Bone tumor

Bone tumor gout

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

Overview of bone tumor

A tumor can affect any part of the body and the bone is no exception. When the healthy cells in the bone mutate abnormally, they form a lump on the tissue called a tumor. Tumor in the bone can occur in two forms. While one can be fatal, the other can be treated. The one that is fatal is the malignant type which is cancerous and spreads to other parts of the body. The other type of bone tumor is the benign type is the most common of the two.  According to American Cancer Society, the mortality rate of those diagnosed with the malignant bone tumor is 45%.

Definition of bone tumor

Bone tumor sketelal systemBone tumors are developed when there is an irregular or rapid division of cells causing lumps in the tissue. When this happens, the healthy tissues are replaced with diseased ones which weaken the bone.

This increases the risk of fractures and functionality of affected body parts deteriorates. Some forms of the tumor are more fatal (cancerous or malignant) than the others (benign).

What causes bone tumor?

Rapid and irregular multiplication of cells cause tumors in the bones. The cause for this rapid multiplication is still undefined and research is still being conducted. However, there are several common factors that are observed in people who are diagnosed with bone tumors.

  • Genetics
  • History of radiation treatment
  • Have suffered a severe bone injury

Symptoms of bone tumor

Bone tumor mriOften people who are affected by bone tumor don’t display distinctive symptoms. People usually consult the doctor for unusually severe pain and that’s when the undiscovered bone tumor is diagnosed.

  • Pain; initially, the pain in the bones is mild and irregular. Over time the pain becomes severe and constant. The severity of the pain is such that it awakens one in the night.
  • Fatigue
  • Sweating profusely in the night
  • Fever
  • Rarely, a slight lump can be felt near the area affected by the bone tumor.

Types of bone tumor

There are numerous types of bone tumors. There are broadly classified into two types.

  • Primary Bone Tumors: This type of tumor is further classified into two subtypes (a) Benign Bone Tumors: The more common of the two primary bone tumors, benign bone tumor doesn’t spread and can be treated. Benign bone tumors are further classified into different types with the most common being osteochondroma. Usually, they affect the arms or legs of adolescents and teenagers. The other types of benign bone tumors are giant cells tumor, enchondroma, aneurysmal bone cyst, fibrous dysplasia, osteoblastoma and nonossifying fibroma unicameral. (b) Malignant Bone Tumors: The cancerous bone tumor, also referred to as metastatic cancer, spreads to different parts of the body. According to National Cancer Institute, less than 1% of all cancers are attributed to bone cancer. Types of malignant bone tumors are multiple myeloma, osteosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma and chondrosarcoma.
  • Secondary Bone Tumors: When cancer from other organs like prostate, breast or lungs spread to the bone, secondary tumors are formed.

Long-term effects of bone tumor

Bone tumor goutThe side-effects of bone tumors depend on the type of tumor one is diagnosed with. If diagnosed with a benign tumor, recovery is possible with treatment.

However, the tumor can grow back, so scheduling regular check-ups with the doctor is necessary. Malignant tumor of the bone makes other parts of the body vulnerable to cancer as it spreads and can be fatal.

The radiation therapy and chemotherapy that is used for the treatment of tumors has numerous long-term side-effects. The digestive and respiratory system are affected. One is also susceptible to heart diseases.

Vulnerable groups

The occurrence of a tumor is unpredictable and can affect all age groups and genders equally. But some groups are more likely to develop certain types of tumor in the bones.

  • Those who’ve suffered a bone injury that required metal implants – osteosarcoma
  • Children and adolescents – Ewing’s sarcoma or osteosarcoma
  • Adults and older adults – chondrosarcomas
  • Males – primary bone cancer

Genetics of bone tumor

One of the factors that increase the risk of being diagnosed with a bone tumor is genetics. There are various types of bone tumor and each has different genes linked to them.

  • Osteosarcoma – Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Rothmund-Thompson syndrome and mutation of the retinoblastoma gene
  • Chondrosarcoma – Multiple osteochondromas syndrome, an inherited condition

Diagnosis

Physical examination of the affected areas is first done to check sensitivitiy and range of motion. Then the medical history is consulted which is followed by physical tests.

Blood and urine tests – Done to check the presences of proteins that cause tumors

X-Rays – To check the size, growth and location of the tumor. Different types of imaging tests performed are:

  • MRI: Gives detailed visual information of the tumor
  • Bone scan: To check if the malignant bone tumor has spread to other parts of the body
  • PET scan: Looking for areas affected by cancer cells

Alkaline phosphate test – To check how rapidly the cells multiply

Biopsy – To confirm the possible diagnosis of a bone tumor

Treatment and prevention

If the bone tumor has metastasized into cancer, the following treating methods are implemented to ensure treatment:

  • Surgery: This the first protocol of treating a bone cancer. The aim is to remove all the malignant cells from the bone. Even if few are left, these can grow to again form tumors.
  • Radiation Therapy: High energy radiations are used to destroy the cancer cells. Since such a therapy can have adverse effects on the neighboring tissues, it is not considered as a primary treatment plan.
  • Chemotherapy: This is a type of systemic cancer treatment. The patient is given the chemo drugs that directly enter the bloodstream and circulate throughout the body killing cancer cells.

While 100% guaranteed prevention of bone tumors and cancer is not possible,  controlling these risk factors can help mitigate its probability :

  • Paget’s disease
  • History of radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
  • A family history of bone tumor/ cancer

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Consume a diet rich in immunity-boosting foods that will help to prevent cancerous stages.
  • Seek immediate medical help if you experience a gradually increasing pain along your bone and joints. Keep a check on lumps and swellings.
Don'ts
  • Eat foods that inflammatory in nature. These include trans-fats and sugar.
  • Smoke tobacco or indulge in any form of unhealthy dietary and substance addictive habits.

 

 

 

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How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make you smarter and…
Vitamin b12
Vitamin B12 Test Vitamin b12 is an essential nutrient required for healthy functioning of the nervous system and also development of…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
Chest X-Ray A chest x-ray is a diagnostic test that uses x-rays to visualize the structures inside your chest. It…
Exercises or diet? Find out the healthiest way to gain weight Tired of being called skinny all the time? Looking for healthy ways to beef up? Why not try…
blood elements analysis
Vitamin Profile Your doctor will recommend you undergo the vitamin profile test if you are showing signs of either vitamin…
woman with abdominal pain holding ovulation calendar
Ovulation – facts to know about ovulation Learn how and when ovulation occurs, demystify common misconceptions, identify symptoms, methods of detection and right period for…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 igm
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgM The Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgM test detects IgM class of antibodies in the blood.The presence of beta-2…
beta alanine energy powder
Beta-alanine: A powerhouse of proteins to charge up your workout How can a simple amino acid be a crucial health supplement for champion athletes? Find out how you…
apolipoprotein a1 test
Apolipoprotein -A1 (APO-A1) Test Apolipoprotein A-I (Apo-A1) constitutes 70% of protein content in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and helps in lipid metabolism.
Low fat diets
A complete list of low-fat diets and how to follow them Low-fat diets help you lose weight in a healthy way, but it works only with regular exercise and…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling creeping up on…
anti-chlamydia antibody tets
Anti-Chlamydia Antibody -IgG Test Anti-Chlamydia Antibody - IgG test is performed by collection of urine or genital fluids as sample for testing…
Find all the instant ways to get rid of blackheads Blackheads - Not only are they aesthetically unappealing but if left untreated these can cause bacterial overgrowth on…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
antiHEV IgM test
Anti hepatitis E virus (Anti HEV) IgM Test Anti HEV IgM test determines the level of the IgM antibodies in the blood, The disease is often…
Creatine: Is this the right peak athletic-performance supplement for you? Creatine is the amino acid that boosts our energy. Did you know creatine supplements can help you reach…
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount of the protein…
GERD heartburn
Heartburn: What are the exact symptoms and the best home remedies? There are easy home remedies for heartburn, which not only acts as a first aid when you experience…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
hepatitis B envelope antigen
Hepatitis B Envelope Antigen (HBeAg) The HBeAg or hepatitis B envelope antigen test is a screening test used to diagnose the onset of…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
tonometry
Tonometry Tonometry uses a device called tonometer to measure the pressure inside the eye. This pressure is depends upon…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…

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