Antibiotic Resistance: How common diseases become deadly

antibiotic resistance

Bacteria vs.Virus: who survives in the end?

 

Coughing, runny nose, fever, vomiting, fatigue, and nausea – all of these symptoms are common to both bacterial and viral infections.

Historically speaking, both these kinds of microbes have led to deadly epidemics, wiping out millions of people from the face of the planet.

Be it the Bubonic Plague, spread by the Yersinia Pestis bacteria or the Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, caused by the ebolavirus – these pathogens have been responsible for countless fatalities and pronounced disability worldwide.

In 1928, when Sir Alexander Fleming discovered the substance Penicillin, he made a breakthrough in the field of medical science.

His prized discovery presented to the world the first ever antibiotic – an all-powerful drug that had the potential to destroy the deadly invasion of bacteria in human body. Since then, antibiotic drugs have witnessed a widespread use in the treatment of innumerable infections such as pneumonia or measles.

What a majority of people still mistakenly believe is that an antibiotic is a sure-shot treatment for any pathogenic infection.

While in reality, it is only for the bacterial infections that an antibiotic is effective. Its application remains ineffective when it comes to defeating a viral attack. Hence, a prescription of antibiotics for viral infections is a big mistake.

 

Why are antibiotics ineffective against virus?

 

Strictly speaking, antibiotics were developed in order to curb bacterial infections in human beings.

These operate by either destroying the bacterial legion or making it impossible for them to multiply and spread. But on viral infections, it has no effect.

This is because there are fundamental differences between a bacterial and viral invasion.bacteria vs virus

 

Firstly, a virus is much smaller in size when compared to a bacterium. Bacteria are single-celled structures.

They are usually surrounded by a thin membrane and a cell wall. Several types of bacteria are good for our health.

Our body houses a large population of healthy bacteria, especially in the gut, which aid digestion.

Certain bacteria are also found to have cancer-fighting abilities.

Only 1% of the entire known bacteria can cause infections and diseases in a human body.

 

A virus, on the other hand, is much smaller and more lethal in nature. Their structure is fundamentally different from that of the bacteria. All they are made up of is some genetic material (DNA or RNA) and an outer coating of protein.

During a viral infection, a virus attaches itself to a healthy host cell; restructure the host cell to produce more viruses till the host cell bursts and dies. Viruses are major disease-causing agents.

 

Antibiotic Resistance

 

An antibiotic cannot target and kill viruses, as it does in case of bacteria.

So when you use antibiotic medications to cure viral attack, it becomes ineffective. In addition to this, it creates another set of problems known as antibiotic resistance.

This refers to the situation where bacteria grow strong or resistant to the power of antibiotics. This happens when you use antibiotics to treat viral infections and/or overuse antibiotics for every other bodily condition.

 

antibiotic resistance

Antibiotic resistance decreases the effectiveness of the antibiotic substance as the bacteria evolves quickly to counter it.

This means stronger and more fatal bacterial attacks.

According to WHO, antibiotic resistance is a major global healthcare issue as it is increasing the severity and growth of deadly bacterial invasions such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, salmonellosis etc.

It is becoming harder to treat such infections as the antibiotics remain ineffective against the powerful bacteria.

 

 

What does this imply?

 

Hence, one should not readily start using antibiotic drugs for every other disease or infection, without knowing the exact cause.

Similarly, medical practitioners should prescribe these drugs upon careful evaluation of the disease-causing agent. A widespread culture of overuse and misuse of antibiotics has led to a sharp increase in people acquiring antibiotics resistance which makes them more susceptible to diseases and even death.

It is estimated that more than 2 million people acquire antibiotic resistance every year in the USA alone. Almost 23,000 individuals succumb to death as a direct impact of this.

Antibiotic resistance results in longer stay in hospitals, higher healthcare costs, and a greater risk of mortality.

Viral infections such as the common cold, influenza, certain sinus and ear infections, and chest congestion should not be treated with antibiotics.

Experts contend that almost half of all prescribed antibiotics are actually not required. Another factor adding to the rise of antibiotic resistance is the use of these drugs in poultry animals, which are consumed by human beings.

 

Common diseases that could turn fatal

 

A steep rise in antibiotic resistance, limited access to sanitation, and poor hygiene habits – all of these have created an environment where pathogens thrive. As the natural immunity goes for a toss, even minor every-day infections transform into deadly diseases. Some of these include-

 

1. Common cold and Influenza

 

For a majority of the population, cold and flu mean a runny nose, sneezing, and a slight touch of fever. Chills and a sore throat are a packaged deal.

When left untreated or worse when wrongly treated with an antibiotic, it could exacerbate the symptoms. Inner ear infections, inflammation of the sinus, chest congestion, asthma, and even pneumonia can deter the patient’s health.

Neurological complications are also seen in children, in the form of seizures, who do not receive proper treatment.

Children, elderly, and pregnant women are at most risk of flu-induced serious medical conditions, and even death.

This could happen as a result of prolonged high fever that affects the brain, severe dehydration, and persistent vomiting. Globally, more than 3-5 million individuals face the wrath of severe seasonal flu, out of which 290,000 to 650,000 cases result in death.

 

2. Food Poisoning

 

When you consume toxic or contaminated food, you get food poisoning. It could easily happen to you during camping trips or eating in certain public places where proper hygienic conditions are not maintained.

The most common symptom of food poisoning is an upset stomach followed by endless vomiting and nausea. Usually, this heals within 1-2 days.

But when diarrhea extends a time-period of 3 days and/or the individual experiences a high fever, things could turn dangerous.food poisoning facts

Sometimes the persistent vomiting could pave a path for excessive dehydration taking up a fatal form.

Bacteria, virus, or parasites – any one of these can cause food poisoning.

According to latest reports, as many as 600 million people fall prey to severe food poisoning every year.

Children under the age of 5 years represent 40% of all the food-borne disease burden.

As many as 420,000 face death, annually, on the account of food poisoning.

 

3. Fever

 

Medically known as pyrexia, is the state where the core temperature of your body rises above the normal range. It could occur as a result of an infection, or other bodily complications such as cancer, blood-related disorders, and sometimes even stress and heat stroke.

When the homeostatic temperature of the body is disturbed, your body starts losing more water to cool itself. There is a rapid breakdown of proteins or what experts call “denaturation”.

Proteins are the most important agents in maintaining proper functioning of cells. High fever disrupts this process. Prolonged high fever can thus cause excessive bodily damage, starting from the cellular level.

These could trigger seizures (febrile seizures), mostly in children. It is important to understand the underlying cause – heat exhaustion, infection, or inflammation before resorting to medication.

If the body temperature doesn’t come down (hyperpyrexia or high fever), it could cause widespread cellular damage and contribute to death.

 

4. Appendicitis

 

appendicitis

Tucked in quietly in your lower right abdomen, the appendix is a tiny tube connected to your large intestine.

It remains a part of our immune system during our growth phase. As we become adults, it retires from this duty.

An inflammation of the appendix can occur due to some blockage or infection. This is what appendicitis is.

There is a risk of the appendix bursting in this case. The infection may be due to a pathogen attack or a build-up of mucus or fecal matter.

 

 

The mark of this condition is sudden sharp pains in the lower right abdomen followed by fever, nausea, and vomiting.

An appendix can rupture suddenly (even with 48-72 hours of the onset of pain). It is important not to take painkillers at this point and immediately refer to a doctor.

If the appendix ruptures, it rapidly spreads infection in your entire abdominal region which is quite deadly. It is estimated that roughly 10 million cases of appendicitis occur annually, out of which 50,000 cases end in death.

 

5. Pneumonia

 

pneumonia

Your lungs and immune system are capable of expelling pathogens and impurities out of the body.

But sometimes, due to a weak immune system, these microbes get past the defense system and settle down in the air sacs.

From here they get moisture and warmth to grow rapidly.

This causes an infection and inflammation in the lungs called as pneumonia.

In pneumonia, your lungs get rapidly filled with pus and fluid, and the infection gets transferred to the blood.

 

The person experiences difficulty in breathing as there is a large build-up of carbon-dioxide in the body.

The oxygen levels start dropping fast which could be fatal in nature.

When your brain and heart don’t receive proper oxygen, you could experience fatigue, confusion, dizziness, coma, and even death.

Pneumonia is especially dangerous for children and makes up for 18% of all mortalities among children below 5 years of age. Annually, 1.4 million kids succumb to death due to this infection.

 

6. Jaundice

 

Contrary to popular myth, jaundice is a symptom of an underlying infection/inflammation and not a disease in itself. When a hepatitis virus attacks a liver, it may cause permanent scarring of the liver tissues resulting in cirrhosis or even cancer.

The lifespan of RBCs (red blood cells) is around 120 days.

After every cycle, these RBCs turn into bilirubin. Kidney and liver aid in expelling this routinely from the body.

When these organs fail to do so, there is a build-up of this substance causing jaundice, giving the patient the characteristic yellowish appearance. Other pathological conditions can also cause the onset of jaundice; such as typhoid, malaria, and yellow fever.

Though it is very common, jaundice can be deadly if it not treated timely. According to WHO,  20 million cases of hepatitis infections occur worldwide. More than 40,000 of these succumb to death.

 

How can you protect yourself and your family?

 

  • Avoid foods which can disturb your body’s pH level and cause inflammation. Saturated fats, sugar, preservatives, refined carbsall these are responsible for causing more infections. Immunity boosting foods are the best protection against these common diseases.

 

  • Exercising not only boosts your defense mechanism, it also expels toxins and pathogens from your body.

 

  • Practice and maintain proper sanitation in your home and in your community. Clean drinking water and uncontaminated food is a must to remain disease-free.

 

  • Keep a check on your cholesterol, sugar, and blood pressure levels.

 

  • Avoid alcohol and smoking. Nicotine further compromises your natural immunity.

 

  • Get rid of your sedentary lifestyle. Have a healthy BMI.

 

  • Keep yourself stress-free. A stressed body can play host to numerous deadly pathogens.

 

 


TL;DR?

antibiotic resistance infographic

 

 

Display this infographic on your website

 

 

 

Related Posts

Trending Topics

diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan…
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and…
anal sex
Anal Sex : Tips from expert on how to be kinky yet safe Whether it irks you or stokes your fantasies, anal sex has always been an intriguing…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the…
understanding addiction
Addiction explained: An obsession that could cost you your life Is addiction a behavioral disorder? Or is it a chronic disease? How does addiction cause…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its…
Penis pump: Pump your way out of erectile dysfunction One of the options to treat erectile dysfunction is by the use of a penis…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders?…
Creatine: Is this the right peak athletic-performance supplement for you? Creatine is the amino acid that boosts our energy. Did you know creatine supplements can…
Improve sex life
9 best tips from around the world for better sex life How can the pungent-smelling garlic pack in a punch to your libido? How could something…
L-arginine: Your search for the ultimate fitness booster ends here L-arginine is an amino acid necessary for the body to perform various functions.  It is…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can…
How chlorophyll is more than just a green pigment meant for photosynthesis Cholorphyll - you must know the usual function of this chemical in plants. But did…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media?…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling…
eating myths debunked
8 ‘healthy eating’ myths you believed until now Is a zero-carb diet really healthy for you? Are organic products worth their cost? Did…
green tea benefits
Green Tea : Does it really aid weight loss and reverse aging? A centuries-old concoction of fresh green leaves, green tea holds the secret to healthy weight…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health…
kefir bottle
Kefir: Top reasons why this probiotic drink should be consumed by you Yet another remarkable fermented food, kefir is a much healthier version of yogurt. These chewy…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol…
tips for perfect sleep
Stop hitting the snooze button: 8 proven steps to perfect sleep Are you tired of not getting enough sleep? All your efforts for a sound sleep…
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes…
Grapeseed Oil: Find out how to use this oil without any side-effects Grapes are known for their delicious fresh taste and the fact that they make wine…
Melatonin: Fascinating facts on the hormone that brings you the Zzzs Did you know, melatonin - the chemical that puts you to sleep every night is…
turmeric skin
We bet you didn’t know that turmeric could be this beneficial! Did you know that turmeric, a humble ingredient found in most Indian kitchens could cure…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why…
Agave nectar: The bitter truth about this sweetener revealed Agave nectar is considered to be sweeter than the normal table sugar and even contains…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know…
MANUKA HONEY child
Manuka Honey Manuka honey is a specific type of honey produced by honey bees that collect nectar…
Hate making breakfast?Fast and healthy breakfast recipes just for you! Tired of snatching a bagel every morning for breakfast during the rush hour? Here are…
paleo keto diet
Paleo vs. Keto: Which diet plan is best suited for your body goals? Is eating like a caveman the right way to go? Can you really eat fats…
Amaranth: Why is this native Peruvian grain called the “crop of the future”? Full of healthy high proteins and gluten-free, the grain, Amaranth, the tasty and ancient pseudo…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity ,…
MCT oil athletes
MCT Oil : The kind of fats you should be eating MCT oil or Medium Chain Triglycerides is the new buzzword in the fitness industry. What…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out…
canola oil cooking
Canola oil: How safe is it to consume this popular cooking oil? Extracted from rapeseeds, Canola oil derives its name from Canadian Oil. Did you know that…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a…
black seed oil benefits
Black Seed Oil: What secret benefits could it bestow on your health? Black seeds or nigella seeds are tiny packets of health brimming with amazing benefits. Find…
gout diet purines
Gout Diet : Get relief from painful joints by eating these foods Are you a victim of this painful condition? Are medications providing only short relief? Find…
Fructose: Healthy fruit-product or loaded with toxic calories? Fructose is a sugar derived from fruits and other plant sources. Does this mean that…
How cooking with CLA safflower oil can help you lose weight? Read and discover more about CLA safflower oil and how it can aid faster fat…
cancer facts
8 hard-hitting truths no one tells you about cancer Did you know that 1.5 million new cases of cancer are reported every year? Can…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be.…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple…
Fluoride: An indispensible mineral or a potential toxin ? Fluoride, the main ingredient of toothpaste, has shown a great potential as a cleanser. However,…
healthy habits
10 healthy habits: Have a hearty kick-start to the New Year! Do you set goals that are too difficult for you to maintain? Are to struggling…
antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic Resistance: How common diseases become deadly Can a cold kill you? How important is to get a flu shot? Why do…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet…
global warming health
Rising mercury and your health: How Global Warming is damaging your body Don't ignore the rising temperature. Global warming causes more than just heat strokes. It could…
castor oil hair
Castor oil : A vitamin-rich oil for shiny locks and healthy bowels Castor oil bestows unlimited benefits, whether you use it for your hair or skin. But…
iron food shellfish
Iron-Rich Foods: Eat these foods to keep fatigue and anemia away! How to ensure a muscles as strong as iron? Eat iron rich foods ! Iron…
Tea Tree Oil : The one stop cure for skin ailments and more… The popularity of tea tree oil, an essential oil, as the ultimate skin care pick…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It…
Pomegranate: Why are they called ruby red pearls of health? The shrub Punicagranatum yields a red fruit which is what you normally call pomegranate. The…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and…
LDL cholesterol level
Lecithin: Learn how you can utilize this fatty acid to improve your cholesterol count Lecithin is primarily a fatty acid found in common foods such as soy and eggs.…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are…
Bulletproof coffee recipe
Bulletproof Coffee – Breakfast of champions or yet another health fad? Can this special ketogenic coffee really make your body race as fast as a bullet?

Related Posts