Also called ketorolac tromethamine, Ketorol DT is a common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used for pain relief. It common generic name is Ketorolac that is sold in form tablets or film coated. The common application of the drug includes pain associated with post-operation. It is used to form moderate to severe pain. It can be prescribed when a patient has bacterial infections of tuberculosis (TB). Although it is generally used for pains resulting from post-surgery procedures, it has been used for other pains that include muscle pain, toothache, bone, and joint pains, menstrual cramps, Spondylitis and to treat some types of arthritis such as Rheumatoid Arthritis although this is usually for shorter durations. Other uses include headaches, fever, and Arthralgia. The list is not comprehensive, and the drug may be used for other applications not indicated but generally as a pain reliever.
The drug requires a prescription of a doctor or pharmacist. This also implies that the drug cannot be taken by another person even if they have similar symptoms. Each case of a person is unique and requires an assessment of a doctor to prescribe the appropriate dosage or alternative medication.
Taking the medication
Ketorol DT is a 10mg drug that is usually sold in 10 to 15 tablet strips. It is also available in the form of nasal spray or injectable solution. Since it is rapidly absorbed in the body after administration, it is recommended that it be taken with food. The drug may cause gastric bleeding of taken on an empty stomach.
The drug should be taken in intervals of 4 to 6 hours. The maximum that should be taken in any a day is 40mgor 4 tablets. When taking the drug, it should not be taken for more than five days. Prolonged usage of the drug it can cause stomach bleeding. Besides, other adverse reactions or side effects are likely to occur and be more severe when this medication is prolonged. The lowest possible dose is recommended with this drug.
It is recommended that the drug is swallowed whole with a lot of water and not crushed or chewed. Ketorol DT should not be taken with other NSAIDs such as Combiflam, paracetamols, Dolo, Crocin or other common medication known to treat such conditions.
MOA (mechanism of action)
The drug work by blocking chemicals that would otherwise cause pain and inflammation at certain locations. Ketorol DT is effective in selective obstruction of Cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and COX-2, which are useful in the synthesis of Prostaglandin. Prostaglandin synthesis is associated with body symptoms such as pain, fever, and swelling. The effects of the drug can be seen immediately within 30-60 minutes of administration, either through oral or intramuscular injection. Ketorol DT can also be given as eye drops to patients who have undergone eye surgery to relieve pain. In some cases, it is administered as a nasal spray. its effects can last for 4 -6 hours after peaking at 2-3 hours.
Ketorol 10mg has the following contradictions:
- Coronary complications such as Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CABG)
- Bleeding at the stomach
Different people have different experiences in reaction to drugs. Some conditions are likely to occur when they are taken at the same time and Ketoral DT is one of such that may show some interactions. Some of the common or moderate interactions noted include:
- Aspirin and other NSAIDs such as ibuprofen
- ACE inhibitors
- Fluconazole and ketoconazole
- Loop diuretics
- Oral contraceptives
- Prostaglandin analogs
Severe ones would include:
The drug is also known to interact with some diseases. In such cases, medical attention should be sought. Some people have asthma that is sensitive to NSAIDs. This is a severe interaction where people that this medical history should inform the doctor for a decision on management of the condition or advise on alternative medicine.
Side effects (common side effects and rare side effects)
Common side effects of the drug include the following:
- Stomach aches
- Epigastric pain
- Poor appetite
- Pain the point of injection
- Chest pains
- Irregular heartbeat
- Mouth sores or ulcers
On rare occasions, a small population experience some symptoms that require urgent attention of a doctor. Severe side effects include the following:
- Swelling of some parts of the body such as face, eyelids, tongue, feet, and hands.
- Unexpected weight gain
- Rashes on the skin
- Ulcers in the mouth
- Nausea, diarrhea and allergic reaction are considered serious side effects and a doctor should be informed if they are noticed by a patient.
- The decrease in urine output
- Yellow coloration of eyes or skin
- Abdominal pain
- Anxiety, depression, mental acuity may decline
- Nervous systems complications such as dizziness and headaches
- Although not common, Ketorol DT can also result in ear disorders such as ringing sensation and vertigo
- A change in taste in the month, loss of sleep and change in sensations
- Gastrointestinal conditions such as gas, flatulence, heartburn, vomiting, may result.
- Respiratory disorders such as coughs and nose bleeding.
- High blood pressure
- Sores and mouth ulcers, white spots may appear on mouth or lips.
On very rare cases, this drug can cause the following side effects:
- Hallucinations and side effects
- Hypersensitivity reactions
- Blue fingernails and lips
- Impaired vision
- Chest pains
- Burning and peeling of skin; it can also be tender, red or scaly.
- Cough and hoarse sound
- Darkening of urine
- Irregular breathing
- Low blood pressure
- Difficulties in urination
- Paling of skin
- Eyelids or eyes become puffy or may swell
- Runny nose
- Swelling of tongue
- Unquenchable thirst
- General body weakness and tiredness
- Vomiting of blood
These recommendations are given for best use of the medicine and to get most out of it with minimal complications. It should be noted that Ketorol DT is not a cure for any condition but a killer of pain or inflammation symptoms. Curative medicines for diagnosed problems should be taken on the advice of a doctor. They are indicated on when to avoid taking this medication. The list is not comprehensive but includes the following:
- Where a patient has stomach upsets, it is recommended for the patient to take the drug with milk or food. This will minimize these stomach upsets.
- The drug can cause complications such as bleeding associated with the kidney and stomach. Medication using this drug should not be prolonged.
- It can interfere with fetus development and if a patient should inform a doctor if they are pregnant or planning to get pregnant. Expectant mothers in their third trimester are especially cautioned on the use of this medication
- Patients that have been diagnosed with kidney or liver problems also ought to inform doctors
- Patients with cardiac-related problems such as heart attacks, strokes or blood clot should not take this drug unless expressly advised so by a prescribing doctor
- People with a history of ulcers should not use the drug without permission from a prescribing doctor
- The drug may be associate with certain allergies. Those with allergies should inform the doctor. Generally, common allergies are associated with those that react with NSAIDs. Asthmatic patients are likely to have more of these symptoms and itching can result in or be triggered by this drug.
- For some patients with peptic ulcers, Ketorol DT has been shown to have to cause swelling and bleeding in the stomach, colon, and anus. Caution should be taken for people with such conditions when being prescribed for this drug.
- People suffering from the severe liver disease are advised against taking this drug due to severe side effects resulting from this.
- Ketorol DT is not recommended during labor. Alternative medications should be given in such cases.
- Nursing mothers should also not take this medicine unless with consultation with a doctor.
- Asthmatic patients are advised against taking this medication
- Ketorol DT is not recommended for use for children aged 18 and below.
- The dosage of Ketorol DT should be adjusted if the patients are over 65 or generally if they weigh less than 50
- If a patient has a risk of bleeding in the head (cerebrovascular bleeding), Ketorol DTmay not be used
- If patients have kidney disease
- If patients have liver disease
- The drug may interfere with blood clotting and as a result, it should not be used in cases where it may interfere with the condition. Generally, prophylactic analgesic should be avoided before major surgery for the reason mentioned
- Where patients have mild pain or chronic pain, Ketorol DT may not be used due to its high strength and potential severity of side effects.
- It is not indicated for pediatric patients. appropriate alternatives should be sought.
The drug should not be exposed to excessive sunlight or heat
- Ketorol should not be stored for prolonged periods
- It should not be taken with alcohol. One should refrain from any form of alcoholic drink, which might interfere with the functioning of the drug
- Any adverse symptoms mentioned above such as dehydration, skin rashes should be reported to a doctor.
- This drug should not be taken with alcohol. This can increase risks of stomach bleeding
Caution should be taken against taking doses at close intervals when a dose has been missed. If a dose is missed, it is better to wait until the next schedule rather than taking two doses within a few hours apart. This would avoid unintended overdose that may require the attention of medical personnel. If too many doses are avoided, the drug may not function properly and in such cases, it is better if reminders are used such as alarms or notes stuck at convenient places or just asking people to remind the user of scheduled periods of taking the drug.
In cases of overdose, urgent medical attention should be sought.
Some of the drugs that can be taken in lieu of this drug include:
- Cadolac 10mg tablet, manufactured by Cadila Pharmaceuticals
- Kelac 10mg Tablet by Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
- Ketanov 10mg tablet, produced and sold by Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd.
- Nato 10 mg Tablet manufactured by Natco Pharma Ltd.
- Zorovon 10 mg Tablet from Sun Pharma Laboratories Ltd
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