Cervical Polyps

CERVICAL POLYPS pain

Last Updated October 23rd, 2019

The removal of cervical polyp is known as polypectomy. This is usually done by the use of forceps (polyp forceps). The polyp is gently twisted and removed from the cervix. It may result in bleeding, but usually, it is not much. The patient may be prescribed antibiotics (to cut the risk of infection at the site) and painkillers. The removed polyp is then sent for further investigation, i.e, does it have any signs of metastasis (cancer) or not.
Studies reveal that 2/3rd of women who have cervical polyp will show no symptoms. However, in the remaining population this could be the cause of irregular and heavy periods that are extremely painful. Cervical polyps are also the reason why some women may experience bleeding after intercourse. When a polyp grows in size, even it is non-cancerous in nature; it can result in a lot of discomfort and complications. This is because as the polyp grows it starts exerted pressure on the neighboring tissues. Hence, at times, cervical polyp removal may be recommended by the doctor based on the severity of the symptoms.
Going by the figures, the risk of a cervical polyp turning malignant is 1-2% in women (this risk increases slightly high, 5-6% in menopausal women). It has been observed that 99% of all cases of cervical cancers can be linked to HPV. This virus is extremely contagious and spreads through sexual contact. According to WHO, every year 311,000 women die as result of cervical cancer and almost 70% of the deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. People who are immunocompromised are more vulnerable to the onslaught of HPV and also the infection turning malignant. The best and most effective way of preventing this is vaccination. Routine exams and screening can also help detect abnormal cervical lesions.
While doctors are still unsure as to what is the exact cause of cervical polyp formation, these growths can be linked to – high estrogen levels, inflammation, and clogged blood vessels (in the cervical region). Inflammation of the cervix can occur due to many reasons such as infections (bacterial and/or yeast), miscarriage, pregnancy, and abortion. Amongst these, an infection by the HPV or human papilloma virus is the most critical risk factor that can put the woman under cervical cancer radar.

What Are Polyps?

Polyps are abnormal fleshy tumors that can arise within hollow organs such as the large intestine, stomach, urinary bladder and even the nose. Generally, these are benign but sometimes, as in the case of certain types of colon polyps, they can exhibit characteristics of malignancy. Typically, they are either flat or bulbous in form, projecting into the cavity of the organ. Polyps may appear singly, scattered or clustered together. Often, they develop as a consequence of chronic irritation or inflammation of the delicate mucosal tissues lining the inside of the organ. Such abnormal growths are sometimes also seen projecting from the cervix of the uterus.

What Are Cervical Polyps?

The cervix of the uterus is the short passage that links the hollow uterine cavity with the vagina. Sometimes, abnormal growths called polyps can appear in the cervix. These are known as cervical polyps. Tumors of this sort seldom appear in premenopausal females. Cervical polyps are common and mostly benign but in a small percentage of the cases, they may be linked with cancer.

What Do They Look Like?

CERVICAL POLYPS HPVSuch growths appear like fleshy bulbous structures on stems, appearing singly or in groups of two or three. They may protrude from the cervical canal or from the ectocervix, the portion of the cervix that bulges out into the vagina. They may be red or purplish in appearance with a smooth surface.

What Causes Polyps To Arise In the Uterine Cervix?

The true cause for the formation of these abnormal structures remains unclear. However, there are a number of theories that have been proposed. The list below outlines these in brief:

  • Chronic irritation and inflammation of the cervix. This can occur due to untreated sexually transmitted infections. Sometimes, chemicals present in spermicide gels, condoms or cervical diaphragms can irritate the cervix. Over the long term, this can induce abnormal changes in the cells. Inflammation could also arise as a consequence of pregnancy or surgical procedures.
  • Congestion or blockage of blood vessels.
  • Increased levels of the female hormone estrogen.

The list below outlines some risk factors:

  • Women who have attained menarche are at risk of developing cervical polyps.
  • The risk is higher for women who have had multiple pregnancies.
  • Having a history of cervical polyps.
  • Having an untreated sexually transmitted infection, since this can give rise to cervical inflammation.

What Are Signs Of Having Cervical Polyps?

CERVICAL POLYPS painSometimes these growths are painless which means that they can go undetected for extended periods of time. When they do give rise to symptoms, the most common sign is that of abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting. A more extensive list of symptoms appears below:

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge, white or yellowish in color.
  • Bleeding or spotting after sexual intercourse.
  • Bleeding or spotting following vaginal douching.
  • Spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods.
  • Unusually heavy bleeding during menstrual periods.
  • Bleeding in postmenopausal women.

What Are The Different Types Of Cervical Polyps?

Depending on the specific site of origin, polyps of the uterine cervix may be classified into two broad categories. The uterine cervix is roughly cylindrical in form and serves as a sort of vestibule or link between the vagina and the hollow cavity of the uterus. The lower section of the cervix that bulges into the top of the vaginal canal is known as the ectocervix and it opens into the vagina through a small aperture called the external os. This opening is linked to another one facing the inside of the uterus and known as the internal os. These two openings are linked by a 2-3cm long stretch called the cervical canal or endocervix.

  • Ectocervical polyps originate in the ectocervix, generally from the cells forming the outermost lining of the ectocervix.
  • Endocervical polyps arise in the cervical canal. The endocervix contains glands that secrete mucus and polyps can develop from these structures. Endocervical polyps are by far the more common type.

What Are Some Complications To Watch Out For?

These polyps can become inflamed or infected. In such cases, the patient may notice a change in their vaginal discharge. Some may notice a yellowish discharge. Polyps that grow especially large can actually block the external os. Since it is through this aperture that sperms pass onward into the uterus and fallopian tubes, obstruction of the external os by a polyp can actually lead to infertility.

Most often, cervical cancer is associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus can be acquired through unprotected sexual contact and often causes genital warts. However, certain high-risk strains of the virus are capable of giving rise to cervical cancer. Although cervical polyps are generally benign, it is estimated that in 1% of instances, they could show signs of precancerous changes in the cells.  

How Is This Condition Diagnosed And Treated?

Since cervical polyps have a tendency to remain asymptomatic and painless, they are often discovered while conducting routine gynecological examinations or for other symptomatic conditions. In general, the following procedures can help a gynecologist diagnose cervical polyps:

  • Medical history.
  • Pelvic examination.
  • Tissue biopsy to detect possible signs of neoplastic changes.

Strictly speaking, polyps may not need to be removed as long as they are painless and asymptomatic. However, doctors do recommend surgical removal of polyps once diagnosed, particularly those that are large or unusually shaped. This can be done by means of a fairly straightforward procedure called polypectomy. However, recurrence or reappearance of the growth even after removal is quite possible. In fact, in as many as 12.5% or an eighth of all cases of polypectomy, the growths are found to recur.  

Prevention is mainly by protection against infections and avoiding foodstuffs with man-made estrogens. Avoiding chemical estrogens is possible by not heating food in plastic containers.

In case you have been diagnosed with cervical polyps, it would be wise to keep getting regular checkups done. As mentioned, cervical polyps can become malignant. Also, sexually transmitted virus such as the HPV can also result in cervical cancer. This disease is one of the leading causes of death among women worldwide. The best way to reduce the risk of cervical cancer is by increasing your antioxidant intake. Antioxidants are compounds that combat the damaging effects of free radicals.

These free radicals lead to high inflammation in the body and often this chronic inflammation paves the way to cancer. Recent studies have indicated that the EGCG compounds present in green tea extract have shown remarkable cancer-fighting properties. This natural extract has been identified as a potent anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory agent and has protective effects on human cervical lesions.Here is a great green tea extract formula packaged in easy to pop in capsules for you. Buy now!

Facts

  • Cervical polyps usually occur in about 2 – 5% of females.

Facts

  • Cervical polyps usually occur in females over 20 years of age who have had children.
  • It is estimated that around 99% of the cervical polyps are benign and have a size less than 1 cm.

Facts

  • In most of the cases, females have only one polyp; however, some females may have two or three polyps.

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The removal of cervical polyp is known as polypectomy. This is usually done by the use of forceps (polyp forceps). The polyp is gently twisted and removed from the cervix. It may result in bleeding, but usually, it is not much. The patient may be prescribed antibiotics (to cut the risk of infection at the site) and painkillers. The removed polyp is then sent for further investigation, i.e, does it have any signs of metastasis (cancer) or not.
Studies reveal that 2/3rd of women who have cervical polyp will show no symptoms. However, in the remaining population this could be the cause of irregular and heavy periods that are extremely painful. Cervical polyps are also the reason why some women may experience bleeding after intercourse. When a polyp grows in size, even it is non-cancerous in nature; it can result in a lot of discomfort and complications. This is because as the polyp grows it starts exerted pressure on the neighboring tissues. Hence, at times, cervical polyp removal may be recommended by the doctor based on the severity of the symptoms.
Going by the figures, the risk of a cervical polyp turning malignant is 1-2% in women (this risk increases slightly high, 5-6% in menopausal women). It has been observed that 99% of all cases of cervical cancers can be linked to HPV. This virus is extremely contagious and spreads through sexual contact. According to WHO, every year 311,000 women die as result of cervical cancer and almost 70% of the deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. People who are immunocompromised are more vulnerable to the onslaught of HPV and also the infection turning malignant. The best and most effective way of preventing this is vaccination. Routine exams and screening can also help detect abnormal cervical lesions.
While doctors are still unsure as to what is the exact cause of cervical polyp formation, these growths can be linked to – high estrogen levels, inflammation, and clogged blood vessels (in the cervical region). Inflammation of the cervix can occur due to many reasons such as infections (bacterial and/or yeast), miscarriage, pregnancy, and abortion. Amongst these, an infection by the HPV or human papilloma virus is the most critical risk factor that can put the woman under cervical cancer radar.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Use cotton underpants, which do not block the air circulation. This will keep the infections at bay by keeping the area cool and dry.
  • Practice safe sex. The use of condoms during sexual intercourse can prevent you from infections.
  • Get yourself checked regularly by a registered medical practitioner. Regular pelvic exams and Pap tests are a must.
Don'ts
  • Consume meats and dairy products that contain xenoestrogens (man-made chemicals that are similar to estrogen).
  • Eat foodstuff heated in plastic containers as chemical estrogens are released into the food in this case.
  • Ignore vaginal spotting between periods, after sexual intercourse, after menopause, after douching etc. Seek medical attention for it.

 

 

 

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What does hypoglycemia look like when you don’t have diabetes? Hypoglycemia is not just a disease that co-occurs with diabetes. Non-diabetics could also become hypoglycemic. Hypoglycemia can be…
Hysteroscopy_procedure
Hysteroscopy Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive tool to help specialists view the uterus to diagnose and even treat several…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG class of beta…
Diabetes blood test
Diabetic Profile The diabetic profile is a set of tests used for testing and monitoring the various kinds of Diabetes…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
macadamia nuts in food
Proven health benefits and nutrition of macadamia nuts Know all about scientific, amazing health benefits of macadamia nuts, its nutrition, recipes, how to consume, price and…
macadamia nuts in food
Proven health benefits and nutrition of macadamia nuts Know all about scientific, amazing health benefits of macadamia nuts, its nutrition, recipes, how to consume, price and…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
kefir bottle
Kefir: Top reasons why this probiotic drink should be consumed by you Yet another remarkable fermented food, kefir is a much healthier version of yogurt. These chewy white grains can…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It is edible and…
Agave nectar: The bitter truth about this sweetener revealed Agave nectar is considered to be sweeter than the normal table sugar and even contains higher amounts of…
Did you know drinking alkaline water could be the healthier choice for you? Ever wondered how safe is your drinking water in terms of pH? Recent studies have revealed that Alkaline…
Find all the instant ways to get rid of blackheads Blackheads - Not only are they aesthetically unappealing but if left untreated these can cause bacterial overgrowth on…
Oxidative Stress: Understanding the most lethal phenomenon happening in your body right now Free radicals cause damage to the body, which is known as oxidation.  The amount of oxidation caused by…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
colposcopy
Colposcopy Colposcopy is a simple, quick and non- invasive diagnostic tool to look closely inside the vulva, vagina, and…
hepatitis B envelope antigen
Hepatitis B Envelope Antigen (HBeAg) The HBeAg or hepatitis B envelope antigen test is a screening test used to diagnose the onset of…
complement c4 test
Anemia Profile Anemia Profile test (Basic) is a blood screening test that measures the levels of important components of the…
blood ketone test
Blood Ketone (D3HB) Test The Blood Ketone Test measures and monitors the levels of ketone in the blood which is usually performed…
immunoglobulin M
Immunoglobulin M Test Immunoglobulin M is the largest and the first produced antibody which helps in the prevention or fighting of…
Beware of these common foods that cause high bodily inflammation! Maybe its the long list of inflammatory foods in your diet that is making you frequently sick. Find…
How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
Oxalates: How healthy greens can sometimes be bad news for your kidneys Oxalates are compounds present in a majority of healthy foods. However, at times an overconsumption of these could…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
11 unbelievable health benefits of thyme you didn’t know! Thyme is a herb that has been used in alternative medicine.It is a well known seasoning in the…
Coffee Enema: Turn your favorite morning beverage into a powerful colon cleanser The wonders of coffee are not just limited to waking you up every morning. You can now use…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody (tTG) Test Transglutaminase is an enzyme present in our body and is involved in protein metabolism. A tTg test is…
iron deficiency profile
Iron Deficiency Profile An iron deficiency profile is a battery of blood tests which are performed in order to determine the…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
quinoa salad
Quinoa : A prodigious superfood you need to include in your diet today! Quinoa - what is so special about this native South American grain that has taken the world by…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
avocado benefits
Avocado: 15 reasons why this fruit should be a staple in your diet Did you know that the word avocado literally means "testicles". Don't get grossed out as this power-packed fruit…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out how you can…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is another remarkable addition.…
The right way to prepare Alfalfa sprouts at home Alfalfa or lusan ghas is not just a nutritious animal fodder. This flavonoid-rich herb has some amazing health…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
C-Reactive Protein Test A CRP or c-reactive protein blood test is an important diagnostic tool used to determine the risk of…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
vdrl test syphilis
VDRL Test The VDRL test is a blood test that is used to diagnose sexually transmitted or venereal diseases, primarily…
shoudler exercises
Keep your shoulders pain-free with these shoulder exercises Shoulder exercises are important in order to prevent chronic back and neck pain. Learn more about how you…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…