Skin Rashes

Skin rashes mosquito bites

Last Updated August 23rd, 2019

Overview of skin rashes

Environmental pollution, microbial infections, stress and numerous other factors may contribute to diseases of varying complexities. The part of the human body that is most sensitive to all of the above factors is the skin. Hence the skin gets severely affected in most of the cases and may eventually lead to skin diseases of serious nature. A very common form of skin disorder is “skin rashes”. It may equally affect people belonging to all age groups and ethnic groups. Skin rashes should not be left undiagnosed, since they may be strong indicators of skin cancer in many cases. In the recent years, millions of death cases have been reported all over the world due to different types of skin cancers. At present, skin rashes are one of the leading causes of a visit to the clinics and dermatologists.

What are skin rashes?

Skin rashes womanSkin rashes are defined as reddish patches and blisters on the skin which may appear singly or in clusters in different parts of the body.

They may be triggered by pollution, dust particles, allergic agents or microbial pathogens. Skin rashes are equally common in children and adults.

Depending on the cause of occurrence, skin rashes may be contagious or non-contagious. Different types of skin rashes (particularly skin moles) may worsen with time and lead to skin cancers.

Causes of skin rashes

Skin rashes may occur due to multiple factors. The common causes of skin rashes are listed below-

  • Infections caused by bacterial (streptococcus), viral (Herpes zoster) or fungal (Tinea) pathogens
  • Exposure to dust particles, industrial emissions and vehicular pollutants on a regular basis
  • Exposure to strong rays of the sun for a long period of time
  • Unprotected exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation (during radiotherapy or chemotherapy) or other ionizing radiations
  • Living in unhygienic conditions (using unclean towels or wearing clothes without washing)
  • Using extremely greasy cosmetics
  • Having oily and greasy foods on a daily basis
  • Clogging of sweat ducts due to an accumulation of sweat and dust particles
  • Deficiency of vitamins (Vitamin C and D) and essential micronutrients (Sodium, Calcium, Potassium) in the body
  • Weather changes (sudden exposure to extreme hot or cold conditions)
  • Lack of immunity
  • Hormonal fluctuations (estrogen and progesterone) during puberty, pregnancy or menopause
  • Existing diseases like Chicken Pox, Herpes, Measles or gastrointestinal disorders
  • Side effects of certain medications like corticosteroids and other androgenic steroids
  • Toxicity due to exposure to chemicals like mercury, cadmium, lead or arsenic
  • A family history of skin rashes
  • Excessive sweating
  • Wearing clothes that do not allow passage of air
  • Exposure to heat, dust, and particulates due to occupational requirements
  • Extremely dry skin due to dehydration (due to low intake of fluids)
  • Having infections in the scalp that may spread to the face as well
  • Excess intake of alcohol or tobacco
  • Bathing with hard soap and extremely hot water every day
  • Releasing toxic chemicals like cytokines in the blood due to some existing medical condition or as an immune response to allergens
  • Being in direct contact with a person having skin rashes or sharing common items of use (Eg: cosmetics, towels, bed-sheets) with them.

If left unchecked, skin rashes can invite a host of infection-causing microbes. Shield your skin from pathogens with these 100% safe and natural remedies.

What are the common symptoms?

Skin rashes are easily identifiable through the following symptoms-

  • Reddish patches and areas of inflammation on the skin
  • Formation of reddish bumps singly or in clusters
  • The appearance of fluid-filled blisters, pustules or papules at a later stage
  • Presence of thick prominent edges of the skin lesions
  • Formation of a crusty scaly surface (scabs) at the site of blisters which fall of after the release of fluid from the blisters
  • Formation of temporary or permanent scars on the skin after the blisters heal completely
  • Presence of dust-like whitish flakes at the site of skin rashes
  • Irritation and inflammation of the infected skin
  • Tenderness of skin accompanied by a constant burning sensation (especially when the rashes are rubbed or scratched)
  • Fever and occasional body pain if too many rashes appear at the same time
  • Alteration of skin texture after a certain period of time
  • The appearance of pigments after the blisters cure completely
  • Extreme dryness of skin
  • Formation of cracks and fissures on the skin surface

Types of skin rashes

Skin rashes eczemaSkin rashes are roughly classified into the following types-

  • Warts: They are also called verrucae and are often present as benign outgrowths of the skin. They may cause occasional pain and discomfort.
  • Molluscum contagiosum: It is a kind of viral infection and is characterized by the formation of prominent papules.
  • Cold sores: These are minute reddish fluid-filled blisters that are present in and around the mouth. They are caused by the Herpes simplex virus.
  • Scabies: These are caused by Sarcoptes Tiny elevated red lesions appear on the skin.
  • Cellulitis: It occurs due to a bacterial infection that causes inflammation of subcutaneous connective tissue. Burning sensation occurs in the skin in this case.
  • Eczema: Inflammation of skin occurs in this disease accompanied by alteration of skin texture. Reddish itchy blisters appear on the skin with the slow progress of the disease.
  • Plantar warts: These are rough-textured outgrowths on the skin and appear on those portions which experience continuous pressure.
  • Acne vulgaris: Formation of elevated reddish lumps with distinct edges occurs in this condition.
  • Psoriasis: It is characterized by the formation of plaques and papules on the skin and mostly occurs in the scalp.
  • Impetigo: These types of skin rashes are formed mostly on the exposed parts of the skin. It is characterized by blisters and sores over wide areas of the skin.

Diagnostic tests

The following diagnostic tests are carried out for the diagnosis of common types of skin rashes-

  • Radioallergosorbent test
  • Dermatopathology
  • Blood tests
  • Biopsy

Treatment and prevention

Skin rashes mosquito bitesTreatment of skin rashes depends upon what pathogen is responsible for the rash ( bacteria, virus, or fungi) and what is the underlying condition. Most of the skin rashes such as eczema, dermatitis etc are treated with the help of steroid-containing or hydrocortisone ointments. In more severe cases, these might be administered in the form of pills or injections. Antihistamines also provide relief from the symptoms. In many forms of rashes, such as rosacea, the doctor may also recommend exposing the affected skin to sunlight or UV rays to treat the condition.

A rash is a change in the color or texture of the skin that is caused by an irritant. There is a likelihood that you will develop scaly, bumpy or itchy skin. Rashes can develop as a result of an insect bite, an infection, an allergy, a side effect of medication or treatment, etc. The treatment of rashes does depend on the cause. However, the use of certain oils like olive oil can provide symptomatic relief. Olive oil has been used for several hundreds of years for its ability to treat various skin maladies. This is because olive oil has antioxidative properties and is also a safe lubricant to use on the skin.

Prevention of skin rashes can be done by:

  • Keeping your body cool and wearing loose fitting clothes during hot and humid days.
  • Understanding what substances can trigger an allergic reaction in your body ( certain foods, pollen etc) and staying away from them.
  • Avoiding too long showers or showering with hot water. It strips away body’s natural moisture making it drier and prone to rashes.
  • Protecting your skin while gardening or doing any other activity that exposes you to chemicals, toxins, and dirt.

Facts

  • The most common forms of skin rashes are eczema, hives, athlete’s foot, and poison ivy. These could be due to bacterial, viral, or fungal infections.
  • Studies suggest that high sugar consumption is linked to the formation of skin rashes. Sugar is an inflammatory and acidic substance that causes bodily inflammation.

Facts

  • Many autoimmune disorders such as Lupus give rise to characteristic butterfly rash formation on the skin.

Facts

  • Turmeric has strong anti-inflammatory properties and thus is used in many home-remedies to treat skin rashes.
  • There are many fatal conditions that have skin rashes as the primary symptom – Toxic shock syndrome, Pemphigus Vulgaris, Necrotizing fasciitis, Toxic epidermal necrosis and many more.

Related Conditions

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Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Take antihistamines to treat the skin rash/allergy but only under doctor’s supervision.
  • Use OTC hydrocortisone ointments to obtain relief from the rashes.
  • Always do proper debridement and dressing of rashes and ulcers to prevent them from becoming septic.
Don'ts
  • Use cosmetic and scented soaps to clean the rash-affected skin. It will irritate the skin more.
  • Rub alcohol or alcohol-containing solutions to get rid of itching. Alcohol tends to dry the skin.
  • Use hydrogen peroxide or bleach for cleaning open skin and wounds.

 

 

 

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5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
Hysteroscopy_procedure
Hysteroscopy Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive tool to help specialists view the uterus to diagnose and even treat several…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
Oxidative Stress: Understanding the most lethal phenomenon happening in your body right now Free radicals cause damage to the body, which is known as oxidation.  The amount of oxidation caused by…
11 unbelievable health benefits of thyme you didn’t know! Thyme is a herb that has been used in alternative medicine.It is a well known seasoning in the…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody (tTG) Test Transglutaminase is an enzyme present in our body and is involved in protein metabolism. A tTg test is…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
lp-pla2
LP-PLA2 Test The LP-PLA2 test is a test which is carried out to assess the levels of Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2…
immunoglobulin M
Immunoglobulin M Test Immunoglobulin M is the largest and the first produced antibody which helps in the prevention or fighting of…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It is edible and…
The complete “what to eat” guide for gluten intolerance Does eating breads and pastas often makes you nauseous? Gluten intolerance is a common reason why you might…
The right way to prepare Alfalfa sprouts at home Alfalfa or lusan ghas is not just a nutritious animal fodder. This flavonoid-rich herb has some amazing health…
Find all the instant ways to get rid of blackheads Blackheads - Not only are they aesthetically unappealing but if left untreated these can cause bacterial overgrowth on…
Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? People opt to become a pescatarian in order to enrich their bodies with the essential health benefits that…
Appendix pain: Recent findings on this not-so vestigial organ The exact function of the appendix is still not clear. Some consider it as an organ that once…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
Coffee Enema: Turn your favorite morning beverage into a powerful colon cleanser The wonders of coffee are not just limited to waking you up every morning. You can now use…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out how you can…
Oxalates: How healthy greens can sometimes be bad news for your kidneys Oxalates are compounds present in a majority of healthy foods. However, at times an overconsumption of these could…
Inversion Therapy: The anti-gravity way of healing chronic back pain Inversion therapy involves suspending a person upside dow using different types of equipment. This works by taking the…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
vdrl test syphilis
VDRL Test The VDRL test is a blood test that is used to diagnose sexually transmitted or venereal diseases, primarily…
complement c4 test
Anemia Profile Anemia Profile test (Basic) is a blood screening test that measures the levels of important components of the…
shoudler exercises
Keep your shoulders pain-free with these shoulder exercises Shoulder exercises are important in order to prevent chronic back and neck pain. Learn more about how you…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…