Total Cholesterol Test

total-cholesterol-test

Last Updated October 11th, 2019

What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a soft, fat-like substance that is needed for the proper functioning of our body. Our body needs cholesterol to produce important hormones, vitamin D and bile acids that help in the digestion of fat. The cholesterol is produced by the liver and natural foods like eggs, meat, and dairy products help in producing cholesterol.

Cholesterol is of two types; LDL or low-density lipoprotein (bad cholesterol) and HDL or high-density lipoprotein (good cholesterol).

A high LDL level can lead to life-threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack. A high LDL indicates that an excessive amount of fat has deposited in the artery walls. Narrowing of the coronary arteries in the heart leads to heart attack whereas excess cholesterol in the carotid arteries in the brain can lead to brain stroke.

What is a total cholesterol test?

Total cholesterol or TC often referred to as serum cholesterol means the total amount of cholesterol present in our blood. TC or total cholesterol test includes both LDL and HDL values as well as VLDL or very-low-density lipoprotein.

Why do I need a total cholesterol test?

High cholesterol or high LDL level can often trigger no symptoms or signs. You may be at high risk for heart disease, strokes, or peripheral artery disease. Your doctor or health provider may order a routine total cholesterol test if you have

– High blood pressure.
– Family history of heart disease.
– Family history of high cholesterol.
– You lead a sedentary lifestyle.
– Drink or smoke frequently.
Obesity
– Diabetes
– Kidney disease.
Polycystic ovary syndrome.
– A high-fat diet.
– Men more than 45 years of age and women who are older than 55.

Is raised cholesterol level a common occurance in India?

Unhealthy cholesterol levels are commonly seen among the South East Asian population owing to genetic factors, unhealthy diet, and widespread sedentary lifestyle. In India, more than 70% of the population has low levels of HDL cholesterol or the “good” cholesterol, which is required to keep the LDL level in check. 30% of Indians have reported showing high triglycerides level. Overall, 3/4ths of the entire Indian population shows a skewed cholesterol profile.

At what age should I do a total cholesterol test?

According to the American Heart Association, adults at the age of 20 or more must have their cholesterol levels checked once every 5 years to rule out any risk of cardiovascular disease. In general, men who have crossed the age of 45 and women older than 55 are asked by their doctors to do a routine total cholesterol test.

At what age should a child undergo a total cholesterol test?

Since high cholesterol does not cause any visible symptoms or signs, doctors often recommend a total cholesterol test for young children and adolescents who fall in the risk pool. Children with a family history of heart disease, or with diabetes or obesity often are screened for high cholesterol levels.

Children can have a total cholesterol test:
– Once before puberty that is between 9 and 11.
– Once after puberty between the age of 17 and 21.

Do I need to fast before my total cholesterol test?

Yes, normally a total cholesterol test requires you not to eat or drink anything 12 hours prior to the testing. You will be required not to drink alcohol for 48 hours before the test.

Can I drink coffee or tea on the morning of my total cholesterol test?

No, doctors recommend not to drink coffee, tea, or any such beverages in the morning of your test as this might affect your test results. You can only consume water.

How is a total cholesterol test performed?

A total cholesterol test is a very simple procedure. The test is done in the following two ways:

A finger prick test: This is very simple and you will feel a small pinch on the tip of your finger. Your physician may tell you the results then and there. This is usually done via an at-home cholesterol test kit.

A blood sample is taken from your arm and sent to the laboratory for review.

A technician will locate a vein on your arm to take the blood sample. An elastic band or a tourniquet is tied around the area of your arm. He will then clean the area with an antiseptic and then draw blood using a needle and a syringe. After the blood is withdrawn, the needle is removed. The puncture site is pressed with a cotton ball to stop bleeding. A small band-aid is placed on the area of the puncture.

How long does a total cholesterol test take to perform?

The test will take only a few minutes.

Does a total cholesterol test hurt?

The test may cause little discomfort. Many people suffer from anxiety issues due to the withdrawal of blood. In such cases, it is better to talk to the technician so that he/she can ease out the procedure.

Can I eat after a total cholesterol test?

Yes, you can eat and carry on with your normal activities of the day just after the test. There are no special restrictions on diet or movement. However, if you want to resume any medication, it is advised to consult your doctor or your health care provider.

Where can I get my total cholesterol tested?

A total cholesterol test can be done at your home or you can visit the nearest laboratory.

What is the cost of a total cholesterol test in India?

The average cost of total cholesterol test in India can be anywhere between Rs 100 to 1200 depending upon the laboratory, accuracy, and quality of the test.

When will I get my total cholesterol test results?

You will get your test results within one to three days. If there is any delay, you can always call your doctor or the laboratory where the test was performed.

Can a total cholesterol test give wrong results?

A total cholesterol test generally gives accurate results, but sometimes the results might be incorrect. A total cholesterol test can give inaccurate readings due to the following reasons:

– Human error.
– Improper fasting.
– Drug interactions

What are the risks associated with a total cholesterol test?

A total cholesterol test is very simple and there are no possible risks involved. However, sometimes a bruise may occur at the site where the blood was withdrawn or a vein may be damaged. Others might feel a little lightheadedness or dizziness as the blood is withdrawn. This is a vasovagal reaction and will pass after taking rest for some time.

People taking blood thinners, need to put extra pressure on the site of the puncture to stop bleeding. Sometimes the site of the puncture may develop an infection followed by redness and swelling. This is very rare and needs to be informed to the medical practitioner immediately.

What is the normal total cholesterol level?

According to the American Heart Association, the normal total cholesterol level should be less than 200 mg/dL. More than that is considered to be risky and you must consult a doctor immediately.

Total CholesterolCategory
Under 200 mg/dL Normal
200-239 mg/dL Borderline high risk
More than 240 mg/dL High risk

The total cholesterol level under 200 mg/dL indicates normal levels. Levels between 200 and 239 mg/dL are considered to be borderline and a doctor should be consulted. More than 240 mg/dL is considered to be at high risk.

What do I do if I have high total cholesterol?

If you have a high total cholesterol level, it means you are at risk of a number of life-threatening diseases. High cholesterols can be easily controlled through medication and certain lifestyle changes. Here are a few steps that will help you control your total cholesterol levels:

– Eat a well-balanced diet and avoid unhealthy fatty foods. Your diet may include fresh fruits, whole grains like oats and barley, vegetables like okra, kidney beans, legumes and eggplant, low-fat dairy products, and lean protein.

– Avoid a sedentary lifestyle. Exercise moderately for at least 2 hours every day. Increase physical activity through aerobic exercises, brisk walking, biking, etc.

– Quit smoking.

– Avoid alcohol intake.

– Take the medication as prescribed by your doctor. If your cholesterol level is too high, your doctor may ask you to take medications on a regular basis.

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

 

 

 

Related Posts

Trending Topics

diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol…
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin.…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try…
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each…
ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a…
diabetes symptoms in women
FBS Test – Fasting Blood Sugar FBS or fasting blood sugar test is a blood test that is used to determine…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk…
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help…
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders?…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity ,…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and…
Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? People opt to become a pescatarian in order to enrich their bodies with the essential…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a…
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell…
Helicobacter pylori IGA
Helicobacter Pylori – IgA Test The H.pylori IgA test is a blood test used to identify the level of IgA…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking…
Urologist: When should you visit one and why? A urologist can treat not only genitourinary problems of both men and women but also…
CT-scan-machine
CT – Computed Tomography Scan CT scan or computed tomography scan is an diagnostic imaging technique where cross-sectional images of…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be.…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing…
What to eat, what not to eat in the South Beach Diet? The South Beach Diet is one among the most popular weight loss programs that have…
waterchestnut
Water Chestnuts: The tastiest ways to include this healthy tuber in your diet Water chestnut is not a nut after all. It is a tuber (much like the…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling…
Colloidal silver benefits
Colloidal silver: An essential dietary supplement or yet another pharmaceutical hoax? Colloidal silver is hailed as an effective home remedy for infections. Many believe it can…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin…
Oxalates: How healthy greens can sometimes be bad news for your kidneys Oxalates are compounds present in a majority of healthy foods. However, at times an overconsumption…
6 arguments in favour of glucosamine and where can you find it Studies have shown that glucosamine works by preventing the breakdown of cartilage of the joints.…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble…
Max thalassemia profile
Max thalassemia Profile Max Thalassemia is the most severe form of Thalassemia where a person’s body is unable…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple…
kefir bottle
Kefir: Top reasons why this probiotic drink should be consumed by you Yet another remarkable fermented food, kefir is a much healthier version of yogurt. These chewy…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the…
Is bronchitis contagious? And how to prevent this infection? It is acute bronchitis that is contagious which means you can contract it from another…
Appendix pain: Recent findings on this not-so vestigial organ The exact function of the appendix is still not clear. Some consider it as an…
Krill Oil: Does the solution to human illnesses really lie at the depths of the ocean? The word "krill" means “small fry of fish” in Norwegian. They are usually the primary…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out…
Cordyceps: How the Caterpillar fungus works as a proven cancer-shield Strange as it may sound, but cordyceps or "caterpillar fungus", a fungus variety native to…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of…
The right way to prepare Alfalfa sprouts at home Alfalfa or lusan ghas is not just a nutritious animal fodder. This flavonoid-rich herb has…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the…
Lauric Acid: 8 health benefits you can derive from coconuts Appropriate use of saturated fats containing lauric acid can provide you numerous health benefits. This…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a…
Ear pain model
Easy and safe tips for ear wax removal you can do at home Cerumen impaction generally occurs when an external object like cotton swabs are used to remove…
arterial-blood-gas
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Arterial blood gas analysis is a diagnostic procedure used to determine the volume of oxygen…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your…
cold flu sinus treatment
How to beat the common cold, flu, and sinus infection instantly? Can you guess some of the easiest tricks to treat cold and sinus infections? How…
Fluoride: An indispensible mineral or a potential toxin ? Fluoride, the main ingredient of toothpaste, has shown a great potential as a cleanser. However,…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail…
chia seeds weight loss
Chia seeds: How to consume this staple Aztec food to get a leaner body Chia seeds: What is the actual reason for its sudden popularity? Why are celebrities swearing…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does…
Valerian Root: The best way to achieve tranquil sleep every night Valerian root is probably one of the oldest and safest way to cure your insomnia.…
Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast Ever thought how toxic chemicals find their way into our foods? How can they harm…
Love tea, hate tannins? Rooibos tea is just what you need The market is brimming with a multitude of herbal teas. But what makes rooibos tea…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more…
Experts reveal the safest ways to perform an enema at home The idea of pushing some up your rectal area might make you queasy but an…
Vagus nerve: 7 health benefits of stimulating the “gut-brain” connection As a matter of fact, there are two vagus nerves namely the left and the…
GERD heartburn
Heartburn: What are the exact symptoms and the best home remedies? There are easy home remedies for heartburn, which not only acts as a first aid…
The Vegan Diet: The benevolent way of eating that wins hearts (and tummies) The vegan diet involves fauna-friendly outlook towards food. Could the diet that hopes to balance…
TRX: Why is this total resistance workout the best choice for your body? TRX or total resistance exercise is a form of exercise where suspension belts are used…
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is…
Chest X-Ray A chest x-ray is a diagnostic test that uses x-rays to visualize the structures inside…
dengue-test
Dengue NS1 test Dengue NS1 is a blood test used to determine the onset of dengue fever. Dengue…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking…
turmeric skin
We bet you didn’t know that turmeric could be this beneficial! Did you know that turmeric, a humble ingredient found in most Indian kitchens could cure…
MANUKA HONEY child
Manuka Honey: What is it and why should you choose this over regular honey? Manuka honey is a specific type of honey produced by honey bees that collect nectar…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does…
Spirulina: Battle diabetes and cholesterol with this blue-green algae Spirulina, a species of salt water algae, has now become a billion dollar industry. How…
Dragon Fruit – Blessing from Nature’s Basket The dragon fruit is packed with nutrients and yet low on calories and is the…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an…
Ezekiel Bread: How to make the “world’s healthiest bread” in your own kitchen Learn more about Ezekiel bread - a bread belonging to the biblical time and containing…
Exercises or diet? Find out the healthiest way to gain weight Tired of being called skinny all the time? Looking for healthy ways to beef up?…
Muscle relaxers: Think twice before popping prescription drugs for muscle pain The market is brimming with OTC muscle relaxers. But these come with a host side-effects.…

Related Posts

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.