Cervical Polyps

CERVICAL POLYPS pain

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

The removal of cervical polyp is known as polypectomy. This is usually done by the use of forceps (polyp forceps). The polyp is gently twisted and removed from the cervix. It may result in bleeding, but usually, it is not much. The patient may be prescribed antibiotics (to cut the risk of infection at the site) and painkillers. The removed polyp is then sent for further investigation, i.e, does it have any signs of metastasis (cancer) or not.
Studies reveal that 2/3rd of women who have cervical polyp will show no symptoms. However, in the remaining population this could be the cause of irregular and heavy periods that are extremely painful. Cervical polyps are also the reason why some women may experience bleeding after intercourse. When a polyp grows in size, even it is non-cancerous in nature; it can result in a lot of discomfort and complications. This is because as the polyp grows it starts exerted pressure on the neighboring tissues. Hence, at times, cervical polyp removal may be recommended by the doctor based on the severity of the symptoms.
Going by the figures, the risk of a cervical polyp turning malignant is 1-2% in women (this risk increases slightly high, 5-6% in menopausal women). It has been observed that 99% of all cases of cervical cancers can be linked to HPV. This virus is extremely contagious and spreads through sexual contact. According to WHO, every year 311,000 women die as result of cervical cancer and almost 70% of the deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. People who are immunocompromised are more vulnerable to the onslaught of HPV and also the infection turning malignant. The best and most effective way of preventing this is vaccination. Routine exams and screening can also help detect abnormal cervical lesions.
While doctors are still unsure as to what is the exact cause of cervical polyp formation, these growths can be linked to – high estrogen levels, inflammation, and clogged blood vessels (in the cervical region). Inflammation of the cervix can occur due to many reasons such as infections (bacterial and/or yeast), miscarriage, pregnancy, and abortion. Amongst these, an infection by the HPV or human papilloma virus is the most critical risk factor that can put the woman under cervical cancer radar.

What Are Polyps?

Polyps are abnormal fleshy tumors that can arise within hollow organs such as the large intestine, stomach, urinary bladder and even the nose. Generally, these are benign but sometimes, as in the case of certain types of colon polyps, they can exhibit characteristics of malignancy. Typically, they are either flat or bulbous in form, projecting into the cavity of the organ. Polyps may appear singly, scattered or clustered together. Often, they develop as a consequence of chronic irritation or inflammation of the delicate mucosal tissues lining the inside of the organ. Such abnormal growths are sometimes also seen projecting from the cervix of the uterus.

What Are Cervical Polyps?

The cervix of the uterus is the short passage that links the hollow uterine cavity with the vagina. Sometimes, abnormal growths called polyps can appear in the cervix. These are known as cervical polyps. Tumors of this sort seldom appear in premenopausal females. Cervical polyps are common and mostly benign but in a small percentage of the cases, they may be linked with cancer.

What Do They Look Like?

CERVICAL POLYPS HPVSuch growths appear like fleshy bulbous structures on stems, appearing singly or in groups of two or three. They may protrude from the cervical canal or from the ectocervix, the portion of the cervix that bulges out into the vagina. They may be red or purplish in appearance with a smooth surface.

What Causes Polyps To Arise In the Uterine Cervix?

The true cause for the formation of these abnormal structures remains unclear. However, there are a number of theories that have been proposed. The list below outlines these in brief:

  • Chronic irritation and inflammation of the cervix. This can occur due to untreated sexually transmitted infections. Sometimes, chemicals present in spermicide gels, condoms or cervical diaphragms can irritate the cervix. Over the long term, this can induce abnormal changes in the cells. Inflammation could also arise as a consequence of pregnancy or surgical procedures.
  • Congestion or blockage of blood vessels.
  • Increased levels of the female hormone estrogen.

The list below outlines some risk factors:

  • Women who have attained menarche are at risk of developing cervical polyps.
  • The risk is higher for women who have had multiple pregnancies.
  • Having a history of cervical polyps.
  • Having an untreated sexually transmitted infection, since this can give rise to cervical inflammation.

What Are Signs Of Having Cervical Polyps?

CERVICAL POLYPS painSometimes these growths are painless which means that they can go undetected for extended periods of time. When they do give rise to symptoms, the most common sign is that of abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting. A more extensive list of symptoms appears below:

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge, white or yellowish in color.
  • Bleeding or spotting after sexual intercourse.
  • Bleeding or spotting following vaginal douching.
  • Spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods.
  • Unusually heavy bleeding during menstrual periods.
  • Bleeding in postmenopausal women.

What Are The Different Types Of Cervical Polyps?

Depending on the specific site of origin, polyps of the uterine cervix may be classified into two broad categories. The uterine cervix is roughly cylindrical in form and serves as a sort of vestibule or link between the vagina and the hollow cavity of the uterus. The lower section of the cervix that bulges into the top of the vaginal canal is known as the ectocervix and it opens into the vagina through a small aperture called the external os. This opening is linked to another one facing the inside of the uterus and known as the internal os. These two openings are linked by a 2-3cm long stretch called the cervical canal or endocervix.

  • Ectocervical polyps originate in the ectocervix, generally from the cells forming the outermost lining of the ectocervix.
  • Endocervical polyps arise in the cervical canal. The endocervix contains glands that secrete mucus and polyps can develop from these structures. Endocervical polyps are by far the more common type.

What Are Some Complications To Watch Out For?

These polyps can become inflamed or infected. In such cases, the patient may notice a change in their vaginal discharge. Some may notice a yellowish discharge. Polyps that grow especially large can actually block the external os. Since it is through this aperture that sperms pass onward into the uterus and fallopian tubes, obstruction of the external os by a polyp can actually lead to infertility.

Most often, cervical cancer is associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus can be acquired through unprotected sexual contact and often causes genital warts. However, certain high-risk strains of the virus are capable of giving rise to cervical cancer. Although cervical polyps are generally benign, it is estimated that in 1% of instances, they could show signs of precancerous changes in the cells.  

How Is This Condition Diagnosed And Treated?

Since cervical polyps have a tendency to remain asymptomatic and painless, they are often discovered while conducting routine gynecological examinations or for other symptomatic conditions. In general, the following procedures can help a gynecologist diagnose cervical polyps:

  • Medical history.
  • Pelvic examination.
  • Tissue biopsy to detect possible signs of neoplastic changes.

Strictly speaking, polyps may not need to be removed as long as they are painless and asymptomatic. However, doctors do recommend surgical removal of polyps once diagnosed, particularly those that are large or unusually shaped. This can be done by means of a fairly straightforward procedure called polypectomy. However, recurrence or reappearance of the growth even after removal is quite possible. In fact, in as many as 12.5% or an eighth of all cases of polypectomy, the growths are found to recur.  

Prevention is mainly by protection against infections and avoiding foodstuffs with man-made estrogens. Avoiding chemical estrogens is possible by not heating food in plastic containers.

In case you have been diagnosed with cervical polyps, it would be wise to keep getting regular checkups done. As mentioned, cervical polyps can become malignant. Also, sexually transmitted virus such as the HPV can also result in cervical cancer. This disease is one of the leading causes of death among women worldwide. The best way to reduce the risk of cervical cancer is by increasing your antioxidant intake. Antioxidants are compounds that combat the damaging effects of free radicals.

These free radicals lead to high inflammation in the body and often this chronic inflammation paves the way to cancer. Recent studies have indicated that the EGCG compounds present in green tea extract have shown remarkable cancer-fighting properties. This natural extract has been identified as a potent anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory agent and has protective effects on human cervical lesions.Here is a great green tea extract formula packaged in easy to pop in capsules for you. Buy now!

The removal of cervical polyp is known as polypectomy. This is usually done by the use of forceps (polyp forceps). The polyp is gently twisted and removed from the cervix. It may result in bleeding, but usually, it is not much. The patient may be prescribed antibiotics (to cut the risk of infection at the site) and painkillers. The removed polyp is then sent for further investigation, i.e, does it have any signs of metastasis (cancer) or not.
Studies reveal that 2/3rd of women who have cervical polyp will show no symptoms. However, in the remaining population this could be the cause of irregular and heavy periods that are extremely painful. Cervical polyps are also the reason why some women may experience bleeding after intercourse. When a polyp grows in size, even it is non-cancerous in nature; it can result in a lot of discomfort and complications. This is because as the polyp grows it starts exerted pressure on the neighboring tissues. Hence, at times, cervical polyp removal may be recommended by the doctor based on the severity of the symptoms.
Going by the figures, the risk of a cervical polyp turning malignant is 1-2% in women (this risk increases slightly high, 5-6% in menopausal women). It has been observed that 99% of all cases of cervical cancers can be linked to HPV. This virus is extremely contagious and spreads through sexual contact. According to WHO, every year 311,000 women die as result of cervical cancer and almost 70% of the deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. People who are immunocompromised are more vulnerable to the onslaught of HPV and also the infection turning malignant. The best and most effective way of preventing this is vaccination. Routine exams and screening can also help detect abnormal cervical lesions.
While doctors are still unsure as to what is the exact cause of cervical polyp formation, these growths can be linked to – high estrogen levels, inflammation, and clogged blood vessels (in the cervical region). Inflammation of the cervix can occur due to many reasons such as infections (bacterial and/or yeast), miscarriage, pregnancy, and abortion. Amongst these, an infection by the HPV or human papilloma virus is the most critical risk factor that can put the woman under cervical cancer radar.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Use cotton underpants, which do not block the air circulation. This will keep the infections at bay by keeping the area cool and dry.
  • Practice safe sex. The use of condoms during sexual intercourse can prevent you from infections.
  • Get yourself checked regularly by a registered medical practitioner. Regular pelvic exams and Pap tests are a must.
Don'ts
  • Consume meats and dairy products that contain xenoestrogens (man-made chemicals that are similar to estrogen).
  • Eat foodstuff heated in plastic containers as chemical estrogens are released into the food in this case.
  • Ignore vaginal spotting between periods, after sexual intercourse, after menopause, after douching etc. Seek medical attention for it.

 

 

 

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Liver Function Test – LFT LFT or Liver Function Test is a blood test used to determine the levels of hepatic enzymes which…
CEA_test
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test CEA or carcinoembryonic test detects the presence of CEA antigen in your blood mainly & determines the effectiveness…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
amylase test
Amylase Test Amylase test is done by checking the level of this protein in the blood sample and also in…
HSV-1_IGG
Herpes Simplex Virus I (HSV)-IgG Test Herpes simplex virus I(HSV)-IgG is an Immunoglobulin protein that acts as an antibody & stays in the blood…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
oral hygiene tips
6 shocking consequences of bad oral hygiene (and how to avoid them) Did you know bad breath is not just turning off, but also harms your body in ways you…
gout diet purines
Gout Diet : Get relief from painful joints by eating these foods Are you a victim of this painful condition? Are medications providing only short relief? Find a list of…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
Goji berry: A traditional Chinese berry that packs the best of antioxidants Goji berry is an ancient berry that is considered to be power-packed with nutrients and antioxidants. Which means…
What to eat, what not to eat in the South Beach Diet? The South Beach Diet is one among the most popular weight loss programs that have been the talk…
GERD heartburn
Heartburn: What are the exact symptoms and the best home remedies? There are easy home remedies for heartburn, which not only acts as a first aid when you experience…
Ear pain model
Easy and safe tips for ear wax removal you can do at home Cerumen impaction generally occurs when an external object like cotton swabs are used to remove the ear wax.…
ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a particular liver enzyme…
Anti-CCP Test – Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Anti-ccp or ACCP test is a blood test that is primarily employed to diagnose the onset of rheumatoid…
fructosamine test
Fructosamine Test A fructosamine test measures blood sugar glucose content. Fructosamine level can indicate blood sugar level in past 2-3…
antiHEV IgM test
Anti hepatitis E virus (Anti HEV) IgM Test Anti HEV IgM test determines the level of the IgM antibodies in the blood, The disease is often…
iron deficiency profile
Iron Deficiency Profile An iron deficiency profile is a battery of blood tests which are performed in order to determine the…
woman with abdominal pain holding ovulation calendar
Ovulation – facts to know about ovulation Learn how and when ovulation occurs, demystify common misconceptions, identify symptoms, methods of detection and right period for…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
biotin for hair
Biotin: One-stop-shop for shiny hair and an active body! What is common to bananas, eggs, sweet potatoes, and liver? These are delicious and rich in biotin ;…
Psyllium Husk: More than just an effective natural laxative Psyllium husk, or isabgol, is a popular natural laxative . But did you in addition to regulating bowels,…
Tart Cherry: The healthiest excuse for taking that second serving of pie Tart cherry has been traditionally used in delectable desserts such as pies. Recent studies have revealed that its…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test is the most…
The Cabbage Soup Diet: The healthiest way to instant weight loss Cabbage soup diet rapid weight loss diet for those who want to shed those extra pounds in less…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
glucose-tolerance
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test – GTT Glucose tolerance test (or Oral GTT) is used to detect the onset of diabetes or prediabetes conditions. It…
leptospira Igm test
Leptospira-IgM Test A Leptospira-IgM test is a blood test which is carried out to detect anti-Leptospira IgM antibody. Leptospirosis is…
avocado benefits
Avocado: 15 reasons why this fruit should be a staple in your diet Did you know that the word avocado literally means "testicles". Don't get grossed out as this power-packed fruit…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It is edible and…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
How can berberine supplements help you live longer and healthier? Berberine is a turmeric look-alike herbal extract that is credited with numerous health benefits ranging from diabetes cure…
Experts reveal the safest ways to perform an enema at home The idea of pushing some up your rectal area might make you queasy but an enema could actually…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
cystatin C
Cystatin C Test Cystatin C is a specific single-chain protein that is found in body fluids and is a biomarker for…
sodium blood test
Blood Sodium Test A blood sodium test measures the amount of sodium (an important electrolyte) in your body. It is also…
Okra: How can this nutrient-dense vegetable help you fight diabetes? Okra is a food which is rich in nutrients and minerals which are extremely essential for a healthy…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…
aspartame or sugar
Aspartame – Hidden truths about this storm in a teacup Aspartame, the artificial sweetener, has gone under the scanner on several occasions for allegedly doing more harm than…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet can bring all…
DHEA wrinkles
DHEA: Now get unbelievable age defiance with this wonder hormone! DHEA is known popularly as the age-defying hormone. This supplement is widely used to slow down aging and…
Oil of Oregano: The one-stop essential oil you’ve been looking for Are you plagued by a weak immune system? High body inflammation accompanied by pain and infections? Why not…
Shilajit: A miracle Himalayan herb for an active and happy life The Himalayas contain more wonders than you thought. Shilajit is a miracle herb that is widely used in…
Is it possible to achieve full body detox with Master Cleanse? Master cleanse is a diet consisting of a lemonade based beverage, a salt water drink and a herbal…
Love tea, hate tannins? Rooibos tea is just what you need The market is brimming with a multitude of herbal teas. But what makes rooibos tea (or red bush)…
How seitan proved to be a blessing in disguise for vegans worldwide Can only meat-eaters enjoy delicious juicy steaks and burgers? With seitan, the best meat substitute available today,even vegans…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
vdrl test syphilis
VDRL Test The VDRL test is a blood test that is used to diagnose sexually transmitted or venereal diseases, primarily…
piles
Best treatment for piles in Bangalore All you need to know about piles and piles treatment in Bangalore - the types of treatment available,…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
gallbladder diet tomato
Gallbladder surgery :Tips on post-operative care and diet What to eat post a gallbladder surgery? What are the key things to avoid if you had a…
Are you sure you are drinking enough water? Everyone says, drink 8 glasses of water per day. But how much truth is there in this rule…

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