LDL Cholesterol

LDL cholesterol foods

Overview of LDL  cholesterol

Cholesterol is an essential component of the human body which helps in the production of specific hormones and vitamins, the formation of cell membranes and insulation of nerves. The human body makes 75% of the required cholesterol and the remaining portion is extracted from nutrients in the regular diet. But excess cholesterol in the body can lead to cardiovascular disorders and other complications. A particular type of cholesterol called “LDL cholesterol” is very harmful to the body. According to epidemiological study reports by the World Health Organization (WHO), nearly 2.6 million fatalities are reported worldwide due to high levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood.

 

What is LDL cholesterol?

LDL cholesterol arteryLow-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol or LDL cholesterol is defined as the type of cholesterol which binds with other fatty substances and is carried by circulating blood to the different organs and tissues of the body. High concentration of LDL cholesterol in the body is termed as Hypercholesterolemia or Hyperlipidemia. In due course of time, excess LDL cholesterol deposits as plaques on the arterial walls, causing obstruction of blood flow to the heart. This leads to cardiovascular diseases of severe nature in the future. Due to this reason, LDL cholesterol is also called “bad cholesterol”. The concentration of LDL cholesterol above 130 mg/dL of blood is considered harmful. Dietary patterns should be well planned after a certain age in order to reduce the intake of LDL cholesterol from food. According to WHO reports, nearly 56% of coronary artery diseases are attributed to high concentration LDL cholesterol in the body.

 

What causes increased LDL cholesterol in the body?

Elevated LDL cholesterol levels in the blood may occur due to dietary, environmental, physiological and stress factors. The commonly analyzed causes of high LDL cholesterol conditions are described below-

  • Age: Natural degeneration of heart muscles, impaired kidney functions and loss of liver functions occur with age. High LDL cholesterol levels are observed in males after the age of 65 and in females after the age of 50 (post-menopausal phase).
  • Gender: High LDL cholesterol levels may be observed in men even before the age of 50. In females, high LDL cholesterol condition is observed after 50 as a part of post-menopausal symptoms (decline in the levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones).
  • Heredity: Certain genes like APOB or PCSK9 regulate the quantity of LDL cholesterol in the body. Mutations in these genes can lead to high LDL cholesterol conditions in the future generations. According to the reports of the British Heart Foundation, 1 in 500 people in the UK suffers from Familial Hypercholesterolemia.
  • LDL cholesterol foodsDiet: Intake of oily or greasy foods or junk foods on a regular basis can increase the risks of LDL cholesterol even at a very early age. A regular diet should contain less quantity of trans fats and saturated fats to check cholesterol levels in the body. After a certain age, consumption of poultry, eggs, dairy products and red meat should be reduced in order to avoid high LDL cholesterol. Diet rich in protein and purine or excess sodium should also be avoided.
  • Obesity: Overweight conditions increase the levels of triglycerides and LDL cholesterol within the body, leading to high cholesterol conditions. Weight loss is recommended in such cases to reduce LDL cholesterol and increase High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in the body.
  • Substance abuse: Excess alcohol intake can cause severe damage to the liver and heart muscles and increase the level of triglycerides within the body, causing high blood pressure and high LDL conditions.
  • Physical activities: Limited or complete lack of physical activities can cause increased levels of LDL cholesterol and decreased levels of HDL cholesterol (also called good cholesterol) due to decreased metabolism of fats (triglycerides and LDL).
  • Medications: Intake of certain medications such as corticosteroids, diuretics (for high blood pressure), caffeine and narcotics can predispose the body to high LDL conditions.
  • Medical conditions: Few chronic diseases occurring mainly in middle-aged and elderly people such as Thyroid disorders, renal dysfunctions, cardiovascular diseases and liver diseases can lead to high LDL level. 

 

Types of LDL cholesterol

Till date, two types of LDL cholesterol have been roughly identified-

  • Oxidized LDL: It is a sub-fraction of LDL which is so named because of its electronegative properties and electrical mobility. Based on the level of electronegativity, it is of two types- Minimally oxidized LDL and Heavily oxidized LDL.
  • Lp(a) Cholesterol: It is a mutated variant of LDL cholesterol. It can react with substances present on the arterial walls and result in the premature development of fatty deposits.

 

Clinical complications of high LDL cholesterol

The most alarming fact about high LDL cholesterol is that it does not have clear manifestations in the initial stages. But when it is finally detected, the substantial damage already occurs within the body which leads to chronic diseases after a certain age (mostly 50). The following pathological conditions may result from high LDL cholesterol-

  • LDL cholesterol levelAtherosclerosis: Plaque formation in the inner arterial walls results from the excess deposition of LDL cholesterol (combined with triglycerides and other fatty substances). With time this causes abnormal thickening of the arterial wall and leads to atherosclerosis.
  • Coronary artery disease: Due to deposition of LDL cholesterol and other kinds of fats on the inner arterial wall, the arterial passage becomes constricted and impedes the normal flow of blood to the heart. At times, rupture of accumulated plaques can cause blood clots which may travel via circulating blood to other parts of the body causing complications. All these conditions collectively lead to coronary artery diseases.
  • Kidney failure: The kidney cannot completely excrete the larger LDL cholesterol molecules, which thereby exert continuous pressure on the kidney walls. This condition leads to kidney diseases and kidney failure in due course of time.
  • Muscular failure: Unwanted deposition of LDL cholesterol on the cardiac muscles and skeletal muscles can lead to muscle failure.

Treatment

Medication 

  • Statins – These medications help in inhibiting your liver from making cholesterol. It also makes sure that your body absorbs the cholesterol instead of letting it settle along the lines of the arteries and causes heart diseases.
  • Bile-acid-binding resins – These medications help in binding bile (a digestive fluid) and using the excess amount of cholesterol in the body to aid the digestion process.
  • Cholesterol absorption inhibitors – These drugs inhibit the absorption of cholesterol into the bloodstream. Thereby reducing the cholesterol levels in the body.
  • Injectable medications – These drugs are administered to those patients who have very high levels of LDL in their body. These drugs help the liver absorb cholesterol, instead of the excess cholesterol remaining in the body.

Medication for high triglycerides 

  • Fibrates – VLDL (very-low-density-lipoproteins) is produced in the liver. These medications help in reducing the levels of VLDL in the body by excreting the triglycerides faster.
  • Niacin – This medication helps in reducing the levels of triglycerides in the body, by inhibiting the liver’s production of LDL and VLDL.
  • Omega-3 fatty acid supplements – These supplements help in reducing the levels of triglycerides in the body.

 

Prevention

  • Consume fats that are good for the body. Try to reduce your animal fat intake.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Exercise for at least 30 minutes every day.
  • Stop smoking, if you are a smoker.
  • Abstain from smoking.
  • Maintain your body weight according to your BMI (Body Mass Index

Facts

  • LDL cholesterol is short for Low-Density-Lipoproteins. It is the bad or harmful cholesterol.
  • Babies have 25-40 gm/dL of LDL levels while adults have 130-160 gm/dL of LDL.

Facts

  • 71 million Americans have high levels of LDL.
  • Men need to strictly monitor their cholesterol by the time they reach 45 years; for women, the age limit is 55 years. However, every adult should regularly monitor their cholesterol levels.

Facts

  • LDL levels in the blood are controlled and checked by the liver and intestines.
  • Those who have a high level of LDL are at a higher risk of developing blocked arteries, heart diseases, and respiratory problems.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Consume a lot of fresh and clean foods, as the cholesterol that is absorbed by the body is the healthy kind (HDL).
  • Try natural or herbal remedies, olive oil, ginger, onion and herbs such as rosemary and basil.
  • Combine cholesterol reducing foods, such as beans, eggplant, okra, nuts etc.
Don'ts
  • Consume fatty, oily, refined or processed foods.
  • Neglect your physical health. Exercise regularly.
  • Consume high levels of sugar, as this can increase the sugar levels in your blood and can cause medical complications.

 

 

 

Trending Topics

hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
understanding addiction
Addiction explained: An obsession that could cost you your life Is addiction a behavioral disorder? Or is it a chronic disease? How does addiction cause chemical and structural…
50 common health conditions
What are the top 50 deadly and widespread diseases? A complete list of the top 50 most common and deadly diseases that plague humanity. Which disease is…
low carb foods spinach
Low carb vegetables: A complete list of what to pick from during a keto diet Is your plate of veggies making you fat? Are all vegetables created equal? Research reveals that these low…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You will never believe…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
canola oil cooking
Canola oil: How safe is it to consume this popular cooking oil? Extracted from rapeseeds, Canola oil derives its name from Canadian Oil. Did you know that some forms of…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make you smarter and…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…
waking up tired
10 reasons why you might be waking up tired Do you feel you are not getting enough sleep? Sleep-deprived and frustrated? Read on discover the real reasons…
dandelion health benefits
Dandelion: Little parachutes of health and wellness for your whole body Dandelions are not just bright looking blossoms that cheer your mind. These are powerpacked with essential nutrients that…
IIFYM diet shopping
If it fits your macros (IIFYM) : A contemporary macro diet regime A diet that lets you eat everything- sounds unbelievable, right? Well, with IIFYM now you neednt restrict your…
Kratom drug banned
Kratom: Why is this distant cousin of coffee banned in numerous countries? The name Kratom has often stirred controversies ; this psychoactive drug is both the cure and potential cause…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
stress adverse effects
Fight, flight, or freeze: 8 ways stress can ruin your body Did you know that stress is in-built in our systems? It helped our ancestors respond to danger. How…
oral hygiene tips
6 shocking consequences of bad oral hygiene (and how to avoid them) Did you know bad breath is not just turning off, but also harms your body in ways you…
back pain relief
Don’t choose pain: 10 truths about your back ache (and how to get relief) Back pain is one of the most common ailments in the world. Almost 80% of the entire global…
Isagenix diet
Isagenix Diet: Do you really need liquid meal replacements to lose weight? Isagenix Diet - What are liquid meal replacements and why is the world going ga-ga over them? Are…
Ketosis bad breath
Ketosis: A potentially dangerous side effect of the popular keto diet? Ketosis occurs when you have too low carb intake. Though it means rapid fat loss, it could also…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
eating myths debunked
8 ‘healthy eating’ myths you believed until now Is a zero-carb diet really healthy for you? Are organic products worth their cost? Did you know how…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
Fluoride: An indispensible mineral or a potential toxin ? Fluoride, the main ingredient of toothpaste, has shown a great potential as a cleanser. However, how much fluoride…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
chia seeds weight loss
Chia seeds: How to consume this staple Aztec food to get a leaner body Chia seeds: What is the actual reason for its sudden popularity? Why are celebrities swearing by its amazing…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health benefits of using…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
Whole30 diet fad
Whole30 Diet – Why eliminating certain foods just doesn’t cut it Whole30 Diet: Is this the ‘whole’-y grail of a disease-free body? Read more to find out the truth…
lose pregnancy weight
5 most effective ways you can lose those pregnancy pounds! Are you looking for ways to get back into shape? Scared of crash diets? Don't let your post-pregnancy…
MANUKA HONEY child
Manuka Honey Manuka honey is a specific type of honey produced by honey bees that collect nectar from the flowers…
castor oil hair
Castor oil : A vitamin-rich oil for shiny locks and healthy bowels Castor oil bestows unlimited benefits, whether you use it for your hair or skin. But did you know…
iron food shellfish
Iron-Rich Foods: Eat these foods to keep fatigue and anemia away! How to ensure a muscles as strong as iron? Eat iron rich foods ! Iron is one of…
kale
Kale: With more iron than beef, this superfood is the ultimate way to lose weight Checkmate meat-eaters; with kale, vegans now have the ultimate iron-rich superfood as their ally that can protect from…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
superfoods quinoa probiotics
10 fantastic Superfoods you need to include in your diet from today! What exactly are superfoods and how do they battle diseases? From losing weight to looking ravishing- these superfoods…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
Healthy pregnancy tips
How to have a healthy pregnancy: Essential tips to remember What to expect when growing a life within you? How important are prenatal vitamins anyway? Don't make these…
top 5 deadliest cancers
A sneak peek into the top 5 deadliest cancers and the true nature of their origins Did you know that cancer is the 2nd leading cause of deaths globally? Among the 100s of different…
paleo keto diet
Paleo vs. Keto: Which diet plan is best suited for your body goals? Is eating like a caveman the right way to go? Can you really eat fats to burn fats…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic Resistance: How common diseases become deadly Can a cold kill you? How important is to get a flu shot? Why do antibiotics fail against…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
Creatine: Is this the right peak athletic-performance supplement for you? Creatine is the amino acid that boosts our energy. Did you know creatine supplements can help you reach…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
Nitric oxide: Why is this heart-healthy supplement every sportsman’s first choice? Once considered a vastly toxic substance, nitric oxide is now deemed to be a great health supplement. Find…
gallbladder diet tomato
Gallbladder surgery :Tips on post-operative care and diet What to eat post a gallbladder surgery? What are the key things to avoid if you had a…
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and mind.Can a stroll…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk of several deadliest…
common mental disorders
Common mental health disorders :The silent stigma surrounding millions More than 300 million sufferers and yet a silent and agonizing stigma; why are people still hush-hush about…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
Keto diet healthy
Keto Diet: Did you know you could eat fats to burn fats? Keto diet - A wonder diet that lets you eat fats and lose weight too! Read on to…
low carb diet meal
Low carb diet : Go high on fats and low on carbs for a leaner body! Did you know that sugar is the new fat? Going low on carbs and high on fats &…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet can bring all…
boost brain health
The ultimate tips on how to boost your brain health Would you like to be smarter? Want a sharp memory but bored of doing sudoku? Try salsa or…
health benefits coffee
Dark, hot, & steamy: The remarkable health benefits of drinking coffee Coffee does more than just wake you up. One of the most widely consumed beverages in the world,…
matcha tea leaves
Matcha: The unthinkable health benefits of this unique green tea Did you know that a cup of matcha can boost your immunity against toxic diseases? Or that it…
Military diet
Military Diet : Why following a highly restrictive diet is a bad idea Is seiging your calorie intake the right way to attack fats? Read more about Military diet, a highly…
BCAAs powder
BCAA: Now get more out of your workouts with this miracle protein BCAAs are counted as one of the best supplements for increasing your physical endurance. Find out what are…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
CBD oil safe
Cannabidiol benefits: Evaluating the “highs” of CBD Oil The word cannabis paints a picture of addicts. But did you know that CBD oil, extracted from the…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
kefir bottle
Kefir: Top reasons why this probiotic drink should be consumed by you Yet another remarkable fermented food, kefir is a much healthier version of yogurt. These chewy white grains can…
cancer facts
8 hard-hitting truths no one tells you about cancer Did you know that 1.5 million new cases of cancer are reported every year? Can second-hand smoking kill…
turmeric skin
We bet you didn’t know that turmeric could be this beneficial! Did you know that turmeric, a humble ingredient found in most Indian kitchens could cure countless ailments and…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
Serotonin happiness
Serotonin : What you didn’t know about this “feel-good” chemical Serotonin : Did you know that this "feel-good" hormone could well impact your sleep cycle, sex drive, appetite,…