Adenoiditis

ADENOIDITIS location

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

Since adenoiditis is mostly caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics are the first line of treatment. Amoxicillin is the most effective antibiotic in this case. Clavulanic acid or Cephalosporin is usually prescribed to treat adenoiditis. If the cause of this infection is viral, then antibiotics are not prescribed.
Adenoid hypertrophy is nothing but enlarged adenoids. Since their primary function is to trap bacteria and toxins and restrict their entry into the body, these are usually more susceptible to infections. Adenoids can swell up either when they are infected or when they are fighting an infection. Adenoid hypertrophy is often associated with sinus infections, ear infections, and sleep apnea.
If swollen or enlarged adenoids are causing problems to the child such as difficulty in breathing and frequent earaches, the doctor might suggest removing them. The surgical removal of adenoids is done under general anaesthesia. The patient must not consume any food or drink several hours prior to the surgery. Usually the enlarged adenoids are either cauterized or cut away. The entire procedure doesn’t take longer than an hour. No sutures are required. Generally speaking, this procedure is quiet safe and patient is discharged the same day. It can get a bit complicated if the child has any one of these pre-existing condition – bleeding disorders, Down syndrome, cleft palate, or speech abnormalities. Adenoid removal is often touted to be less complicated than tonsil removal – lesser bleeding and faster healing when compared to the latter.

Overview

The upper respiratory tract is highly prone to infection because of constant exposure to airborne pathogens that invariably enter along with inhaled air. Hence, this region is equipped with several defensive features. One such is the adenoid gland, located at the junction of the nasal passage and the throat, which is part of the lymphatic system that is responsible for immunity.  This organ continues to grow until about the age of 6 after which it naturally shrinks all through adolescence, virtually disappearing by late teenage. Therefore, the adenoid is absent in most adults.

Since its function involves filtering out infectious bacteria and viruses, it is not unusual for the adenoid itself to become infected. This relatively common condition is known as ‘adenoiditis’ and can last for weeks or months. Following diagnosis, the treatment is usually straightforward. Adenoidectomy or surgical removal of the adenoid may be necessary.

What is Adenoiditis?

ADENOIDITIS breathingInflammation of the adenoid tissue caused by infection is known as ‘adenoiditis’.

This condition arises most often in children and might have a bacterial or viral origin.

In the event of viral infection, the symptoms normally recede after about 48 hours.

Bacterial adenoiditis, however, may last up to a week. Adenoiditis may occur in association with acute tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils due to infection).

What Causes Adenoiditis?

Infection may arise independently in the adenoid or else it may arise due to existing infections in other areas such as the throat or tonsils. Adenoiditis more commonly has a viral origin although bacteria can also be responsible. Certain allergens could also be responsible. The list of common causes is as follows:

  • Bacterial or viral infection of the adenoid. Bacteria that are usually responsible for this condition include Streptococcus pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis, various strains of Staphylococcus such as S. aureus.
  • Viruses that can cause adenoiditis include adenovirus, rhinovirus, paramyxovirus and Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Existing infectious diseases such as common cold.
  • Existing infections in other nearby organs such as the tonsils.
  • Allergies.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms?

ADENOIDITIS locationInflammation and enlargement of the affected tissue cause discomfort in breathing. Disturbance in the normal breathing pattern is usually responsible for many of the symptoms noticed with this condition. Adenoiditis may present with a few or several of the following symptoms, which initially appear like those of the common cold:

  • Breathing through the mouth.
  • Sore throat or sensation of dryness in the throat caused by breathing through the mouth.
  • Runny nose with green or yellow mucus discharge.
  • Bad breath
  • Snoring.
  • Trouble going to sleep because of difficulty in breathing.
  • Speaking with a nasal sound.
  • Fever.
  • Earache.
  • Sometimes, vomiting may also occur.

What Are The Different Forms of Adenoiditis?

Depending on what kind of pathogen causes the infection, adenoiditis can be of two types, namely, viral adenoiditis and bacterial adenoiditis. Adenoiditis of viral origin is the more common form. The bacterial form tends to last longer. There are some differences in the symptoms such as the quality of mucus discharge observed.

Does Adenoiditis Cause Any Complications?

The infection causes the adenoid to become swollen and enlarged and this can lead to other problems such as obstruction of the airways and repeated infections. The disturbance of normal breathing patterns can result in obstructive sleep apnea. The repeated occurrence of adenoiditis might leave the glands abnormally enlarged. A patient may also demonstrate voice changes and facial changes. A middle ear infection may be caused to the proximity of the adenoid gland to the eustachian tubes of the ear. Infection can potentially travel to the lungs and cause bronchitis or pneumonia. Sinusitis can also result from chronic adenoiditis.

What Tests Help To Diagnose Adenoiditis?

At first, the symptoms might closely resemble those of common cold and might be misinterpreted for that reason. If adenoiditis is suspected, the patient may be referred to an otolaryngologist (ENT specialist). Apart from checking for physical signs of adenoid infection, swabs will be taken from the throat in order to correctly identify the pathogen responsible. Blood tests may also be conducted to identify the pathogen. X-rays, though not always required, can help assess the extent of enlargement of the affected organ. Endoscopy enables the doctor to clearly view the inflamed organ and thereby confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment & Prevention

ADENOIDITIS check-upThe treatment of adenoiditis depends upon the cause. If it’s a bacterial infection that has caused inflammation and infection of the adenoid glands, antibiotic treatment will be prescribed. If it’s a viral infection, then a virus-specific treatment plan would be followed. Surgical removal of the adenoids is considered when medications alone are not sufficient to treat the condition. Other situations which make adenoidectomy a requirement are:

  • Recurring adenoid infections.
  • Difficulty in breathing and swallowing.
  • If the adenoid co-exists with other conditions such as a tumor or cancerous growths.

Adenoiditis can be prevented by maintaining precaution against day-to-day infections. This includes:

  • Consuming a nutritious diet.
  • Drinking adequate amount of water.
  • Practicing basic hygiene.
  • Getting proper sleep.

The adenoids are tissues of the lymphatic system that are located behind your mouth. They are a part of the body’s immune system and therefore help fight diseases. Adenoiditis is an inflammation of the adenoid. It is caused generally by an infection with a bacteria or a virus. The adenoids are only found in children and with age progressively shrink and reduce to almost nothing once you are an adult. The adenoids may not perform their desired function if they are inflamed. Curcumin, which is present in turmeric, has strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties and can be used to treat adenoiditis effectively.

Facts

  • The adenoid glands are located behind the nose and the roof of the mouth, and just like tonsils, these help in warding off infections.
  • Adenoids start growing when a child is 3-5 years old and disappear by the time an individual hits the teenage years.

Facts

  • If a child suffers from more than 3 adenoid infections in a year, he/she becomes eligible for adenoidectomy or removal of adenoid glands.
  • In most cases, both the adenoid gland and the tonsils are removed if removal of even one of these is required.

Facts

  • Enlarged or infected adenoid glands can cause difficulty in breathing and obstructive sleep apnea.

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Since adenoiditis is mostly caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics are the first line of treatment. Amoxicillin is the most effective antibiotic in this case. Clavulanic acid or Cephalosporin is usually prescribed to treat adenoiditis. If the cause of this infection is viral, then antibiotics are not prescribed.
Adenoid hypertrophy is nothing but enlarged adenoids. Since their primary function is to trap bacteria and toxins and restrict their entry into the body, these are usually more susceptible to infections. Adenoids can swell up either when they are infected or when they are fighting an infection. Adenoid hypertrophy is often associated with sinus infections, ear infections, and sleep apnea.
If swollen or enlarged adenoids are causing problems to the child such as difficulty in breathing and frequent earaches, the doctor might suggest removing them. The surgical removal of adenoids is done under general anaesthesia. The patient must not consume any food or drink several hours prior to the surgery. Usually the enlarged adenoids are either cauterized or cut away. The entire procedure doesn’t take longer than an hour. No sutures are required. Generally speaking, this procedure is quiet safe and patient is discharged the same day. It can get a bit complicated if the child has any one of these pre-existing condition – bleeding disorders, Down syndrome, cleft palate, or speech abnormalities. Adenoid removal is often touted to be less complicated than tonsil removal – lesser bleeding and faster healing when compared to the latter.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Drink plenty of water. This will help remove toxins from your body.
  • Include lots of nutritious and immunity boosting foods in the diet.
  • Get swift treatment for the adenoiditis-related conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea, sleep deficit, and ear infections.
Don'ts
  • Indulge in the consumption of junk foods.
  • Resort to self-medication for treating the symptoms of adenoiditis.
  • Expose the child to second-hand smoking.

 

 

 

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Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself is a detoxifying…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
EEG
Electroencephalogram – EEG EEG or electroencephalogram is a diagnostic tool used to access the functioning of neurons and brain activity to…
LFT-test
Liver Function Test – LFT LFT or Liver Function Test is a blood test used to determine the levels of hepatic enzymes which…
Vitamin-D-blood-test
25-Hydroxy Vitamin D test 25-hydroxy Vitamin D test is a blood test used to measure the level of vitamin D in the…
Rubella IgM test
Rubella IgM Test The Rubella IgM test is a blood test that is performed to diagnose the presence of the rubella…
HSV-1_IGG
Herpes Simplex Virus I (HSV)-IgG Test Herpes simplex virus I(HSV)-IgG is an Immunoglobulin protein that acts as an antibody & stays in the blood…
Thyroid disorders
Thyroid Profile Thyroid profile is a panel of blood tests performed to check if an individual is suffering from any…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Hepatitis A virus infected liver
Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) Total Blood test to look for IgM antibodies to know if you are infected with Hepatitis A virus (HAV),…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
How seitan proved to be a blessing in disguise for vegans worldwide Can only meat-eaters enjoy delicious juicy steaks and burgers? With seitan, the best meat substitute available today,even vegans…
General adaptation syndrome: Understanding stress, one step at a time The struggle of the body to produce hormones during a stressful situation is the main theme of general…
Inversion Therapy: The anti-gravity way of healing chronic back pain Inversion therapy involves suspending a person upside dow using different types of equipment. This works by taking the…
The Cabbage Soup Diet: The healthiest way to instant weight loss Cabbage soup diet rapid weight loss diet for those who want to shed those extra pounds in less…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
phenytoin test
Phenytoin test Phenytoin is a drug that is administered mainly to epilepsy patients. The phenytoin blood test measures the level…
Unbelievable health benefits of gooseberries (and a few tasty recipes) Gooseberries are antioxidant-rich tasty fruits that can be easily added in daily diet to improve overall health and…
piles fissure fistula
Allopathy vs homeopathy vs ayurveda treatment for piles, fissures, and fistula Read to know the best form of treatment among allopathy, homeopathy,or ayurveda for piles, fissures, and fistula
Optavia diet
The features of an Optavia diet The Optavia diet endorses pre-packaged meals and snacks called "fuelings" that are tasty, low in calorie, and incorporates…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet can bring all…