Neonatal Jaundice

Neonatal jaundice treatment

Last Updated February 20th, 2019

Overview of neonatal jaundice

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has estimated that nearly 200 million people worldwide are suffering from jaundice at present. A large percentage of this population is found to have jaundice right at the time of birth. This is called neonatal jaundice, which has become quite prevalent in different parts of the world at present. Studies have shown that nearly 60% of all the newborns have mild to moderate degree of jaundice. This has triggered the American Liver Foundation to organize health campaigns in order to educate the mass about relevant vaccinations which can prevent future risks of jaundice.

 

What is neonatal jaundice?

Neonatal jaundice infantNeonatal jaundice is the condition of elevated bilirubin at the time of birth. Bilirubin is a yellowish pigment present in hemoglobin (responsible for carrying oxygen in Red Blood Cells). An increase in the concentration of bilirubin above 3 mg per dL of blood causes jaundice. Neonatal jaundice typically presents as the yellowish discoloration of the skin, sclera (white membrane covering the eye-ball) and mucous membranes caused by abnormalities in bilirubin secretion by the liver or obstruction of the bile duct. Neonatal jaundice is precipitated by a number of clinical and environmental factors which will be discussed in the following sections.

 

What are the main causes of neonatal jaundice?

In the newborns, jaundice develops primarily due to two factors-

  • The breakdown of fetal hemoglobin as it is substituted by adult hemoglobin.
  • The incompletely formed and immature metabolic pathways of the liver which excrete bilirubin very quickly due to the absence of conjugation

Neonatal jaundice can be attributed to but not limited to a few other causes such as-

  • Biliary atresia
  • Intrahepatic cholestasis
  • Biliary duct insufficiency
  • Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency
  • Alagille syndrome

The general causes of neonatal jaundice can be broadly classified under two sections- unconjugated bilirubin and conjugated bilirubin. These are discussed below-

Conjugated bilirubin: It is one of the direct causes of neonatal jaundice. It can further be subdivided into the following –

  • Infections: The main sources of infections are- Sepsis, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and TORCH infections.
  • Metabolic: The main causes are- galactosemia, alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, cystic fibrosis, Dubin-Johnson syndrome and Rotor syndrome.
  • Drugs
  • Total parenteral nutrition
  • Idiopathic (of unknown origin)
  • Post-liver: The main factors behind the post-liver neonatal jaundice conditions are biliary atresia or bile duct obstruction. Two conditions may arise in this case- Alagille syndrome and Choledochal cyst.

Neonatal jaundice UVUnconjugated bilirubin: It can be subdivided into two categories- Hemolytic and Non-hemolytic causes. The hemolytic causes are further subdivided into intrinsic and extrinsic causes. These are discussed below-

Intrinsic causes: These comprise of three conditions-

  • Membrane conditions: The two primary conditions, in this case, are- spherocytosis and Hereditary elliptocytosis.
  • Enzyme conditions: Two conditions may arise namely- G6PD deficiency and Pyruvate kinase deficiency.
  • Globin synthesis defect: Two diseases commonly observed in this condition are- sickle cell disease and alpha-thalassemia.

Extrinsic causes: These comprise of two conditions-

  • Systemic conditions: The two commonly studied systemic conditions, in this case, are- Arteriovenous malformation and sepsis.
  • Alloimmunity: The two factors studied in this case are- Hemolytic disease of the newborn and Rh disease.

The non-hemolytic causes are discussed below-

  • Breastfeeding failure jaundice
  • Breastmilk jaundice
  • Cephalohematoma
  • Polycythemia
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Sepsis
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Gilbert’s syndrome
  • Crigler Najar syndrome
  • Gastrointestinal obstruction

 

What are the different types of neonatal jaundice?

Neonatal jaundice is of three main types- breastfeeding failure jaundice, breast-milk jaundice, and physiological jaundice.

Neonatal jaundice treatmentBreastfeeding failure jaundice: As the name implies, this type of jaundice occurs due to insufficient or a complete lack of breastfeeding. The low breast-milk intake leads to extremely inadequate bowel movements that are necessary to remove excess bilirubin from the child’s body. This results in enterohepatic circulation, which is characterized by an increased reabsorption of bilirubin from the intestines. This condition can be reversed by feeding appropriate quantity of breastmilk to the infant.

Breastmilk jaundice: This type of jaundice arises from biochemical factors. The high quantity of bilirubin, in this case, acts as an antioxidant. It usually takes place between the 6th to the 14th day after birth, when the bilirubin concentration reaches its peak. Breastmilk jaundice generally occurs in two conditions-

  • At birth, insufficient bacteria are present in the gut. Hence instead of being conjugated, the bilirubin is deconjugated by brush border β-glucuronidase and then reabsorbed. This process is known as enterohepatic circulation.
  • The breast-milk of some women contains a particular metabolite of progesterone, known as 3-alpha-20-beta-pregnanediol. This inhibits the action of UDPGA glucuronosyltransferase enzyme, which is responsible for the conjugation and excretion of bilirubin. This leads to elevated levels of bilirubin in the blood.

Physiological jaundice: Physiological jaundice is characterized by a raised level of unconjugated bilirubin during the first week. It occurs in two distinct phases-

Phase I:

  • Term infants: Jaundice lasts for around 10 days, accompanied by a rapid increase in serum bilirubin concentration up to 204 µmol / liter.
  • Preterm infants: Here, jaundice lasts for about 2 weeks, with a rapid rise of serum bilirubin up to 255 µmol / liter.

Phase II:

Here the bilirubin level drops to about 34 µmol / liter for two weeks. Two cases arise here-

  • Preterm infants: Phase II can last for more than 1 month.
  • Exclusively breastfed infants: Phase II can last for more than a month.

 

Diagnosis, treatment, & prevention

The two types of equipment used for diagnosis are-

  • Ingram icterometer: The color of the pale yellow skin is matched with the graded yellow lines to assess the bilirubin level.
  • Transcutaneous bilirubinometer

The treatment of neonatal jaundice is mainly done by administering phenobarbital or by conducting phototherapy. Exchange transfusions are recommended in the cases where the bilirubin level is greater than 428 µmol / liter. The various treatment methods include:

  • Phototherapy: This includes exposing the baby to special blue lights (keeping the genitals and eyes covered). This helps in cutting down the bilirubin levels.
  • Sunlight Exposure: Once the phototherapy is over and the infant is discharged, the parents are advised to expose the infant to sunlight (before 9 am and after 4 pm) to get rid of excess bilirubin.
  • Intravenous Immunoglobulin: This method is used in case of severe cases of neonatal jaundice. This is used when the above two methods fail to improve the condition.

There are no guaranteed ways to prevent neonatal jaundice. If there is a mismatch between the Rh factor of the mother and the baby, the probability of neonatal jaundice increases. By following certain measures, one can ensure a fast recovery from the condition. This includes:

  • Frequent breastfeeding.
  • Preventing dehydration of the baby
  • Closely monitoring the symptoms and seeking immediate medical help if any abnormality occurs.

 


TL;DR?

Neonatal jaundice infographic

 

 

 

Facts

  • Studies suggest that roughly 60% of all babies suffer from neonatal jaundice.
  • The risk factors associated with this condition are being preterm, belonging to Asian or Mediterranean descent, and having a darker skin tone.

Facts

  • Neonatal jaundice affected babies should be breastfed at least 8-12 times a day for the initial days. This will help get rid of bilirubin fast.
  • For a 2 day old infant, a bilirubin level of 12mg/dL can be quite dangerous, but the same level for a 3 day old baby is considered relatively safer.

Facts

  • If the bilirubin level reaches a high level of 20-30 mg/dL, it predisposes the infant to conditions such as kernicterus and even hemolytic anemia.

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

Display this infographic on your website

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Make sure that the baby is fed frequently throughout the day during the course of the condition.
  • It is important for the baby to get some sunlight for faster healing.
  • Seek immediate medical help if your contractions start before your due date. This is one of the risk factors for neonatal jaundice.

Don'ts
  • Skip routine check-ups with the pediatrician.
  • Ignore the symptoms of neaonatal jaundice. If not treated in time, it can lead to serious brain damage to the infant.
  • Panic if your baby starts showing visible symptoms of jaundice. It is a fairly common condition.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

anal sex
Anal Sex : Tips from experts on how to be kinky yet safe Whether it irks you or stokes your fantasies, anal sex has always been an intriguing sexual act. Learn…
Female Masturbation: Tips on how to turn up the heat during a solo mission As a female, do you find yourself constantly wondering as to what is the best way to please…
Clitoris: Why is it called the gateway to toe-curling female orgasms? The word clitoris comes from the Greek word kleitoris or “little hill.”  Many compare the female clitoris to…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
Find the G spot: The top sex positions that guarantee an orgasm There has been a long debate as to whether the G-spot actually exists as a separate organ.  Can…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
Penis pump: Pump your way out of erectile dysfunction One of the options to treat erectile dysfunction is by the use of a penis pump. It is…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
waterchestnut
Water Chestnuts: The tastiest ways to include this healthy tuber in your diet Water chestnut is not a nut after all. It is a tuber (much like the potatoes) growing close…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
The most effective tips on how to stay awake at work Do you often find yourself snoozing off at your work desk? This might be a sign of sleep…
The most effective tips on how to stay awake at work Do you often find yourself snoozing off at your work desk? This might be a sign of sleep…
V for Vagina: How well do you know this extraordinary part of the female anatomy? Vagina - a simple part of the human anatomy that has often created a feeling of either digust…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
magnesium test
Magnesium Test The magnesium test is a blood test that is generally prsecribed when an individual starts showing signs of…
oral hygiene tips
6 shocking consequences of bad oral hygiene (and how to avoid them) Did you know bad breath is not just turning off, but also harms your body in ways you…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
What is the average penis size and why should you care? Scientifically speaking, the average size of the penis depends on numerous factors such as genes, environmental circumstances, etc.
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
General adaptation syndrome: Understanding stress, one step at a time The struggle of the body to produce hormones during a stressful situation is the main theme of general…
Improve sex life
9 best tips from around the world for better sex life How can the pungent-smelling garlic pack in a punch to your libido? How could something as slimy as…
ketoacidosis diabetes
HB1Ac Test HB1Ac test is an important blood test that is used to measure the levels of glycated hemoglobin in…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
Orgasms: How to perfect the art of achieving intense bursts of pleasure (every time!) Orgasms are dependent not just on the sexual activity but on your partner as well. What you must…
human growth hormone
Human Growth Hormone (HGH) Test The HGH or human growth hormone test is a measure of GH or growth hormone level in the…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make you smarter and…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of health benefits. Discover…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
kefir bottle
Kefir: Top reasons why this probiotic drink should be consumed by you Yet another remarkable fermented food, kefir is a much healthier version of yogurt. These chewy white grains can…
stevia side effects
Stevia: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another risky additive? Stevia is a plant native to South America.  It has been used as a natural sugar substitute and…
Did you know drinking alkaline water could be the healthier choice for you? Ever wondered how safe is your drinking water in terms of pH? Recent studies have revealed that Alkaline…
Love tea, hate tannins? Rooibos tea is just what you need The market is brimming with a multitude of herbal teas. But what makes rooibos tea (or red bush)…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more about carb cycling,…
Experts reveal the safest ways to perform an enema at home The idea of pushing some up your rectal area might make you queasy but an enema could actually…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk of several deadliest…
antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic Resistance: How common diseases become deadly Can a cold kill you? How important is to get a flu shot? Why do antibiotics fail against…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It is edible and…
Appendix pain: Recent findings on this not-so vestigial organ The exact function of the appendix is still not clear. Some consider it as an organ that once…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
Dragon Fruit – Blessing from Nature’s Basket The dragon fruit is packed with nutrients and yet low on calories and is the dream food that…
Amaranth: Why is this native Peruvian grain called the “crop of the future”? Full of healthy high proteins and gluten-free, the grain, Amaranth, the tasty and ancient pseudo cereal from Peru,…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out how you can…
chia seeds weight loss
Chia seeds: How to consume this staple Aztec food to get a leaner body Chia seeds: What is the actual reason for its sudden popularity? Why are celebrities swearing by its amazing…
Horny Goat Weed: Can it improve libido in human beings too? This plant got its name as Horny Goat Weed when one of the goats feeding on the plant…
Is bronchitis contagious? And how to prevent this infection? It is acute bronchitis that is contagious which means you can contract it from another person or you…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
collagen benefits skin
Collagen: Get age-defying skin and faster hair growth with this miracle protein Collagen – Wrinkle-free skin, stronger nails, and thicker locks – now you have more reasons to eat these…
Isagenix diet
Isagenix Diet: Do you really need liquid meal replacements to lose weight? Isagenix Diet - What are liquid meal replacements and why is the world going ga-ga over them? Are…
erectile dysfunction treatment
Erectile Dysfunction: Effective tips to help you get back on charge Erectile dysfunction is a common male sexual dysfunction. Don't stress out. Just follow these amazing tips to get…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
Cayenne: The remarkable benefits of these red hot chili peppers These may make you rush for a glass of water, but cayenne pepper is actually a healthy additive…
Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast Ever thought how toxic chemicals find their way into our foods? How can they harm our body? And…
How chlorophyll is more than just a green pigment meant for photosynthesis Cholorphyll - you must know the usual function of this chemical in plants. But did you know that…
Experts reveal, how long does marijuana actually stay in your system… Weed or marijuana is one of the most widely abused recreational drug. But did you know how long…
Aphrodisiacs
Aphrodisiacs: These are the best foods to get you in the right mood While wine and chocolates have forever been associated with romance, there are several other aphrodisiac foods that can…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test is the most…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
TRX: Why is this total resistance workout the best choice for your body? TRX or total resistance exercise is a form of exercise where suspension belts are used to produce that…
6 arguments in favour of glucosamine and where can you find it Studies have shown that glucosamine works by preventing the breakdown of cartilage of the joints. This is usually…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in the blood (serum)…
SHBG test
Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) Test SHBG is an important sex hormone that is linked to testosterone in men and estrogen in women. Abnormal…
free thyroxine ft4
Free thyroxine test (FT4) The FT4 or free thyroxine test is a blood test used to detect the level of free thyroixine…
17 OH Progesterone test The 17 OH progesterone test is a simple blood test that is mainly used to diagnose the cause…
c peptide test
C-Peptide test C-peptide is a blood or urine test which is used to monitor and assess the insulin production by…
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and mind.Can a stroll…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
eating myths debunked
8 ‘healthy eating’ myths you believed until now Is a zero-carb diet really healthy for you? Are organic products worth their cost? Did you know how…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…
MANUKA HONEY child
Manuka Honey: What is it and why should you choose this over regular honey? Manuka honey is a specific type of honey produced by honey bees that collect nectar from the flowers…
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You will never believe…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
Shilajit: A miracle Himalayan herb for an active and happy life The Himalayas contain more wonders than you thought. Shilajit is a miracle herb that is widely used in…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is another remarkable addition.…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
Psyllium Husk: More than just an effective natural laxative Psyllium husk, or isabgol, is a popular natural laxative . But did you in addition to regulating bowels,…
Hibiscus: Nourish your beauty and health with these vibrant blooms Hibiscus is a trumpet shaped flower found abundantly in tropical countries. It has been historically used for its…
How can Kegels help you overcome weak pelvic muscles & incontinence? Kegel exercises are pelvic floor strengthening exercises that can help you overcome incontinence issues that rise out of…
Oxidative Stress: Understanding the most lethal phenomenon happening in your body right now Free radicals cause damage to the body, which is known as oxidation.  The amount of oxidation caused by…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
diabetes symptoms in women
Diabetes in women: Understanding the dangers, risk factors, & treatment Diabetes causes more problems in women that it does in men. The risk of developing cardiovascular problems due…
LFT-test
Liver Function Test – LFT LFT or Liver Function Test is a blood test used to determine the levels of hepatic enzymes which…
CORTISOL_test
Cortisol Test Cortisol test measures the cortisol levels ( produced by adrenal gland) through blood, urine, or saliva sample. The…
ANTIPHOSPHOLIPIDANTIBODY(APL)_IgG
Antiphospholipid (APL) antibody-IgG The Antiphospholipid Antibody testing is a blood test used to determine an autoimmune disorder called Antiphospholipid syndrome linked…