Genital Herpes

GENITAL WARTS

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

Overview

Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD). The agent responsible for it is the herpes simplex virus. Any sexually active person is at a risk of contracting genital herpes although the infection can easily go undetected. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that as many as 87.4% of individuals with the HSV-2 infection between the ages of 14 and 49 in the United States have never received a formal diagnosis. This means that a majority of individuals carrying the virus are unaware that they can infect others.

What Is Genital Herpes?

GENITAL WARTS (HPV)Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by either of the herpes simplex virus types 1 or 2. Transmission of this viral infection usually occurs through vaginal, oral or anal intercourse. This disease can affect either sex. Most people with the infection remain asymptomatic or experience subclinical symptoms. However, they are still capable of transmitting the virus to others.

In instances where infection succeeds in producing symptoms, the patient typically experiences outbreaks of fluid-filled blisters and painful sores in the skin and mucous membranes of the genitals. One should avoid touching the fluid oozing from these blisters to ensure that the infection does not spread to other parts of the body.

What Is Responsible For Genital Herpes?

The herpes simplex virus is acquired by means of contact with the genital secretions, oral secretions (in case of HSV-1), skin and mucous membranes of an infected individual. It gains entry into the body through small breaks or cuts in the skin after which it migrates into the nervous tissue. When one’s immune system is robust, the virus remains under control and the infection fails to produce noticeable symptoms.

However, immunity can weaken during periods of emotional stress or trauma. When conditions are right, the virus reactivates and travels back to the skin from where it can be shed and transmitted to other individuals. At this stage, it is capable of producing ulcerative disease. Hence, the period between infection and onset of symptoms is highly variable. If symptoms appear soon after infection, they are more likely to be severe.

Causes and risk factors for genital herpes include:

  • Engaging in sexual intercourse with a person carrying the infection.
  • Having unprotected sexual intercourse. Make it a practice to use condoms every time. Here is a quick buy.
  • Having multiple sexual partners.
  • Becoming sexually active at a younger age.
  • Having weak immunity. Boost your immunity with this great natural blend of essential oils. Buy these softgels now.
  • Being female is a significant risk factor since women are more likely to get the infection and to suffer severe symptoms and complications.

What Symptoms Does It Produce?

GENITAL WARTSThose who have the infection are not always aware of it. This is because it usually remains asymptomatic or displays only very subtle symptoms. The typical indication of genital herpes is the appearance of fluid-filled blisters in areas such as the vagina or penis. When these blisters rupture, they leave behind painful sores which can take weeks to form scabs and heal fully. This may be accompanied by flu-like symptoms such as fever and other typical signs of infection.

The first such outbreak is likely to be more intense than subsequent ones. The frequency and intensity of outbreaks are highest during the first year following infection. The number, frequency, and severity of outbreaks tend to reduce progressively thereafter. Later outbreaks may involve only some itching and mild irritation. Typical symptoms include:

  • Blisters, usually in the vagina, rectum or penis. These may be present in the urethra as well. Blisters can also appear on other parts of the body which come into contact with fluid from the genital blisters. In this way, the infection can spread locally to the groin, inner thigh, and buttocks but also as far as the eyes. This gives rise to ulceration in these areas and the eyes can even suffer permanent damage.
  • Sores.
  • Itching in the affected areas.
  • Pain while passing urine, as a result of blisters in the urethra.
  • Body aches.
  • Fever.
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • A headache.
  • Fatigue.
  • Bleeding from the ulcers.

What Are The Different Types of Genital Herpes?

There are two strains of herpes simplex virus that are capable of causing genital sores. These differ from one another in certain respects, particularly the mode of transmission and severity of outcomes. Both forms of the virus can be shed through the skin and this is particularly pronounced during the first outbreak.

  • HSV-1 is responsible for causing oral sores and can be transmitted via non-sexual contact. Infection with HSV-1 often occurs early in life, usually in childhood. HSV-1 infection can spread to the genitals by means of oral intercourse with a person having oral sores. Genital HSV-1 infection is less likely to pass on to a sexual partner in comparison with HSV-2 infection.
  • HSV-2 infection is more often responsible for genital herpes than HSV-1. Sexual contact is the main mode of transmission. This infection is more prevalent among women than men. However, it is more likely to spread from a man to a woman than the other way around. Recurrence of outbreaks is more likely and viral shedding more intense in instances of HSV-2 infection.

Can There Be Any Be Any Complications?

GENITAL WARTS vaccinesThose with genital herpes face an increased risk of acquiring and transmitting other STDs. This is because the ulceration that occurs as result of the herpes infection makes the genital skin and mucous membranes more vulnerable to sexually transmitted infection. In fact, those with symptomatic genital herpes face as much as a 2 to 4 times higher risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV infection.

Symptoms can be especially severe in individuals with weak immunity as a result of, for instance, an existing HIV infection or immunodeficiency of some kind. Infection affecting the eyes can result in blindness. Encephalitis and meningitis can occur when the virus causes inflammation of the brain or the protective tissues surrounding it.

A pregnant woman with symptomatic genital herpes risks suffering a miscarriage or premature delivery. HSV infection can pass on to the fetus and the child may develop neonatal herpes. The risk of complications is particularly high if a woman acquires the infection during the final trimester of her pregnancy. If she has active genital sores close to the time of labor and delivery, a Caesarean section is usually advised in order to avoid exposing the newborn to the virus.

What Tests Help To Diagnose Genital Herpes?

The signs of genital herpes are absent or only mild in most cases. However, when blisters or sores do appear they can be mistaken for yeast or bacterial infections. It is important to obtain a correct diagnosis in order to gain awareness about protecting one’s current or prospective partners from the infection.

An initial physical examination will usually reveal blisters and ulceration. The patient may complain of pain during urination and there may be fever as well. The combination of such symptoms suggests a diagnosis of genital herpes and confirmation requires blood tests and swabs taken from the affected areas.

Treatment & Prevention

Antiviral therapy is required to treat genital herpes. These medications help in preventing herpes outbreaks and also decrease their intensity and frequency. Daily suppressive therapy can help control the symptoms and also prevent it from spreading from one person to another. The following precautionary methods should be adopted in order to prevent the onset of genital herpes:

  • Don’t engage in any form of sexual contact (genital, oral, or anal) with herpes infected person.
  • If blisters are not present, one can indulge in sexual contact but with proper protective measures.
  • Avoid having multiple sex partners.
  • If you have been diagnosed with any one STI, it would be advisable to get tested for other STIs as well.
  • Refrain from kissing a partner if he/she has a cold sore near the mouth.
  • Ask your partner if he/she has any STI or has a partner who has been diagnosed with an STI.

Facts

  • Oral herpes ( caused by Herpes Simplex Virus 1) can spread from the oral cavity to the genitals through oral sex. 50% of all genital herpes are caused by oral herpes.
  • Genital herpes is quite common in the USA with almost 776,000 cases of herpes infections reported every year.

Facts

  • Genital herpes caused by Herpes Simplex Virus 2 is more common among women than among men because the virus is more easily transferred from men to women during sexual intercourse.
  • Almost 80% of people with genital herpes are unaware of their condition since the symptoms are mostly mild to negligible.

Facts

  • The Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) belongs to a family of virus knows as the herpesvirus family. Another virus under this category includes EBV (Epstein Barr virus responsible for Mono) and varicella-zoster virus (causing chicken pox and shingles).

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Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Wear loose-fitting, comfortable clothes (made of soft fabric such as cotton).
  • Practice safe sex.
  • Apply ice cubes to the affected skin to obtain relief from the painful sores.
  • Consume a diet rich in amino acids such as beans, lentils soy products, poultry, and eggs.
  • Keep the affected area dry and clean.
Don'ts
  • Scratch the skin lesions or try to prick it with sharp objects.
  • Consume a diet rich in amino acid arginine such as chocolates, refined flour, peanuts etc.
  • Indulge in sexual contact during the treatment period and also during the time when the symptoms are experienced.
  • Indulge in foods that can trigger symptoms and outbreaks. Caffeine is a common trigger for herpes.

 

 

 

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fructosamine test
Fructosamine Test A fructosamine test measures blood sugar glucose content. Fructosamine level can indicate blood sugar level in past 2-3…
leptospira Igm test
Leptospira-IgM Test A Leptospira-IgM test is a blood test which is carried out to detect anti-Leptospira IgM antibody. Leptospirosis is…
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and mind.Can a stroll…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
dandelion weight loss
Caralluma Fimbriata: How to eat this cactus to lose weight Caralluma fimbriata is a miracle cactus that can be safely consumed by most for losing weight and boosting…
Coffee Enema: Turn your favorite morning beverage into a powerful colon cleanser The wonders of coffee are not just limited to waking you up every morning. You can now use…
Atkins diet weight loss
Atkins Diet: The right steps to carb control that can help you lose those pounds fast The Atkins diet is a high fat, low-carb diet with proven weight loss benefits that is flexible enough…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
phenytoin test
Phenytoin test Phenytoin is a drug that is administered mainly to epilepsy patients. The phenytoin blood test measures the level…
Rubella IgM test
Rubella IgM Test The Rubella IgM test is a blood test that is performed to diagnose the presence of the rubella…
chloride test
Chloride Test A chloride test of the blood checks the level of chloride in body, an important factor governing the…
complement c4 test
Anemia Profile Anemia Profile test (Basic) is a blood screening test that measures the levels of important components of the…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
Optavia diet
The features of an Optavia diet The Optavia diet endorses pre-packaged meals and snacks called "fuelings" that are tasty, low in calorie, and incorporates…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
Love tea, hate tannins? Rooibos tea is just what you need The market is brimming with a multitude of herbal teas. But what makes rooibos tea (or red bush)…
How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
The Cabbage Soup Diet: The healthiest way to instant weight loss Cabbage soup diet rapid weight loss diet for those who want to shed those extra pounds in less…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
valproic acid test
Valproic Acid Test Valproic acid test is performed to generally check for psychiatric and even neurological conditions such as bipolar disease…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
sodium blood test
Blood Sodium Test A blood sodium test measures the amount of sodium (an important electrolyte) in your body. It is also…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is another remarkable addition.…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling creeping up on…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency of hemoglobin could…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
C-Reactive Protein Test A CRP or c-reactive protein blood test is an important diagnostic tool used to determine the risk of…
ANTIPHOSPHOLIPIDANTIBODY(APL)_IgG
Antiphospholipid (APL) antibody-IgG The Antiphospholipid Antibody testing is a blood test used to determine an autoimmune disorder called Antiphospholipid syndrome linked…
Strep throat pain
Anti-Streptolysin-O Test The ASO or Anti-Streptolysin-O is a blood test designed to check for the presence of streptococcus bacterial infection…
vdrl test syphilis
VDRL Test The VDRL test is a blood test that is used to diagnose sexually transmitted or venereal diseases, primarily…
Okra: How can this nutrient-dense vegetable help you fight diabetes? Okra is a food which is rich in nutrients and minerals which are extremely essential for a healthy…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…