Pinworms


What are pinworms?

Pinworms are plasticky, thread-like worms that live in the large intestine of human beings. They are about one-half inch long. Pinworm eggs are small, transparent, and can be seen only with a microscope. When the person sleeps, the female pinworm travels to the anus and lays eggs around the anal region, which along with the wriggling of the female pinworm leads to severe itching.

How is pinworm infection spread?

Pinworm infection or Enterobiasis is spread by the fecal-oral route, that is by the transfer of infective pinworm eggs from the anus to someone’s mouth. This happens either by hand to mouth contact and ingestion of the eggs or indirectly through contaminated food and water, clothing, bedding, food, or other household objects/surfaces. The pinworm eggs can remain on the surfaces or objects around you for up to 3 weeks. You cannot get pinworm from your pets because humans are the only known hosts of the pinworm.

Why is it a continuous cycle?

Once the affected person scratches his/her anal region, the pinworm eggs are transferred to the person’s fingers and remain under the fingernails. It then spreads to the bedding and linen and other objects/surfaces in the house and also remains on the person’s underwear. These pinworm eggs when accidentally ingested by anyone in the house after they touch any of the affected person’s belongings can lead to the cycle being repeated. Retroinfection, or the migration of newly hatched larvae from the anal skin back into the rectum, may occur, but the frequency with which this happens is unknown.

Symptoms of Pinworm Infection

  • Itching around the area of the anus, and in women, also around the vagina
  • Nervousness
  • Insomnia and restlessness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weight loss
  • Infection of the bladder or ureters, leading to dysuria or bladder comfort.

Sometimes in mild cases of infection, there may be no symptoms of pinworm.

Characteristics of Hosts

Pinworm infection affects people all over the world and across all ages and socioeconomic levels. Pinworm infection is the most common worm infection in the United States. Pinworm infection occurs most commonly among:

  • School-aged and preschool-aged children
  • Institutionalized Persons
  • Household members and caretakers of persons with pinworm infection

Due to the ease with which it spreads, pinworm infection usually affects more than one person in a household or an institution. Childcare centers are major sites of pinworm infection.

Risk Factors for Pinworm Infection

Children aged 5 to 10

Pinworm mostly affects children aged five to ten (kids in preschool or early school). Pinworm rarely affects children below the age of two. It spreads from the children to those who interact with the children, including teachers and caregivers in these institutions and at home.

Overcrowded spaces with poor hygiene

Overcrowded spaces with poor personal and group hygiene are also another risk factor for the spread of infections by pinworms. Here, it is possible to ingest these worm eggs as they spread through the air or through objects which people repeatedly use.

Testing for Pinworm

An adhesive transparent tape is taken and it is stuck around the anal region of the person who has just risen from sleep. As the female adult pinworm lays the eggs around this area, they will get stuck to the tape and will be present there when the person wakes up. Once you take this tape to the doctor, he will confirm the presence of pinworms and begin treatment. For best results, perform the tape tests three days in a row.

Self Management of Pinworms

By making a few changes around your home, you could keep these pinworms away. Some of them are listed below:

  • Avoid scratching the perianal area, even if you feel the need to do so.
  • Wash your hands regularly.
  • Keep your fingernails short, and avoid biting your nails.
  • Wear well-fitting underwear.
  • Wash your underwear in hot water each day.
  • Change your sleepwear regularly.
  • Mop or vacuum the floors throughout the house.
  • Wash all linens and bedding thoroughly in hot water.

Treatment for Pinworm Infection

To treat pinworm infections, your doctor may recommend over-the-counter medications like pyrantel pamoate (Reese’s Pinworm Medicine) not just to the infected person but to other members of the household as well. The treatment works by paralyzing the worms so that they can leave the body in the person’s stool. Some of the anti-parasite medications used are:

  • Mebendazole
  • Albendazole (Albenza)

You may have mild gastrointestinal side effects initially and may need two doses at least to be treated completely. The second dose is generally administered two weeks after the first dose.

The doctor may also recommend tap water enemas to help flush out the pinworms and to reduce the symptoms of the infection. Reese’s Pinworm Medicine and piperazine are now rarely used due to their lower efficacy and a higher frequency of side effects when compared with mebendazole and albendazole.

Reinfection after completing drug therapy is common. Also there are drug-resistant strains of pinworms developing every year.

What to do before an appointment

Preparing a list of questions can help you make the most of your time with your doctor. For pinworm infection, some basic questions to ask include:

  • What are the other possible causes of my symptoms, if I do not have pinworm?
  • Does the whole family need to be treated for pinworms?
  • How do I rid my home of pinworms?
  • How do I prevent reinfection?

What your doctor may ask you during the consultation

The doctor may ask the following questions during the course of a consultation trying to determine the cause of the symptoms:

  • When did the case of itching start?
  • Does it itch mostly at night or throughout the day?
  • Do any other members in the family experience the same symptoms?
  • Do the symptoms get better or worse for some reason?
  • Has your or your child had contact with anyone who you know to have pinworms?
  • Have you found any dead pinworms in your underwear, pajamas, or bedding?

Tapeworms vs. Pinworms: The difference

Both tapeworms and pinworms are common infections in the United States and around the world. It is easy to confuse them if one doesn’t observe the symptoms carefully. Laboratory testing, of course, will certainly help to identify the cause. But what are the differences between them in relation to cause, the host characteristics, symptoms and treatment? Here are some of the most common differences:

The difference in size and shape

Pinworms are thin and white and about as long as a staple. Tapeworms are flatworms that are ribbon-shaped and grow very long. Adult tapeworms are sometimes known to grow up to 30 feet, the length of a school bus. Infections by such tapeworms are very rare.

Characteristics of the Host

Pinworms affect only human beings whereas tapeworms affect pets also. Dogs commonly get it by ingesting fleas that may carry tapeworm larvae. Some of the symptoms of tapeworm infection in your beloved canine could be an irritation around their bottoms, causing them to scoot across the floor or lick their bottoms a lot. They may also lose a lot of weight quickly because of the tapeworm.

Differences between modes of infection

The infection route for the pinworm has already been described. The tapeworm is found in unhygienic conditions and around livestock, and people who eat raw or uncooked beef or pork are at a high risk of being infected by it. Tapeworms can live outside for months waiting for the host to come along.

Differences in symptoms after infection

Just like the pinworm, some people may have no symptoms at all of a tapeworm infection. Others may have stomach pain, weakness, or diarrhea, which help to distinguish it from pinworms. There is a change in appetite, much like a pinworm infection and the resulting loss of weight.

When you get tapeworms from eating raw pork, the eggs enter into the bloodstream and hatch in your tissues. Once inside the tissues, they form fluid-filled cysts. This process is called cysticercosis. Depending on where the cysts are formed and the extent of inflammation they cause, a range of symptoms have been reported. Some of them are visionary impairments, the formation of lumps on the skin, neurological changes, and seizures.

Differences in treatment methods

Over the counter, medicines are prescribed for pinworm infections and if possible the entire family is treated for pinworm to ensure non-recurrence. Tapeworms on the other hand sometimes just go away without any kind of treatment. In other cases, some medicines may be prescribed that kill the tapeworm or cause it to be removed from the body in your stools. In an infection that is caused by tapeworm cysts, the doctor needs to treat the symptoms that occur as a result of the infection and may also need to perform surgery to remove the cysts.

In a nutshell

Pinworms are a continuous menace if not properly done away with. Treatment is only effective if the means of prevention are just as robust. Children are most at risk of not only contracting the disease but also spreading it.  If proper personal hygiene is maintained by everyone, pinworms can be gotten rid of. The word ‘everyone’ is of most relevance here to prevent the recurrence of the disease.

Facts

  • The first evidence of pinworm infection or Enterobiasis goes back to Roman-occupied Egypt (30 BC-AD 395). The oldest pinworm eggs have been discovered in coprolites (or fossilized dung) as old as 7000 BC in Danger Cave, Utah.

 

  •  

 

Facts

  • Pinworms have also been described in the writings of Hippocrates, dating back to 430 BC.
  • It is hypothesized that these parasites did not originate in the Americas and that they migrated through the Beringia, an ancient landmass that existed between Siberia and Alaska. 

Facts

  • Today it causes the most common helminthic (parasitic worm) infestation in the United States.
  • About 20% of people develop pinworm at least once. Infection rates among high-risk groups may be as high as 50%. General prevalence in children is reported to be 0.2-20%. 

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Inform the doctor of any person who may have been a likely source of the pinworm.
 
  • Consult a doctor as soon as you feel mild itchiness around your perianal area when you try to sleep.
 
  • Take the tape test for pinworms and carry the results in for analysis.
Don'ts
  • Scratch the area around the anus even if you feel itchy.
  • Live in overcrowded spaces with poor hygiene. The infection can recur.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a particular liver enzyme…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and are hence indicative…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
abdominal-CT-scan- image
Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that provides a clear picture of the state of internal…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body is infected by…
folate test
Folate test The Folate test is used to measure and monitor the levels of folic acid in the blood. The…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
EMA antibodies
Endomysial Antibodies (EMA) Test EMA test is an investigative blood examination to locate the presence of certain antibodies, called Endomysial antibodies or…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
How seitan proved to be a blessing in disguise for vegans worldwide Can only meat-eaters enjoy delicious juicy steaks and burgers? With seitan, the best meat substitute available today,even vegans…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
HELICOBACTER_PYLORI---IgG
Helicobacter Pylori – IgG Test Helicobacter pylori IgG test is a blood, saliva, and urine test performed to determine if the patien is…
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG antibodies present in…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is another remarkable addition.…
Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are non-invasive breathing tests employed for diagnosing and monitoring lung diseases such as bronchitis
castor oil hair
Castor oil : A vitamin-rich oil for shiny locks and healthy bowels Castor oil bestows unlimited benefits, whether you use it for your hair or skin. But did you know…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
Vagus nerve: 7 health benefits of stimulating the “gut-brain” connection As a matter of fact, there are two vagus nerves namely the left and the right but is…
Love tea, hate tannins? Rooibos tea is just what you need The market is brimming with a multitude of herbal teas. But what makes rooibos tea (or red bush)…
Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast Ever thought how toxic chemicals find their way into our foods? How can they harm our body? And…
quinoa salad
Quinoa : A prodigious superfood you need to include in your diet today! Quinoa - what is so special about this native South American grain that has taken the world by…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of health benefits. Discover…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in the blood and…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
Dates: The complete list of instant health benefits this dry fruit can bestow Why you should regularly go for dates? Because, these small bulbs of healthy goodness are brimming with essential…
Lauric Acid: 8 health benefits you can derive from coconuts Appropriate use of saturated fats containing lauric acid can provide you numerous health benefits. This is the main…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is present in the…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health benefits of using…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the most powerful antioxidant…
luteinizing hormone test
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Test The luteinizing hormone test is a blood test mainly that is used to investigate the level of luteinizing…
Free T3 test
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) Test The free triiodothyronine or FT3 test is an important blood test that is used to detect the level…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG class of beta…
oral hygiene tips
6 shocking consequences of bad oral hygiene (and how to avoid them) Did you know bad breath is not just turning off, but also harms your body in ways you…
DHEA wrinkles
DHEA: Now get unbelievable age defiance with this wonder hormone! DHEA is known popularly as the age-defying hormone. This supplement is widely used to slow down aging and…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
Tanning booths: To tan or not to tan, that is the question Tanning on a beach or using a tanning booth are considered unsafe since both the forms of tanning…
Helicobacter pylori IGA
Helicobacter Pylori – IgA Test The H.pylori IgA test is a blood test used to identify the level of IgA antigen in the…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
edamame
Edamame: How healthy are these green baby beans? Edamame or "immature" soybeans are soft and easily digestable forms of soybeans that are great as an eveyday…
apple cider vinegar weight loss
Apple cider vinegar: Weight loss, shinier hair, and more! Did you know that apple cider vinegar, produced by the simple fermentation of apple juice, could hold the…
Pomegranate: Why are they called ruby red pearls of health? The shrub Punicagranatum yields a red fruit which is what you normally call pomegranate. The fruit is round…
Horny Goat Weed: Can it improve libido in human beings too? This plant got its name as Horny Goat Weed when one of the goats feeding on the plant…
Goldenseal: Experts reveal why it is the most useful herb known to mankind Goldenseal is the most popular herb prescribed in alternative medicine in the United States. Read more on how…
Surgery or home-remedy; what is the right way to treat a burn The treatment of a burn injury depends on its severity. You can save a life by offering the…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell breakdown. A bilirubin…
Ferritin blood test
Ferritin Test Ferritin test is a blood test that provides vital information on the level of RBCs and iron in…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon dioxide can prove…
Elderberry: More than just a folk medicine for cold and sinusitis While the raw elderberry can be a hazard, when consumed in the form of teas and syrup, elderberry…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
Nipah Virus epidemic
Is shingles contagious? If yes, then how can you prevent this infection? What is shingles? How is different from chicken pox? Do adults get shingles? How contagious is it? Find…
aspartame or sugar
Aspartame – Hidden truths about this storm in a teacup Aspartame, the artificial sweetener, has gone under the scanner on several occasions for allegedly doing more harm than…
MCT oil athletes
MCT Oil : The kind of fats you should be eating MCT oil or Medium Chain Triglycerides is the new buzzword in the fitness industry. What makes this oil…
Oxidative Stress: Understanding the most lethal phenomenon happening in your body right now Free radicals cause damage to the body, which is known as oxidation.  The amount of oxidation caused by…
Graston technique: A faster way to accelerate your rehabilitation after injury Graston technique is designed in such a way that any pain related to the soft tissue can be…
Organic Foods: Is the popularity of pesticide-free food justified? What does the term "organic" really means? And why are organic foods credited as being healthier than normal…
tonometry
Tonometry Tonometry uses a device called tonometer to measure the pressure inside the eye. This pressure is depends upon…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
glucose-tolerance
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test – GTT Glucose tolerance test (or Oral GTT) is used to detect the onset of diabetes or prediabetes conditions. It…
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is intended to look at the abnormalities in the ureters, bladder, and urethra, to assist surgeries performed…
lipoprotein A
Lipoprotein (A) Test Lipoprotein (A) test is used to measure and monitor the levels of LDL(Low-Density Lipoprotein) in the bloodstream in…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
Amaranth: Why is this native Peruvian grain called the “crop of the future”? Full of healthy high proteins and gluten-free, the grain, Amaranth, the tasty and ancient pseudo cereal from Peru,…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
How can berberine supplements help you live longer and healthier? Berberine is a turmeric look-alike herbal extract that is credited with numerous health benefits ranging from diabetes cure…
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency of hemoglobin could…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
RHEUMATOID_FACTOR_(RF)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Rheumatoid factor or RF is a blood test used to diagnose painful joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis…
DHEAS test
DHEA Sulfate (DHEAS) Test DHEAS or DHEA Sulfate test is prescribed if an individual shows symptoms of abnormal adrenal actvity such as…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
Ezekiel Bread: How to make the “world’s healthiest bread” in your own kitchen Learn more about Ezekiel bread - a bread belonging to the biblical time and containing the secrets to…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
POSTPRANDIAL-BLOOD-SUGAR
Post-Prandial Blood Sugar Postprandial blood sugar test is an important diabetes diagnosing tool. This simple blood test measure the level of…
Amniocentesis test
Amniocentesis Amniocentesis is a diagnostic procedure for pregnant women to assess and detect the presence of any chromosomal or…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
beta alanine energy powder
Beta-alanine: A powerhouse of proteins to charge up your workout How can a simple amino acid be a crucial health supplement for champion athletes? Find out how you…
geriatric health aging
Geriatric health: Do you still think age is just a number? Aging is an inevitable part of life. But don't let these common geriatric ailments affect you and your…
gallbladder diet tomato
Gallbladder surgery :Tips on post-operative care and diet What to eat post a gallbladder surgery? What are the key things to avoid if you had a…
Cordyceps: How the Caterpillar fungus works as a proven cancer-shield Strange as it may sound, but cordyceps or "caterpillar fungus", a fungus variety native to the Himalayas may…
Iodine Deficiency: Risks and complications and how to avoid them Iodine is an important constituent of seafood. It is an essential prenatal mineral too. But what happens when…
18 amazing uses of Baking Soda you didn’t know! Baking soda, a simple compound known as sodium bicarbonate, is not only helpful making fluffy cakes but also…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
BoneMarrow-Biopsy
Bone Marrow Biopsy Bone marrow biopsy is a diagnostic procedure where a small amount of bone marrow is extracted from hip…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in the blood (serum)…
cardioliin antibody iga
Cardiolipin Antibody (ACL) – IgA test Cardiolipins are a type of phospholipid that are constituents of the platelets and the cell membranes.The IgA test…
alpha feto protein test
Alpha Feto Protein (AFP) Test AFP or alpha feto protein is a fetus specific protein which is formed only in the GI(gastrointestinal) tract…
Erythritol: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another marketing ploy? Erythritol is a popular choice of a healthy alternative sweetening agent in foods. But how healthy can a…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
GERD heartburn
Heartburn: What are the exact symptoms and the best home remedies? There are easy home remedies for heartburn, which not only acts as a first aid when you experience…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
Bronchoscopy procedure
Bronchoscopy Bronchoscopy is a procedure where in a scope is inserted into the lung pathway to observe any growth…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a particular protein called…
serum electrolyte test
Serum Electrolyte If there is an electrolyte imbalance in the body, a serum electrolyte test will help to find out…
antihepatitis core antigent
Anti-Hepatitis B Core Antigen (AHBc) Total Anti-hepatitis B core antigen (AHBC ) is a blood examination and the only serological marker of infectious blood…
rosacea-treatment--before-_-after
The best and safest ways to treat rosacea Rosacea is a skin disease that is characterized by reddish hives and rashes on the face. Read more…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
Agave nectar: The bitter truth about this sweetener revealed Agave nectar is considered to be sweeter than the normal table sugar and even contains higher amounts of…
gout diet purines
Gout Diet : Get relief from painful joints by eating these foods Are you a victim of this painful condition? Are medications providing only short relief? Find a list of…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Top natural diuretics: The instant benefits you can get from nature’s water pills Since diuretic drugs are known to cause side effects, it is better to choose a natural diuretic that…
Chest X-Ray A chest x-ray is a diagnostic test that uses x-rays to visualize the structures inside your chest. It…
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount of the protein…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
antiHEV IgM test
Anti hepatitis E virus (Anti HEV) IgM Test Anti HEV IgM test determines the level of the IgM antibodies in the blood, The disease is often…
Diabetes blood test
Diabetic Profile The diabetic profile is a set of tests which are used for testing and monitoring the various kinds…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…
Bulletproof coffee recipe
Bulletproof Coffee – Breakfast of champions or yet another health fad? Can this special ketogenic coffee really make your body race as fast as a bullet?
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…