Adenoiditis

ADENOIDITIS location

Last Updated July 29th, 2019

Since adenoiditis is mostly caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics are the first line of treatment. Amoxicillin is the most effective antibiotic in this case. Clavulanic acid or Cephalosporin is usually prescribed to treat adenoiditis. If the cause of this infection is viral, then antibiotics are not prescribed.
Adenoid hypertrophy is nothing but enlarged adenoids. Since their primary function is to trap bacteria and toxins and restrict their entry into the body, these are usually more susceptible to infections. Adenoids can swell up either when they are infected or when they are fighting an infection. Adenoid hypertrophy is often associated with sinus infections, ear infections, and sleep apnea.
If swollen or enlarged adenoids are causing problems to the child such as difficulty in breathing and frequent earaches, the doctor might suggest removing them. The surgical removal of adenoids is done under general anaesthesia. The patient must not consume any food or drink several hours prior to the surgery. Usually the enlarged adenoids are either cauterized or cut away. The entire procedure doesn’t take longer than an hour. No sutures are required. Generally speaking, this procedure is quiet safe and patient is discharged the same day. It can get a bit complicated if the child has any one of these pre-existing condition – bleeding disorders, Down syndrome, cleft palate, or speech abnormalities. Adenoid removal is often touted to be less complicated than tonsil removal – lesser bleeding and faster healing when compared to the latter.

Overview

The upper respiratory tract is highly prone to infection because of constant exposure to airborne pathogens that invariably enter along with inhaled air. Hence, this region is equipped with several defensive features. One such is the adenoid gland, located at the junction of the nasal passage and the throat, which is part of the lymphatic system that is responsible for immunity.  This organ continues to grow until about the age of 6 after which it naturally shrinks all through adolescence, virtually disappearing by late teenage. Therefore, the adenoid is absent in most adults.

Since its function involves filtering out infectious bacteria and viruses, it is not unusual for the adenoid itself to become infected. This relatively common condition is known as ‘adenoiditis’ and can last for weeks or months. Following diagnosis, the treatment is usually straightforward. Adenoidectomy or surgical removal of the adenoid may be necessary.

What is Adenoiditis?

ADENOIDITIS breathingInflammation of the adenoid tissue caused by infection is known as ‘adenoiditis’.

This condition arises most often in children and might have a bacterial or viral origin.

In the event of viral infection, the symptoms normally recede after about 48 hours.

Bacterial adenoiditis, however, may last up to a week. Adenoiditis may occur in association with acute tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils due to infection).

What Causes Adenoiditis?

Infection may arise independently in the adenoid or else it may arise due to existing infections in other areas such as the throat or tonsils. Adenoiditis more commonly has a viral origin although bacteria can also be responsible. Certain allergens could also be responsible. The list of common causes is as follows:

  • Bacterial or viral infection of the adenoid. Bacteria that are usually responsible for this condition include Streptococcus pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis, various strains of Staphylococcus such as S. aureus.
  • Viruses that can cause adenoiditis include adenovirus, rhinovirus, paramyxovirus and Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Existing infectious diseases such as common cold.
  • Existing infections in other nearby organs such as the tonsils.
  • Allergies.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms?

ADENOIDITIS locationInflammation and enlargement of the affected tissue cause discomfort in breathing. Disturbance in the normal breathing pattern is usually responsible for many of the symptoms noticed with this condition. Adenoiditis may present with a few or several of the following symptoms, which initially appear like those of the common cold:

  • Breathing through the mouth.
  • Sore throat or sensation of dryness in the throat caused by breathing through the mouth.
  • Runny nose with green or yellow mucus discharge.
  • Bad breath
  • Snoring.
  • Trouble going to sleep because of difficulty in breathing.
  • Speaking with a nasal sound.
  • Fever.
  • Earache.
  • Sometimes, vomiting may also occur.

What Are The Different Forms of Adenoiditis?

Depending on what kind of pathogen causes the infection, adenoiditis can be of two types, namely, viral adenoiditis and bacterial adenoiditis. Adenoiditis of viral origin is the more common form. The bacterial form tends to last longer. There are some differences in the symptoms such as the quality of mucus discharge observed.

Does Adenoiditis Cause Any Complications?

The infection causes the adenoid to become swollen and enlarged and this can lead to other problems such as obstruction of the airways and repeated infections. The disturbance of normal breathing patterns can result in obstructive sleep apnea. The repeated occurrence of adenoiditis might leave the glands abnormally enlarged. A patient may also demonstrate voice changes and facial changes. A middle ear infection may be caused to the proximity of the adenoid gland to the eustachian tubes of the ear. Infection can potentially travel to the lungs and cause bronchitis or pneumonia. Sinusitis can also result from chronic adenoiditis.

What Tests Help To Diagnose Adenoiditis?

At first, the symptoms might closely resemble those of common cold and might be misinterpreted for that reason. If adenoiditis is suspected, the patient may be referred to an otolaryngologist (ENT specialist). Apart from checking for physical signs of adenoid infection, swabs will be taken from the throat in order to correctly identify the pathogen responsible. Blood tests may also be conducted to identify the pathogen. X-rays, though not always required, can help assess the extent of enlargement of the affected organ. Endoscopy enables the doctor to clearly view the inflamed organ and thereby confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment & Prevention

ADENOIDITIS check-upThe treatment of adenoiditis depends upon the cause. If it’s a bacterial infection that has caused inflammation and infection of the adenoid glands, antibiotic treatment will be prescribed. If it’s a viral infection, then a virus-specific treatment plan would be followed. Surgical removal of the adenoids is considered when medications alone are not sufficient to treat the condition. Other situations which make adenoidectomy a requirement are:

  • Recurring adenoid infections.
  • Difficulty in breathing and swallowing.
  • If the adenoid co-exists with other conditions such as a tumor or cancerous growths.

Adenoiditis can be prevented by maintaining precaution against day-to-day infections. This includes:

  • Consuming a nutritious diet.
  • Drinking adequate amount of water.
  • Practicing basic hygiene.
  • Getting proper sleep.

The adenoids are tissues of the lymphatic system that are located behind your mouth. They are a part of the body’s immune system and therefore help fight diseases. Adenoiditis is an inflammation of the adenoid. It is caused generally by an infection with a bacteria or a virus. The adenoids are only found in children and with age progressively shrink and reduce to almost nothing once you are an adult. The adenoids may not perform their desired function if they are inflamed. Curcumin, which is present in turmeric, has strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties and can be used to treat adenoiditis effectively.

Facts

  • The adenoid glands are located behind the nose and the roof of the mouth, and just like tonsils, these help in warding off infections.
  • Adenoids start growing when a child is 3-5 years old and disappear by the time an individual hits the teenage years.

Facts

  • If a child suffers from more than 3 adenoid infections in a year, he/she becomes eligible for adenoidectomy or removal of adenoid glands.
  • In most cases, both the adenoid gland and the tonsils are removed if removal of even one of these is required.

Facts

  • Enlarged or infected adenoid glands can cause difficulty in breathing and obstructive sleep apnea.

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Since adenoiditis is mostly caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics are the first line of treatment. Amoxicillin is the most effective antibiotic in this case. Clavulanic acid or Cephalosporin is usually prescribed to treat adenoiditis. If the cause of this infection is viral, then antibiotics are not prescribed.
Adenoid hypertrophy is nothing but enlarged adenoids. Since their primary function is to trap bacteria and toxins and restrict their entry into the body, these are usually more susceptible to infections. Adenoids can swell up either when they are infected or when they are fighting an infection. Adenoid hypertrophy is often associated with sinus infections, ear infections, and sleep apnea.
If swollen or enlarged adenoids are causing problems to the child such as difficulty in breathing and frequent earaches, the doctor might suggest removing them. The surgical removal of adenoids is done under general anaesthesia. The patient must not consume any food or drink several hours prior to the surgery. Usually the enlarged adenoids are either cauterized or cut away. The entire procedure doesn’t take longer than an hour. No sutures are required. Generally speaking, this procedure is quiet safe and patient is discharged the same day. It can get a bit complicated if the child has any one of these pre-existing condition – bleeding disorders, Down syndrome, cleft palate, or speech abnormalities. Adenoid removal is often touted to be less complicated than tonsil removal – lesser bleeding and faster healing when compared to the latter.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Drink plenty of water. This will help remove toxins from your body.
  • Include lots of nutritious and immunity boosting foods in the diet.
  • Get swift treatment for the adenoiditis-related conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea, sleep deficit, and ear infections.
Don'ts
  • Indulge in the consumption of junk foods.
  • Resort to self-medication for treating the symptoms of adenoiditis.
  • Expose the child to second-hand smoking.

 

 

 

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Did you know drinking alkaline water could be the healthier choice for you? Ever wondered how safe is your drinking water in terms of pH? Recent studies have revealed that Alkaline…
Oxidative Stress: Understanding the most lethal phenomenon happening in your body right now Free radicals cause damage to the body, which is known as oxidation.  The amount of oxidation caused by…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody (tTG) Test Transglutaminase is an enzyme present in our body and is involved in protein metabolism. A tTg test is…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
immunoglobulin M
Immunoglobulin M Test Immunoglobulin M is the largest and the first produced antibody which helps in the prevention or fighting of…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
Beware of these common foods that cause high bodily inflammation! Maybe its the long list of inflammatory foods in your diet that is making you frequently sick. Find…
Find all the instant ways to get rid of blackheads Blackheads - Not only are they aesthetically unappealing but if left untreated these can cause bacterial overgrowth on…
How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
Oxalates: How healthy greens can sometimes be bad news for your kidneys Oxalates are compounds present in a majority of healthy foods. However, at times an overconsumption of these could…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
11 unbelievable health benefits of thyme you didn’t know! Thyme is a herb that has been used in alternative medicine.It is a well known seasoning in the…
Coffee Enema: Turn your favorite morning beverage into a powerful colon cleanser The wonders of coffee are not just limited to waking you up every morning. You can now use…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
quinoa salad
Quinoa : A prodigious superfood you need to include in your diet today! Quinoa - what is so special about this native South American grain that has taken the world by…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
avocado benefits
Avocado: 15 reasons why this fruit should be a staple in your diet Did you know that the word avocado literally means "testicles". Don't get grossed out as this power-packed fruit…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out how you can…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is another remarkable addition.…
The right way to prepare Alfalfa sprouts at home Alfalfa or lusan ghas is not just a nutritious animal fodder. This flavonoid-rich herb has some amazing health…
Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? People opt to become a pescatarian in order to enrich their bodies with the essential health benefits that…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
vdrl test syphilis
VDRL Test The VDRL test is a blood test that is used to diagnose sexually transmitted or venereal diseases, primarily…
lp-pla2
LP-PLA2 Test The LP-PLA2 test is a test which is carried out to assess the levels of Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2…
complement c4 test
Anemia Profile Anemia Profile test (Basic) is a blood screening test that measures the levels of important components of the…
shoudler exercises
Keep your shoulders pain-free with these shoulder exercises Shoulder exercises are important in order to prevent chronic back and neck pain. Learn more about how you…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…