Bone tumor

Bone tumor gout

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

Overview of bone tumor

A tumor can affect any part of the body and the bone is no exception. When the healthy cells in the bone mutate abnormally, they form a lump on the tissue called a tumor. Tumor in the bone can occur in two forms. While one can be fatal, the other can be treated. The one that is fatal is the malignant type which is cancerous and spreads to other parts of the body. The other type of bone tumor is the benign type is the most common of the two.  According to American Cancer Society, the mortality rate of those diagnosed with the malignant bone tumor is 45%.

Definition of bone tumor

Bone tumor sketelal systemBone tumors are developed when there is an irregular or rapid division of cells causing lumps in the tissue. When this happens, the healthy tissues are replaced with diseased ones which weaken the bone.

This increases the risk of fractures and functionality of affected body parts deteriorates. Some forms of the tumor are more fatal (cancerous or malignant) than the others (benign).

What causes bone tumor?

Rapid and irregular multiplication of cells cause tumors in the bones. The cause for this rapid multiplication is still undefined and research is still being conducted. However, there are several common factors that are observed in people who are diagnosed with bone tumors.

  • Genetics
  • History of radiation treatment
  • Have suffered a severe bone injury

Symptoms of bone tumor

Bone tumor mriOften people who are affected by bone tumor don’t display distinctive symptoms. People usually consult the doctor for unusually severe pain and that’s when the undiscovered bone tumor is diagnosed.

  • Pain; initially, the pain in the bones is mild and irregular. Over time the pain becomes severe and constant. The severity of the pain is such that it awakens one in the night.
  • Fatigue
  • Sweating profusely in the night
  • Fever
  • Rarely, a slight lump can be felt near the area affected by the bone tumor.

Types of bone tumor

There are numerous types of bone tumors. There are broadly classified into two types.

  • Primary Bone Tumors: This type of tumor is further classified into two subtypes (a) Benign Bone Tumors: The more common of the two primary bone tumors, benign bone tumor doesn’t spread and can be treated. Benign bone tumors are further classified into different types with the most common being osteochondroma. Usually, they affect the arms or legs of adolescents and teenagers. The other types of benign bone tumors are giant cells tumor, enchondroma, aneurysmal bone cyst, fibrous dysplasia, osteoblastoma and nonossifying fibroma unicameral. (b) Malignant Bone Tumors: The cancerous bone tumor, also referred to as metastatic cancer, spreads to different parts of the body. According to National Cancer Institute, less than 1% of all cancers are attributed to bone cancer. Types of malignant bone tumors are multiple myeloma, osteosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma and chondrosarcoma.
  • Secondary Bone Tumors: When cancer from other organs like prostate, breast or lungs spread to the bone, secondary tumors are formed.

Long-term effects of bone tumor

Bone tumor goutThe side-effects of bone tumors depend on the type of tumor one is diagnosed with. If diagnosed with a benign tumor, recovery is possible with treatment.

However, the tumor can grow back, so scheduling regular check-ups with the doctor is necessary. Malignant tumor of the bone makes other parts of the body vulnerable to cancer as it spreads and can be fatal.

The radiation therapy and chemotherapy that is used for the treatment of tumors has numerous long-term side-effects. The digestive and respiratory system are affected. One is also susceptible to heart diseases.

Vulnerable groups

The occurrence of a tumor is unpredictable and can affect all age groups and genders equally. But some groups are more likely to develop certain types of tumor in the bones.

  • Those who’ve suffered a bone injury that required metal implants – osteosarcoma
  • Children and adolescents – Ewing’s sarcoma or osteosarcoma
  • Adults and older adults – chondrosarcomas
  • Males – primary bone cancer

Genetics of bone tumor

One of the factors that increase the risk of being diagnosed with a bone tumor is genetics. There are various types of bone tumor and each has different genes linked to them.

  • Osteosarcoma – Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Rothmund-Thompson syndrome and mutation of the retinoblastoma gene
  • Chondrosarcoma – Multiple osteochondromas syndrome, an inherited condition

Diagnosis

Physical examination of the affected areas is first done to check sensitivitiy and range of motion. Then the medical history is consulted which is followed by physical tests.

Blood and urine tests – Done to check the presences of proteins that cause tumors

X-Rays – To check the size, growth and location of the tumor. Different types of imaging tests performed are:

  • MRI: Gives detailed visual information of the tumor
  • Bone scan: To check if the malignant bone tumor has spread to other parts of the body
  • PET scan: Looking for areas affected by cancer cells

Alkaline phosphate test – To check how rapidly the cells multiply

Biopsy – To confirm the possible diagnosis of a bone tumor

Treatment and prevention

If the bone tumor has metastasized into cancer, the following treating methods are implemented to ensure treatment:

  • Surgery: This the first protocol of treating a bone cancer. The aim is to remove all the malignant cells from the bone. Even if few are left, these can grow to again form tumors.
  • Radiation Therapy: High energy radiations are used to destroy the cancer cells. Since such a therapy can have adverse effects on the neighboring tissues, it is not considered as a primary treatment plan.
  • Chemotherapy: This is a type of systemic cancer treatment. The patient is given the chemo drugs that directly enter the bloodstream and circulate throughout the body killing cancer cells.

While 100% guaranteed prevention of bone tumors and cancer is not possible,  controlling these risk factors can help mitigate its probability :

  • Paget’s disease
  • History of radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
  • A family history of bone tumor/ cancer

Facts

  • Not every bone tumor will progress to bone cancer. The most common symptom is a gradual build-up of pain.
  • Benign( non-cancerous) bone tumors are more common than malignant ( cancerous) bone tumors.

Facts

  • The human bone is strong enough to support 12,000 pounds of pressure per square inch.
  • Advanced stage of breast, lung, or prostate cancer can spread to the bone and cause bone cancer.

Facts

  • If cancer has spread from the lungs to the bones, the affected bone cells will show the features of lung cancer cells instead of bone cancer cells.

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Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Consume a diet rich in immunity-boosting foods that will help to prevent cancerous stages.
  • Seek immediate medical help if you experience a gradually increasing pain along your bone and joints. Keep a check on lumps and swellings.
Don'ts
  • Eat foods that inflammatory in nature. These include trans-fats and sugar.
  • Smoke tobacco or indulge in any form of unhealthy dietary and substance addictive habits.

 

 

 

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AUTOIMMUNE HEPATITIS liver
Hepatitis Profile A hepatitis profile or a hepatitis panel is a blood test that checks for markers of hepatitis infection…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Hepatitis A virus infected liver
Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) Total Blood test to look for IgM antibodies to know if you are infected with Hepatitis A virus (HAV),…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
How seitan proved to be a blessing in disguise for vegans worldwide Can only meat-eaters enjoy delicious juicy steaks and burgers? With seitan, the best meat substitute available today,even vegans…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling creeping up on…
Appendix pain: Recent findings on this not-so vestigial organ The exact function of the appendix is still not clear. Some consider it as an organ that once…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
Chest X-Ray A chest x-ray is a diagnostic test that uses x-rays to visualize the structures inside your chest. It…
Strep throat pain
Anti-Streptolysin-O Test The ASO or Anti-Streptolysin-O is a blood test designed to check for the presence of streptococcus bacterial infection…
phenytoin test
Phenytoin test Phenytoin is a drug that is administered mainly to epilepsy patients. The phenytoin blood test measures the level…
AHBC Igm
Anti-Hepatitis B Core Antigen (AHBc) IgM Anti-hepatitis B core antigen (AHBC) IgM is an investigative procedure to detect the presence of IgM antibodies in…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
Unbelievable health benefits of gooseberries (and a few tasty recipes) Gooseberries are antioxidant-rich tasty fruits that can be easily added in daily diet to improve overall health and…
piles fissure fistula
Allopathy vs homeopathy vs ayurveda treatment for piles, fissures, and fistula Read to know the best form of treatment among allopathy, homeopathy,or ayurveda for piles, fissures, and fistula
cancer facts
8 hard-hitting truths no one tells you about cancer Did you know that 1.5 million new cases of cancer are reported every year? Can second-hand smoking kill…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…