-40% Here, the surgeons implant a device called a vagus nerve stimulator is the brain and a small generator in the abdomen (a lot like the pacemaker) wires from the stimulator are connect to the vagus nerve via the neck.
  • Ketogenic diet – This diet is high in fats and low in carbohydrates. This diet is followed in children. This diet can be stopped after a few years.

Encephalitis 

  • Bed rest- Along with it a lot of fluids and anti-inflammatory drugs can help treat mild cases of encephalitis.
  • Anti-viral drugs – Certain cases of encephalitis cases can be treated with anti-viral drugs. Anti-viral medications are generally well tolerated by patients. In some cases, such as insect bites this form of treatment would not have any effect, due to which patients are prescribed with acyclovir as it can be effective against HSV.
  • Supportive care – The patients who have been hospitalized due to their severe condition of encephalitis require supportive care.
  • Breathing assistance, monitoring breathing, and checking heart rate.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs to make sure that there is no swelling in the brain.
  • Fluids need to be given intravenously to ensure that they stay hydrated.
  • Anticonvulsive medications to help prevent any seizures.

Myasthenia gravis 

  • Medication – Medications such as cholinesterase inhibitors and corticosteroids enhance the communication between the nerves and inhibit the immune system from producing antibodies.
  • Intravenous therapy – Procedures such as plasmapheresis and intravenous immunoglobulin are done to filter the blood and provide antibiotics intravenously to the patients.
  • Surgery – Surgery to remove the thymus gland that is located under the bread bone is conducted to improve the symptoms of myasthenia gravis.

Cerebral stroke 

  • Ischemic strokes are treated by given injections of tissue plasminogen activators as this is the best course of treatment for this kind of stroke. The injections help in dissolving the clot to make sure that there is proper blood flow in the brain.
  • Hemorrhagic stroke is treated by putting a clip on the aneurysm to make sure that it does not burst or start bleeding again. Another form of treatment is by putting a catheter through the groin and removing the blood clot, this surgical method is called coiling (endovascular embolization).

 

Prevention

Parkinson’s disease – Since the cause of Parkinson’s is still unknown, there are no sure shot ways to prevent this disease. There are certain risk factors that can be monitored.

  • Age – making sure that you get a regular check-up done if you are above 60-years-old.
  • Hereditary – Knowing your family history can help in understanding the chances of you being diagnosed with Parkinson’s.
  • Sex – Women need to be extra cautious, as Parkinson’s is mostly found in women.
  • Limit your exposure to toxins and certain chemicals.

Brain tumor 

  • Limit your exposure to radiation as it can increase the chances of being diagnosed with brain cancer.
  • Being aware of your family history helps in identifying the chanced of you being diagnosed with brain tumor.

Epilepsy 

  • Age – Cases of epilepsy are most common in children and young adults. Make sure to get a routine check-up done.
  • Family history or epilepsy cases must be known, to help determine your child’s chances of developing the condition.
  • Head injuries – Get a head injury checked out immediately and do not treat it lightly.

Encephalitis 

  • Wear protective gear.
  • Use skin and nonskin insect repellents.
  • Install mosquito nets in your house.

Myasthenia gravis – Since it is an autoimmune disorder, there is no sure shot preventive measure.

Cerebral stroke 

    • Maintain your blood pressure.
    • Control your cholesterol and saturated fats in your diet.

TL;DR?

Brain diseases infographic

Facts

  • In the USA, 5.5 million people over the age of 65 and 200,000 below 65 are currently living with Alzheimer’s.
  • In the early 19th century it was believed that seizures were contagious. Due to this, epilepsy patients were kept away from the psychiatric ward.

Facts

  • The Japanese encephalitis virus is endemic to Asia; countries include Japan, India, and Pakistan.
  • The encephalitis virus was first isolated in 1935 in Japan.

Facts

  • Stress can make the condition of Parkinson’s disease worse.
  • Primary brain cancer is rare. Brain cancers are often secondary cancers, where cancer from another part of the body spreads to the brain.

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

Test Your Knowledge

Welcome to your Human Anatomy Quiz

Which part of the human body grows the fastest among these?
Which is the largest organ in the human body?
Where is the smallest bone in the human body located?
How much does your hair grow in a month?
What is the size of the smallest muscle of the human body?
Which is the largest bone in the human body?
Occurrence of calcium crystals is normal in this part of the body.
How many taste buds are there on the human tongue?
How many bones do new born babies have?
The anatomical name for the "windpipe" is

Take the full quiz

Display this infographic on your website

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Exercise regularly. This helps in strengthening the muscles and increases flexibility – Parkinson’s disease.
  • Try and encourage non-verbal communication – while communicating with Alzheimer’s patients.
  • Ensure that the patient does not injure themselves – for those with epilepsy.
Don'ts
  • Consume fatty, junk, oily, greasy and processed food – Parkinson’s disease.
  • Criticize or correct them – while communicating with Alzheimer’s patients.
  • Restrict any convulsive movement as they may lead to fractures – for those with epilepsy.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

Ferritin blood test
Ferritin Test Ferritin test is a blood test that provides vital information on the level of RBCs and iron in…
ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a particular liver enzyme…
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and are hence indicative…
Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are non-invasive breathing tests employed for diagnosing and monitoring lung diseases such as bronchitis
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG antibodies present in…
cardiolipin antibody igm
Cardiolipin Antibody (ACL) –IgM Test The types of cardiolipin antibodies are the IgG, IgA and IgM types and this particular test measures the…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
random blood sugar test
Random Blood Sugar Test The random blood sugar or RBS test is a blood test prescribed mainly to check the level of…
beautiful smiling woman enjoying high fiber energy bar with roughage
The importance of roughage in diet Eat these high fiber foods to increase your dietary roughage. Quick tips to boost daily roughage consumption. Check…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is present in the…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a particular protein called…
POSTPRANDIAL-BLOOD-SUGAR
Post-Prandial Blood Sugar Postprandial blood sugar test is an important diabetes diagnosing tool. This simple blood test measure the level of…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body is infected by…
beta hcg test
Beta hCG Test A Beta hCG test measures the level of human gonadotropin hormones present in the blood that is primarliy…
RHEUMATOID_FACTOR_(RF)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Rheumatoid factor or RF is a blood test used to diagnose painful joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis…
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in the blood and…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
thyroglobulin test
Thyroglobulin (TG) Test Thyroglobulin test helps in measuring and monitoring the concentration of thyroglobulin. The thyroglobulin test can be used as…
abdominal-CT-scan- image
Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that provides a clear picture of the state of internal…
serum electrolyte test
Serum Electrolyte If there is an electrolyte imbalance in the body, a serum electrolyte test will help to find out…
HELICOBACTER_PYLORI---IgG
Helicobacter Pylori – IgG Test Helicobacter pylori IgG test is a blood, saliva, and urine test performed to determine if the patien is…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in the blood (serum)…
TPAB test
Treponema Pallidum Antibody(TPAB) test Treponema pallidum bacteria a gram-negative bacteria that has helically coiled, corkscrew-shaped cells, responsible for STDs such as syphilis.
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon dioxide can prove…
Free T3 test
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) Test The free triiodothyronine or FT3 test is an important blood test that is used to detect the level…
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount of the protein…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
DHEAS test
DHEA Sulfate (DHEAS) Test DHEAS or DHEA Sulfate test is prescribed if an individual shows symptoms of abnormal adrenal actvity such as…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG class of beta…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
CEA_test
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test CEA or carcinoembryonic test detects the presence of CEA antigen in your blood mainly & determines the effectiveness…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
lipoprotein A
Lipoprotein (A) Test Lipoprotein (A) test is used to measure and monitor the levels of LDL(Low-Density Lipoprotein) in the bloodstream in…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
arterial-blood-gas
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Arterial blood gas analysis is a diagnostic procedure used to determine the volume of oxygen and carbon dioxide…
folate test
Folate test The Folate test is used to measure and monitor the levels of folic acid in the blood. The…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
dandelion weight loss
Caralluma Fimbriata: How to eat this cactus to lose weight Caralluma fimbriata is a miracle cactus that can be safely consumed by most for losing weight and boosting…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
Ear pain model
Easy and safe tips for ear wax removal you can do at home Cerumen impaction generally occurs when an external object like cotton swabs are used to remove the ear wax.…
tonometry
Tonometry Tonometry uses a device called tonometer to measure the pressure inside the eye. This pressure is depends upon…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
anti ds dna test
Anti Ds-DNA antibody Test The  Anti Ds-DNA antibody test is used to diagnose the disease called lupus or more aptly the SLE(Systematic…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is intended to look at the abnormalities in the ureters, bladder, and urethra, to assist surgeries performed…
ANTI-MICROSOMAL-ANTIBODY-(AMA)
Anti-Microsomal Antibody AMA Test AMA or anti-microsomal antibody test is a blood test that measures the activity of AMA in the body…
Helicobacter pylori IGA
Helicobacter Pylori – IgA Test The H.pylori IgA test is a blood test used to identify the level of IgA antigen in the…
amylase test
Amylase Test Amylase test is done by checking the level of this protein in the blood sample and also in…
free thyroxine ft4
Free thyroxine test (FT4) The FT4 or free thyroxine test is a blood test used to detect the level of free thyroixine…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 igm
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgM The Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgM test detects IgM class of antibodies in the blood.The presence of beta-2…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is another remarkable addition.…
erythropoetin test
Erythropoietin (EPO) Test Erythropoetin stimulates the production of RBCs in bone marrow thus an erythropoetin test is done to diagnose blood…
The complete “what to eat” guide for gluten intolerance Does eating breads and pastas often makes you nauseous? Gluten intolerance is a common reason why you might…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling creeping up on…
Anti-CCP Test – Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Anti-ccp or ACCP test is a blood test that is primarily employed to diagnose the onset of rheumatoid…
What to eat, what not to eat in the South Beach Diet? The South Beach Diet is one among the most popular weight loss programs that have been the talk…
Experts reveal the safest ways to perform an enema at home The idea of pushing some up your rectal area might make you queasy but an enema could actually…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test is the most…
Top reasons why you need to pay attention to your vitamin B6 intake Vitamin B6- An essential water-soluble vitamin. Its deficiency leads to physical changes such as sores & glossy tongue…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell breakdown. A bilirubin…
anti-chlamydia antibody tets
Anti-Chlamydia Antibody -IgG Test Anti-Chlamydia Antibody - IgG test is performed by collection of urine or genital fluids as sample for testing…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of health benefits. Discover…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
sodium chloride
Halotherapy: How inhaling salt can work wonders for your body Halotherapy is quickly gaining popularity amongst those with respiratory diseases. It has shown promise in its treatment.
diabetes symptoms in women
FBS Test – Fasting Blood Sugar FBS or fasting blood sugar test is a blood test that is used to determine the level of…
Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody (tTG) Test Transglutaminase is an enzyme present in our body and is involved in protein metabolism. A tTg test is…
EMA antibodies
Endomysial Antibodies (EMA) Test EMA test is an investigative blood examination to locate the presence of certain antibodies, called Endomysial antibodies or…
c peptide test
C-Peptide test C-peptide is a blood or urine test which is used to monitor and assess the insulin production by…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
Horny Goat Weed: Can it improve libido in human beings too? This plant got its name as Horny Goat Weed when one of the goats feeding on the plant…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more about carb cycling,…
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency of hemoglobin could…
Coffee Enema: Turn your favorite morning beverage into a powerful colon cleanser The wonders of coffee are not just limited to waking you up every morning. You can now use…
EMG electromyography
EMG- Electromyography EMG detects the presence, location, and extent of diseases that damage the nerves such motor neuron disease. Electromyography…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
geriatric health aging
Geriatric health: Do you still think age is just a number? Aging is an inevitable part of life. But don't let these common geriatric ailments affect you and your…
Cayenne: The remarkable benefits of these red hot chili peppers These may make you rush for a glass of water, but cayenne pepper is actually a healthy additive…
Appendix pain: Recent findings on this not-so vestigial organ The exact function of the appendix is still not clear. Some consider it as an organ that once…
Sputum test Sputum test is a commonly used diagnostic tool that is used to examine the presence of pathogens in…
glucose-tolerance
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test – GTT Glucose tolerance test (or Oral GTT) is used to detect the onset of diabetes or prediabetes conditions. It…
LFT-test
Liver Function Test – LFT LFT or Liver Function Test is a blood test used to determine the levels of hepatic enzymes which…
BoneMarrow-Biopsy
Bone Marrow Biopsy Bone marrow biopsy is a diagnostic procedure where a small amount of bone marrow is extracted from hip…
gallbladder diet tomato
Gallbladder surgery :Tips on post-operative care and diet What to eat post a gallbladder surgery? What are the key things to avoid if you had a…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
Urologist: When should you visit one and why? A urologist can treat not only genitourinary problems of both men and women but also can treat various…
Top natural diuretics: The instant benefits you can get from nature’s water pills Since diuretic drugs are known to cause side effects, it is better to choose a natural diuretic that…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
Inhale oxygen, exhale worries: The top breathing exercises and how to perform them Performing the breathing exercise is like becoming mindful of how you breathe.  Here is a list of breathing…
Hysteroscopy_procedure
Hysteroscopy Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive tool to help specialists view the uterus to diagnose and even treat several…
antinuclear antibody test
Antinuclear Antibody Test – (ANA) Antinuclear antibody or ANA test is a blood test that measures the level of ANA antibodies that are…
PROGESTERONE_test
Progesterone test The progesterone test is a blood test used to determine the level of hormone progesterone in the blood…
Rubella IgM test
Rubella IgM Test The Rubella IgM test is a blood test that is performed to diagnose the presence of the rubella…
Thyroid disorders
Thyroid Profile Thyroid profile is a panel of blood tests performed to check if an individual is suffering from any…
smelling-salts-benefits
The actual science behind smelling salts and how it helps in injury recovery Most smelling salts are a mixture of ammonium carbonate and some perfumes which are sniffed by an individual…
waking up tired
10 reasons why you might be waking up tired Do you feel you are not getting enough sleep? Sleep-deprived and frustrated? Read on discover the real reasons…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out how you can…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an inexplicable emotional numbness…
Vitamin D foods: Know what to eat for stronger bones and a cancer-free body Foods with vitamin D can actuallly transform your health. Observe fewer body aches, high energy, stronger brains, and…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Hemp Seeds: The actual science behind this controversial crop Inspite of being credited as a superfood, hemp seeds are still shrouded with layers of controversies. Are these…
RHABDOMYOLYSIS muscle cramps
The hidden dangers of magnesium deficiency and how you can prevent it Magnesium is an essential mineral for the body.Its deficiency can cause harm to your vital organs. Find out…
11 unbelievable health benefits of thyme you didn’t know! Thyme is a herb that has been used in alternative medicine.It is a well known seasoning in the…
PROSTATE-SPECIFIC-ANTIGEN
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test Prostate specific antigen test is a blood test used to determine the presence of prostate cancer or any…
TSH test
TSH Test – Thyroid Stimulating Hormone TSH test measures the level of thyroid secreting hormone in the blood. The level of this hormone is…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
Amniocentesis test
Amniocentesis Amniocentesis is a diagnostic procedure for pregnant women to assess and detect the presence of any chromosomal or…
EEG
Electroencephalogram – EEG EEG or electroencephalogram is a diagnostic tool used to access the functioning of neurons and brain activity to…
Strep throat pain
Anti-Streptolysin-O Test The ASO or Anti-Streptolysin-O is a blood test designed to check for the presence of streptococcus bacterial infection…