Skin Rashes

Skin rashes mosquito bites

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

Overview of skin rashes

Environmental pollution, microbial infections, stress and numerous other factors may contribute to diseases of varying complexities. The part of the human body that is most sensitive to all of the above factors is the skin. Hence the skin gets severely affected in most of the cases and may eventually lead to skin diseases of serious nature. A very common form of skin disorder is “skin rashes”. It may equally affect people belonging to all age groups and ethnic groups. Skin rashes should not be left undiagnosed, since they may be strong indicators of skin cancer in many cases. In the recent years, millions of death cases have been reported all over the world due to different types of skin cancers. At present, skin rashes are one of the leading causes of a visit to the clinics and dermatologists.

What are skin rashes?

Skin rashes womanSkin rashes are defined as reddish patches and blisters on the skin which may appear singly or in clusters in different parts of the body.

They may be triggered by pollution, dust particles, allergic agents or microbial pathogens. Skin rashes are equally common in children and adults.

Depending on the cause of occurrence, skin rashes may be contagious or non-contagious. Different types of skin rashes (particularly skin moles) may worsen with time and lead to skin cancers.

Causes of skin rashes

Skin rashes may occur due to multiple factors. The common causes of skin rashes are listed below-

  • Infections caused by bacterial (streptococcus), viral (Herpes zoster) or fungal (Tinea) pathogens
  • Exposure to dust particles, industrial emissions and vehicular pollutants on a regular basis
  • Exposure to strong rays of the sun for a long period of time
  • Unprotected exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation (during radiotherapy or chemotherapy) or other ionizing radiations
  • Living in unhygienic conditions (using unclean towels or wearing clothes without washing)
  • Using extremely greasy cosmetics
  • Having oily and greasy foods on a daily basis
  • Clogging of sweat ducts due to an accumulation of sweat and dust particles
  • Deficiency of vitamins (Vitamin C and D) and essential micronutrients (Sodium, Calcium, Potassium) in the body
  • Weather changes (sudden exposure to extreme hot or cold conditions)
  • Lack of immunity
  • Hormonal fluctuations (estrogen and progesterone) during puberty, pregnancy or menopause
  • Existing diseases like Chicken Pox, Herpes, Measles or gastrointestinal disorders
  • Side effects of certain medications like corticosteroids and other androgenic steroids
  • Toxicity due to exposure to chemicals like mercury, cadmium, lead or arsenic
  • A family history of skin rashes
  • Excessive sweating
  • Wearing clothes that do not allow passage of air
  • Exposure to heat, dust, and particulates due to occupational requirements
  • Extremely dry skin due to dehydration (due to low intake of fluids)
  • Having infections in the scalp that may spread to the face as well
  • Excess intake of alcohol or tobacco
  • Bathing with hard soap and extremely hot water every day
  • Releasing toxic chemicals like cytokines in the blood due to some existing medical condition or as an immune response to allergens
  • Being in direct contact with a person having skin rashes or sharing common items of use (Eg: cosmetics, towels, bed-sheets) with them.

If left unchecked, skin rashes can invite a host of infection-causing microbes. Shield your skin from pathogens with these 100% safe and natural remedies.

What are the common symptoms?

Skin rashes are easily identifiable through the following symptoms-

  • Reddish patches and areas of inflammation on the skin
  • Formation of reddish bumps singly or in clusters
  • The appearance of fluid-filled blisters, pustules or papules at a later stage
  • Presence of thick prominent edges of the skin lesions
  • Formation of a crusty scaly surface (scabs) at the site of blisters which fall of after the release of fluid from the blisters
  • Formation of temporary or permanent scars on the skin after the blisters heal completely
  • Presence of dust-like whitish flakes at the site of skin rashes
  • Irritation and inflammation of the infected skin
  • Tenderness of skin accompanied by a constant burning sensation (especially when the rashes are rubbed or scratched)
  • Fever and occasional body pain if too many rashes appear at the same time
  • Alteration of skin texture after a certain period of time
  • The appearance of pigments after the blisters cure completely
  • Extreme dryness of skin
  • Formation of cracks and fissures on the skin surface

Types of skin rashes

Skin rashes eczemaSkin rashes are roughly classified into the following types-

  • Warts: They are also called verrucae and are often present as benign outgrowths of the skin. They may cause occasional pain and discomfort.
  • Molluscum contagiosum: It is a kind of viral infection and is characterized by the formation of prominent papules.
  • Cold sores: These are minute reddish fluid-filled blisters that are present in and around the mouth. They are caused by the Herpes simplex virus.
  • Scabies: These are caused by Sarcoptes Tiny elevated red lesions appear on the skin.
  • Cellulitis: It occurs due to a bacterial infection that causes inflammation of subcutaneous connective tissue. Burning sensation occurs in the skin in this case.
  • Eczema: Inflammation of skin occurs in this disease accompanied by alteration of skin texture. Reddish itchy blisters appear on the skin with the slow progress of the disease.
  • Plantar warts: These are rough-textured outgrowths on the skin and appear on those portions which experience continuous pressure.
  • Acne vulgaris: Formation of elevated reddish lumps with distinct edges occurs in this condition.
  • Psoriasis: It is characterized by the formation of plaques and papules on the skin and mostly occurs in the scalp.
  • Impetigo: These types of skin rashes are formed mostly on the exposed parts of the skin. It is characterized by blisters and sores over wide areas of the skin.

Diagnostic tests

The following diagnostic tests are carried out for the diagnosis of common types of skin rashes-

  • Radioallergosorbent test
  • Dermatopathology
  • Blood tests
  • Biopsy

Treatment and prevention

Skin rashes mosquito bitesTreatment of skin rashes depends upon what pathogen is responsible for the rash ( bacteria, virus, or fungi) and what is the underlying condition. Most of the skin rashes such as eczema, dermatitis etc are treated with the help of steroid-containing or hydrocortisone ointments. In more severe cases, these might be administered in the form of pills or injections. Antihistamines also provide relief from the symptoms. In many forms of rashes, such as rosacea, the doctor may also recommend exposing the affected skin to sunlight or UV rays to treat the condition.

A rash is a change in the color or texture of the skin that is caused by an irritant. There is a likelihood that you will develop scaly, bumpy or itchy skin. Rashes can develop as a result of an insect bite, an infection, an allergy, a side effect of medication or treatment, etc. The treatment of rashes does depend on the cause. However, the use of certain oils like olive oil can provide symptomatic relief. Olive oil has been used for several hundreds of years for its ability to treat various skin maladies. This is because olive oil has antioxidative properties and is also a safe lubricant to use on the skin.

Prevention of skin rashes can be done by:

  • Keeping your body cool and wearing loose fitting clothes during hot and humid days.
  • Understanding what substances can trigger an allergic reaction in your body ( certain foods, pollen etc) and staying away from them.
  • Avoiding too long showers or showering with hot water. It strips away body’s natural moisture making it drier and prone to rashes.
  • Protecting your skin while gardening or doing any other activity that exposes you to chemicals, toxins, and dirt.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Take antihistamines to treat the skin rash/allergy but only under doctor’s supervision.
  • Use OTC hydrocortisone ointments to obtain relief from the rashes.
  • Always do proper debridement and dressing of rashes and ulcers to prevent them from becoming septic.
Don'ts
  • Use cosmetic and scented soaps to clean the rash-affected skin. It will irritate the skin more.
  • Rub alcohol or alcohol-containing solutions to get rid of itching. Alcohol tends to dry the skin.
  • Use hydrogen peroxide or bleach for cleaning open skin and wounds.

 

 

 

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CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
Find all the instant ways to get rid of blackheads Blackheads - Not only are they aesthetically unappealing but if left untreated these can cause bacterial overgrowth on…
How can Kegels help you overcome weak pelvic muscles & incontinence? Kegel exercises are pelvic floor strengthening exercises that can help you overcome incontinence issues that rise out of…
Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? People opt to become a pescatarian in order to enrich their bodies with the essential health benefits that…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Erythritol: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another marketing ploy? Erythritol is a popular choice of a healthy alternative sweetening agent in foods. But how healthy can a…
Gua sha: Scraping away layers of pain with this ancient healing tool Gua sha is an ancient oriental healing method which focuses on scraping the body with specific tools to…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
HSV-1_IGG
Herpes Simplex Virus I (HSV)-IgG Test Herpes simplex virus I(HSV)-IgG is an Immunoglobulin protein that acts as an antibody & stays in the blood…
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Hepatitis Profile A hepatitis profile or a hepatitis panel is a blood test that checks for markers of hepatitis infection…
Okra: How can this nutrient-dense vegetable help you fight diabetes? Okra is a food which is rich in nutrients and minerals which are extremely essential for a healthy…
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What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
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Ovulation – facts to know about ovulation Learn how and when ovulation occurs, demystify common misconceptions, identify symptoms, methods of detection and right period for…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…
How can berberine supplements help you live longer and healthier? Berberine is a turmeric look-alike herbal extract that is credited with numerous health benefits ranging from diabetes cure…
Urologist: When should you visit one and why? A urologist can treat not only genitourinary problems of both men and women but also can treat various…
The Cabbage Soup Diet: The healthiest way to instant weight loss Cabbage soup diet rapid weight loss diet for those who want to shed those extra pounds in less…
CERULOPLASMIN- triple marker
Triple Marker Test A triple marker test is an important prenatal test that is performed to detect the presence of chromosomal…
biopsy procedure
Biopsy Biopsy is a procedure of studying a live tissue sample collected from a specific organ for diagnosing a…
malarial antigen test
Malaria Antigen Test A malaria antigen test is a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) that can detect malarial antigens (proteins) in your…
apolipoprotein a1 test
Apolipoprotein -A1 (APO-A1) Test Apolipoprotein A-I (Apo-A1) constitutes 70% of protein content in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and helps in lipid metabolism.
complement c4 test
Anemia Profile Anemia Profile test (Basic) is a blood screening test that measures the levels of important components of the…
blood ketone test
Blood Ketone (D3HB) Test The Blood Ketone Test measures and monitors the levels of ketone in the blood which is usually performed…
piles fissure fistula
Allopathy vs homeopathy vs ayurveda treatment for piles, fissures, and fistula Read to know the best form of treatment among allopathy, homeopathy,or ayurveda for piles, fissures, and fistula
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
Goji berry: A traditional Chinese berry that packs the best of antioxidants Goji berry is an ancient berry that is considered to be power-packed with nutrients and antioxidants. Which means…
10 reasons why you should up your selenium intake Selenium, though a trace mineral, is very much integral to your health. Find out how much selenium intake…
waterchestnut
Water Chestnuts: The tastiest ways to include this healthy tuber in your diet Water chestnut is not a nut after all. It is a tuber (much like the potatoes) growing close…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test is the most…
Vagus nerve: 7 health benefits of stimulating the “gut-brain” connection As a matter of fact, there are two vagus nerves namely the left and the right but is…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
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Hysteroscopy Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive tool to help specialists view the uterus to diagnose and even treat several…
hemoglobin variant analysis
Hemoglobin Variant Analysis Hemoglobin variant analysis is a blood test that is used to detect the presence of hemoglobin variants which…
valproic acid test
Valproic Acid Test Valproic acid test is performed to generally check for psychiatric and even neurological conditions such as bipolar disease…
fructosamine test
Fructosamine Test A fructosamine test measures blood sugar glucose content. Fructosamine level can indicate blood sugar level in past 2-3…
thyroxine t4 test
T4 (Thyroxine) Hormone Test The T4 or thyroxine blood test is an important diagnostic tool that gives a clear picture of how…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
Agave nectar: The bitter truth about this sweetener revealed Agave nectar is considered to be sweeter than the normal table sugar and even contains higher amounts of…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
Cayenne: The remarkable benefits of these red hot chili peppers These may make you rush for a glass of water, but cayenne pepper is actually a healthy additive…
Exercises or diet? Find out the healthiest way to gain weight Tired of being called skinny all the time? Looking for healthy ways to beef up? Why not try…
The right way to prepare Alfalfa sprouts at home Alfalfa or lusan ghas is not just a nutritious animal fodder. This flavonoid-rich herb has some amazing health…
Psyllium Husk: More than just an effective natural laxative Psyllium husk, or isabgol, is a popular natural laxative . But did you in addition to regulating bowels,…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more about carb cycling,…
Low fat diets
A complete list of low-fat diets and how to follow them Low-fat diets help you lose weight in a healthy way, but it works only with regular exercise and…
Appendix pain: Recent findings on this not-so vestigial organ The exact function of the appendix is still not clear. Some consider it as an organ that once…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
blood elements analysis
Blood Element Analysis Test A blood element analysis is a blood test performed to measure the level of toxic elements such as…
anti-chlamydia antibody tets
Anti-Chlamydia Antibody -IgG Test Anti-Chlamydia Antibody - IgG test is performed by collection of urine or genital fluids as sample for testing…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
antiHEV IgM test
Anti hepatitis E virus (Anti HEV) IgM Test Anti HEV IgM test determines the level of the IgM antibodies in the blood, The disease is often…
lipase test
Lipase Test A lipase test is a blood test performed to quantitatively measure the level of the enzyme lipase in…
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Arthritis Profile Arthritis profile is a panel of primarily blood tests used to detect the presence of arthritis or check…
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Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
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12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…

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