Pott’s disease

Pott's disease _thoracic

Last Updated August 23rd, 2019

As per statistics, 3% of all tuberculosis cases progress further to affect the musculoskeletal system. However, the spine remains the most affected part in such cases. Co-morbidity of Pott’s disease with HIV is quite common. This is because Pott’s disease progresses rapidly (and is often misdiagnosed) in immunocompromised patients. Though death due to Pott’s disease is rare, spinal complications are severely disabling.
Globally, more than 2 billion people are carriers of the mycobacterium tuberculosis but not all of them develop symptoms. The bacteria usually spread via respiratory droplets. Theoretically speaking, any part of the human body can infected by TB, but it mostly affects the lymph nodes, bones, meninges (brain membranes). If the infection is prevalent in body parts other than the lungs, such as the spine or joints, it is called as extra-pulmonary TB. In such cases, the infection is not contagious.
Globally, 1% of all TB patients show cardiac symptoms. Cardiac tuberculosis is also treated as extra-pulmonary TB. The prevalence of cardiac TB is high in HIV patients. The most common symptom of cardiac TB is pericardial effusion or fluid accumulation in the membrane that surrounds the heart. It may also result in thickening of the cardiac membrane (constrictive pericarditis). Since, this condition often goes undiagnosed in the early stages; mortality rate associated with cardiac TB is quite high. The tell-tale signs of cardiac TB are – short breath, sudden weight loss, chest pain, and swelling of ankles. Several studies also indicate that TB and atherosclerosis-related conditions such as stroke are largely co-related.

Overview of Pott’s disease

Lung diseases and their complications are quite severe. Most of the associated complications are pertaining to respiratory ailments. Hence many are not aware that lung diseases may even give rise to musculoskeletal disorders. Pott’s disease is one such disease where spine disorders arise from certain lung ailments. The complications are very serious since the patient shows symptoms of both pulmonary diseases and joint problems.

What is Pott’s disease?

Pott’s disease is a type of tuberculosis which mainly manifests itself through certain complications in the vertebral bones. Although it is primarily a lung disease, some of the tissues present outside the lungs are also affected. In the advanced stages, the disease even progresses to the spine and affects the intervertebral joints. Mainly considering the different symptoms, Pott’s disease is also known as “tuberculosis spondylitis” or “spinal tuberculosis”. It was named after the British surgeon, Percivall Pott who discovered and explained the symptoms first. The symptoms are mostly restricted to the thoracic portion of the spine and affect mainly the upper lumbar vertebrae and the lower thoracic vertebrae. As the disease progresses, the symptoms are felt in the adjoining areas as well.

What causes Pott’s disease?

Pott’s disease starts with Tuberculosis, which is a lung infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A slow and hematogenous spread of tuberculosis to the neighboring sites, particularly the spine, leads to Pott’s disease. The severity increases when the infections spread from the adjacent vertebra into the intervertebral disc space. The disc remains in normal condition when only one vertebra is affected. But when two successive vertebral bones are affected, the disc (which is devoid of blood vessels) stops receiving nutrients through blood and collapses completely. A phenomenon known as caseous necrosis is observed in these cases, wherein the disc tissue dies. This leads to three phenomena-

A dry mass of soft tissue is formed, reducing the chances of associated infections.

The best way to prevent Pott’s disease is to find an effective remedy for TB. Try these top-rated natural products to fight a TB infection.

What are the main warning signs and symptoms?

Potts Disease_coughing Pott’s disease is characterized by both pulmonary and skeletal symptoms. These will be discussed in separate sections.

Pulmonary symptoms

The patient mainly shows some prominent respiratory symptoms which are as follows-

  • A persistent cough (productive or non-productive)
  • Frequent sneezing
  • Difficulty breathing (due to partial obstruction of the respiratory tract)
  • Pain in the chest during breathing, coughing and sneezing
  • Feeling of tightness around the chest
  • High fever and headache
  • Body pain and occasional chills
  • Production of blood-tinged sputum
  • Pain in the diaphragm region radiating to the abdomen
  • Increased heart rate
  • Gastrointestinal disorders
  • Generation of wheezing sound during breathing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Dizziness and fatigue
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Disturbed mental state

Joint problems

Along with the pulmonary symptoms, the patient experiences some major joint problems in the spine which are listed below-

  • Stiffness and pain in the joint especially in the morning
  • Pain and stiffness in the neck, back and buttocks
  • Pain and inflammation in the tendons and the ligaments, which is felt mainly in the chest, back of the heel or underneath the foot
  • Inflammation and swelling of the joints and the soft tissues
  • Joint pain during slight movements
  • Temporary immobility (permanent immobility may also occur due to ankylosed or fused joints)
  • Cracking and crunching sounds during normal joint movements
  • Weakness and fatigue of muscles (may lead to muscular dystrophy)
  • Pain radiating to neighbouring regions (lower extremities)
  • Redness around the joint area
  • Extreme tenderness and touch sensitivity of joints
  • Throbbing pain in the joint and muscles after some activity
  • Bone and joint deformities (at an advanced stage)
  • Disturbed sleep due to increased joint pain at night
  • Difficulty maintaining normal body postures
  • Difficulty performing mundane activities such as walking, running, climbing stairs
  • Body aches and fever
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Visible bulges (due to bone spurs)

How is Pott’s disease diagnosed and treated?

Potts disease_xray For the proper detection of Pott’s disease, a detailed diagnosis of both the respiratory manifestations and the joint ailments is very necessary. For the detection of Tuberculosis, the following diagnostic tests are preferable-

  • Chest X-ray (to examine the condition of the lungs)
  • Sputum cultures (to look for the presence of bacteria)
  • Blood culture
  • Tissue biopsy (to check for the possibilities of cancer)
  • Mantoux Tuberculin skin tests ( results are positive in 84-95% of the patients having Pott’s disease)
  • Nucleic acid amplification test

In addition to the above tests, the doctors also advise the patients to get the following laboratory examinations done in order to detect the extent of the joint problems-

  • Blood tests: The patients generally show an elevated level of C-reactive protein (CRP) and ESR. This is not necessarily related to the degree of inflammation since people having very serious inflammation often have normal or close to normal values of CRP and ESR. An ESR greater than 100 mm/h indicates Pott’s disease. Complete blood count (CBC) is often carried out in order to detect if leukocytosis has occurred or not.
  • Genetic tests: These are required to test for HLA-B27. Above 90% of the patients diagnosed with AS have been tested positive for HLA-B27.
  • BASDAI: The Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) gives a measure of the inflammatory burden of the existing diseases.
  • Schober’s test: It measures the flexion of the lumbar spine during the preliminary physical examination.

The radiographs of the spine yield the following results-

  • Collapse of the vertebral body
  • Osteoporosis of the vertebral endplates
  • Destruction of the intervertebral discs
  • Fusiform paravertebral shadows (indicates abscess formation)
  • Bone lesions

Pott's disease _thoracicThe first line of treatment for Pott’s disease is the surgical debridement of the entire focus of the tubercular infection. Administration of anti-tubercular medications is done before and after the surgery. This procedure is followed by the surgical reconstruction of the spine.

The treatment protocol is formulated based on the presence or absence of neurological involvement. In case of neurological involvement usually, pharmacotherapy is preferred over surgery. The anti-tubercular medications employed in the pharmacotherapy are Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Ethambutol, and Pyrazinamide.

Is it preventable?

If you have been diagnosed with tuberculosis, it is highly important for you to undergo extensive treatment to completely cure this condition.  When tuberculosis is not treated appropriately or if there is any delay in the treatment, it can result in spreading of the disease to the surrounding tissues.  In some cases, it can affect the spinal cord as well as the vertebral joints.

If you are facing problems with vitamin D, there is a possibility that your musculoskeletal system is not strong enough to withstand the infection and can lead to the breaking of the bone easily.  It is recommended to have adequate vitamin D levels so that calcium is absorbed from the food we eat and provide a healthy musculoskeletal system.

Facts

  • In pott’s disease paralysis might result from the compression of the spine.
  • Spinal tuberculosis accounts for around 2 % of all the tuberculosis cases.
  • According to the World Health Organization (W.H.O), approximately one-third of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis.

Facts

  • In the year 2016, there were approximately 10.4 million new cases of tuberculosis diagnosed worldwide.
  • The spinal cord works independently. In certain cases, the spinal cord can directly send signals to the muscles without any stimulation from the brain. This is known as the spinal reflex.

Facts

  • An astronaut can grow an inch or two after returning from space as the spinal cord is composed of around 25% of cartilage. Gravity has an impact on height and the cartilage disks expand. We are tallest when we first awaken in the morning as the gravity causes a shrinking effect throughout the day.

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

As per statistics, 3% of all tuberculosis cases progress further to affect the musculoskeletal system. However, the spine remains the most affected part in such cases. Co-morbidity of Pott’s disease with HIV is quite common. This is because Pott’s disease progresses rapidly (and is often misdiagnosed) in immunocompromised patients. Though death due to Pott’s disease is rare, spinal complications are severely disabling.
Globally, more than 2 billion people are carriers of the mycobacterium tuberculosis but not all of them develop symptoms. The bacteria usually spread via respiratory droplets. Theoretically speaking, any part of the human body can infected by TB, but it mostly affects the lymph nodes, bones, meninges (brain membranes). If the infection is prevalent in body parts other than the lungs, such as the spine or joints, it is called as extra-pulmonary TB. In such cases, the infection is not contagious.
Globally, 1% of all TB patients show cardiac symptoms. Cardiac tuberculosis is also treated as extra-pulmonary TB. The prevalence of cardiac TB is high in HIV patients. The most common symptom of cardiac TB is pericardial effusion or fluid accumulation in the membrane that surrounds the heart. It may also result in thickening of the cardiac membrane (constrictive pericarditis). Since, this condition often goes undiagnosed in the early stages; mortality rate associated with cardiac TB is quite high. The tell-tale signs of cardiac TB are – short breath, sudden weight loss, chest pain, and swelling of ankles. Several studies also indicate that TB and atherosclerosis-related conditions such as stroke are largely co-related.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Visit your general physician if you observe symptoms like a persistent cough, coughing up blood, weight loss, malaise, night sweats, fever etc.
  • Get screened for a latent TB infection in case you are susceptible to the infection (HIV AIDS patients, health care workers, IV drug users, individuals in contact with TB patients).
  • Get a CT scan or MRI to confirm the diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis.
Don'ts
  • Stop the treatment in between. In case the treatment is stopped mid-way, there are possibilities of developing a drug-resistant strain of TB which is difficult to cure.
  • Self-medicate. Consult a registered general physician and get treated.
  • Miss the regular dose of medications. Follow the treatment protocol religiously.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a particular liver enzyme…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and are hence indicative…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
abdominal-CT-scan- image
Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that provides a clear picture of the state of internal…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body is infected by…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
Ferritin blood test
Ferritin Test Ferritin test is a blood test that provides vital information on the level of RBCs and iron in…
Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are non-invasive breathing tests employed for diagnosing and monitoring lung diseases such as bronchitis
folate test
Folate test The Folate test is used to measure and monitor the levels of folic acid in the blood. The…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG antibodies present in…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon dioxide can prove…
HELICOBACTER_PYLORI---IgG
Helicobacter Pylori – IgG Test Helicobacter pylori IgG test is a blood, saliva, and urine test performed to determine if the patien is…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in the blood (serum)…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in the blood and…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
RHEUMATOID_FACTOR_(RF)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Rheumatoid factor or RF is a blood test used to diagnose painful joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a particular protein called…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
serum electrolyte test
Serum Electrolyte If there is an electrolyte imbalance in the body, a serum electrolyte test will help to find out…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
lipoprotein A
Lipoprotein (A) Test Lipoprotein (A) test is used to measure and monitor the levels of LDL(Low-Density Lipoprotein) in the bloodstream in…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of health benefits. Discover…
POSTPRANDIAL-BLOOD-SUGAR
Post-Prandial Blood Sugar Postprandial blood sugar test is an important diabetes diagnosing tool. This simple blood test measure the level of…
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is intended to look at the abnormalities in the ureters, bladder, and urethra, to assist surgeries performed…
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount of the protein…
Free T3 test
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) Test The free triiodothyronine or FT3 test is an important blood test that is used to detect the level…
TPAB test
Treponema Pallidum Antibody(TPAB) test Treponema pallidum bacteria a gram-negative bacteria that has helically coiled, corkscrew-shaped cells, responsible for STDs such as syphilis.
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
EMA antibodies
Endomysial Antibodies (EMA) Test EMA test is an investigative blood examination to locate the presence of certain antibodies, called Endomysial antibodies or…
random blood sugar test
Random Blood Sugar Test The random blood sugar or RBS test is a blood test prescribed mainly to check the level of…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is present in the…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG class of beta…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health benefits of using…
Tart Cherry: The healthiest excuse for taking that second serving of pie Tart cherry has been traditionally used in delectable desserts such as pies. Recent studies have revealed that its…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself is a detoxifying…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell breakdown. A bilirubin…
DHEAS test
DHEA Sulfate (DHEAS) Test DHEAS or DHEA Sulfate test is prescribed if an individual shows symptoms of abnormal adrenal actvity such as…
oral hygiene tips
6 shocking consequences of bad oral hygiene (and how to avoid them) Did you know bad breath is not just turning off, but also harms your body in ways you…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more about carb cycling,…
Colloidal silver benefits
Colloidal silver: An essential dietary supplement or yet another pharmaceutical hoax? Colloidal silver is hailed as an effective home remedy for infections. Many believe it can treat HIV and…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
Helicobacter pylori IGA
Helicobacter Pylori – IgA Test The H.pylori IgA test is a blood test used to identify the level of IgA antigen in the…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic Resistance: How common diseases become deadly Can a cold kill you? How important is to get a flu shot? Why do antibiotics fail against…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
Horny Goat Weed: Can it improve libido in human beings too? This plant got its name as Horny Goat Weed when one of the goats feeding on the plant…
Epley maneuver: Why is this the best protection from the symptoms of vertigo? Epley maneuver is an exercise that can treat the symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).  It was…
blood elements analysis
Blood Element Analysis Test A blood element analysis is a blood test performed to measure the level of toxic elements such as…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
Creatine: Is this the right peak athletic-performance supplement for you? Creatine is the amino acid that boosts our energy. Did you know creatine supplements can help you reach…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
Cayenne: The remarkable benefits of these red hot chili peppers These may make you rush for a glass of water, but cayenne pepper is actually a healthy additive…
Urologist: When should you visit one and why? A urologist can treat not only genitourinary problems of both men and women but also can treat various…
Chondroitin spine health
9 amazing ways chondroitin can help you bounce back to health Chondroitin is naturally found in meat, especially in the connective tissues of animals. Chondroitin works by reducing the…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
glucose-tolerance
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test – GTT Glucose tolerance test (or Oral GTT) is used to detect the onset of diabetes or prediabetes conditions. It…
beta hcg test
Beta hCG Test A Beta hCG test measures the level of human gonadotropin hormones present in the blood that is primarliy…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…
cold flu sinus treatment
How to beat the common cold, flu, and sinus infection instantly? Can you guess some of the easiest tricks to treat cold and sinus infections? How are these different…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the most powerful antioxidant…
Lauric Acid: 8 health benefits you can derive from coconuts Appropriate use of saturated fats containing lauric acid can provide you numerous health benefits. This is the main…
Is bronchitis contagious? And how to prevent this infection? It is acute bronchitis that is contagious which means you can contract it from another person or you…
Top reasons why you need to pay attention to your vitamin B6 intake Vitamin B6- An essential water-soluble vitamin. Its deficiency leads to physical changes such as sores & glossy tongue…
Crossfit with rope
CrossFit: Now get the perfectly sculpted body with this explosive gym routine CrossFit is a fitness regimen that makes use of high-intensity exercises in a shorter period to achieve muscle…
ketoacidosis diabetes
HB1Ac Test HB1Ac test is an important blood test that is used to measure the levels of glycated hemoglobin in…
EEG
Electroencephalogram – EEG EEG or electroencephalogram is a diagnostic tool used to access the functioning of neurons and brain activity to…
Chest X-Ray A chest x-ray is a diagnostic test that uses x-rays to visualize the structures inside your chest. It…
erythropoetin test
Erythropoietin (EPO) Test Erythropoetin stimulates the production of RBCs in bone marrow thus an erythropoetin test is done to diagnose blood…
aspartame or sugar
Aspartame – Hidden truths about this storm in a teacup Aspartame, the artificial sweetener, has gone under the scanner on several occasions for allegedly doing more harm than…
boost brain health
The ultimate tips on how to boost your brain health Would you like to be smarter? Want a sharp memory but bored of doing sudoku? Try salsa or…
xylitol gum
Xylitol : Is this the right sugar substitute for you? Discovered during World War 2 owing to sugar shortage, xylitol has become a common name in pharamaceutical industry.…
Vitamin B12: The unknown repercussions of this nutrient deficiency Vitamin B12 is also known as cobalamine; involved in the development of red blood cells in the bone marrow.…
Water Fasting: What are the pros and cons of this practice? Fasting is defined as a procedure that involves the restriction of food intake. This practice has been widely…
Oxalates: How healthy greens can sometimes be bad news for your kidneys Oxalates are compounds present in a majority of healthy foods. However, at times an overconsumption of these could…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
Internal bleeding brain
Beware: Ignoring these tell-tale signs of stroke could cost a life The signs and symptoms of a stroke differ depending on which part of the brain has been affected.…
arterial-blood-gas
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Arterial blood gas analysis is a diagnostic procedure used to determine the volume of oxygen and carbon dioxide…
ANTI-MICROSOMAL-ANTIBODY-(AMA)
Anti-Microsomal Antibody AMA Test AMA or anti-microsomal antibody test is a blood test that measures the activity of AMA in the body…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 igm
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgM The Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgM test detects IgM class of antibodies in the blood.The presence of beta-2…
copper serum test
Copper Serum Test Copper serum test checks for abnormal levels of copper in the body. Both high and low levels of…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk of several deadliest…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…