Bladder Cancer

BLADDER CANCER

Overview

Several types of tumors are known to develop in the urinary bladder. Some of these are benign. Others are malignant to varying degrees. Cancer of the urinary bladder is one of the more prevalent forms of cancer worldwide, more so among men than women. A classic sign of this condition is blood in the urine, accompanied by pain and irritation during urination.

 

What Is a Bladder Cancer?

BLADDER CANCER locationBladder cancer is a form of malignancy that arises as a result of uncontrolled growth of cells in the urinary bladder, usually in the innermost lining of the organ. The bladder is a hollow pouch composed of a number of layers of tissue. Beneath an external fatty layer lies a strong muscular wall enclosing a fibrous middle layer known as the lamina propria and a thin inner layer called the urothelium.  It is usually in the transitional cells of the urothelium that tumors first arise.

There is a number of different types defined based on the form of the tumor, the character of the cells it is composed of and on the extent of spread of the tumor. Cancers that remain confined to the urothelium are generally easier to treat. Sometimes the growth burrows deeper into the other layers and the further it goes the harder it becomes to effectively eliminate. It can even breach the bladder and invade lymph nodes and other nearby organs. Cancerous tumors of the bladder are also known to metastasize and spread to other parts of the body.

 

Why Does It Happen?

The reason for uncontrolled multiplication of urothelial cells is unknown. Certain forms of bladder cancer are known to develop following chronic irritation of its tissues as a result of conditions such as bladder stones or chronic bladder inflammation. In general, there is the number of genetic, environmental and lifestyle-related risk factors linked with bladder cancer. These are:

  • Smoking is one of the strongest risk factors. Approximately 1 in every 2 men and 1 in every 3 women diagnosed with bladder cancer have a history of smoking.
  • Exposure to chemicals such as arylamine derivatives.
  • Exposure to arsenic, particularly through water sources.
  • A diet loaded with fat.
  • A history of bladder cancer among close relatives.
  • Certain hereditary diseases such as Lynch syndrome and Cowden disease.
  • Having certain congenital defects associated with the bladder.
  • Men are 3 times more likely to develop bladder cancer than women.
  • White populations show a greater prevalence of bladder cancer than other groups.
  • The risk increases with age. This disease is uncommon in those younger than 40 years of age.
  • Chronic irritation of the bladder because of conditions such as bladder stones and urinary infections. An infectious disease called schistosomiasis, caused by parasitic worms and often affecting the urinary tract is also associated with a higher risk of developing bladder cancer.
  • Taking dietary supplements containing a carcinogenic ingredient called aristolochic acid.
  • Having received treatment with certain diabetes medications and chemotherapy drugs such as cyclophosphamide.
  • Having received radiation therapy for other cancers in the pelvic region, such as uterine cancer.
  • The urothelial lining is present in other organs of the urinary tract. Having previously suffered an episode of cancer of the urothelium increases the risk of developing another such cancer.

 

What Are The Signs and Symptoms of Bladder Cancer?

BLADDER CANCER stagesPatients suffering from bladder cancer may experience a few or more of the following symptoms:

  • Blood in the urine. This may be intermittent rather than a consistent symptom. Sometimes the quantity of blood is substantial enough to cause urine to change color and turn red, pink or orange.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Burning sensation or discomfort while urinating.
  • Feeling the need to evacuate the bladder urgently even when it is not full.
  • Urinary incontinence.
  • Lower back pain.
  • Bone pain may be experienced in advanced stages.
  • Swollen feet in advanced stages.
  • Weakness or fatigue.
  • Loss of appetite and weight.

 

What Are The Different Types of Bladder Cancer?

Depending on the extent of its spread, bladder cancer may be described as either invasive or non-invasive. The non-invasive type remains confined to the innermost lining of the bladder. If it extends to the middle fibrous layer or the muscular wall, it is known as an invasive type. Depending on histopathological parameters, cancers of the bladder are classified into two major groups; namely, urothelial and non-urothelial.

Urothelial Carcinoma

This is by far the most common kind of cancer of the urinary bladder, accounting for as much as 95% of diagnosed cases. It originates in the transitional cells of the innermost layer of the bladder.

Non-urothelial Bladder Cancer

This is of two types, namely epithelial and non-epithelial.

  • Epithelial cancers of the bladder include 3 main subtypes:
    a) Squamous cell carcinoma is generally invasive in character. This type develops in response to chronic inflammation or irritation as a result of recurrent urinary tract infection or bladder stones. It can also occur as a result of parasitic infection by blood flukes.
    b) Adenocarcinoma is usually invasive. This type accounts for 1- 2% of bladder cancers. It is characterized by the formation of glandular cells in response to chronic irritation of the bladder tissues.
    c) Anaplastic small cell carcinoma is a rare and aggressive form of bladder cancer and it is highly likely to metastasize. The overall outlook for treatment and recovery is poor.
  • Non-epithelial cancers of the bladder include:
    a) Sarcoma of the bladder is very rare. It originates in the muscle cells or the fatty layer surrounding the bladder.
    b) Carcinosarcoma of the bladder is a rare and aggressive type.
    c) Lymphoma can occur as a result of frequent bladder infections.
    d) Paraganglioma is an extremely rare type, named so because it arises from the paraganglion cells.
    e) Melanoma in the bladder is highly uncommon. It is characterized by pigmented tumors.

 

What Are The Possible Complications?

BLADDER CANCERThe tumor can spread locally beyond the bladder itself. In women, it can invade the uterus or the front wall of the vagina and extend to the prostate in men. It can also affect lymph nodes in the pelvic region.

In highly advanced stages, bladder cancer can even spread to the liver, lungs and other parts of the body. Such metastasis is possible with most types of bladder cancer and is estimated to occur in about 4% instances. The outlook for treatment and recovery is poorer once metastasis occurs. Anaplastic small cell carcinoma is often known to be fatal because of its aggressive course and tendency to metastasize. Compared to other forms of cancer, bladder cancer is known to show a greater tendency to reappear even after treatment.

 

What Tests Are Needed To Diagnose It?

Some of the symptoms of bladder cancer can also be caused by other conditions. For instance, blood may appear in the urine as a result of kidney stones. Women may mistake this for menstrual blood as it can be a painless condition. If the pain is present, a patient may mistakenly attribute it to the urinary tract infection. Hence, it is important to rule out these other possibilities in order to make a positive diagnosis of bladder cancer. A urinalysis helps rule out infection.

Urine cytology reveals the presence of cancer cells in the urine. Imaging tests help locate tumors and assess their status. Cystoscopy is the preferred method of diagnosing bladder cancer and helps obtain a tissue sample for biopsy in order to determine the specific type of cancer. If it is found to be a case of urothelial carcinoma, the entire urinary tract may need to be scanned for other such tumors.

 

Treatment & Prevention

Depending on the stage of cancer, any of these following methods can be used to treat a bladder cancer:

  • Surgical removal of cancer cells from the bladder.
  • Intravesical Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • In extreme cases, the surgery would involve a complete removal of the bladder (radical cystectomy), though this surgery has a host of side-effects associated with it.

Prevention of bladder cancer can be done by these methods:

  • Since smoking is the biggest culprit for bladder cancer, completely refraining from smoking can cut down your chances of being diagnosed with bladder cancer.
  • Be wary of exposure to harmful carcinogens and environmental toxins (in your residential area and workplace). The most common cancer-causing agents are found in industries such as rubber, leather, hair dyes, printing materials, paint factories, petroleum, and diesel.
  • Keep your bladder healthy by drinking plenty of water and sugar-free fruit juices.
  • Get kidney/bladder/urinary tract infections diagnosed and treated promptly.

 

Facts

  • Smoking increases your risk of developing cancer in the bladder by at least 2-4 times. Tobacco consumption is seen in 50% of all male and 33% of all female patients diagnosed with bladder cancer.
  • Men are more likely to be diagnosed with bladder cancer than women (ratio is 4:1) and it is most commonly prevalent among the Caucasians.

Facts

  • Recurrent bladder infections and/or kidney infections also increase one’s risk factor for bladder cancer.
  • There are almost 85,000 cases of bladder cancer cases reported in the USA along, out of which 65,000 are in males and 20,000 are in females.

Facts

  • 90% of patients with bladder cancer are above the age of 55.

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

Test Your Knowledge

Welcome to your Do you know these facts about sleep?

How long should it take for an average person to fall asleep?
You can adapt yourself to getting less sleep than you need.
You are prone to gaining weight if you sleep less.
What is dysania?
In a research, sleep deprived people were found to display the following:
Which hormone is called the Dracula of hormones, because it's produced at night?
What is sleep paralysis?
A person suffering from narcolepsy can exhibit the following:
What is sexsomnia?
What are lazy cakes?

Take the full quiz

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Drink cranberry and lemon juice as these contain flavonoids which are known to combat cancer cells.
  • Refer to your doctor if you observe blood in your urine after the surgery for bladder cancer.
  • Involve in daily physical activities after the surgery but only when the doctor allows it.
Don'ts
  • Consume tobacco in any form. Refrain from smoking and chewing tobacco.
  • Lead an unhealthy and sedentary lifestyle.
  • Eat foods that are spicy and/or have high trans-fats and preservatives.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

Ferritin blood test
Ferritin Test Ferritin test is a blood test that provides vital information on the level of RBCs and iron in…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
random blood sugar test
Random Blood Sugar Test The random blood sugar or RBS test is a blood test prescribed mainly to check the level of…
Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are non-invasive breathing tests employed for diagnosing and monitoring lung diseases such as bronchitis
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and are hence indicative…
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG antibodies present in…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
cardiolipin antibody igm
Cardiolipin Antibody (ACL) –IgM Test The types of cardiolipin antibodies are the IgG, IgA and IgM types and this particular test measures the…
ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a particular liver enzyme…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body is infected by…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
HELICOBACTER_PYLORI---IgG
Helicobacter Pylori – IgG Test Helicobacter pylori IgG test is a blood, saliva, and urine test performed to determine if the patien is…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a particular protein called…
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in the blood and…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is present in the…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
thyroglobulin test
Thyroglobulin (TG) Test Thyroglobulin test helps in measuring and monitoring the concentration of thyroglobulin. The thyroglobulin test can be used as…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in the blood (serum)…
beautiful smiling woman enjoying high fiber energy bar with roughage
The importance of roughage in diet Eat these high fiber foods to increase your dietary roughage. Quick tips to boost daily roughage consumption. Check…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
diabetes symptoms in women
FBS Test – Fasting Blood Sugar FBS or fasting blood sugar test is a blood test that is used to determine the level of…
TPAB test
Treponema Pallidum Antibody(TPAB) test Treponema pallidum bacteria a gram-negative bacteria that has helically coiled, corkscrew-shaped cells, responsible for STDs such as syphilis.
free thyroxine ft4
Free thyroxine test (FT4) The FT4 or free thyroxine test is a blood test used to detect the level of free thyroixine…
Free T3 test
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) Test The free triiodothyronine or FT3 test is an important blood test that is used to detect the level…
RHEUMATOID_FACTOR_(RF)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Rheumatoid factor or RF is a blood test used to diagnose painful joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis…
lipoprotein A
Lipoprotein (A) Test Lipoprotein (A) test is used to measure and monitor the levels of LDL(Low-Density Lipoprotein) in the bloodstream in…
serum electrolyte test
Serum Electrolyte If there is an electrolyte imbalance in the body, a serum electrolyte test will help to find out…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 igm
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgM The Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgM test detects IgM class of antibodies in the blood.The presence of beta-2…
POSTPRANDIAL-BLOOD-SUGAR
Post-Prandial Blood Sugar Postprandial blood sugar test is an important diabetes diagnosing tool. This simple blood test measure the level of…
abdominal-CT-scan- image
Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that provides a clear picture of the state of internal…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon dioxide can prove…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
folate test
Folate test The Folate test is used to measure and monitor the levels of folic acid in the blood. The…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG class of beta…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
beta hcg test
Beta hCG Test A Beta hCG test measures the level of human gonadotropin hormones present in the blood that is primarliy…
anti ds dna test
Anti Ds-DNA antibody Test The  Anti Ds-DNA antibody test is used to diagnose the disease called lupus or more aptly the SLE(Systematic…
copper serum test
Copper Serum Test Copper serum test checks for abnormal levels of copper in the body. Both high and low levels of…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount of the protein…
urinary microalbumin test
Urinary Microalbumin Test The urine microalbumin test is a urine test that measures the level of microalbumin or protein in the…
antinuclear antibody test
Antinuclear Antibody Test – (ANA) Antinuclear antibody or ANA test is a blood test that measures the level of ANA antibodies that are…
DHEAS test
DHEA Sulfate (DHEAS) Test DHEAS or DHEA Sulfate test is prescribed if an individual shows symptoms of abnormal adrenal actvity such as…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
ANTI-MICROSOMAL-ANTIBODY-(AMA)
Anti-Microsomal Antibody AMA Test AMA or anti-microsomal antibody test is a blood test that measures the activity of AMA in the body…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
arterial-blood-gas
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Arterial blood gas analysis is a diagnostic procedure used to determine the volume of oxygen and carbon dioxide…
erythropoetin test
Erythropoietin (EPO) Test Erythropoetin stimulates the production of RBCs in bone marrow thus an erythropoetin test is done to diagnose blood…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
glucose-tolerance
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test – GTT Glucose tolerance test (or Oral GTT) is used to detect the onset of diabetes or prediabetes conditions. It…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
Diabetes blood test
Diabetic Profile The diabetic profile is a set of tests which are used for testing and monitoring the various kinds…
AUTOIMMUNE HEPATITIS liver
Hepatitis Profile A hepatitis profile or a hepatitis panel is a blood test that checks for markers of hepatitis infection…
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency of hemoglobin could…
tonometry
Tonometry Tonometry uses a device called tonometer to measure the pressure inside the eye. This pressure is depends upon…
Sputum test Sputum test is a commonly used diagnostic tool that is used to examine the presence of pathogens in…
Helicobacter pylori IGA
Helicobacter Pylori – IgA Test The H.pylori IgA test is a blood test used to identify the level of IgA antigen in the…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
ginger benefits healthy
Ginger: Why is it called the root of all remedies? Be it in form of tea or juice, ginger has a lot to offer when it comes to…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an inexplicable emotional numbness…
EMA antibodies
Endomysial Antibodies (EMA) Test EMA test is an investigative blood examination to locate the presence of certain antibodies, called Endomysial antibodies or…
CEA_test
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test CEA or carcinoembryonic test detects the presence of CEA antigen in your blood mainly & determines the effectiveness…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
Isagenix diet weight loss
How are BMI and BMR different and what do these numbers mean? BMI and BMR are two important metrics that provide a clear picture of your body's metabolism and also…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is intended to look at the abnormalities in the ureters, bladder, and urethra, to assist surgeries performed…
17 OH Progesterone test The 17 OH progesterone test is a simple blood test that is mainly used to diagnose the cause…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is another remarkable addition.…
How seitan proved to be a blessing in disguise for vegans worldwide Can only meat-eaters enjoy delicious juicy steaks and burgers? With seitan, the best meat substitute available today,even vegans…
What to eat, what not to eat in the South Beach Diet? The South Beach Diet is one among the most popular weight loss programs that have been the talk…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
Ear pain model
Easy and safe tips for ear wax removal you can do at home Cerumen impaction generally occurs when an external object like cotton swabs are used to remove the ear wax.…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
PROGESTERONE_test
Progesterone test The progesterone test is a blood test used to determine the level of hormone progesterone in the blood…
Thyroid disorders
Thyroid Profile Thyroid profile is a panel of blood tests performed to check if an individual is suffering from any…
dhea adrenal
Androstenedione Test Androstenedione is produced by the adrenal gland, the test of the levels of Androstenedione helps in the evaluation…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk of several deadliest…
5 htp brain
5-htp: Is this the ultimate cure for those pesky migraines attacks? 5-htp is a supplement that is extracted from the plant Griffonia simplicifoli.  It is an amino acid that helps…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the most powerful antioxidant…
Hemp Seeds: The actual science behind this controversial crop Inspite of being credited as a superfood, hemp seeds are still shrouded with layers of controversies. Are these…
Lauric Acid: 8 health benefits you can derive from coconuts Appropriate use of saturated fats containing lauric acid can provide you numerous health benefits. This is the main…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
Essential oils: Choose the right one based on your need Essential oils can effectively treat the triggers causing migraines and address the root cause of migraines instead of…
Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) test Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is an enzyme that is found in every cell of the body and it plays…
Okra: How can this nutrient-dense vegetable help you fight diabetes? Okra is a food which is rich in nutrients and minerals which are extremely essential for a healthy…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
Spirulina: Battle diabetes and cholesterol with this blue-green algae Spirulina, a species of salt water algae, has now become a billion dollar industry. How you can use…
boost brain health
The ultimate tips on how to boost your brain health Would you like to be smarter? Want a sharp memory but bored of doing sudoku? Try salsa or…
kale
Kale: With more iron than beef, this superfood is the ultimate way to lose weight Checkmate meat-eaters; with kale, vegans now have the ultimate iron-rich superfood as their ally that can protect from…
DHEA wrinkles
DHEA: Now get unbelievable age defiance with this wonder hormone! DHEA is known popularly as the age-defying hormone. This supplement is widely used to slow down aging and…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
Vagus nerve: 7 health benefits of stimulating the “gut-brain” connection As a matter of fact, there are two vagus nerves namely the left and the right but is…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
blood ketone test
Blood Ketone (D3HB) Test The Blood Ketone Test is used to measure and monitor the levels of ketone in the blood which…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
lose pregnancy weight
5 most effective ways you can lose those pregnancy pounds! Are you looking for ways to get back into shape? Scared of crash diets? Don't let your post-pregnancy…
low carb diet meal
Low carb diet : Go high on fats and low on carbs for a leaner body! Did you know that sugar is the new fat? Going low on carbs and high on fats &…
Amaranth: Why is this native Peruvian grain called the “crop of the future”? Full of healthy high proteins and gluten-free, the grain, Amaranth, the tasty and ancient pseudo cereal from Peru,…
biotin for hair
Biotin: One-stop-shop for shiny hair and an active body! What is common to bananas, eggs, sweet potatoes, and liver? These are delicious and rich in biotin ;…
dandelion health benefits
Dandelion: Little parachutes of health and wellness for your whole body Dandelions are not just bright looking blossoms that cheer your mind. These are powerpacked with essential nutrients that…
dandelion weight loss
Caralluma Fimbriata: How to eat this cactus to lose weight Caralluma fimbriata is a miracle cactus that can be safely consumed by most for losing weight and boosting…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself is a detoxifying…
Vitamin b12
Vitamin B12 Test Vitamin b12 is an essential nutrient required for healthy functioning of the nervous system and also development of…
Crossfit with rope
CrossFit: Now get the perfectly sculpted body with this explosive gym routine CrossFit is a fitness regimen that makes use of high-intensity exercises in a shorter period to achieve muscle…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell breakdown. A bilirubin…
Anti-CCP Test – Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Anti-ccp or ACCP test is a blood test that is primarily employed to diagnose the onset of rheumatoid…
ANTIPHOSPHOLIPIDANTIBODY(APL)_IgG
Antiphospholipid (APL) antibody-IgG The Antiphospholipid Antibody testing is a blood test used to determine an autoimmune disorder called Antiphospholipid syndrome linked…
Strep throat pain
Anti-Streptolysin-O Test The ASO or Anti-Streptolysin-O is a blood test designed to check for the presence of streptococcus bacterial infection…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
amylase test
Amylase Test Amylase test is done by checking the level of this protein in the blood sample and also in…
vdrl test syphilis
VDRL Test The VDRL test is a blood test that is used to diagnose sexually transmitted or venereal diseases, primarily…
HSV-IgM test
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)-IgM Test The HSV-IgM class antibody is produced by the body a few days after an initial HSV infection and…
APL IgM Test
Antiphospholipid Antibody(APL)-IgM test The antiphospholipid antibodies are a specific protein produced by the body and directed against the phospholipids. It is…
BULIMIA NERVOSA vomiting
Can you get addicted to food? Learn everything about food addiction What is food addiction? How can people get addicted to eating? Is it an unhealthy eating habit or…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…