Tongue infections

Tongue infections cleaning

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

The early symptoms of tongue cancer include formation of painful sores on the tongue along with stiffness and pain. In many cases, an ulcer that doesn’t heal is indicative of tongue cancer. Many of these symptoms are similar to those that appear in case of tongue infection. Though not all cases of tongue infection will eventually turn into cancer, there are instances where a recurrent/non-healing case of tongue infection eventually turned malignant. If the tongue infection is associated with HPV (human papilloma virus), the risk of a tongue infection turning malignant is higher.
There are several oral conditions that can cause soreness on the tongue – smoking or any form of tobacco consumption, nutrient deficiency (folic acid), gluten allergy, poor oral hygiene, antibiotics, radiation therapy, tongue infection, canker sores, oral herpes, ill-fitting dentures etc. Conditions such as Down syndrome, oral cancer, overactive thyroid gland, strep throat, and anemia could also give rise to a sore and painful tongue.
Yeast infection (candida) is quite common in the oral cavity. There are several topical antifungal medicines available that can help treat it. Additionally, you can also try a few home remedies to get rid of yeast infection at home. These include – saltwater gargle, baking soda mouth rinse, probiotic yogurt, lemon juice, turmeric oil, clove oil, and oregano oil. Essential oils should not be used directly on the affected region. They need to be diluted in carrier oil before application.
If you have oral sores (ulcers) it would be best to avoid spicy foods. Drink plenty of water. Salt water gargle with lukewarm water can help reduce the pain and inflammation. There are several OTC oral ulcer gels that can help numb the pain. Do not compromise on oral hygiene. Use alcohol-free mouthwashes. Natural remedies for mouth sores include chamomile tea (with honey) and aloe vera gel. This gel can be applied directly on the sore. Clove oil rinse can also help disinfect the oral cavity and numb the pain.
The surface of your tongue is covered with tiny raised bumps called papillae. These papillae contain sensory buds for taste and touch. When bacteria, debris, food etc get trapped in these bumps, it causes inflammation forming characteristic white spots on the tongue. It could be linked to poor oral hygiene. Other causes of white spots on the tongue are ill-fitting dentures, smoking, alcohol, and dehydration.
In most cases, white spots on the tongue disappear on their own and do not require treatment. However, if these spots are linked to leukoplakia or oral lichen planus, you should consider getting medical help. If the white spots are due to oral thrush (yeast infection), topical antifungal gels should work. In the rare case, white spots are triggered due to bacterial infection, a complete antibiotic course would be needed.
White spots on the tongue usually do not represent a serious medical condition. With proper brushing, flossing, and other oral hygiene practices, these go away on their own. However, if the white spots are present for more than 2 weeks, it might be a symptom of a serious underlying health condition. You should consult a dentist in such a case.
If you have painful white spots or bumps on your tongue, eating and brushing your teeth can become problematic. You should use a brush with soft bristles and a sodium laurel ether suplfate free toothpaste. You should avoid irritants such as caffeine, tobacco, alcohol and spicy foods. OTC painkillers can help alleviate the pain. You can also look into natural home remedies such as baking soda to treat white spots.

Overview of tongue infections

Oral diseases are becoming increasingly common at present. These may arise from infections of the buccal cavity, tongue or the teeth. In the initial stages, the symptoms are negligible and can be reversed through proper treatment. But in the more advanced stages, the severity may increase and the disease may eventually progress to oral cancer. The statistics of the World Health Organisation show that worldwide, 4,50,000 new cases of oral cancer are reported each year. Clearly, the current global burden of oral diseases is quite alarming.

What are tongue infections?

Tongue infections bacterial“Tongue infections” refer to a group of infections that occur in the tongue and the adjoining mucosa. The patients may have plaque, tongue inflammation or blisters on their tongues. These conditions often arise from dental problems or the use of protruding dentures. Many a time, irregular white patches form on the mucosal linings, accompanied by pain, inflammation, and tenderness. Fluid-filled blisters may form when the condition becomes very critical.

What causes tongue infections?

Multiple factors contribute to tongue infections.

  • Tobacco: More than 80% of the Leukoplakia patients have a history of smoking. Research studies have revealed a positive correlation between the degree of smoking and the size of the lesions seen in Leukoplakia. These people usually suffer from diffuse leukoplakia of the tongue, buccal mucosa, lips and in some cases, the floor of the mouth. Most affected are the people who are used to reverse smoking. Tobacco chewing is even more dangerous and may lead to white patches in a buccal sulcus, commonly known as “tobacco pouch keratosis”. The symptoms may disappear on cessation of tobacco consumption.
  • Alcohol: People used to alcohol abuse alongside tobacco consumption develop severe mucosal infections. Overuse of mouthwash containing more than 25% alcohol leads to the formation of greyish plaques on the buccal mucosa.
  • Sanguinaria: This is a variety of herbal extract found in toothpaste. It causes “sanguinaria associated keratosis”. It is often accompanied by dysplasia. This may or may not give rise to malignancy.
  • Ultraviolet radiation: It gives rise to lesions in the lower lip and is often associated with cheilosis.
  • Epithelial atrophy: Mucosal and epithelial atrophy may arise from certain conditions like vitamin deficiency, iron deficiency or oral fibrosis.
  • Tumour suppressor genes: Mutations in the tumor suppressor gene p53 can lead to an uncontrolled cell growth and eventually result in leukoplakia along with dysplasia. People who are used to excessive drinking and smoking can develop these symptoms.
  • Trauma: Trauma induced by friction or irritation may lead to keratosis. Nicotine stomatitis, which results from the heat generated in tobacco smoking is an example of this category. Mechanical trauma may also be caused by the pointed edges of dentures or a broken tooth. The plaques, in this case, resemble callus on the skin.

When do you know you have tongue infection?

Tongue infections in kidsIf you have any of the following symptoms, visit a doctor and get tested for tongue infections-

  • The appearance of whitish or greyish patches on the mucosal linings
  • Transformation of patches into lesions
  • Alteration in the surface texture and colour of the affected surface
  • Formation of thickened plaques on the mucosal surface
  • Appearance of fluid-filled blisters that may release a purulent discharge on being rubbed or scratched
  • Scalding, tingling and numbness in the entire mouth
  • Extreme dryness and roughness of tongue
  • A bitter or metallic taste in the mouth
  • Reduced ability to taste (hypogeusia)
  • Pain in the tongue (glossodynia)
  • Burning sensation in the tongue (glossopyrosis)
  • Damaged oral mucosa
  • Problems in speaking (dysphagia)
  • Altered taste sensations (dysgeusia)

Here are some of the choicest oral hygiene care products recommended by dentists.


What are the different types of tongue infections?

Based on the aetiology, tongue infections are of three types-

  • Viral infections: These are mainly caused by the Herpes virus. White spots appear in the mild stage. In the later stages, tiny fluid-filled blisters may form, which may gradually grow in size. The patients have mild to moderate tingling sensation in the mouth and tongue.
  • Fungal infections: It is normally caused by Candida albicans. White patches appear on the tongue which can be rubbed off to reveal a reddish surface below it. It is common in patients with low immunity.
  • Bacterial infections: These are common in people who have tongue piercings. The severity of infections is more when metal studs are used.

Depending on the type of blisters or sores, tongue infections are classified into the following types-

Canker sores: They are the most common forms of oral blisters. They may appear under the tongue or on the gums. These sores are usually whitish or yellowish with a reddish elevated border. Canker sores may result from –

  • Mental stress
  • Hormone imbalance
  • Celiac disease
  • Poor immunity

Candidiasis sores: It causes infections in the tongue and may lead to oral thrush which has the following symptoms-

  • Taste alteration
  • Whitish patches of fungus
  • Red inflamed patches
  • Cracked and reddened skin at the corners of the mouth

Injury sores: Tongue blisters can also appear due to mechanical trauma. Eating very spicy snacks, biting the tongue and sipping very hot beverages can cause burns, cuts, and blisters on the tongue.

How to detect and treat tongue infections?

Tongue infections cleaningTongue infections can be detected by the following tests-

  • Cystoscopy (endoscopy of the urinary bladder): Reveals the white lesions on the urothelium.
  • Tissue biopsy: To rule out malignancy
  • Brush biopsy / exfoliative cytology: to remove and test sample cells from the affected area
  • Histological examinations: To determine the degree of hyperplasia and inflammatory cell infiltration.

The treatment of tongue infection mostly depends on what is the real cause of the infection. To get immediate relief from the pain, OTC painkillers can be taken. but only on doctor’s advise. In order to get relief from the burning sensation in the mouth or tongue, one can try sucking on a piece of ice-cube. Depending upon the severity and the nature of infection, the doctor may prescribe drugs, surgery, or radiation therapy.

In the early stages, certain topical and systemic medications can help cure the symptoms. The most important ones are- carotenoids, retinoids, antimycotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. The use of toothpaste containing sodium lauryl sulfate should be avoided since it acts as an irritant.


Prevention

It is easy to prevent the onset of tongue infections. One should regularly practice oral hygiene and care. Replace your toothbrush and tongue cleaner once in every 2-3 months. Bacteriocidal mouthwash is good for keeping your oral region sterile. Make dental visits a priority. Refrain from smoking and other forms of tobacco consumption.

Tongue infections are not life-threatening but can cause persistent pain and discomfort. A proper diagnosis should be carried out in all the cases in order to prevent the disease from progressing to oral cancer.

The early symptoms of tongue cancer include formation of painful sores on the tongue along with stiffness and pain. In many cases, an ulcer that doesn’t heal is indicative of tongue cancer. Many of these symptoms are similar to those that appear in case of tongue infection. Though not all cases of tongue infection will eventually turn into cancer, there are instances where a recurrent/non-healing case of tongue infection eventually turned malignant. If the tongue infection is associated with HPV (human papilloma virus), the risk of a tongue infection turning malignant is higher.
There are several oral conditions that can cause soreness on the tongue – smoking or any form of tobacco consumption, nutrient deficiency (folic acid), gluten allergy, poor oral hygiene, antibiotics, radiation therapy, tongue infection, canker sores, oral herpes, ill-fitting dentures etc. Conditions such as Down syndrome, oral cancer, overactive thyroid gland, strep throat, and anemia could also give rise to a sore and painful tongue.
Yeast infection (candida) is quite common in the oral cavity. There are several topical antifungal medicines available that can help treat it. Additionally, you can also try a few home remedies to get rid of yeast infection at home. These include – saltwater gargle, baking soda mouth rinse, probiotic yogurt, lemon juice, turmeric oil, clove oil, and oregano oil. Essential oils should not be used directly on the affected region. They need to be diluted in carrier oil before application.
If you have oral sores (ulcers) it would be best to avoid spicy foods. Drink plenty of water. Salt water gargle with lukewarm water can help reduce the pain and inflammation. There are several OTC oral ulcer gels that can help numb the pain. Do not compromise on oral hygiene. Use alcohol-free mouthwashes. Natural remedies for mouth sores include chamomile tea (with honey) and aloe vera gel. This gel can be applied directly on the sore. Clove oil rinse can also help disinfect the oral cavity and numb the pain.
The surface of your tongue is covered with tiny raised bumps called papillae. These papillae contain sensory buds for taste and touch. When bacteria, debris, food etc get trapped in these bumps, it causes inflammation forming characteristic white spots on the tongue. It could be linked to poor oral hygiene. Other causes of white spots on the tongue are ill-fitting dentures, smoking, alcohol, and dehydration.
In most cases, white spots on the tongue disappear on their own and do not require treatment. However, if these spots are linked to leukoplakia or oral lichen planus, you should consider getting medical help. If the white spots are due to oral thrush (yeast infection), topical antifungal gels should work. In the rare case, white spots are triggered due to bacterial infection, a complete antibiotic course would be needed.
White spots on the tongue usually do not represent a serious medical condition. With proper brushing, flossing, and other oral hygiene practices, these go away on their own. However, if the white spots are present for more than 2 weeks, it might be a symptom of a serious underlying health condition. You should consult a dentist in such a case.
If you have painful white spots or bumps on your tongue, eating and brushing your teeth can become problematic. You should use a brush with soft bristles and a sodium laurel ether suplfate free toothpaste. You should avoid irritants such as caffeine, tobacco, alcohol and spicy foods. OTC painkillers can help alleviate the pain. You can also look into natural home remedies such as baking soda to treat white spots.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • To keep your mouth free from germs, gargle with lukewarm water mixed with salt.
  • Go for softer and easier and bite foods. Drinking juices and shakes will put a lesser strain on your tongue.
  • Use a toothbrush with softer bristles. Also, use a mouthwash prescribed by a doctor.
Don'ts
  • Indulge in smoking or drinking. Tobacco exacerbates oral infections.
  • Consume foods with high acidic content such as spicy foods or aerated drinks.
  • Chew gum or any other hard to chew items. Also, refrain from talking while eating.

 

 

 

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Experts reveal the safest ways to perform an enema at home The idea of pushing some up your rectal area might make you queasy but an enema could actually…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
Bronchoscopy procedure
Bronchoscopy Bronchoscopy is a procedure where in a scope is inserted into the lung pathway to observe any growth…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Bone marrow aspiration Bone marrow aspiration is a process where a sample of the bone marrow is withdrawn from the bone…
Tight phimosis ring
Phimosis Read to know everything about phimosis, types, symptoms, treatment, risks and prognosis for patients with this condition.
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
amylase test
Amylase Test Amylase test is done by checking the level of this protein in the blood sample and also in…
kidney stones
Kidney stones Kidney stones are solid substances made up of crystals. They can be of various sizes. Treatment depend on…
Sputum test Sputum test is a commonly used diagnostic tool that is used to examine the presence of pathogens in…
woman with abdominal pain holding ovulation calendar
Ovulation – facts to know about ovulation Learn how and when ovulation occurs, demystify common misconceptions, identify symptoms, methods of detection and right period for…
lipase test
Lipase Test A lipase test is a blood test performed to quantitatively measure the level of the enzyme lipase in…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
top 5 deadliest cancers
A sneak peek into the top 5 deadliest cancers and the true nature of their origins Did you know that cancer is the 2nd leading cause of deaths globally? Among the 100s of different…
free thyroxine ft4
Free thyroxine test (FT4) The FT4 or free thyroxine test is used to detect the level of free thyroxine of FT4 thyroid…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
Vitamin b12
Vitamin B12 Test Vitamin b12 is an essential nutrient required for healthy functioning of the nervous system and also development of…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
smelling-salts-benefits
The actual science behind smelling salts and how it helps in injury recovery Most smelling salts are a mixture of ammonium carbonate and some perfumes which are sniffed by an individual…
Green, brown, & bitter: The instant advantages of including fenugreek in your diet Did you know the earliest usage of fenugreek can be traced back to the Egyptian civilization? Find out…
cystoscopy
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is a procedure to check the health of the urethra and the bladder. The procedure is also…
Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? People opt to become a pescatarian in order to enrich their bodies with the essential health benefits that…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
Anti-Inflammatory foods: 18 foods to a disease-free you Anti-inflammatory foods are the foods which are known to reduce the inflammation as well as the pain from…
Oil of Oregano: The one-stop essential oil you’ve been looking for Are you plagued by a weak immune system? High body inflammation accompanied by pain and infections? Why not…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
Pelvic_ultrasound
Pelvic Ultrasound Pelvic ultrasound is a process where sound waves are used to create image of your pelvic region organs…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
immunoglobulin M
Immunoglobulin M Test Immunoglobulin M is the largest and the first produced antibody which helps in the prevention or fighting of…
blood ketone test
Blood Ketone (D3HB) Test The Blood Ketone Test measures and monitors the levels of ketone in the blood which is usually performed…
Cayenne: The remarkable benefits of these red hot chili peppers These may make you rush for a glass of water, but cayenne pepper is actually a healthy additive…
Inhale oxygen, exhale worries: The top breathing exercises and how to perform them Performing the breathing exercise is like becoming mindful of how you breathe.  Here is a list of breathing…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast Ever thought how toxic chemicals find their way into our foods? How can they harm our body? And…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 igm
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgM The Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgM test detects IgM class of antibodies in the blood.The presence of beta-2…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
Low fat diets
A complete list of low-fat diets and how to follow them Low-fat diets help you lose weight in a healthy way, but it works only with regular exercise and…
antiHEV IgM test
Anti hepatitis E virus (Anti HEV) IgM Test Anti HEV IgM test determines the level of the IgM antibodies in the blood, The disease is often…
18 instant steps to make your jogging routine more powerful Jogging is a form of Aerobic Endurance training which includes running at a slow pace. Jogging is slower…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
11 unbelievable health benefits of thyme you didn’t know! Thyme is a herb that has been used in alternative medicine.It is a well known seasoning in the…
blood elements analysis
Vitamin Profile Your doctor will recommend you undergo the vitamin profile test if you are showing signs of either vitamin…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It is edible and…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
complement c4 test
Complement 4 (C4) Test The Complement 4 or C4 test measures the level of the protein in the bloodstream, and is primarily…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet can bring all…
CEA_test
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test CEA or carcinoembryonic test detects the presence of CEA antigen in your blood mainly & determines the effectiveness…
toxo gondii igm test
Toxo Gondii-IgM Test The toxo gondii IgM test is a blood test that tells the presence or absence of toxoplasmosis IgM…
anti-chlamydia antibody tets
Anti-Chlamydia Antibody -IgG Test Anti-Chlamydia Antibody - IgG test is performed by collection of urine or genital fluids as sample for testing…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
Top reasons why you need to pay attention to your vitamin B6 intake Vitamin B6- An essential water-soluble vitamin. Its deficiency leads to physical changes such as sores & glossy tongue…
sodium chloride
Halotherapy: How inhaling salt can work wonders for your body Halotherapy is quickly gaining popularity amongst those with respiratory diseases. It has shown promise in its treatment.
free psa test
Free PSA Test The free PSA test is used to detect the level or percentage of free PSA in the body…
Okra: How can this nutrient-dense vegetable help you fight diabetes? Okra is a food which is rich in nutrients and minerals which are extremely essential for a healthy…
Miracle extract from the root of maca: 10 ways it can help you! Maca root has been used for years in herbal medicine. Today scientific research is unearthing fresh evidence in…
lp-pla2
LP-PLA2 Test The LP-PLA2 test is a test which is carried out to assess the levels of Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2…
stain blood
Blood in your stool Know the reason for blood in your stool, toilet bowl or tissue and the important steps to take…
Lauric Acid: 8 health benefits you can derive from coconuts Appropriate use of saturated fats containing lauric acid can provide you numerous health benefits. This is the main…
piles
Best treatment for piles in Bangalore All you need to know about piles and piles treatment in Bangalore - the types of treatment available,…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
PREGNANCY
Pregnancy During pregnancy, the body undergoes a number of biological and physical changes to accommodate and provide for the…
Ear pain model
Easy and safe tips for ear wax removal you can do at home Cerumen impaction generally occurs when an external object like cotton swabs are used to remove the ear wax.…
Crossfit with rope
CrossFit: Now get the perfectly sculpted body with this explosive gym routine CrossFit is a fitness regimen that makes use of high-intensity exercises in a shorter period to achieve muscle…
Krill Oil: Does the solution to human illnesses really lie at the depths of the ocean? The word "krill" means “small fry of fish” in Norwegian. They are usually the primary food source of…
Tart Cherry: The healthiest excuse for taking that second serving of pie Tart cherry has been traditionally used in delectable desserts such as pies. Recent studies have revealed that its…
Hot cups for detox? Read all about the ancient technique of cupping Did you know inverted hot cups on your back can squeeze out and eject toxins from your body?…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make you smarter and…

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