Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

NON-HODGKIN'S LYMPHOMA lymph node

Last Updated August 23rd, 2019

Overview

Cancer arising in the lymphatic system and affecting its lymphocyte cells is known as lymphoma. This can be of two types, namely, Hodgkin’s lymphoma or non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). These two types are distinct in their patterns of progression and symptoms. Under the microscope, a Hodgkin’s lymphoma is identified by the presence of malignant cells called Reed-Sternberg cells (RS cells).

When these are absent, the lymphoma is classified as NHL. However, the common feature of both forms of cancer is that the patient’s immunity is severely affected. This is because the main function of the lymphatic system is to ensure that the body remains free of infection and it is this function that is impaired as a result of malignancy.

What Is Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

NON-HODGKIN'S LYMPHOMA nightsweatsNon-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a type of cancer that arises in the lymphocyte cells of the lymphatic tissue.

There are two main types of lymphocytes, namely, B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes (B-cells and T-cells).

Either kind might be implicated in NHL. Since lymphocytes are present in the lymph nodes and other lymphatic organs such as the spleen and bone marrow, this form of cancer can arise in any of these locations and give rise to tumors.

These supplements can help you

         

What Is Responsible For Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

The lymphatic system is an important component of the body’s circulatory system. Instead of blood, however, it is a clear fluid called lymph and lymphocyte cells that travel through channels known as lymph vessels. Lymphoid tissue composed of lymphocytes is present in various organs including the lymph nodes, spleen, adenoid, tonsils, bone marrow and digestive system.

The lymphatic system, thus, forms a network that is spread across the entire body. Lymphoma can arise in any of these locations when lymphocyte cells turn malignant and begin to multiply at increased rates.

Malignancy in B-cells or T-cells arises when there are certain changes in the genetic material of these cells causing them to multiply abnormally and refuse to die when they get old or worn out. Certain factors increase the chances of this occurring.

Proven risk factors are listed below:

  • Exposure to certain industrial chemicals (like benzene), certain pesticides and chemotherapy drugs are associated with an elevated risk of developing NHL.
  • Being overweight or obese is a risk factor in some instances of NHL.
  • Having certain kinds of infections can increase the likelihood of having NHL. Infections caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma virus (HTLV-1) and human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) are known to induce malignant transformations in lymphocyte cells.
  • The risk for developing certain types of NHL increases with age, while other forms are more likely to affect younger individuals. Most often, persons over 60 years of age tend to develop NHL.
  • Accidental, occupational or therapeutic exposure to radiation.
  • Scar tissue associated with breast implants can develop a certain type of NHL called anaplastic large cell lymphoma.
  • Pre-existing weakness or abnormalities in immunity. This could be in the form of HIV infection, hereditary immune deficiency or even as a result of taking immunosuppressant medications for organ transplantation. Having autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus is also a potential risk factor.
  • Generally speaking, men are at a higher risk of developing NHL. However, certain forms of NHL are more common in women than men.
  • Statistics show that NHL is more common in developed countries, particularly in North America and Europe.
  • Certain racial groups are more susceptible than others. In the context of the USA, white Americans tended to exhibit greater susceptibility than Asian-Americans or African-Americans.

Not all of the above risk factors are necessarily pertinent to all types of NHL.



What Are The Possible Symptoms?

The most common sign is enlargement of the lymph nodes. However, NHL can take many forms and occur in any of several possible locations. Hence, symptoms vary accordingly. Some common symptoms are:

  • Swollen lymph nodes. The swelling is usually painless.
  • Fever.
  • Excessive sweating at night.
  • Itching.
  • Distended abdomen.
  • Feeling short of breath.
  • A cough.
  • Pain in the chest.
  • Fatigue.
  • Anemia.
  • Nosebleeds.
  • Petechiae or small darkened spots beneath the skin indicating bleeding from ruptured capillaries.
  • Abnormally heavy menstrual periods.
  • Weight loss.

What is the Classification of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas?

NON-HODGKIN'S LYMPHOMA lymph nodeThe most widely accepted scheme of classification is that endorsed by the World Health Organisation.

It takes into account the histological features of cancer cells, chromosomal indicators as well as protein formations on cell surfaces.

It recognizes two main categories of NHL on the basis of whether malignancy arises in B-cells or T-cells.

NHL exhibiting B-cell malignancy accounts for a majority of cases and can be of the following kinds:

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: This form is characterized by rapidly growing masses composed of large cells. Often these masses arise within lymph nodes but they can also appear in the brain or intestines. This type is likely to affect persons older than 60 years of age, yet it often indicates a good prognosis. Further, cure is possible.

Follicular lymphoma: This type is so named because the cancer cells tend to grow in circular formations within lymph nodes or bone marrow. Although the rate of growth is slow, this type is difficult to cure. About a third of these cases progress into diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL): These types exhibit small lymphocytes, a specific form of a cancer cell. Some sources treat CLL and SLL as the same. Both forms tend to progress slowly, although CLL is the slower of the two. While CLL tends to affect the blood and bone marrow, SLL is more likely to affect the spleen and lymph nodes. CLL is more common. At present, it is not possible to cure either type.

Mantle cell lymphoma: This type is more likely to appear in men than women and often affects individuals older than 60. It generally affects the bone marrow, lymph nodes, and the spleen.

Marginal zone B-cell lymphoma: This is a slow-growing type that tends to affect persons older than 65 years of age. It is characterized by cancer cells that appear relatively small upon histological examination.

Burkitt lymphoma and Burkitt-like lymphoma: One variety of Burkitt lymphoma is endemic to Africa, affecting the jaw or other facial bones. This is a high grade or rapidly growing form and often suggests a history of Epstein-Barr virus infection. The other type has no correlation with a viral infection and tends to form tumors in the abdomen or ovaries, spreading to other locations from there. Most often, Burkitt lymphoma tends to affect men.

Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma: This is a rather rare type. It affects the bone marrow, lymph nodes and spleen.

Hairy cell leukemia: Under the microscope, these cancer cells appear surrounded by projections, earning them the moniker ‘hairy cells’. This form of NHL affects the bone marrow, spleen and blood. There is generally a good outlook for recovery following treatment.

Primary central nervous system lymphoma: This type tends to affect the brain, spinal cord or the areas around the eye and produces neurological symptoms. It is more common in patients with weak immunity and indicates a high risk of mortality.

NHL having to do with T-cell malignancy is comparatively rare. It can be of the following types:

  • Precursor T-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia: This usually arises in the thymus which is a major center for the production of T-cells. This form of NHL, unlike many others, tends to affect young adults. The tumor is a fast growing one and the outlook is good as long as malignancy does not progress to the bone marrow.
  • Peripheral T-cell lymphomas: Unlike the other type of T-cell associated NHL, this type tends to involve more mature forms of T-cells. This category encompasses several subtypes including cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma among others.

Of these types, three are likely to also affect children and teenagers. These are Burkitt lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma, and large cell lymphoma. All these are fast growing or high-grade cancers.

What Are The Potential Complications?

Certain forms of NHL tend to respond well to treatment. Others are difficult to cure and indicate a higher risk of mortality. Hence, as in the case of many other kinds of cancer, fatality is a possible adverse outcome of NHL.

Possible complications are:

  • Weak immunity.
  • Increased chances of developing other forms of cancer.
  • Depression.
  • Death.

What Is The Process of Diagnosing Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

Tests for diagnosing NHL include:

  • Physical examination. The patient will usually have swollen lymph nodes although other signs such as swollen abdomen and petechiae may also be present.
  • Medical history. There may be evidence of past viral infection that could have a bearing on the NHL. Or the patient may have undergone chemotherapy or radiation therapy in the past.
  • Blood and urine tests help rule out infection as the primary cause of symptoms. Infections may otherwise be present as a result of weakened immunity.
  • Tissue biopsy. A sample of tissue from an affected lymph node or from the bone marrow will be examined under the microscope. A biopsy can also take into account samples of cerebrospinal fluid or pleural fluid.

Treatment and prevention

Treatments for this condition are –

  • Chemotherapy – This is the most common treatment for a disease like cancer. Here, a drug is ingested into the system orally pill – or intravenously through the vein or the muscle.
  • Stem cell transplant -All patients are not eligible for this kind of treatment. The cells are removed from the bone marrow – along with the abnormal ones – and replaced with new ones.
  • Radiation – High power beams are used to cure cancers and tumors. Radiation can be done alone to treat the problem or use other treatments.
  • Medication -Can be used to boost the immune system or to enhance the medicinal isotopes to bind cancer cells.

Preventions – Since there are no sure shot preventions for this condition, there are certain steps that you can take to reduce the risk of developing this condition:

  • Limiting the risk of certain infections, by taking extra care of your immunity.
  • Avoid the risk of HIV, an intravenous drug, and unprotected sex.
  • Try staying away from immunosuppressant drugs – as this can lead to the development of lymphoma.

Facts

  • In the UK, there are around 13,700 new cases of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cases every year. This accounts for 38 every day.
  • This is the 10th most common cancer.

Facts

  • It is the 11th most common cause of cancer deaths, accounting for 3% of all cancer deaths, in the UK.
  • Since the early 1970’s non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma mortality rates have increased by more than 82%.

Facts

  • The mortality rate in men has increased by 86% while for women it has increased by 75%, in the UK.
  • There are around 4,900 non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) deaths in the UK every year. This accounts for 13 deaths every day.

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

Test Your Knowledge

Welcome to your Do you know these facts about sleep?

How long should it take for an average person to fall asleep?
You can adapt yourself to getting less sleep than you need.
You are prone to gaining weight if you sleep less.
What is dysania?
In a research, sleep deprived people were found to display the following:
Which hormone is called the Dracula of hormones, because it's produced at night?
What is sleep paralysis?
A person suffering from narcolepsy can exhibit the following:
What is sexsomnia?
What are lazy cakes?

Take the full quiz

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • If you notice any of the symptoms – swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpit or groin, abdominal pain or swelling, persistent fatigue etc. get an appointment with your doctor immediately.
  • If diagnosed with NHL, join a support group to help you with the healing process.
  • Take appropriate steps to strengthen your immune system – medication (take immune system strengthening medication prescribed by your doctor), food (have immune system enriching food) etc.
Don'ts
  • Take any immunosuppressant drugs after a transplant. Expose yourself to chemicals that are used to kill insects.
  • Neglect your immune system if you are over the age of 60-years-old.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

Ferritin blood test
Ferritin Test Ferritin test is a blood test that provides vital information on the level of RBCs and iron in…
ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a particular liver enzyme…
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and are hence indicative…
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG antibodies present in…
Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are non-invasive breathing tests employed for diagnosing and monitoring lung diseases such as bronchitis
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
cardiolipin antibody igm
Cardiolipin Antibody (ACL) –IgM Test The types of cardiolipin antibodies are the IgG, IgA and IgM types and this particular test measures the…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
beautiful smiling woman enjoying high fiber energy bar with roughage
The importance of roughage in diet Eat these high fiber foods to increase your dietary roughage. Quick tips to boost daily roughage consumption. Check…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a particular protein called…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
random blood sugar test
Random Blood Sugar Test The random blood sugar or RBS test is a blood test prescribed mainly to check the level of…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is present in the…
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in the blood and…
POSTPRANDIAL-BLOOD-SUGAR
Post-Prandial Blood Sugar Postprandial blood sugar test is an important diabetes diagnosing tool. This simple blood test measure the level of…
thyroglobulin test
Thyroglobulin (TG) Test Thyroglobulin test helps in measuring and monitoring the concentration of thyroglobulin. The thyroglobulin test can be used as…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
serum electrolyte test
Serum Electrolyte If there is an electrolyte imbalance in the body, a serum electrolyte test will help to find out…
beta hcg test
Beta hCG Test A Beta hCG test measures the level of human gonadotropin hormones present in the blood that is primarliy…
RHEUMATOID_FACTOR_(RF)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Rheumatoid factor or RF is a blood test used to diagnose painful joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body is infected by…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in the blood (serum)…
abdominal-CT-scan- image
Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that provides a clear picture of the state of internal…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon dioxide can prove…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount of the protein…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
DHEAS test
DHEA Sulfate (DHEAS) Test DHEAS or DHEA Sulfate test is prescribed if an individual shows symptoms of abnormal adrenal actvity such as…
TPAB test
Treponema Pallidum Antibody(TPAB) test Treponema pallidum bacteria a gram-negative bacteria that has helically coiled, corkscrew-shaped cells, responsible for STDs such as syphilis.
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
HELICOBACTER_PYLORI---IgG
Helicobacter Pylori – IgG Test Helicobacter pylori IgG test is a blood, saliva, and urine test performed to determine if the patien is…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
Free T3 test
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) Test The free triiodothyronine or FT3 test is an important blood test that is used to detect the level…
folate test
Folate test The Folate test is used to measure and monitor the levels of folic acid in the blood. The…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
CEA_test
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test CEA or carcinoembryonic test detects the presence of CEA antigen in your blood mainly & determines the effectiveness…
lipoprotein A
Lipoprotein (A) Test Lipoprotein (A) test is used to measure and monitor the levels of LDL(Low-Density Lipoprotein) in the bloodstream in…
arterial-blood-gas
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Arterial blood gas analysis is a diagnostic procedure used to determine the volume of oxygen and carbon dioxide…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG class of beta…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is intended to look at the abnormalities in the ureters, bladder, and urethra, to assist surgeries performed…
free thyroxine ft4
Free thyroxine test (FT4) The FT4 or free thyroxine test is a blood test used to detect the level of free thyroixine…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
anti ds dna test
Anti Ds-DNA antibody Test The  Anti Ds-DNA antibody test is used to diagnose the disease called lupus or more aptly the SLE(Systematic…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
dandelion weight loss
Caralluma Fimbriata: How to eat this cactus to lose weight Caralluma fimbriata is a miracle cactus that can be safely consumed by most for losing weight and boosting…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody (tTG) Test Transglutaminase is an enzyme present in our body and is involved in protein metabolism. A tTg test is…
ANTI-MICROSOMAL-ANTIBODY-(AMA)
Anti-Microsomal Antibody AMA Test AMA or anti-microsomal antibody test is a blood test that measures the activity of AMA in the body…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
erythropoetin test
Erythropoietin (EPO) Test Erythropoetin stimulates the production of RBCs in bone marrow thus an erythropoetin test is done to diagnose blood…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 igm
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgM The Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgM test detects IgM class of antibodies in the blood.The presence of beta-2…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of health benefits. Discover…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more about carb cycling,…
Appendix pain: Recent findings on this not-so vestigial organ The exact function of the appendix is still not clear. Some consider it as an organ that once…
tonometry
Tonometry Tonometry uses a device called tonometer to measure the pressure inside the eye. This pressure is depends upon…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is another remarkable addition.…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling creeping up on…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
Top reasons why you need to pay attention to your vitamin B6 intake Vitamin B6- An essential water-soluble vitamin. Its deficiency leads to physical changes such as sores & glossy tongue…
Anti-CCP Test – Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Anti-ccp or ACCP test is a blood test that is primarily employed to diagnose the onset of rheumatoid…
amylase test
Amylase Test Amylase test is done by checking the level of this protein in the blood sample and also in…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
The complete “what to eat” guide for gluten intolerance Does eating breads and pastas often makes you nauseous? Gluten intolerance is a common reason why you might…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
Coffee Enema: Turn your favorite morning beverage into a powerful colon cleanser The wonders of coffee are not just limited to waking you up every morning. You can now use…
Ear pain model
Easy and safe tips for ear wax removal you can do at home Cerumen impaction generally occurs when an external object like cotton swabs are used to remove the ear wax.…
diabetes symptoms in women
FBS Test – Fasting Blood Sugar FBS or fasting blood sugar test is a blood test that is used to determine the level of…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell breakdown. A bilirubin…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency of hemoglobin could…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
EMG electromyography
EMG- Electromyography EMG detects the presence, location, and extent of diseases that damage the nerves such motor neuron disease. Electromyography…
EMA antibodies
Endomysial Antibodies (EMA) Test EMA test is an investigative blood examination to locate the presence of certain antibodies, called Endomysial antibodies or…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
Horny Goat Weed: Can it improve libido in human beings too? This plant got its name as Horny Goat Weed when one of the goats feeding on the plant…
What to eat, what not to eat in the South Beach Diet? The South Beach Diet is one among the most popular weight loss programs that have been the talk…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
Sputum test Sputum test is a commonly used diagnostic tool that is used to examine the presence of pathogens in…
BoneMarrow-Biopsy
Bone Marrow Biopsy Bone marrow biopsy is a diagnostic procedure where a small amount of bone marrow is extracted from hip…
Helicobacter pylori IGA
Helicobacter Pylori – IgA Test The H.pylori IgA test is a blood test used to identify the level of IgA antigen in the…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
How seitan proved to be a blessing in disguise for vegans worldwide Can only meat-eaters enjoy delicious juicy steaks and burgers? With seitan, the best meat substitute available today,even vegans…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Low fat diets
A complete list of low-fat diets and how to follow them Low-fat diets help you lose weight in a healthy way, but it works only with regular exercise and…
Urologist: When should you visit one and why? A urologist can treat not only genitourinary problems of both men and women but also can treat various…
The Cabbage Soup Diet: The healthiest way to instant weight loss Cabbage soup diet rapid weight loss diet for those who want to shed those extra pounds in less…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
glucose-tolerance
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test – GTT Glucose tolerance test (or Oral GTT) is used to detect the onset of diabetes or prediabetes conditions. It…
Rubella IgM test
Rubella IgM Test The Rubella IgM test is a blood test that is performed to diagnose the presence of the rubella…
blood ketone test
Blood Ketone (D3HB) Test The Blood Ketone Test is used to measure and monitor the levels of ketone in the blood which…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk of several deadliest…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
waking up tired
10 reasons why you might be waking up tired Do you feel you are not getting enough sleep? Sleep-deprived and frustrated? Read on discover the real reasons…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out how you can…
Cordyceps: How the Caterpillar fungus works as a proven cancer-shield Strange as it may sound, but cordyceps or "caterpillar fungus", a fungus variety native to the Himalayas may…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an inexplicable emotional numbness…
Cayenne: The remarkable benefits of these red hot chili peppers These may make you rush for a glass of water, but cayenne pepper is actually a healthy additive…
Did you know drinking alkaline water could be the healthier choice for you? Ever wondered how safe is your drinking water in terms of pH? Recent studies have revealed that Alkaline…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
General adaptation syndrome: Understanding stress, one step at a time The struggle of the body to produce hormones during a stressful situation is the main theme of general…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself is a detoxifying…
Inhale oxygen, exhale worries: The top breathing exercises and how to perform them Performing the breathing exercise is like becoming mindful of how you breathe.  Here is a list of breathing…
Hysteroscopy_procedure
Hysteroscopy Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive tool to help specialists view the uterus to diagnose and even treat several…
urinary microalbumin test
Urinary Microalbumin Test The urine microalbumin test is a urine test that measures the level of microalbumin or protein in the…
antinuclear antibody test
Antinuclear Antibody Test – (ANA) Antinuclear antibody or ANA test is a blood test that measures the level of ANA antibodies that are…
c peptide test
C-Peptide test C-peptide is a blood or urine test which is used to monitor and assess the insulin production by…
Thyroid disorders
Thyroid Profile Thyroid profile is a panel of blood tests performed to check if an individual is suffering from any…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
Dragon Fruit – Blessing from Nature’s Basket The dragon fruit is packed with nutrients and yet low on calories and is the dream food that…
xylitol gum
Xylitol : Is this the right sugar substitute for you? Discovered during World War 2 owing to sugar shortage, xylitol has become a common name in pharamaceutical industry.…