Silicosis

Silicosis silica dust

Last Updated May 15th, 2019

Overview of Silicosis

Pulmonary diseases are very common in different parts of the world, particularly the tropics and the subtropics. The situation is quite alarming in India, where the prevalence rate of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and other lung diseases is about 7%. Nearly 11% of the total deaths in the country are attributed to pulmonary diseases. At present India ranks the highest in the total number of deaths due to lung diseases.

A number of these lung diseases arise from environmental factors and industrial pollution. Silicosis is one such disease. It is essentially an occupational disease that arises due to the inhalation of crystalline silica dust. In the year 2013, silicosis resulted in 46,000 deaths all over the world.

 

What is silicosis?

Silicosis silica dustA silicosis is a severe form of lung disease that arises from the inhalation of particles of silica dust on a regular basis. It is mainly an occupational disease and is more common in factory, blast furnace or construction site workers. It is also known as Potter’s rot, Grinder’s asthma or Miner’s Phthisis, based on the kind of profession the patient is in. The disease is characterized by the scarring, inflammation, and formation of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs. It is actually a type of pneumoconiosis. The patients are found to suffer from a cough, fever, breathlessness, pulmonary edema, pneumonia and tuberculosis.

 

Pathophysiology of silicosis

As discussed earlier, silicosis is caused by the inhalation of the fine silica particles. When very minute silica dust particles are inhaled, they settle within the tiny alveolar ducts and sacs in the lungs, at the site of exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide gases. From these locations, it becomes impossible for the lungs to expel the dust through mucous secretion or coughing.

After getting deposited in the lungs, the silica particles are slowly ingested by the macrophages. This causes an inflammation of the alveolar walls due to the release of certain harmful chemicals like- cytokines, interlukin-1, leukotriene B4 and tumor necrosis factors. This consequently leads to the stimulation of the fibroblasts, which then proliferate and form collagen around the silica particle. This results in fibrosis and the formation of nodular lesions. The inflammatory response is also elicited by NALP3 inflammasome.

Certain prominent clinical features include –

  • Fibrotic nodules
  • Collagen fibers arranged in concentric rings
  • A cellular peripheral zone surrounding a central hyalinization

It is worth mentioning in this regard that certain autoimmune diseases like scleroderma, nephritis and Lupus Erythematosus can make a person more susceptible to silicosis.

 

What kind of silica components normally contribute to silicosis?

Silicosis is mainly caused by the following forms of silica-

  • Crystalline silica: It has 7 different polymorphs, based on the temperature of the formation. Three of the most important forms are- quartz, cristobalite, and tridymite.
  • Microcrystalline silica: It is made up of tiny crystals of quartz bonded together with amorphous silica. Two common examples are- flint and chert.
  • Amorphous silica: It is formed of diatomite and vitreous silica.

Silicosis can take place due to the deposition of fine respirable dust (of any of the aforementioned forms). Mostly these dust contain crystalline silicon dioxide in the form of tridymite, cristobalite or alpha-quartz.

 

How to tell if a person has silicosis?

Silicosis miningIf a person works at an industrial site, factory, blast furnace or mine and exhibits any of the following symptoms, it is advisable to get him checked for silicosis-

  • Shortness of breath (Dyspnea) which worsens on exertion
  • Persistent and severe cough (productive or non-productive)
  • Laboured and rapid breathing (Tachypnea)
  • Loss of appetite, followed by weight loss (Anorexia)
  • Pain, discomfort and tightness around the chest
  • Frequent fever
  • Bluish discolouration of the skin (cyanosis)
  • Dark and shallow rifts and ridges on the nails, which may even open up as fissures (due to the destruction of the protein fibres within the nail-beds)
  • Presence of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary oedema)
  • Tuberculosis-like symptoms
  • Right ventricular heart disease (Cor pulmonale)
  • Difficulty completing a full respiratory cycle

 

What are the different types of silicosis?

The classification of silicosis is done based on the radiographic results, a degree of infection, onset and the rate of progression. The following categories have been identified so far-

  • Acute silicosis: This type of silicosis develops after a few weeks to a few years of direct exposure to silica dust. This is also known as silicoproteinosis.
  • Chronic simple silicosis: This is the commonly observed form of silicosis. It occurs after a prolonged and direct exposure to silica dust (low concentration silica). It normally appears around 10-30 years of exposure to the silica particles. In this type, the patients do not exhibit identifiable signs of the disease, although the infection can be detected via X-ray examination. The common manifestations at a more advanced stage are- a chronic cough and exertional dyspnea. Radiographic examinations reveal lesions less than 10 mm diameter in the upper lungs.
  • Accelerated silicosis: It is a consequence of exposure to high concentrations of silica dust for continuously for about 5-10 years. It occurs much earlier than chronic simple silicosis and advances at a very rapid rate. These patients have greater risks of developing more complicated diseases in future like Progressive Massive Fibrosis (PMF).
  • Complicated silicosis: The disease is termed complicated when excessive scarring results along with the formation of nodules that are greater than 1 cm. It is often accompanied by Progressive Massive Fibrosis and is also known as Conglomerate silicosis. Very often, the smaller nodules combine to form larger inflammatory nodules. This condition can be exacerbated by other pulmonary diseases like a fungal infection, tuberculosis, non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection and lung cancer.

 

Diagnosis, treatment, & prevention

The common diagnostic tests for silicosis are as follows-

  • Chest X-ray
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • CT scan

Silicosis xraySilicosis is an untreatable disease. It can be managed by providing symptomatic relief.

Cough medications, oxygen supply, and bronchodilators are used to manage a cough and make the airway patent and wide. Antibiotics are prescribed in case of any respiratory infection. Corticosteroids can be administered in case of acute silicosis. In advanced cases of silicosis, a lung transplant can be considered as an option in case of absence of any comorbid lung condition.

Individuals with silicosis are highly susceptible to tuberculosis. Silica might interfere with the body’s immune response to the TB bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis). Latent TB infections should be tested using anti-tubercular drugs such as isoniazid. Complications such as airflow obstruction, respiratory failure etc. should be taken care of.

Eliminating further exposure to silica is essential to prevent the worsening of the condition. It is advised to quit smoking and avoid exposure to irritants. Prevention of the disease is mainly by eliminating exposure to airborne silica dust. It can be limited by using protective equipment at the workplace. It is advised to stay away from mining areas, construction sites, and other places where there is a lot of dust in the air.

Precautions can be taken to minimize the amount of dust in the surrounding air by use of water sprayers, tools or equipment with a water supply etc. Wearing disposable clothes at work, using separate clothes at work, avoiding parking vehicles in dusty areas, avoiding eating and drinking in dusty areas, maintaining hygiene etc. are some measures which can prevent the contamination of the residential space.

 

Facts

  • Silica has been classified as a human carcinogen by the U.S. government (International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)) since 2000.
  • Silica is principally made up of quartz dust.
  • Silicosis is an untreatable condition. However, it is preventable.

Facts

  • The size of respirable particles ranges from less than 1 micrometer to as big as 30 micrometers.
  • During the years 1968–2002, approximately 74 million deaths in the U.S. occurred due to silicosis. Out of the total number of deaths, 98% were males.

Facts

  • As per the information furnished by the U.S. Bureau of Mines, silica is present in almost all of the mining operations.
  • As per the data furnished by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Department of the United States, exposure to silica risks the lives of almost 2 million American employees annually.

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Use water sprays, saws which add water to the blades, drills which add water to the stem, and types of equipments with a dust collection system. This will prevent the dust from becoming airborne.
  • Have proper ventilation when you are working in closed spaces so as to minimize the inhalation of dust.
  • Use properly fitted respirators (particulate filter or airline supplied air respirator) that can protect you from crystalline silica.
  • Go for lung screenings or health check-ups regularly, if you are exposed to silica dust.
Don'ts
  • Eat or drink in the dusty areas. Eat or drink (outside the dusty areas) only after washing hands.
  • Go home without changing dusty clothes. Use disposable clothes or separate work clothes. This will prevent the contamination of other work areas, cars, residential space etc.
  • Keep a mustache or beard. This will prevent the respirator from getting sealed to your face and let the dust inside.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a particular liver enzyme…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are non-invasive breathing tests employed for diagnosing and monitoring lung diseases such as bronchitis
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
abdominal-CT-scan- image
Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that provides a clear picture of the state of internal…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and are hence indicative…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG antibodies present in…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body is infected by…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
folate test
Folate test The Folate test is used to measure and monitor the levels of folic acid in the blood. The…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in the blood and…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a particular protein called…
POSTPRANDIAL-BLOOD-SUGAR
Post-Prandial Blood Sugar Postprandial blood sugar test is an important diabetes diagnosing tool. This simple blood test measure the level of…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
Ferritin blood test
Ferritin Test Ferritin test is a blood test that provides vital information on the level of RBCs and iron in…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in the blood (serum)…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
serum electrolyte test
Serum Electrolyte If there is an electrolyte imbalance in the body, a serum electrolyte test will help to find out…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell breakdown. A bilirubin…
Free T3 test
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) Test The free triiodothyronine or FT3 test is an important blood test that is used to detect the level…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
RHEUMATOID_FACTOR_(RF)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Rheumatoid factor or RF is a blood test used to diagnose painful joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis…
HELICOBACTER_PYLORI---IgG
Helicobacter Pylori – IgG Test Helicobacter pylori IgG test is a blood, saliva, and urine test performed to determine if the patien is…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG class of beta…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount of the protein…
TPAB test
Treponema Pallidum Antibody(TPAB) test Treponema pallidum bacteria a gram-negative bacteria that has helically coiled, corkscrew-shaped cells, responsible for STDs such as syphilis.
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon dioxide can prove…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is present in the…
Bronchoscopy procedure
Bronchoscopy Bronchoscopy is a procedure where in a scope is inserted into the lung pathway to observe any growth…
EMA antibodies
Endomysial Antibodies (EMA) Test EMA test is an investigative blood examination to locate the presence of certain antibodies, called Endomysial antibodies or…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the most powerful antioxidant…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
lipoprotein A
Lipoprotein (A) Test Lipoprotein (A) test is used to measure and monitor the levels of LDL(Low-Density Lipoprotein) in the bloodstream in…
Dragon Fruit – Blessing from Nature’s Basket The dragon fruit is packed with nutrients and yet low on calories and is the dream food that…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out how you can…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an inexplicable emotional numbness…
Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast Ever thought how toxic chemicals find their way into our foods? How can they harm our body? And…
arterial-blood-gas
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Arterial blood gas analysis is a diagnostic procedure used to determine the volume of oxygen and carbon dioxide…
free thyroxine ft4
Free thyroxine test (FT4) The FT4 or free thyroxine test is a blood test used to detect the level of free thyroixine…
random blood sugar test
Random Blood Sugar Test The random blood sugar or RBS test is a blood test prescribed mainly to check the level of…
cardiolipin antibody igm
Cardiolipin Antibody (ACL) –IgM Test The types of cardiolipin antibodies are the IgG, IgA and IgM types and this particular test measures the…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more about carb cycling,…
Microneedling: Does this cosmetic procedure live up to the hype? Is microneedling a safe and painless procedure? How can pricking your skin with a series of pins help…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test is the most…
Inversion Therapy: The anti-gravity way of healing chronic back pain Inversion therapy involves suspending a person upside dow using different types of equipment. This works by taking the…
Crossfit with rope
CrossFit: Now get the perfectly sculpted body with this explosive gym routine CrossFit is a fitness regimen that makes use of high-intensity exercises in a shorter period to achieve muscle…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
EEG
Electroencephalogram – EEG EEG or electroencephalogram is a diagnostic tool used to access the functioning of neurons and brain activity to…
Chest X-Ray A chest x-ray is a diagnostic test that uses x-rays to visualize the structures inside your chest. It…
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is intended to look at the abnormalities in the ureters, bladder, and urethra, to assist surgeries performed…
erythropoetin test
Erythropoietin (EPO) Test Erythropoetin stimulates the production of RBCs in bone marrow thus an erythropoetin test is done to diagnose blood…
Okra: How can this nutrient-dense vegetable help you fight diabetes? Okra is a food which is rich in nutrients and minerals which are extremely essential for a healthy…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic Resistance: How common diseases become deadly Can a cold kill you? How important is to get a flu shot? Why do antibiotics fail against…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
Horny Goat Weed: Can it improve libido in human beings too? This plant got its name as Horny Goat Weed when one of the goats feeding on the plant…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of health benefits. Discover…
waterchestnut
Water Chestnuts: The tastiest ways to include this healthy tuber in your diet Water chestnut is not a nut after all. It is a tuber (much like the potatoes) growing close…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself is a detoxifying…
Vitamin-D-blood-test
25-Hydroxy Vitamin D test 25-hydroxy Vitamin D test is a blood test used to measure the level of vitamin D in the…
anti-chlamydia antibody tets
Anti-Chlamydia Antibody -IgG Test Anti-Chlamydia Antibody - IgG test is performed by collection of urine or genital fluids as sample for testing…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
avocado benefits
Avocado: 15 reasons why this fruit should be a staple in your diet Did you know that the word avocado literally means "testicles". Don't get grossed out as this power-packed fruit…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? People opt to become a pescatarian in order to enrich their bodies with the essential health benefits that…
Colloidal silver benefits
Colloidal silver: An essential dietary supplement or yet another pharmaceutical hoax? Colloidal silver is hailed as an effective home remedy for infections. Many believe it can treat HIV and…
Is bronchitis contagious? And how to prevent this infection? It is acute bronchitis that is contagious which means you can contract it from another person or you…
Oxalates: How healthy greens can sometimes be bad news for your kidneys Oxalates are compounds present in a majority of healthy foods. However, at times an overconsumption of these could…
Why calendula extract ought to be part of your personal health kit? Calendula officinalis, or pot marigold, is a genus of perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family that are…
Internal bleeding brain
Beware: Ignoring these tell-tale signs of stroke could cost a life The signs and symptoms of a stroke differ depending on which part of the brain has been affected.…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
EMG electromyography
EMG- Electromyography EMG detects the presence, location, and extent of diseases that damage the nerves such motor neuron disease. Electromyography…
Sputum test Sputum test is a commonly used diagnostic tool that is used to examine the presence of pathogens in…
CT-scan-machine
CT – Computed Tomography Scan CT scan or computed tomography scan is an diagnostic imaging technique where cross-sectional images of body are obtained…