Joint Pain

joint pain causes

What Is Joint Pain?

The skeletal system provides a framework and support system for soft tissues and internal organs. Although it is inherently rigid, it also offers a great deal of flexibility and mobility. This mobility is made possible by the joints. A joint is an interface between two or more bones supported by connective tissues like cartilage, ligaments, and tendons in order to facilitate a range of movements. Joints can be of different types such as hinge joints or ball-and-socket joints.

Like any other part of the body, your joints too are susceptible to injury and disease. When this happens, whether in the form of infection, inflammation, degenerative disease or trauma, you are likely to develop some amount of pain in the affected joint or joints. A single joint may be affected or more. Such joint pain is known as arthralgia. Illnesses like arthritis can cause pain in several joints at a time and this tends to be a chronic condition. However, if you are suffering from an infection, the pain may be localised and can be cured by treating the infection.

 

Why Am I Suffering From Joint Pain?

 

joint pain causesThere can be a wide range of causes for pain in the joints.

Some possibilities include injury, infection, immune disorders, allergic reactions, degenerative diseases, endocrine disorders, nutritional deficiencies, hemorrhage, bleeding disorders, and surgical trauma.

Sometimes, such pain is an outcome of cancer.

The underlying problem may have to do with the bones themselves or with the connective tissues of the joints.

The problem may be localized, systemic or a whole body disease.One of the most common causes of pain in the joints is arthritis which involves inflammation and swelling of joints, making movement painful and limited. The term arthritis does not refer to a specific illness. Rather, it is an umbrella term for a variety of disorders of the joints that produce symptoms including inflammation and joint pain. The inflammation can have varied origins, whether as a result of infection, or autoimmunity.

Sometimes, bones may be injured as a result of fractures. Alternatively, the patient may have degeneration or death of bone tissue as a result of avascular necrosis. Bone cancer is another possibility. All of these conditions are known to produce joint pain.

Here is a list of potential causes for joint pain or arthralgia:

  • Sprains and strains.
  • Bursitis.
  • Dislocation of the joint.
  • Gout.
  • Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid).
  • Haemophilia.
  • Leukemia.
  • Inflammatory disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus.
  • Infection such as Lyme disease.
  • Damage to bones.
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Osteomyelitis.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis.
  • Paget’s disease of bone.
  • Complex regional pain syndrome.
  • Meralgia paresthetica.
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica.
  • Pseudogout.
  • Psoriatic arthritis.
  • Reactive arthritis.
  • Postviral arthritis.
  • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Gonococcal arthritis.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Septic arthritis.
  • Rickets.
  • Sarcoidosis.
  • Tendinitis.

 

What Are The Symptoms?

joint pain symptomsDepending on the actual cause of the pain, the joint pain itself may be accompanied by a variety of other symptoms.

In fact, joint pain is actually a symptom of a deeper problem in the body and not a disease in itself.

Usually, patients complain of pain that makes it difficult to move the joint normally.

There may some amount of warmth in the affected joint, some swelling and stiffness as well. Some of the most commonly affected joints include the shoulders, hips, knees, wrists, ankles and those of the fingers.

 

What Are Some Potential Complications?

Pain in the joints and the accompanying joint stiffness makes it difficult to achieve the normal range of motion for that joint. This means that the person’s mobility may be affected, depending on which joint or joints are involved. Usually, when the hips and knees are affected, the patient finds it difficult to walk or bend or sit comfortably. Similarly, when the fingers are affected, it is not easy to flex them and perform fine motor tasks as one might normally do.

When the pain is severe, the patient may not be able to move the joint/s or the associated limb/s at all. This can make it difficult to perform normal everyday tasks and it may have a detrimental impact on the patient’s social life and professional life. Depending on the cause of the pain, the patient may even be left with a permanent deformity in the joint.

 

How Is Joint Pain Diagnosed And Treated?

 

joint pain treatmentIf you feel you are suffering from painful joints, you should visit a doctor to find out the nature of the problem and how to treat it.

Your doctor will likely begin with a physical examination and ask you about your medical history.

For instance, if you have recently recovered from a bout of dengue fever, this may explain why you are suffering from joint pain. In other words, it may be a case of postviral arthralgia.

 

By assessing your combination of symptoms, the doctor may be able to narrow down the list of possible ailments.If you are displaying signs of infection such as fever, then you will also be asked to take a blood test so that the pathogen can be identified.

In such cases, patients may need to be treated with antibiotics or antiviral drugs. Medications can also help to ease the pain, swelling, and inflammation. Until their condition improves, the patient may also need an aid like a walker to help them remain mobile and active.

In some cases, particularly where degeneration of the joints is observed, the doctor may advise surgery for joint replacement. Some of the most common procedures under this category include hip and knee replacement surgeries. Following this, patients will be advised to embark on physiotherapy to help regain joint function and mobility.

 

Treatment & Prevention

Joint pain caused by arthritis can be treated only if the joint inflammation is caused by an infection. In all the other cases, joint pain is mostly managed by a combination of proper rest, exercise, and healthy lifestyle habits. Medication and vitamin supplements can also help. Muscle relaxants and NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can provide temporary relief from the pain and muscular stiffness. Physiotherapy has shown great results in tackling the issue of joint pains.  Acupuncture, yoga, exercises, massage, hydrotherapy, and cryotherapy (ice-packs) will help in relieving painful symptoms.

Controlling weight and having a healthy diet can go a long way in preventing joint aches, especially in old age. Regular walking, swimming, aerobics etc will help strengthen the muscle surrounding the bones and joints, keeping joint aches away.

Having pain in the joints is a very common problem. It is particularly common among older adults and manifests as a result of age-related degeneration. As we have seen, there can be a variety of causes for joint pain. So, if you are suffering from joint pain, it is best to obtain a professional medical opinion as to the cause of the problem and the best way to treat it.

 

Facts

  • Gout is largely responsible for causing arthritis which leads to joint aches.
  • Changes in barometric pressure can cause an increase in the joint pains. This usually happens when it is cold or raining.

Facts

  • Joint pains can sometimes be genetically inherited.
  • Roughly 42 million Americans report that pain is responsible for disturbed sleep for more than 1 night every week.

Facts

  • Arthritis affects 1 out of every 5 adults worldwide. This comes out to be 50 million adults.
  • Joint aches and arthritis are causing a loss of $156 billion dollars in medical expenses and lost wages yearly.
  • Arthritis has shown high co-morbidities with many chronic illnesses such as diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and cardiac diseases.

 

Related Conditions

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Complete rest can cause more harm to the joints than good. It is important to incorporate movement and exercises into your daily routine. Swimming, cycling, and yoga are great for people suffering from joint pains (low-impact exercises).
  • Try to shed a few pounds of weight. It will decrease the pressure on your joints, especially knees and ankles.
  • Make regular visits to your chiropractor or functional movement specialist to analyze the improvements in your condition.
Don'ts
  • Continue smoking as nicotine leads to poor degeneration of connective issues worsening joint aches.
  • Sleep on too-soft mattresses as they tend to spoil the alignment of the spine.
  • Use heat pad in case of inflammation. Use cold packs to treat such symptoms.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
understanding addiction
Addiction explained: An obsession that could cost you your life Is addiction a behavioral disorder? Or is it a chronic disease? How does addiction cause chemical and structural…
paleo keto diet
Paleo vs. Keto: Which diet plan is best suited for your body goals? Is eating like a caveman the right way to go? Can you really eat fats to burn fats…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
Isagenix diet
Isagenix Diet: Do you really need liquid meal replacements to lose weight? Isagenix Diet - What are liquid meal replacements and why is the world going ga-ga over them? Are…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
low carb foods spinach
Low carb vegetables: A complete list of what to pick from during a keto diet Is your plate of veggies making you fat? Are all vegetables created equal? Research reveals that these low…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make you smarter and…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet can bring all…
cancer facts
8 hard-hitting truths no one tells you about cancer Did you know that 1.5 million new cases of cancer are reported every year? Can second-hand smoking kill…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
MANUKA HONEY child
Manuka Honey Manuka honey is a specific type of honey produced by honey bees that collect nectar from the flowers…
waking up tired
10 reasons why you might be waking up tired Do you feel you are not getting enough sleep? Sleep-deprived and frustrated? Read on discover the real reasons…
anal sex
Anal sex: Tips from experts on how to be kinky yet safe Whether it irks you or stokes your fantasies, anal sex has always been an intriguing sexual act. Learn…
canola oil cooking
Canola oil: How safe is it to consume this popular cooking oil? Extracted from rapeseeds, Canola oil derives its name from Canadian Oil. Did you know that some forms of…
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You will never believe…
antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic Resistance: How common diseases become deadly Can a cold kill you? How important is to get a flu shot? Why do antibiotics fail against…
dandelion health benefits
Dandelion: Little parachutes of health and wellness for your whole body Dandelions are not just bright looking blossoms that cheer your mind. These are powerpacked with essential nutrients that…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
cold flu sinus treatment
How to beat the common cold, flu, and sinus infection instantly? Can you guess some of the easiest tricks to treat cold and sinus infections? How are these different…
Keto diet healthy
Keto Diet: Did you know you could eat fats to burn fats? Keto diet - A wonder diet that lets you eat fats and lose weight too! Read on to…
chia seeds weight loss
Chia seeds: How to consume this staple Aztec food to get a leaner body Chia seeds: What is the actual reason for its sudden popularity? Why are celebrities swearing by its amazing…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
Whole30 diet fad
Whole30 Diet – Why eliminating certain foods just doesn’t cut it Whole30 Diet: Is this the ‘whole’-y grail of a disease-free body? Read more to find out the truth…
eating myths debunked
8 ‘healthy eating’ myths you believed until now Is a zero-carb diet really healthy for you? Are organic products worth their cost? Did you know how…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
oral hygiene tips
6 shocking consequences of bad oral hygiene (and how to avoid them) Did you know bad breath is not just turning off, but also harms your body in ways you…
Fluoride: An indispensible mineral or a potential toxin ? Fluoride, the main ingredient of toothpaste, has shown a great potential as a cleanser. However, how much fluoride…
Nitric oxide: Why is this heart-healthy supplement every sportsman’s first choice? Once considered a vastly toxic substance, nitric oxide is now deemed to be a great health supplement. Find…
castor oil hair
Castor oil : A vitamin-rich oil for shiny locks and healthy bowels Castor oil bestows unlimited benefits, whether you use it for your hair or skin. But did you know…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
Ketosis bad breath
Ketosis: A potentially dangerous side effect of the popular keto diet? Ketosis occurs when you have too low carb intake. Though it means rapid fat loss, it could also…
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and mind.Can a stroll…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
stress adverse effects
Fight, flight, or freeze: 8 ways stress can ruin your body Did you know that stress is in-built in our systems? It helped our ancestors respond to danger. How…
top 5 deadliest cancers
A sneak peek into the top 5 deadliest cancers and the true nature of their origins Did you know that cancer is the 2nd leading cause of deaths globally? Among the 100s of different…
Creatine: Is this the right peak athletic-performance supplement for you? Creatine is the amino acid that boosts our energy. Did you know creatine supplements can help you reach…
Potassium healthy
Potassium: How only 100 mg a day can dramatically increase your lifespan! The word potassium comes from the process where wood ashes were stored in pots for extraction. What else…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
CBD oil safe
Cannabidiol benefits: Evaluating the “highs” of CBD Oil The word cannabis paints a picture of addicts. But did you know that CBD oil, extracted from the…
calories healthy
Calories: How to keep a check on these for faster weight loss Did you know you can burn calories while sleeping? Calorie-burning is what causes weight loss. How much should…
gallbladder diet tomato
Gallbladder surgery :Tips on post-operative care and diet What to eat post a gallbladder surgery? What are the key things to avoid if you had a…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
tips for perfect sleep
Stop hitting the snooze button: 8 proven steps to perfect sleep Are you tired of not getting enough sleep? All your efforts for a sound sleep going in vain?…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
Healthy pregnancy tips
How to have a healthy pregnancy: Essential tips to remember What to expect when growing a life within you? How important are prenatal vitamins anyway? Don't make these…
Dragon Fruit – Blessing from Nature’s Basket The dragon fruit is packed with nutrients and yet low on calories and is the dream food that…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
Military diet
Military Diet : Why following a highly restrictive diet is a bad idea Is seiging your calorie intake the right way to attack fats? Read more about Military diet, a highly…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health benefits of using…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
kale
Kale: With more iron than beef, this superfood is the ultimate way to lose weight Checkmate meat-eaters; with kale, vegans now have the ultimate iron-rich superfood as their ally that can protect from…