Pseudocyst

PSEUDOCYST pain

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

Overview

There are several types of abnormal growths that can arise in the body. Cancerous tumors, for instance, arise as a result of the uncontrolled growth of certain cells. Certain other types, such as pseudocysts are no more than fluid-filled cavities.

Pseudocysts are invariably benign growths and often disappear on their own when the fluid contained within them is reabsorbed. These develop when there is a leakage of fluids from an injured or inflamed organ such as the pancreas or adrenal glands. Pseudocysts arising in the retina of the eye are a distinct formation and are generally associated with age-related changes in the eye.

Definition

pseudocyst pancreatitisA pseudocyst is an abnormal collection of tissues and fluids that often develops as a result of leakage from an organ such as the adrenal glands, spleen or pancreas. These are usually well-defined entities, often round or ovoid in form. These are known as a ‘pseudo-’ or false cysts since, unlike true cysts, these are not bound by a membrane composed of epithelial cells. Instead, the covering of a pseudocyst is usually made up of smooth connective tissue.

These growths may contain blood and debris of dead tissues. Usually, these are asymptomatic and can subside spontaneously as the fluids within them get reabsorbed by the body. However, they can give rise to pain and obstruct other organs such as the stomach or ureter. Particularly severe complications arise when pseudocysts become the cause for hemorrhage of nearby blood vessels or when they rupture and spill their contents. Pseudocysts may show some amount of calcification in which case they are less likely to resolve on their own.

Causes

The direct cause for the formation of a pseudocyst is usually the leakage of fluids from an organ such as the pancreas or adrenal glands. This can occur due to a number of reasons. Injury, infection, and inflammation are commonly implicated. In the case of the pancreas, any event leading to an obstruction of its ducts can cause pancreatic juices to leak out and form a pseudocyst. This is a common complication associated with pancreatitis or pancreatic inflammation. It is observed that adrenal pseudocysts tend to appear more often in women than in men.

Symptoms

PSEUDOCYST painPseudocysts are often entirely asymptomatic. The larger growths are usually more likely to produce symptoms because they may press against blood vessels or other organs. The most common indication is that of abdominal pain.

  • Abdominal pain.
  • Abdominal bloating.
  • Reduced hunger.
  • Nausea and/or vomiting.
  • Weight loss.
  • Fever.
  • Back pain.

Types of Pseudocysts

Pseudocysts can arise in connection with a number of organs.

  • Pancreatic pseudocyst: These account for about 75% of all cystic growths associated with the pancreas. These growths arise as a result of an obstruction in the ducts of the pancreas which causes its fluids to leak into and collect in the surrounding spaces. This may be attributed to inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), injury or death of pancreatic tissue due to lack of blood supply. A pseudocyst typically arises within a few weeks of an episode of pancreatitis and is one of the most common complications associated with that condition. Often, pancreatic pseudocysts are asymptomatic and resolve on their own. A mediastinal pseudocyst is a rare variant of this type, causing disturbances in the thoracic rather than abdominal region. Patients may have difficulty in breathing and swallowing as a result.
  • Adrenal pseudocyst: The adrenal glands rarely develop cysts. When they do, in most cases these are pseudocysts. The usual cause for this is adrenal hemorrhage, often as a result of an injury. Pseudocysts generally affect one adrenal gland rather than both. These may also arise as result of infection or degeneration of an adrenal tumor.
  • Splenic pseudocyst: These are exceedingly rare and may occur as a result of injury, infection or the death of spleen tissue following a loss of blood supply. Usually, these are asymptomatic and may shrink over time.

Clinical Complications

Pseudocysts can cause damage to nearby blood vessels, resulting in hemorrhage. They may obstruct other organs and disrupt their functioning. For instance, a pancreatic pseudocyst may press against the stomach, intestines, esophagus and even ureters. If the bile duct is obstructed, jaundice can occur as a result. In some instances, mediastinal pseudocysts have been known to disrupt heart function by pressing against it.

Rupture of a pseudocyst can be a serious complication. Sometimes a pseudocyst becomes infected and when the infected material contained within it is released into the surrounding tissues as a result of rupture this can lead to sepsis or widespread infection.

Diagnosis

PSEUDOCYST surgeryAsymptomatic pseudocysts may be discovered incidentally while surveying the area in connection with other medical concerns.

When the patient complains of symptoms such as abdominal pain and gastrointestinal disturbance. a physical examination is performed first.

If a pseudocyst is particularly large, it may be noticeable upon palpation of the abdomen.

Blood tests can reveal inflammation of organs such as the pancreas, following which diagnostic imaging will be performed in order to assess the state of the organs impacted. The preferred method of detecting such a growth is by means of ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT).

Treatment and prevention

Treatment – The treatment technique will depend on the size of the pseudocyst. If the size and symptoms of your pseudocysts do not show any growth that means that they will go away on their own.

If there is an increase in their size then treatment would be required.

  • Close monitoring using scans – This is done to see if the pseudocysts are growing.
  • Endoscopic draining of the cysts – This is done to remove the fluid or infection from the cysts.
  • External drainage – This is done only if the pseudocyst is infected.
  • Surgery to drain the cyst – This is done only if the size of the cyst is growing. The surgeon makes a connection between the organ near the cyst, attach the cyst to the organ and the cyst will drain out through that organ.

Preventions 

  • Treat the condition of pancreatitis. It is the leading cause of pseudocysts.
  • Do not drink alcohol, as it causes pancreatitis and hence pseudocysts.
  • Remove gallstones to make sure that you do not get pancreatitis.
  • Make sure to get abdomen injuries checked so as to make sure that there is no formation of pseudocysts.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Get your pancreatitis checked out as it is one of the main causes of pseudocysts.
  • Visit your doctor regularly as pseudocysts have 15% recurrence changes.
  • Maintain a healthy diet.
Don'ts
  • Consume alcohol. It increases the multiply the cysts by 15%
  • Go ahead with a surgery directly.
  • Forget to follow the directions prescribed by the doctor to ease the cystic pain.

 

 

 

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How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body is infected by…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
Turner syndrome and infertility
Infertility profile (women) The infertility profile tests in women are conducted to form a complete picture of the hormonal balance and…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
Bronchoscopy procedure
Bronchoscopy Bronchoscopy is a procedure where in a scope is inserted into the lung pathway to observe any growth…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Echocardiogram
Echocardiography – ECHO Echocardiography (commonly known as ECHO) is an imaging modality (similar to ultrasonography) used to visualize the interior of…
top 10 deadliest diseases
What are the top 10 deadliest diseases and what is causing them? What are the largest killers of human lives across the globe? Which diseases are the most fatal ones?…
Anti-Inflammatory foods: 18 foods to a disease-free you Anti-inflammatory foods are the foods which are known to reduce the inflammation as well as the pain from…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
beta hcg test
Beta hCG Test A Beta hCG test measures the level of human gonadotropin hormones present in the blood that is primarliy…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
antiHEV IgM test
Anti hepatitis E virus (Anti HEV) IgM Test Anti HEV IgM test determines the level of the IgM antibodies in the blood, The disease is often…
General adaptation syndrome: Understanding stress, one step at a time The struggle of the body to produce hormones during a stressful situation is the main theme of general…
Dragon Fruit – Blessing from Nature’s Basket Dragon fruit is packed with nutrients but low on calories. It is the dream food that can help…
blood ketone test
Blood Ketone (D3HB) Test The Blood Ketone Test measures and monitors the levels of ketone in the blood which is usually performed…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the most powerful antioxidant…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
C-Reactive Protein Test A CRP or c-reactive protein blood test is an important diagnostic tool used to determine the risk of…
understanding addiction
Addiction explained: An obsession that could cost you your life Is addiction a behavioral disorder? Or is it a chronic disease? How does addiction cause chemical and structural…
chloride test
Chloride Test A chloride test of the blood checks the level of chloride in body, an important factor governing the…
kidney stones
Kidney stones Kidney stones are solid substances made up of crystals. They can be of various sizes. Treatment depend on…
tonometry
Tonometry Tonometry uses a device called tonometer to measure the pressure inside the eye. This pressure is depends upon…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
The Shepherd's diet
Facts about the Shepherd’s diet Kristina Wilds promoted Shepherd's diet, a Christian-based diet that highlights Jesus Christ's diet as mentioned in the Bible.
vdrl test syphilis
VDRL Test The VDRL test is a blood test that is used to diagnose sexually transmitted or venereal diseases, primarily…
colposcopy
Colposcopy Colposcopy is a simple, quick and non- invasive diagnostic tool to look closely inside the vulva, vagina, and…
Graston technique: A faster way to accelerate your rehabilitation after injury Graston technique is designed in such a way that any pain related to the soft tissue can be…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
glutamine workout
Glutamine: Why is this the right choice for muscle-gain supplement? Glutamine can help you gain muscles and build higher immunity. Read more to find out how you can…

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