Blood Disorders

Blood Disorders

Overview

Blood makes up about 7-8% of the body weight and is significant for the functioning of different organs in the body. This implies if something goes wrong with the blood, the functioning of more than one organ is negatively impacted causing adverse side-effects to one’s health. The preventive measures can be implemented to reduce the symptoms and complications of blood disorders to an extent, but despite that many can be fatal. Blood disorders can affect men, women, and children equally.

 

Definition of blood disorders

Blood Disorders cancerWhen any of the main components of the blood, red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), plasma and platelets, have noticeable abnormalities, they cause a blood disorder or hematologic disorder. Examples of blood disorders: Leukemia, lymphoma, thalassemia, amyloidosis and many more.

Red blood cells: Help in the transport of oxygen to different parts of the body

White blood cells: Cells that form the immune system and help fight infections in the body

Platelets: Fuels the clotting of the blood to prevent bleeding

Plasma: The liquid part of the blood that remains if the RBCs, WBCs, platelets and other cellular constituents are removed

 

What causes blood disorders?

There are numerous blood disorders and each has different causes. But the general causes of blood disorders are an unhealthy diet, genetics and various diseases and infections. Blood disorders can also occur as a side-effect of medication.

 

Symptoms of blood disorders

Since the blood transports different nutrients throughout the body and helps in the functioning of different organs, symptoms of blood disorder are seen in different areas of the body. The symptoms are different for different abnormalities in the blood components.

Symptoms when there is a decrease in blood components

  • Anemia
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Breathlessness
  • Abrupt weight loss
  • Nosebleeds
  • Bleeding of gums
  • Frequent and prolonged fever
  • Injuries don’t heal as quickly as normal

Symptoms when there is an increase in blood components

 

Types of binge blood disorders

Blood DisordersBlood disorders can be acute or chronic. Acute blood disorders occur abruptly and last for a short period of time. Chronic blood disorders develop slowly over a long period of time and hence, last longer. Roughly classified, blood disorders are of three types. Disorders of each type are caused because of the increase of decrease in cell count.

  • Red Blood Cells Disorder:
  • Increase in cell count – Erythrocytosis– Blood becomes too thick and so ease of flow is affected
  • A decrease in cell count – Anemia – Lack of iron in the body
  • White Blood Cells Disorder:
  • Increase in cell count – Leukocytosis– Disorder related to neutrophils and lymphocytes erupt
  • The decrease in cell count – Leukopenia – Makes people more prone to infections
  • Platelets Disorder:
  • Increase in cell count – Thrombocythemia– Abnormal blood clotting
  • A decrease in cell count – Thrombocytopenia –Bleeding disorders
  • Blood Plasma Disorder: Blood clotting and hemoglobin-related disorders.

 

Long-term effects of blood disorders

Blood is required for the functioning and survival of all the organs that compromise the body. Any disorders in the blood can cause adverse effects to the vital organs and most cannot be cured. However, once treated, the symptoms turn mild and complications are reduced.

 

Vulnerable groups

Those with an unhealthy diet and lifestyle and those whose relative has been diagnosed with a blood disorder are at a high risk of being affected with a blood disorder.

 

Genetics of blood disorders

Blood disorders are genetically transferrable diseases and genetics is one of the chief causes of being diagnosed with blood disorders. Blood clotting disorder, anemia, thalassemia and more are all genetically inherited diseases.

 

Diagnosis

Blood Disorders skinPhysical procedures are first done where the doctor check for enlargement of different lymph nodes and unexplained blood clots. Needless to say, blood disorders are also diagnosed by blood tests. Different components of the blood are checked and cell counts recorded.

  • RBC, WBC, and platelet cell count is examined
  • Different proteins present in the blood
  • Amount of hemoglobin present in RBCs.

 

Treatment and prevention

Anemia 

Treatment 

  • If the cause of anemia is due to the lack of iron in the body, iron-rich foods will be added to the diet. If it caused due to loss of blood, then the cause of the bleeding needs to be found and taken care of.
  • If the cause of anemia is due to the lack of vitamins in the body, folic acid, and B-12 rich foods will be added to the diet. If the body is unable to absorb B-12 from food, vitamin B-12 will be injected into the body; this treatment method may continue for the duration that the body cannot absorb B-12 via food.
  • To treat anemia caused due to chronic diseases, doctors will treat the underlying cause. A blood transfusion or injection of the hormone erythropoietin (produced in the kidney) will be given, to help in increasing the production of the red blood cells.
  • To treat aplastic anemia doctors will recommend a blood transfusion or a bone marrow transplant to increase the count of the red blood cells in the body.
  • In cases where anemia is caused due to bone marrow diseases, the doctor will look at the current medications that the patient is on, how well chemotherapy worked on the patient or if the patient is ready for chemotherapy and a bone transplant. This helps in monitoring the progress of the treatment on the condition.
  • In cases of hemolytic anemia, triggers causing a reduction in the RBC’s will be monitored along with medications to suppress the immune system will be prescribed to make sure that they do not attack the healthy red blood cells. At times, a blood transfusion may be needed or a plasmapheresis (the process filtering blood) may be required to make sure that the red blood cells level in the body remains constant and on a normal level.
  • Anemia caused due to sickle cells will be treated by administering oxygen and medications to relieve pain. In severe cases, a blood transfusion, folic acid supplements, and antibiotics may be provided to reduce the pain and treat the condition. At times, a cancer drug called hydroxyurea is prescribed to treat this form of anemia.

Prevention 

  • Consume iron rich food.
  • Consume foods rich in folate.
  • Consumption of vitamin B-12, directly or consume supplements.
  • Consume vitamin C, directly or use supplements.

Thalassemia 

Treatment 

  • Those who have been diagnosed with mild thalassemia will need blood transfusions occasionally.
  • Those who have been diagnosed with severe thalassemia will need a recurrent blood transfusion. Since recurrent blood transfusion increases the iron levels in the body, drugs to reduce the iron level in the body will be prescribed as well.
  • A stem cell transplant also called a bone marrow transplant may be recommended to certain patients to ensure that they do not need recurrent blood transfusions.

Prevention – There are no sure shot prevention methods for thalassemia as it is a genetic condition.

Thrombocythemia 

Treatment 

  • Those who have been diagnosed with thrombocythemia will be prescribed a low dosage of over-the-counter medications to reduce the blood clot levels in their body.
  • Certain medications to reduce the production of platelets in the bone marrow will be prescribed.
  • A surgical procedure to remove the platelets from the bone marrow will be conducted.

Prevention 

  • Control medical condition such as diabetes and blood pressure.
  • Monitor cholesterol levels.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Quit smoking.

Leukocytosis 

Treatment 

  • Those who have been diagnosed with leukocytosis will require additional fluids in their blood vessels, these are provided intravenously.
  • Antibiotics, steroids, antacids and anti-uric acid medications are provided to those who have been diagnosed with leukocytosis to help reduce the chances of infections, reduce inflammation, reduce the urine levels in the kidney and reduce the levels of uric acid in the body.
  • Patients with leukocytosis are treated by removing blood from their body using a platelet apheresis machine. This machine is also used to circulate the remaining blood in the body.
  • In certain cases, patients will undergo chemotherapy to kill off the cancerous blood cells in the body along with a few healthy ones. The remaining healthy WBC’s will continue to circulate through the body.
  • A complete or partial blood transfusion will be done to treat leukocytosis.
  • Those who have been diagnosed with leukocytosis may need a bone marrow transplant to replace the damaged bone marrow with a healthy one.

Prevention 

    • Avoid consuming artificial sweeteners, processed food, and oily foods.
    • Add omega-3 to your diet.
    • Stop smoking.
    • Do not consume excessive amounts of alcohol.
    • Include vitamins, minerals, and nutrients to your diet.

 

Blood Disorders Home Remedies

Home remedies for curing anemia

  • Vitamin C rich foods such as lemon and oranges as these help in absorption of iron.
  • Yogurt with turmeric is a traditional Ayurvedic remedy for anemia.
  • Green leafy vegetables such as spinach and mustard greens are rich sources of iron.
  • Fresh juice of pomegranate or beetroot is rich in folic acid, iron, and potassium – these not only alleviate anemia symptoms but also increase energy levels.
  • Soaked black sesame seeds are also abundant in iron.

Natural blood thinners

  • Turmeric and ginger – both these natural remedies have anti-coagulating and anti-inflammatory properties and thus prevent thickening and clotting of blood.
  • Foods that are rich in vitamin E reduce blood clotting. It is found abundantly in almonds, sunflower oil, wheat germ oil, and whole grains.
  • Garlic also has strong anti-coagulating properties. Chewing one raw garlic pod in empty stomach can keep circulation strong along with improving your cardiac health.

 


TL;DR?

Blood disorders infographic

Facts

  • Red blood cells (RBCs) are also called erythrocytes; they carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues throughout the body. RBCs amount to 44% of the blood in the body. Their lifespan is 120 days.
  • White blood cells (WBCs) they are also called leukocytes; these cells help in maintaining the immunity in the body. Their lifespan can range anywhere from 13 to 20 days.

Facts

  • Platelets are also called thrombocytes; they make up 1% of the blood in the body. Their lifespan is 9-12 days.
  • The normal amount of hemoglobin the body for men is 13.8-17.2 grams per deciliter and for women, it’s 12.1-15.1 grams per deciliter.

Facts

  • Every 3 minutes 1 person is diagnosed with blood cancer in the United States.
  • Blood disorders arising in the lungs are extremely fatal such as pulmonary emboli (blocked arteries in the lungs). 30% of such cases can lead to death.

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

Display this infographic on your website

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Eat home-made foods, this measure helps in strengthening the immune system.
  • Consume small and more frequent meals, this helps in maintaining the blood sugar levels.
  • Take caution when you are taking vitamins if you are already on certain medications, this helps in avoiding complications.
Don'ts
  • Indulge in smoking; this habit tends to increase the number and frequency of internal blood clots.
  • Consume excessive alcohol. This is because alcohol tends to destroy the red blood cells (RBC’s)
  • Consume coffee or tea along with your vitamins, as they tend to destroy the nutritional value of the vitamins.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

anal sex
Anal sex: Tips from experts on how to be kinky yet safe Whether it irks you or stokes your fantasies, anal sex has always been an intriguing sexual act. Learn…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
understanding addiction
Addiction explained: An obsession that could cost you your life Is addiction a behavioral disorder? Or is it a chronic disease? How does addiction cause chemical and structural…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make you smarter and…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet can bring all…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
Fluoride: An indispensible mineral or a potential toxin ? Fluoride, the main ingredient of toothpaste, has shown a great potential as a cleanser. However, how much fluoride…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
Creatine: Is this the right peak athletic-performance supplement for you? Creatine is the amino acid that boosts our energy. Did you know creatine supplements can help you reach…
Isagenix diet
Isagenix Diet: Do you really need liquid meal replacements to lose weight? Isagenix Diet - What are liquid meal replacements and why is the world going ga-ga over them? Are…
Glutathione: Probably the strongest antioxidant known to mankind An antioxidant with ample potential to transform your body, glutathione is one of the most critical substances secreted…
eating myths debunked
8 ‘healthy eating’ myths you believed until now Is a zero-carb diet really healthy for you? Are organic products worth their cost? Did you know how…
Dragon Fruit – Blessing from Nature’s Basket The dragon fruit is packed with nutrients and yet low on calories and is the dream food that…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
sugar toxic health
Sugar: 7 new shocking truths revealed about the sweet poison Can drinking soda bring you closer to death? Is sugar slowly poisoning you and your family? You would…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
Salt dangers
Sodium chloride: The wonders and dangers of the simple table salt Sodium chloride is a salt containing sodium and chlorine ions at a 1:1 ratio. It is edible and…
Paleo diet man
Paleo Diet: Is eating like the Caveman the right way to go? Paleo diet is the world's oldest diet; dating back to 2.5 million years ago. Why is this prehistoric…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
quinoa salad
Quinoa : A prodigous superfood you need to include in your diet today! Quinoa - what is so special about this native South American grain that has taken the world by…
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You will never believe…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
bananas exercise
10 health reasons why you should go “bananas” over bananas! Bananas:The world's most popular fruit comes with a host of unbelievable health benefits. Find out how you can…
stevia side effects
Stevia: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another risky additive? Stevia is a plant native to South America.  It has been used as a natural sugar substitute and…
Pomegranate: Why are they called ruby red pearls of health? The shrub Punicagranatum yields a red fruit which is what you normally call pomegranate. The fruit is round…
black seed oil benefits
Black Seed Oil: What secret benefits could it bestow on your health? Black seeds or nigella seeds are tiny packets of health brimming with amazing benefits. Find out why should…
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and mind.Can a stroll…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
oral hygiene tips
6 shocking consequences of bad oral hygiene (and how to avoid them) Did you know bad breath is not just turning off, but also harms your body in ways you…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
BCAAs powder
BCAA: Now get more out of your workouts with this miracle protein BCAAs are counted as one of the best supplements for increasing your physical endurance. Find out what are…
avocado benefits
Avocado: 15 reasons why this fruit should be a staple in your diet Did you know that the word avocado literally means "testicles". Don't get grossed out as this power-packed fruit…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health benefits of using…
gallbladder diet tomato
Gallbladder surgery :Tips on post-operative care and diet What to eat post a gallbladder surgery? What are the key things to avoid if you had a…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
cancer facts
8 hard-hitting truths no one tells you about cancer Did you know that 1.5 million new cases of cancer are reported every year? Can second-hand smoking kill…
Low carb diet
8 appetizing and mouth-watering recipes that every low-carb dieter should try Looking for delicious recipes that will fix your hunger pang without adding those pesky carbs? Look no further…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
turmeric skin
We bet you didn’t know that turmeric could be this beneficial! Did you know that turmeric, a humble ingredient found in most Indian kitchens could cure countless ailments and…
Serotonin happiness
Serotonin : What you didn’t know about this “feel-good” chemical Serotonin : Did you know that this "feel-good" hormone could well impact your sleep cycle, sex drive, appetite,…
Keto diet healthy
Keto Diet: Did you know you could eat fats to burn fats? Keto diet - A wonder diet that lets you eat fats and lose weight too! Read on to…
Spirulina: Battle diabetes and cholesterol with this blue-green algae Spirulina, a species of salt water algae, has now become a billion dollar industry. How you can use…
low carb diet meal
Low carb diet : Go high on fats and low on carbs for a leaner body! Did you know that sugar is the new fat? Going low on carbs and high on fats &…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
ADHD forgetful
ADD versus ADHD: What are the fundamental differences? Is every hyperactive child a patient of ADHD? Do adults display symptoms of ADHD as well? What is…
calories healthy
Calories: How to keep a check on these for faster weight loss Did you know you can burn calories while sleeping? Calorie-burning is what causes weight loss. How much should…
kale
Kale: With more iron than beef, this superfood is the ultimate way to lose weight Checkmate meat-eaters; with kale, vegans now have the ultimate iron-rich superfood as their ally that can protect from…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
How to make the apple cider vinegar diet work for you? Apple cider vinegar diet is a popular choice among health enthusiasts.Find out why nutritionists believe this could be…
How much protein
Proteins: What is the right protein-intake for your specific needs? As we all know protein is an essential macronutrient indispensible to good health and body. But how much…
Horny Goat Weed: Can it improve libido in human beings too? This plant got its name as Horny Goat Weed when one of the goats feeding on the plant…
hYdroxycut pills
Hydroxycut: How safe are these so-called weight loss supplements? Hydroxycut is a blend of several different ingredients formulated to promote weight loss; powered by a key weight…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
MANUKA HONEY child
Manuka Honey Manuka honey is a specific type of honey produced by honey bees that collect nectar from the flowers…
Healthy pregnancy tips
How to have a healthy pregnancy: Essential tips to remember What to expect when growing a life within you? How important are prenatal vitamins anyway? Don't make these…
paleo keto diet
Paleo vs. Keto: Which diet plan is best suited for your body goals? Is eating like a caveman the right way to go? Can you really eat fats to burn fats…
aspartame or sugar
Aspartame – Hidden truths about this storm in a teacup Aspartame, the artificial sweetener, has gone under the scanner on several occasions for allegedly doing more harm than…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…