LDL Cholesterol

LDL cholesterol foods

Last Updated February 21st, 2019

Overview of LDL  cholesterol

Cholesterol is an essential component of the human body which helps in the production of specific hormones and vitamins, the formation of cell membranes and insulation of nerves. The human body makes 75% of the required cholesterol and the remaining portion is extracted from nutrients in the regular diet. But excess cholesterol in the body can lead to cardiovascular disorders and other complications. A particular type of cholesterol called “LDL cholesterol” is very harmful to the body. According to epidemiological study reports by the World Health Organization (WHO), nearly 2.6 million fatalities are reported worldwide due to high levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood.

 

What is LDL cholesterol?

LDL cholesterol arteryLow-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol or LDL cholesterol is defined as the type of cholesterol which binds with other fatty substances and is carried by circulating blood to the different organs and tissues of the body. High concentration of LDL cholesterol in the body is termed as Hypercholesterolemia or Hyperlipidemia. In due course of time, excess LDL cholesterol deposits as plaques on the arterial walls, causing obstruction of blood flow to the heart. This leads to cardiovascular diseases of severe nature in the future. Due to this reason, LDL cholesterol is also called “bad cholesterol”. The concentration of LDL cholesterol above 130 mg/dL of blood is considered harmful. Dietary patterns should be well planned after a certain age in order to reduce the intake of LDL cholesterol from food. According to WHO reports, nearly 56% of coronary artery diseases are attributed to high concentration LDL cholesterol in the body.

 

What causes increased LDL cholesterol in the body?

Elevated LDL cholesterol levels in the blood may occur due to dietary, environmental, physiological and stress factors. The commonly analyzed causes of high LDL cholesterol conditions are described below-

  • Age: Natural degeneration of heart muscles, impaired kidney functions and loss of liver functions occur with age. High LDL cholesterol levels are observed in males after the age of 65 and in females after the age of 50 (post-menopausal phase).
  • Gender: High LDL cholesterol levels may be observed in men even before the age of 50. In females, high LDL cholesterol condition is observed after 50 as a part of post-menopausal symptoms (decline in the levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones).
  • Heredity: Certain genes like APOB or PCSK9 regulate the quantity of LDL cholesterol in the body. Mutations in these genes can lead to high LDL cholesterol conditions in the future generations. According to the reports of the British Heart Foundation, 1 in 500 people in the UK suffers from Familial Hypercholesterolemia.
  • LDL cholesterol foodsDiet: Intake of oily or greasy foods or junk foods on a regular basis can increase the risks of LDL cholesterol even at a very early age. A regular diet should contain less quantity of trans fats and saturated fats to check cholesterol levels in the body. After a certain age, consumption of poultry, eggs, dairy products and red meat should be reduced in order to avoid high LDL cholesterol. Diet rich in protein and purine or excess sodium should also be avoided.
  • Obesity: Overweight conditions increase the levels of triglycerides and LDL cholesterol within the body, leading to high cholesterol conditions. Weight loss is recommended in such cases to reduce LDL cholesterol and increase High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in the body.
  • Substance abuse: Excess alcohol intake can cause severe damage to the liver and heart muscles and increase the level of triglycerides within the body, causing high blood pressure and high LDL conditions.
  • Physical activities: Limited or complete lack of physical activities can cause increased levels of LDL cholesterol and decreased levels of HDL cholesterol (also called good cholesterol) due to decreased metabolism of fats (triglycerides and LDL).
  • Medications: Intake of certain medications such as corticosteroids, diuretics (for high blood pressure), caffeine and narcotics can predispose the body to high LDL conditions.
  • Medical conditions: Few chronic diseases occurring mainly in middle-aged and elderly people such as Thyroid disorders, renal dysfunctions, cardiovascular diseases and liver diseases can lead to high LDL level. 

 

Types of LDL cholesterol

Till date, two types of LDL cholesterol have been roughly identified-

  • Oxidized LDL: It is a sub-fraction of LDL which is so named because of its electronegative properties and electrical mobility. Based on the level of electronegativity, it is of two types- Minimally oxidized LDL and Heavily oxidized LDL.
  • Lp(a) Cholesterol: It is a mutated variant of LDL cholesterol. It can react with substances present on the arterial walls and result in the premature development of fatty deposits.

 

Clinical complications of high LDL cholesterol

The most alarming fact about high LDL cholesterol is that it does not have clear manifestations in the initial stages. But when it is finally detected, the substantial damage already occurs within the body which leads to chronic diseases after a certain age (mostly 50). The following pathological conditions may result from high LDL cholesterol-

  • LDL cholesterol levelAtherosclerosis: Plaque formation in the inner arterial walls results from the excess deposition of LDL cholesterol (combined with triglycerides and other fatty substances). With time this causes abnormal thickening of the arterial wall and leads to atherosclerosis.
  • Coronary artery disease: Due to deposition of LDL cholesterol and other kinds of fats on the inner arterial wall, the arterial passage becomes constricted and impedes the normal flow of blood to the heart. At times, rupture of accumulated plaques can cause blood clots which may travel via circulating blood to other parts of the body causing complications. All these conditions collectively lead to coronary artery diseases.
  • Kidney failure: The kidney cannot completely excrete the larger LDL cholesterol molecules, which thereby exert continuous pressure on the kidney walls. This condition leads to kidney diseases and kidney failure in due course of time.
  • Muscular failure: Unwanted deposition of LDL cholesterol on the cardiac muscles and skeletal muscles can lead to muscle failure.

Treatment

Medication 

  • Statins – These medications help in inhibiting your liver from making cholesterol. It also makes sure that your body absorbs the cholesterol instead of letting it settle along the lines of the arteries and causes heart diseases.
  • Bile-acid-binding resins – These medications help in binding bile (a digestive fluid) and using the excess amount of cholesterol in the body to aid the digestion process.
  • Cholesterol absorption inhibitors – These drugs inhibit the absorption of cholesterol into the bloodstream. Thereby reducing the cholesterol levels in the body.
  • Injectable medications – These drugs are administered to those patients who have very high levels of LDL in their body. These drugs help the liver absorb cholesterol, instead of the excess cholesterol remaining in the body.

Medication for high triglycerides 

  • Fibrates – VLDL (very-low-density-lipoproteins) is produced in the liver. These medications help in reducing the levels of VLDL in the body by excreting the triglycerides faster.
  • Niacin – This medication helps in reducing the levels of triglycerides in the body, by inhibiting the liver’s production of LDL and VLDL.
  • Omega-3 fatty acid supplements – These supplements help in reducing the levels of triglycerides in the body.

 

Prevention

  • Consume fats that are good for the body. Try to reduce your animal fat intake.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Exercise for at least 30 minutes every day.
  • Stop smoking, if you are a smoker.
  • Abstain from smoking.
  • Maintain your body weight according to your BMI (Body Mass Index

Facts

  • LDL cholesterol is short for Low-Density-Lipoproteins. It is the bad or harmful cholesterol.
  • Babies have 25-40 gm/dL of LDL levels while adults have 130-160 gm/dL of LDL.

Facts

  • 71 million Americans have high levels of LDL.
  • Men need to strictly monitor their cholesterol by the time they reach 45 years; for women, the age limit is 55 years. However, every adult should regularly monitor their cholesterol levels.

Facts

  • LDL levels in the blood are controlled and checked by the liver and intestines.
  • Those who have a high level of LDL are at a higher risk of developing blocked arteries, heart diseases, and respiratory problems.

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Consume a lot of fresh and clean foods, as the cholesterol that is absorbed by the body is the healthy kind (HDL).
  • Try natural or herbal remedies, olive oil, ginger, onion and herbs such as rosemary and basil.
  • Combine cholesterol reducing foods, such as beans, eggplant, okra, nuts etc.
Don'ts
  • Consume fatty, oily, refined or processed foods.
  • Neglect your physical health. Exercise regularly.
  • Consume high levels of sugar, as this can increase the sugar levels in your blood and can cause medical complications.

 

 

 

Trending Topics

anal sex
Anal Sex : Tips from experts on how to be kinky yet safe Whether it irks you or stokes your fantasies, anal sex has always been an intriguing sexual act. Learn…
Clitoris: Why is it called the gateway to toe-curling female orgasms? The word clitoris comes from the Greek word kleitoris or “little hill.”  Many compare the female clitoris to…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
Find the G spot: The top sex positions that guarantee an orgasm There has been a long debate as to whether the G-spot actually exists as a separate organ.  Can…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
Penis pump: Pump your way out of erectile dysfunction One of the options to treat erectile dysfunction is by the use of a penis pump. It is…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
Organic Foods: Is the popularity of pesticide-free food justified? What does the term "organic" really means? And why are organic foods credited as being healthier than normal…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
CBC blood test
CBC blood test CBC blood test refers to the complete blood count test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
calories healthy
Calories: How to keep a check on these for faster weight loss Did you know you can burn calories while sleeping? Calorie-burning is what causes weight loss. How much should…
Vitamin b12
Vitamin B12 Test Vitamin b12 is an essential nutrient required for healthy functioning of the nervous system and also development of…
Female Masturbation: Tips on how to turn up the heat during a solo mission As a female, do you find yourself constantly wondering as to what is the best way to please…
Atkins diet weight loss
Atkins Diet: The right steps to carb control that can help you lose those pounds fast The Atkins diet is a high fat, low-carb diet with proven weight loss benefits that is flexible enough…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the most powerful antioxidant…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
waterchestnut
Water Chestnuts: The tastiest ways to include this healthy tuber in your diet Water chestnut is not a nut after all. It is a tuber (much like the potatoes) growing close…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It is edible and…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
Improve sex life
9 best tips from around the world for better sex life How can the pungent-smelling garlic pack in a punch to your libido? How could something as slimy as…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
erectile dysfunction treatment
Erectile Dysfunction: Effective tips to help you get back on charge Erectile dysfunction is a common male sexual dysfunction. Don't stress out. Just follow these amazing tips to get…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon dioxide can prove…
Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast Ever thought how toxic chemicals find their way into our foods? How can they harm our body? And…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make you smarter and…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
Spirulina: Battle diabetes and cholesterol with this blue-green algae Spirulina, a species of salt water algae, has now become a billion dollar industry. How you can use…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
Electric toothbrush vs manual toothbrush: Who wins the dental war? Manual brushes are ideal for kids as it is important to start slowly unlike the electric brushes which…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
MANUKA HONEY child
Manuka Honey Manuka honey is a specific type of honey produced by honey bees that collect nectar from the flowers…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health benefits of using…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an inexplicable emotional numbness…
How seitan proved to be a blessing in disguise for vegans worldwide Can only meat-eaters enjoy delicious juicy steaks and burgers? With seitan, the best meat substitute available today,even vegans…
RHABDOMYOLYSIS muscle cramps
The hidden dangers of magnesium deficiency and how you can prevent it Magnesium is an essential mineral for the body.Its deficiency can cause harm to your vital organs. Find out…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency of hemoglobin could…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
tips for perfect sleep
Stop hitting the snooze button: 8 proven steps to perfect sleep Are you tired of not getting enough sleep? All your efforts for a sound sleep going in vain?…
Amaranth: Why is this native Peruvian grain called the “crop of the future”? Full of healthy high proteins and gluten-free, the grain, Amaranth, the tasty and ancient pseudo cereal from Peru,…
Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? People opt to become a pescatarian in order to enrich their bodies with the essential health benefits that…
Aphrodisiacs
Aphrodisiacs: These are the best foods to get you in the right mood While wine and chocolates have forever been associated with romance, there are several other aphrodisiac foods that can…
What is the eustachian tube and how does it help you maintain body balance? Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
Orgasms: How to perfect the art of achieving intense bursts of pleasure (every time!) Orgasms are dependent not just on the sexual activity but on your partner as well. What you must…
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You will never believe…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
kefir bottle
Kefir: Top reasons why this probiotic drink should be consumed by you Yet another remarkable fermented food, kefir is a much healthier version of yogurt. These chewy white grains can…
lgbtqia
LGTBQIA : Important pointers for a safe and healthy sex life In the USA alone, the LGBTQIA community accounts for 11 million people. Let us understand what does this…
10 reasons why you should up your selenium intake Selenium, though a trace mineral, is very much integral to your health. Find out how much selenium intake…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
What is the average penis size and why should you care? Scientifically speaking, the average size of the penis depends on numerous factors such as genes, environmental circumstances, etc.
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and mind.Can a stroll…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk of several deadliest…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…
Fluoride: An indispensible mineral or a potential toxin ? Fluoride, the main ingredient of toothpaste, has shown a great potential as a cleanser. However, how much fluoride…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
avocado benefits
Avocado: 15 reasons why this fruit should be a staple in your diet Did you know that the word avocado literally means "testicles". Don't get grossed out as this power-packed fruit…
dandelion health benefits
Dandelion: Little parachutes of health and wellness for your whole body Dandelions are not just bright looking blossoms that cheer your mind. These are powerpacked with essential nutrients that…
Magnesium depression
Citrate or Oxide: Which magnesium supplement is best for your body? Magnesium : Does your DNA require some repair works? Or bones and muscles need some strengthening? Look no…
Cordyceps: How the Caterpillar fungus works as a proven cancer-shield Strange as it may sound, but cordyceps or "caterpillar fungus", a fungus variety native to the Himalayas may…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
Muscle relaxers: Think twice before popping prescription drugs for muscle pain The market is brimming with OTC muscle relaxers. But these come with a host side-effects. Find out the…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling creeping up on…
Essential oils: Choose the right one based on your need Essential oils can effectively treat the triggers causing migraines and address the root cause of migraines instead of…
V for Vagina: How well do you know this extraordinary part of the female anatomy? Vagina - a simple part of the human anatomy that has often created a feeling of either digust…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…