Type 2 Diabetes


Last Updated May 29th, 2018

Understanding type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus type 2, is a life-long medical condition where the body develops a high resistance to insulin leading to elevated blood-sugar levels. It is a metabolic disorder which destabilizes the metabolism of sugar (glucose) in the body. The hormone insulin is responsible for regulating the movement of sugar in the cells, where they are converted to energy. In a diabetic individual, the body either stops producing adequate insulin or starts opposing its effects.  With no glucose-regulating hormone in the body, the sugar levels start rising which leads to the onset of serious medical complications.

Type 2 diabetes makes up for almost 90% of all diabetes cases.

This condition is not completely curable, but proper medications and lifestyle changes can help control the severity of the symptoms.

The US alone has more than 27 million people suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Studies indicate that 1 out of 3 people might be in the pre-diabetes stage (blood sugar higher than normal but not high enough to be considered diabetes).

The rate of people being affected by this condition has seen a sharp increase since the 1960s, indicating that this disease has been primarily a result of unhealthy lifestyle choices.

 

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Insulin, which is produced by the pancreas, facilitates glucose transport from the bloodstream to the cells.  Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body starts resisting the functioning of this hormone. Over time, the pancreas starts producing more insulin to compensate for the supposed decrease in the hormone. Since the glucose is not reaching the cells, the body starts feeling deficit of energy. Even though the exact cause of this hormonal malfunction is not identified, there are a number of reasons which can add to the occurrence of this disease:

  • There is a marked correlation between a person being obese or over-weight and his/her tendency to become diabetic. More fats in the body lead to higher resistance to insulin. The chances of developing this condition increase further if the fat deposition is high in the abdomen area.
  • Sedentary lifestyle and no physical activities result in the blood sugar remaining unused. This also decreases body’s sensitivity to insulin. Stress is also a dominant factor.
  • Faulty dietary patterns such as high consumption of sweetened drinks, trans-fats, saturated fats etc add to the chances.
  • A family history of diabetes often renders an individual more susceptible to this condition. Certain genetic predispositions also dictate the working of insulin.
  • Other metabolic conditions such as PCOS (Poly-cystic ovarian syndrome) and hyperthyroidism are also contributing factors. Lack of sleep, which directly affects metabolism, is also linked to the incidence of type 2 diabetes.
  • It frequently affects people above the age of 45 and has been detected more in certain races and ethnicities such as Hispanics and Asian- Americans.

 

How do the symptoms appear?

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes usually go undetected in the initial stages.

It has been estimated that there are around 8 million people who don’t know that they are suffering from it.

In many people, it takes several years to realize that they have diabetes.

The following are the classic symptoms associated with this condition:

  • Increased urination, aka polyuria, is one of the most characteristic symptoms of diabetes. Along with it, the individual also experiences increased hunger and thirst.
  • Difficulty in maintaining a healthy weight. Most diabetic patients witness a drastic weight loss as the body starts using muscles and fats as fuels.
  • The ability to heal wounds is compromised and the body becomes more susceptible to infections especially yeast infections.
  • The high sugar levels affect the fluids in the eye causing blurring of vision.
  • The person experiences prolonged fatigue and pain in the feet.

If left undetected, type 2 diabetes can lead to much serious health complications such as cardiovascular problems (angina, stroke, or atherosclerosis),  nerve and kidney damage, diabetes-induced blindness (diabetic retinopathy), foot complications requiring amputation or even Alzheimer’s Disease.

 

How is type 2 diabetes detected?

In addition to the above-mentioned symptoms, the following tests are conducted to confirm the presence of type 2 diabetes:

  • Glycated hemoglobin test which reveals the blood-sugar levels with the past few months. It should ideally be below 5.7%.
  • Random blood sugar test, where the blood is collected at any time of the day. Values higher than 200mg/dL are suggestive of diabetes. Similarly, fasting blood sugar test is conducted on an empty stomach, which, if higher than 126mg/dL indicates type 2 diabetes.

 

What is the cure for type 2 diabetes?

 

As previously mentioned, this disease cannot be completely cured and it continues life-long.

The treatment procedure includes management of the disease and controlling the severity of symptoms.

Managing diabetes, especially type 2, demands a complete overhaul of lifestyle and habits which contributed to the manifestation of the condition.

 

The following methods should be adopted regularly by a diabetic patient to reduce the bodily complications:

  • Regularly monitor blood-sugar and cholesterol levels.
  • Maintaining a nutrient-rich diet which includes whole grains, legumes, vegetables, and food rich in Omega-3 fatty acids. Regulating the intervals between meals is also very important in controlling glucose spikes in blood. Food items which have low-glycemic index values should be consumed more.
  • Packaged food, processed and baked goods and sugary items should be avoided at all costs.
  • Exercising, at least for an hour every day to keep your heart and blood-sugar both in check.
  • Anti-diabetic medications such as Metformin are prescribed in the initial stages. Additionally, if required the individual is also given insulin injections.

 

How can you prevent type 2 diabetes?

While some risk factors (genetics, race, age etc.) cannot be avoided, type 2 diabetes can be prevented by bringing healthy changes to lifestyle. The inclusion of the following habits can help keep type-2 diabetes at a bay, especially in case of pre-diabetic patients:

  • A healthy and balanced diet with fewer dairy, sugary, and fatty products.
  • Eating at regular time intervals.
  • Being physically active, with at least 30 minutes of exercise 5 days a week.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight. 

 

s

Facts

  • It is the most common form of diabetes with almost 95% of all diabetes cases being of type 2 category.
  • If your BMI (Body Mass Index) is above 25, there are higher chances of you getting type 2 diabetes. But it is not the only deciding factor.
  • Certain other factors add more to the risk factors such as being sedentary, having high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, having PCOS etc.

Facts

  • Around 44% of all renal failure cases are associated with type 2 diabetes.
  • Currently, 29 million Americans are suffering from diabetes, and 25% of these are not aware that they have this condition.
  • There has been a massive increase in the number of people suffering from type 2 diabetes (A 382% increase in the past 25 years).

Facts

  • Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of deaths in the USA.
  • Around 60% of all lower-limb amputations (excluding the ones from trauma) have been a result of diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes has got more to do with lifestyle and diet choices than with genetic factors.
  • If you have given birth to a baby who is heavier than 9 pounds then you are at a risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Type 2 diabetes management includes a complete transformation of lifestyle such as eating high-nutrient food and doing proper exercise.
  • Stress reduction and adequate sleep are also key factors in the treatment.
  • Conduct frequent blood sugar checks, especially 2 hours after meals.

Don'ts
  • Smoke in diabetes, as it increases cardiac, renal, and nerve deterioration.
  • Cut on whole-wheat based carbohydrates such as whole-wheat bread and pasta.
  • Consume any kind of packaged or processed food or skip meals.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
diabetes symptoms in women
FBS Test – Fasting Blood Sugar FBS or fasting blood sugar test is a blood test that is used to determine the level of…
Spirulina: Battle diabetes and cholesterol with this blue-green algae Spirulina, a species of salt water algae, has now become a billion dollar industry. How you can use…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It is edible and…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
stevia side effects
Stevia: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another risky additive? Stevia is a plant native to South America.  It has been used as a natural sugar substitute and…
dandelion health benefits
Dandelion: Little parachutes of health and wellness for your whole body Dandelions are not just bright looking blossoms that cheer your mind. These are powerpacked with essential nutrients that…
Experts reveal the safest ways to perform an enema at home The idea of pushing some up your rectal area might make you queasy but an enema could actually…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
Urologist: When should you visit one and why? A urologist can treat not only genitourinary problems of both men and women but also can treat various…
kefir bottle
Kefir: Top reasons why this probiotic drink should be consumed by you Yet another remarkable fermented food, kefir is a much healthier version of yogurt. These chewy white grains can…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
waterchestnut
Water Chestnuts: The tastiest ways to include this healthy tuber in your diet Water chestnut is not a nut after all. It is a tuber (much like the potatoes) growing close…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
dandelion weight loss
Caralluma Fimbriata: How to eat this cactus to lose weight Caralluma fimbriata is a miracle cactus that can be safely consumed by most for losing weight and boosting…
Top natural diuretics: The instant benefits you can get from nature’s water pills Since diuretic drugs are known to cause side effects, it is better to choose a natural diuretic that…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency of hemoglobin could…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk of several deadliest…
back pain relief
Don’t choose pain: 10 truths about your back ache (and how to get relief) Back pain is one of the most common ailments in the world. Almost 80% of the entire global…
paleo keto diet
Paleo vs. Keto: Which diet plan is best suited for your body goals? Is eating like a caveman the right way to go? Can you really eat fats to burn fats…
Drinking water benefits
8 reasons why you should grab a bottle of water now! Did you know you don't have to be thirsty for hours to be dehydrated?You could be dehydrated right…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test is the most…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
Fluoride: An indispensible mineral or a potential toxin ? Fluoride, the main ingredient of toothpaste, has shown a great potential as a cleanser. However, how much fluoride…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
General adaptation syndrome: Understanding stress, one step at a time The struggle of the body to produce hormones during a stressful situation is the main theme of general…
What is the exact job of an OB-GYN and why should you consult one? OB-GYN; a doctor who specializes in female reproductive health. Be it pregnancy issues or menopausal problems, you can…
ketoacidosis diabetes
HB1Ac Test HB1Ac test is an important blood test that is used to measure the levels of glycated hemoglobin in…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
Amaranth: Why is this native Peruvian grain called the “crop of the future”? Full of healthy high proteins and gluten-free, the grain, Amaranth, the tasty and ancient pseudo cereal from Peru,…
Is bronchitis contagious? And how to prevent this infection? It is acute bronchitis that is contagious which means you can contract it from another person or you…
Oxalates: How healthy greens can sometimes be bad news for your kidneys Oxalates are compounds present in a majority of healthy foods. However, at times an overconsumption of these could…
Nipah Virus epidemic
Is shingles contagious? If yes, then how can you prevent this infection? What is shingles? How is different from chicken pox? Do adults get shingles? How contagious is it? Find…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
magnesium test
Magnesium Test The magnesium test is a blood test that is generally prsecribed when an individual starts showing signs of…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
Bulletproof coffee recipe
Bulletproof Coffee – Breakfast of champions or yet another health fad? Can this special ketogenic coffee really make your body race as fast as a bullet?
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You will never believe…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
Goji berry: A traditional Chinese berry that packs the best of antioxidants Goji berry is an ancient berry that is considered to be power-packed with nutrients and antioxidants. Which means…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Vagus nerve: 7 health benefits of stimulating the “gut-brain” connection As a matter of fact, there are two vagus nerves namely the left and the right but is…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
quinoa salad
Quinoa : A prodigious superfood you need to include in your diet today! Quinoa - what is so special about this native South American grain that has taken the world by…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
geriatric health aging
Geriatric health: Do you still think age is just a number? Aging is an inevitable part of life. But don't let these common geriatric ailments affect you and your…
probiotics healthy
Probiotics: How to best feed your gut bacteria for higher immunity How can a trillion-strong culture of bacteria swimming in your gut possible be good for you? And does…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
Cayenne: The remarkable benefits of these red hot chili peppers These may make you rush for a glass of water, but cayenne pepper is actually a healthy additive…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
Ear pain model
Easy and safe tips for ear wax removal you can do at home Cerumen impaction generally occurs when an external object like cotton swabs are used to remove the ear wax.…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make you smarter and…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…
collagen benefits skin
Collagen: Get age-defying skin and faster hair growth with this miracle protein Collagen – Wrinkle-free skin, stronger nails, and thicker locks – now you have more reasons to eat these…
matcha tea leaves
Matcha: The unthinkable health benefits of this unique green tea Did you know that a cup of matcha can boost your immunity against toxic diseases? Or that it…
essential amino acids
Amino acids: Building blocks of life for better mood and sex drive! Find out why amino acids are often called as the building blocks of life. And why should you…
iron food shellfish
Iron-Rich Foods: Eat these foods to keep fatigue and anemia away! How to ensure a muscles as strong as iron? Eat iron rich foods ! Iron is one of…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an inexplicable emotional numbness…
Green, brown, & bitter: The instant advantages of including fenugreek in your diet Did you know the earliest usage of fenugreek can be traced back to the Egyptian civilization? Find out…
Ginseng: Top reasons how this root can help you boost energy ( & libido too!) Ginseng - Read more about the complete history behind how this root powder became an indelible part of…
Find all the instant ways to get rid of blackheads Blackheads - Not only are they aesthetically unappealing but if left untreated these can cause bacterial overgrowth on…
How can Kegels help you overcome weak pelvic muscles & incontinence? Kegel exercises are pelvic floor strengthening exercises that can help you overcome incontinence issues that rise out of…
Tattoo Aftercare: The best practices to follow once you get inked Planning getting permanently inked? Make sure you follow these critical tattoo aftercare techniques to avoid infectious agents attacking…
Coconut oil woman
Coconut Oil: How one oil dominates the kitchen and the medicine kit too Coconut oil has been a favorite in many Asian kitchens. But more than a cooking oil, coconut oil…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
Bronchoscopy procedure
Bronchoscopy Bronchoscopy is a procedure where in a scope is inserted into the lung pathway to observe any growth…
cancer facts
8 hard-hitting truths no one tells you about cancer Did you know that 1.5 million new cases of cancer are reported every year? Can second-hand smoking kill…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
eating myths debunked
8 ‘healthy eating’ myths you believed until now Is a zero-carb diet really healthy for you? Are organic products worth their cost? Did you know how…
Dragon Fruit – Blessing from Nature’s Basket The dragon fruit is packed with nutrients and yet low on calories and is the dream food that…
The right way to prepare Alfalfa sprouts at home Alfalfa or lusan ghas is not just a nutritious animal fodder. This flavonoid-rich herb has some amazing health…
Love tea, hate tannins? Rooibos tea is just what you need The market is brimming with a multitude of herbal teas. But what makes rooibos tea (or red bush)…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
Erythritol: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another marketing ploy? Erythritol is a popular choice of a healthy alternative sweetening agent in foods. But how healthy can a…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
Appendix pain: Recent findings on this not-so vestigial organ The exact function of the appendix is still not clear. Some consider it as an organ that once…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
Keto diet healthy
Keto Diet: Did you know you could eat fats to burn fats? Keto diet - A wonder diet that lets you eat fats and lose weight too! Read on to…