Beriberi

BERIBERI spots

Last Updated August 23rd, 2019

Thiamine or vitamin B1 deficiency is a global health concern. This essential nutrient plays a critical role in initiating metabolic processes and energy supply to the body. Did you know that every major organ system of your body – cardiovascular, digestive, and endocrine, etc will come to a standstill if you lacked this vitamin? Since the human body needs this crucial vitamin (but is unable to synthesize it naturally), one must pay special heed to vitamin B1 intake. Beriberi is nothing but thiamine deficiency.
Vitamin B1 is a water-soluble vitamin. This means it is easily soluble in water and gets flushed out of the body via sweat and urine. As per WHO, low and middle-income countries show a higher tendency of thiamine deficiency owing a staple diet of white polished rice. Thiamine is required at the cellular level to ensure that every muscle and tissue of your body is getting the required energy to function properly. The heart, one of the vital organs of the human body, is a muscular organ and it needs proper supply of energy and oxygen to remain healthy and pumping.
People with thiamine deficiency, aka, beriberi often suffer from a weak heart owing to this very reason. Additionally, the nerves of the body are also poorly supplied with oxygen which leads to peripheral neuropathy. As the muscles of the body gradually begin to crumble, even basic functions such as breathing become difficult. In the absence of proper oxygen supply, the heart may stop functioning and this results in cardiac failure.
Beriberi or thiamine deficiency cannot be treated just by adding healthy foods in diet. Dietary supplements of vitamin B1 are required here. But these need to be supplemented with foods rich in vitamin B1 such as - whole grains (avoid eating refined flour and white rice), meat/fish/poultry/eggs, milk and cheese, green leafy vegetables, beets, potatoes, legumes (soy, nuts, seeds), and orange juice.
In rare cases, the inability to absorb thiamine from foods can be passed on from parents to the off-spring. This is known as genetic beriberi. Since the body is unable to absorb vitamin B1 from the foods, patients of genetic beriberi are treated with the help of thiamine supplements - given in the form of pills or injections.
The best (and the only way) to prevent beriberi is by having adequate vitamin B1 intake. Since it is a water soluble vitamin and can get easily flushed out of the body (urine and sweat), it is important to eat vitamin B1-rich foods on a regular basis. The best natural sources of thiamine are - meats, nuts and seeds, seafood, whole grains, and dairy products. These days a majority of bread and breakfast cereals sold commercially are fortified with thiamine.

Overview

Vitamins are essential nutrients that our bodies need in order to remain healthy and function normally. Vitamins are necessary for metabolism, growth, and maintenance of tissues. We obtain these essential nutrients through naturally occurring sources by way of our diet but sometimes we may need supplements to make up for any deficiencies in the diet. Either way, it is important to ensure that your body receives the vitamins it needs because when it does not, it can suffer and develop the disease. Beriberi is an example of a disease caused by nutritional deficiency, and this article will explain how exactly it arises, how it affects the body and how it can be prevented or treated.

What Is Beriberi?

BERIBERI spotsBeriberi is a disease that is caused by the deficiency of vitamin B1 in the body. This vitamin is also known as thiamine. The biologically active form of thiamine is a substance known as thiamine pyrophosphate.

Along with other B-complex vitamins, thiamine helps your body conduct metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and protein. This metabolism enables the cells to obtain the energy that they need for their survival and essential functions. A critical shortage of vitamin B1 in the diet can affect the cardiovascular and nervous systems. This can be fatal. However, it is possible to successfully treat the condition. Beriberi can also arise as a consequence of chronic alcoholism.

Who Is At Risk Of Developing Beriberi?

Thiamine can be obtained from naturally occurring sources including both animal and plant sources. For example, foods such as pork, beef, fish, eggs, dairy, potatoes, nuts and legumes contain thiamine. Brown rice contains thiamine but when it is polished, it loses most of its natural vitamin content. Hence, beriberi tends to occur more often among populations where white rice constitutes a dietary staple. However, this is not the only possible cause for the disease.

Since thiamine is a water-soluble vitamin, it is absorbed in the small intestine during the process of digestion. Any condition that interferes with this processor generally impairs the process of absorption, can potentially give rise to beriberi.

There are 3 broad scenarios in which thiamine deficiency may arise:

  • A lack of thiamine in the diet.
  • Alternatively, the person may be consuming foods that deplete or are detrimental to thiamine. Undergoing procedures such as dialysis can also deplete thiamine content in the body.
  • The body may be unable to absorb the thiamine it needs, although the diet may provide the right quantities of the vitamin.
  • Yet another possibility is that under certain conditions, such as pregnancy or during lactation, the body needs higher quantities of thiamine. When the diet is not adjusted to cater to this need, the person may develop a deficiency.

BERIBERI vitamin foodsA fuller list of specific causes appears in the list below:

  • Dietary insufficiency.
  • Excessive intake of foods, like tea and coffee, that contain anti-thiamine factor.
  • Intake of foods containing sulfite.
  • The condition can also be caused by genetic factors.
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol.
  • Those suffering from Crohn’s disease, an inflammatory bowel disorder, are at risk of developing beriberi.
  • Patients undergoing dialysis are also at risk.
  • Patients who have undergone a gastric bypass surgery.
  • Those receiving intravenous fluids that contain high quantities of glucose.
  • Those suffering from hyperthyroidism.
  • Having eating disorders such as anorexia can lead to severe nutritional deficiencies such as beriberi.
  • Starvation.
  • Refeeding syndrome.
  • Celiac disease.
  • Folate deficiency.
  • Severe liver disease.
  • Patients with chronic diarrhoea.
  • Pregnant and lactating women.
  • Infants who are fed with a formula that does not provide adequate amounts of thiamine. Similarly, an infant that feeds on breast milk can also develop a deficiency of thiamine if the mother herself is deficient.

Symptoms

Initially, lack of vitamin B1 in the body gives rise to symptoms resembling anorexia. As the condition worsens, thiamine deficiency eventually gives rise to beriberi. Often, the onset of the disease is insidious. In other words, it proceeds gradually although this masks the fact that it can have very grave consequences for the health. Alternatively, in some cases, onset can be sudden and life-threatening.

Some typical symptoms are:

  • A headache.
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Increase in heart rate.
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • Irritability.
  • Abdominal discomfort.
  • Peripheral neuropathy. The patient may experience tingling or abnormal sensations in the limbs.
  • Peripheral edema or swelling, usually in the lower legs.
  • Vomiting.
  • Inability to control the movement of the eyes.
  • Double vision.
  • Poor reflexes.
  • Mental confusion.
  • Paralysis.

What Are The Different Forms Of Beriberi?

There are two main modes of disease progression, namely, the dry and wet forms of beriberi. These are discussed below in brief.

  • Wet Beriberi: This has an adverse impact on cardiovascular function. The blood vessels dilate, causing swelling and forcing the heart to beat faster. Eventually, this can lead to heart failure.
  • Dry Beriberi: In such instances, the neurological function becomes impaired. As a result, the patient experiences pain and abnormal sensations such as tingling, often in the peripheral regions. He or she may start to experience difficulties in speaking and the reflexes tend to weaken. Damage to the nerves could be permanent and irreversible if not attended to in time.

Some patients also show a mixed form of the disease, exhibiting signs of both types.

  • Yet another form of beriberi is known as the Infantile type. As we have seen above, if the nursing mother herself is deficient in thiamine, this will deprive the infant of the essential compound. As a result, the baby may develop symptoms such as difficulty in breathing, diarrhea, vomiting, swelling and bluish discoloration of the skin. Eventually, the infant may die of heart failure.

What Are The Possible Complications?

BERIBERI nailsThiamine deficiency can cause the patient to develop critical conditions known as Korsakoff syndrome and Wernicke encephalopathy. Doctors believe that once the patient has progressed to this stage, it is difficult to make a full recovery even with sound treatment. Wernicke encephalopathy and Korsakoff syndrome both involve severe damage to certain sections of the brain. The former results in damage to the thymus and hypothalamus, both of which are critical in regulating essential faculties such as muscle coordination and homeostasis. Patients with Korsakoff syndrome may suffer hallucinations and lose the ability to form new memories and access existing ones as a result of damage to the area of the brain concerned with memory.

In severe cases or where prompt treatment is not available, the patient could die within a few days of onset of symptoms.

How Is Beriberi Diagnosed And Treated?

In order to address the disease and treat it, it is first necessary to make a diagnosis of the underlying cause or causes. If these can be resolved, then the beriberi can also be addressed. As initial symptoms might be non-specific, the condition may not be easy to identify. The process of diagnosis may involve the following steps:

  • Physical examination.
  • Medical history, paying particular attention to diet, lifestyle, and habits such as alcoholism.
  • Blood tests.
  • Neurological tests to assess nervous function.

If you have been diagnosed with beriberi and the cause is a lack of vitamin B1 in your diet, you will mostly like be prescribed dietary supplements. Your doctor will advise you as to the dose most appropriate for you. If, however, the underlying cause is a condition other than dietary insufficiency, treatment will aim to address that first in order to also resolve beriberi.

The main aim of treating beriberi is to increase the thiamine levels in the patient’s body. This includes thiamine medicines either taken as oral supplements or injected into the patient’s body. The patient’s blood and urine are monitored regularly in order to access whether or not the treatment method is effective or not.  While the treatment of beriberi is relatively simple, if left untreated, beriberi could be fatal.  Death usually occurs due to cardiac failure or neurological malfunction. The most effective method of preventing beriberi is consuming a diet rich in vitamin B1 and refraining from substance abuse of alcohol. Breastfeeding mothers should take special care in maintaining proper levels of thiamine in their systems.

Facts

  • The word beriberi has been derived from Sinhalese language meaning “ I can’t, I can’t” – which reflects the gradual crippling of the patient due to the disease.
  • The prevalence of beriberi is high in the south-east Asian countries and could be linked to high consumption of white rice.

Facts

  • There are two types of beriberi – dry and wet. Dry beriberi affected the central nervous system whereas wet affects the cardiovascular system.
  • Cerebral beriberi, which is mainly caused by chronic alcoholism, is also known as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.

Facts

  • Vitamin B encompasses Vitamin B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B9 (folic acid), and B12 (cobalamin).

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

Test Your Knowledge

Welcome to your Nutrient Deficiency Quiz

What type of sun rays help synthesize vitamin D?
Which disorder is characterized by inability to speak in certain social situations?
Beriberi is caused by the lack of this micronutrient-
Can stuttering be genetic?
Which of these vitamins are needed for calcium absorption by the body?
What is scoliosis?
People with darker skin are more prone to vitamin D deficiency.
If you have thiamine deficiency, which of these should you avoid consuming with your thiamine rich diet?
Which of the following is a speech disorder that affects the pronunciation of letters like s, z, r?
Consumption of mushrooms exposed to UVB rays help with low vitamin D levels.

Take the full quiz
Thiamine or vitamin B1 deficiency is a global health concern. This essential nutrient plays a critical role in initiating metabolic processes and energy supply to the body. Did you know that every major organ system of your body – cardiovascular, digestive, and endocrine, etc will come to a standstill if you lacked this vitamin? Since the human body needs this crucial vitamin (but is unable to synthesize it naturally), one must pay special heed to vitamin B1 intake. Beriberi is nothing but thiamine deficiency.
Vitamin B1 is a water-soluble vitamin. This means it is easily soluble in water and gets flushed out of the body via sweat and urine. As per WHO, low and middle-income countries show a higher tendency of thiamine deficiency owing a staple diet of white polished rice. Thiamine is required at the cellular level to ensure that every muscle and tissue of your body is getting the required energy to function properly. The heart, one of the vital organs of the human body, is a muscular organ and it needs proper supply of energy and oxygen to remain healthy and pumping.
People with thiamine deficiency, aka, beriberi often suffer from a weak heart owing to this very reason. Additionally, the nerves of the body are also poorly supplied with oxygen which leads to peripheral neuropathy. As the muscles of the body gradually begin to crumble, even basic functions such as breathing become difficult. In the absence of proper oxygen supply, the heart may stop functioning and this results in cardiac failure.
Beriberi or thiamine deficiency cannot be treated just by adding healthy foods in diet. Dietary supplements of vitamin B1 are required here. But these need to be supplemented with foods rich in vitamin B1 such as - whole grains (avoid eating refined flour and white rice), meat/fish/poultry/eggs, milk and cheese, green leafy vegetables, beets, potatoes, legumes (soy, nuts, seeds), and orange juice.
In rare cases, the inability to absorb thiamine from foods can be passed on from parents to the off-spring. This is known as genetic beriberi. Since the body is unable to absorb vitamin B1 from the foods, patients of genetic beriberi are treated with the help of thiamine supplements - given in the form of pills or injections.
The best (and the only way) to prevent beriberi is by having adequate vitamin B1 intake. Since it is a water soluble vitamin and can get easily flushed out of the body (urine and sweat), it is important to eat vitamin B1-rich foods on a regular basis. The best natural sources of thiamine are - meats, nuts and seeds, seafood, whole grains, and dairy products. These days a majority of bread and breakfast cereals sold commercially are fortified with thiamine.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Have adequate amount of vitamin B1 in your diet. It is most commonly found in beef, liver, oats, oranges, and pork.
  • Get your thiamine levels checked in you suffer from thyroid disorders.
  • Consult your doctor regarding your thiamine consumption if you are undergoing dialysis.
Don'ts
  • Indulge in alcohol abuse. Too much alcohol consumption decreases your body’s ability to absorb thiamine.
  • Eat refined/polished grains. The bran part of the grains is a rich source of vitamin B1.
  • Consume vitamin B1 containing foods in highly processed forms.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

Ferritin blood test
Ferritin Test Ferritin test is a blood test that provides vital information on the level of RBCs and iron in…
random blood sugar test
Random Blood Sugar Test The random blood sugar or RBS test is a blood test prescribed mainly to check the level of…
Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are non-invasive breathing tests employed for diagnosing and monitoring lung diseases such as bronchitis
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and are hence indicative…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is present in the…
cardiolipin antibody igm
Cardiolipin Antibody (ACL) –IgM Test The types of cardiolipin antibodies are the IgG, IgA and IgM types and this particular test measures the…
hsv igg test
Herpes Simplex Virus I (HSV)-IgG Test Herpes Simplex Virus I (HSV)-IgG is used to detect the presence of the herpes virus so that the…
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG antibodies present in…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a particular protein called…
ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a particular liver enzyme…
POSTPRANDIAL-BLOOD-SUGAR
Post-Prandial Blood Sugar Postprandial blood sugar test is an important diabetes diagnosing tool. This simple blood test measure the level of…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
beautiful smiling woman enjoying high fiber energy bar with roughage
The importance of roughage in diet Eat these high fiber foods to increase your dietary roughage. Quick tips to boost daily roughage consumption. Check…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body is infected by…
Free T3 test
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) Test The free triiodothyronine or FT3 test is an important blood test that is used to detect the level…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in the blood and…
serum electrolyte test
Serum Electrolyte If there is an electrolyte imbalance in the body, a serum electrolyte test will help to find out…
DHEAS test
DHEA Sulfate (DHEAS) Test DHEAS or DHEA Sulfate test is prescribed if an individual shows symptoms of abnormal adrenal actvity such as…
antinuclear antibody test
Antinuclear Antibody Test – (ANA) Antinuclear antibody or ANA test is a blood test that measures the level of ANA antibodies that are…
thyroglobulin test
Thyroglobulin (TG) Test Thyroglobulin test helps in measuring and monitoring the concentration of thyroglobulin. The thyroglobulin test can be used as…
abdominal-CT-scan- image
Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that provides a clear picture of the state of internal…
TPAB test
Treponema Pallidum Antibody(TPAB) test Treponema pallidum bacteria a gram-negative bacteria that has helically coiled, corkscrew-shaped cells, responsible for STDs such as syphilis.
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount of the protein…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
ANTI-MICROSOMAL-ANTIBODY-(AMA)
Anti-Microsomal Antibody AMA Test AMA or anti-microsomal antibody test is a blood test that measures the activity of AMA in the body…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
diabetes symptoms in women
FBS Test – Fasting Blood Sugar FBS or fasting blood sugar test is a blood test that is used to determine the level of…
HELICOBACTER_PYLORI---IgG
Helicobacter Pylori – IgG Test Helicobacter pylori IgG test is a blood, saliva, and urine test performed to determine if the patien is…
free thyroxine ft4
Free thyroxine test (FT4) The FT4 or free thyroxine test is a blood test used to detect the level of free thyroixine…
anti ds dna test
Anti Ds-DNA antibody Test The  Anti Ds-DNA antibody test is used to diagnose the disease called lupus or more aptly the SLE(Systematic…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
amylase test
Amylase Test Amylase test is done by checking the level of this protein in the blood sample and also in…
folate test
Folate test The Folate test is used to measure and monitor the levels of folic acid in the blood. The…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon dioxide can prove…
RHEUMATOID_FACTOR_(RF)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Rheumatoid factor or RF is a blood test used to diagnose painful joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in the blood (serum)…
lipoprotein A
Lipoprotein (A) Test Lipoprotein (A) test is used to measure and monitor the levels of LDL(Low-Density Lipoprotein) in the bloodstream in…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
urinary microalbumin test
Urinary Microalbumin Test The urine microalbumin test is a urine test that measures the level of microalbumin or protein in the…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
tonometry
Tonometry Tonometry uses a device called tonometer to measure the pressure inside the eye. This pressure is depends upon…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of health benefits. Discover…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell breakdown. A bilirubin…
glucose-tolerance
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test – GTT Glucose tolerance test (or Oral GTT) is used to detect the onset of diabetes or prediabetes conditions. It…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling creeping up on…
Helicobacter pylori IGA
Helicobacter Pylori – IgA Test The H.pylori IgA test is a blood test used to identify the level of IgA antigen in the…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG class of beta…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 igm
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgM The Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgM test detects IgM class of antibodies in the blood.The presence of beta-2…
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is intended to look at the abnormalities in the ureters, bladder, and urethra, to assist surgeries performed…
AUTOIMMUNE HEPATITIS liver
Hepatitis Profile A hepatitis profile or a hepatitis panel is a blood test that checks for markers of hepatitis infection…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
CEA_test
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test CEA or carcinoembryonic test detects the presence of CEA antigen in your blood mainly & determines the effectiveness…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
17 OH Progesterone test The 17 OH progesterone test is a simple blood test that is mainly used to diagnose the cause…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the most powerful antioxidant…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
Thyroid disorders
Thyroid Profile Thyroid profile is a panel of blood tests performed to check if an individual is suffering from any…
Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast Ever thought how toxic chemicals find their way into our foods? How can they harm our body? And…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
The complete “what to eat” guide for gluten intolerance Does eating breads and pastas often makes you nauseous? Gluten intolerance is a common reason why you might…
Goji berry: A traditional Chinese berry that packs the best of antioxidants Goji berry is an ancient berry that is considered to be power-packed with nutrients and antioxidants. Which means…
arterial-blood-gas
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Arterial blood gas analysis is a diagnostic procedure used to determine the volume of oxygen and carbon dioxide…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
erythropoetin test
Erythropoietin (EPO) Test Erythropoetin stimulates the production of RBCs in bone marrow thus an erythropoetin test is done to diagnose blood…
Spirulina: Battle diabetes and cholesterol with this blue-green algae Spirulina, a species of salt water algae, has now become a billion dollar industry. How you can use…
Sputum test Sputum test is a commonly used diagnostic tool that is used to examine the presence of pathogens in…
HSV-IgM test
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)-IgM Test The HSV-IgM class antibody is produced by the body a few days after an initial HSV infection and…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet can bring all…
Coconut sugar: What is it and is it healthier than table sugar? In the long list of things that the wonderful coconut gives us, coconut sugar is another remarkable addition.…
Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody (tTG) Test Transglutaminase is an enzyme present in our body and is involved in protein metabolism. A tTg test is…
EMA antibodies
Endomysial Antibodies (EMA) Test EMA test is an investigative blood examination to locate the presence of certain antibodies, called Endomysial antibodies or…
Hepatitis A virus infected liver
Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) Total Blood test to look for IgM antibodies to know if you are infected with Hepatitis A virus (HAV),…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…
low carb diet meal
Low carb diet : Go high on fats and low on carbs for a leaner body! Did you know that sugar is the new fat? Going low on carbs and high on fats &…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself is a detoxifying…
PROSTATE-SPECIFIC-ANTIGEN
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test Prostate specific antigen test is a blood test used to determine the presence of prostate cancer or any…
EEG
Electroencephalogram – EEG EEG or electroencephalogram is a diagnostic tool used to access the functioning of neurons and brain activity to…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
What to eat, what not to eat in the South Beach Diet? The South Beach Diet is one among the most popular weight loss programs that have been the talk…
10 reasons why you should up your selenium intake Selenium, though a trace mineral, is very much integral to your health. Find out how much selenium intake…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test is the most…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
Ultrasound
Abdominal Ultrasound An abdominal ultrasound is used to visualize the structures inside your abdominal cavity including the liver, spleen, gall…
BoneMarrow-Biopsy
Bone Marrow Biopsy Bone marrow biopsy is a diagnostic procedure where a small amount of bone marrow is extracted from hip…
smelling-salts-benefits
The actual science behind smelling salts and how it helps in injury recovery Most smelling salts are a mixture of ammonium carbonate and some perfumes which are sniffed by an individual…
BULIMIA NERVOSA vomiting
Can you get addicted to food? Learn everything about food addiction What is food addiction? How can people get addicted to eating? Is it an unhealthy eating habit or…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
How seitan proved to be a blessing in disguise for vegans worldwide Can only meat-eaters enjoy delicious juicy steaks and burgers? With seitan, the best meat substitute available today,even vegans…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
General adaptation syndrome: Understanding stress, one step at a time The struggle of the body to produce hormones during a stressful situation is the main theme of general…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
blood elements analysis
Blood Element Analysis Test A blood element analysis is a blood test performed to measure the level of toxic elements such as…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
Rubella IgM test
Rubella IgM Test The Rubella IgM test is a blood test that is performed to diagnose the presence of the rubella…
blood ketone test
Blood Ketone (D3HB) Test The Blood Ketone Test is used to measure and monitor the levels of ketone in the blood which…
dhea adrenal
Androstenedione Test Androstenedione is produced by the adrenal gland, the test of the levels of Androstenedione helps in the evaluation…
Diabetes blood test
Diabetic Profile The diabetic profile is a set of tests which are used for testing and monitoring the various kinds…
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Why does the human body experience burnout and how to manage it? Burnout is a syndrome resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed. Burnout is treated…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…