Pus

Pus wound

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

Whenever the tonsils get inflamed and infected (tonsillitis), they become an easy ground for the bacteria to spread. The oral cavity provides a warm and moist atmosphere with a lot of leftover debris from food and this leads to rapid bacterial invasion. The S.pyogenes bacteria are responsible for pus-formation on the tonsils. If the tonsillitis infection is left untreated, it gradually becomes a pus-filled pocket, known as a peritonsillar abscess. These can also occur as a result of mononucleosis.
Even the eyes are highly susceptible to bacterial infections and hence pus accumulation. Excessive discharge from the eyes in the form of a white thick fluid is the indication of pus formation in the eyes. This is most commonly seen in the case of bacterial conjunctivitis. In many cases, a strep throat infection can give rise to pus formation in the eyelids. Many STIs such as gonorrhea or chlamydia also give rise to infections and pus accumulation in the eye.
If you are experiencing a burning sensation in your urine, chances are that you have a bacterial urinary tract infection and this could mean you have pus in the urine. Medically known as pyuria, this condition is not restricted only to UTIs. At times, there might be other causes too for high WBC count in your urine – pneumonia, polycystic kidney disease, and even intake of certain medications such as PPIs and NSAIDs.
Pus accumulates at the site of an infection. The moment your body’s immune system senses that it has been invaded by pathogens, it sends a team of disease-fighters, aka, the WBCs to that location. When these WBCs attack the pathogens, this results in the accumulation of these bodies and in addition dead tissue debris. The yellow liquid oozing out of an infection site (pus) is this exactly.
If the pus formation is due to the infection of anaerobic bacteria, it usually has a foul odor. The exact smell of pus depends on where it has formed. Many say that pus collection in the oral cavity (tooth abscess) smells like feces. Pyogenic (pus-causing) bacteria often give out a foul smell. This is because the bacteria breaks down healthy tissues and release certain enzymes which have a bad odor.
The color and odor of pus can indicate how serious the infection is. Generally, pus is yellowish in color because of accumulation of dead neutrophils. At times it can have a slight greenish tinge. A special type of antibacterial protein released by the WBCs makes the pus greenish in color. Another reason of green-colored pus could be an infection by P. aeruginosa. Brownish pus could mean that your liver has amoebic infection. Tinges of red are also seen in pus in several cases. This happens when the blood gets into the site of infection.

Overview

Environmental pollution, microbial infections, stress and numerous other factors may contribute to diseases of varying complexities. The part of the human body that is most sensitive to all the above factors is the skin. Hence the skin gets severely affected in most of the cases and may eventually lead to skin diseases of serious nature. A very common form of skin disorder is skin rashes. It may equally affect people belonging to all age groups and ethnic groups. These rashes often worsen and take the form of blisters filled with a whitish substance.

What is pus?

Pus woundIt is a sticky thick yellowish or pale greenish fluid that is often contained in the blisters or rashes formed due to microbial infections. These pus-filled blisters are mainly seen in bacterial or fungal infections. Pus is rich in a protein-type fluid called “liquor puris”. It also contains leukocytes that are produced by the immune response of the body.

During any kind of infection, the macrophages discharge chemicals known as cytokines, which in turn trigger the neutrophils. The latter releases granules which kill the pathogen. The pathogen, in turn, releases toxin known as leukocidins which helps in resisting the immune response. This can cause the death of the neutrophils due to destruction by the macrophages. This eventually leads to the formation of pus.

What does it look like?

Generally, it has a yellowish white color. In some cases, due to the presence of a myeloperoxidase, which is an antibacterial protein of greenish color, the pus may have a greenish tinge. Pseudomonas infection can form greenish, bad-smelling pus. The greenish color is attributed to a bacterial pigment known as pyocyanin.

Brownish pus is formed in liver abscesses caused by the amoeba. It is also foul-smelling and resembles an “anchovy-paste”. In general, an abscess is formed when an amount of pus gets trapped in a tissue space. Pustules may form due to build-up below the epidermis.

What are the different bacteria that form pus?

Pus wound in toesThe bacteria responsible for the formation of pus are known as pyogenic bacteria. The following species are often involved-

  • Staphylococcus aureus: It causes diseases like- skin infections, bone infections, joint infections and food poisoning.
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis: These infections are common in patients using an intravenous catheter or prosthetic devices.
  • Streptococcus pyogenes: The common diseases are- cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis.
  • Escherichia coli: It is the main causative factor of different gastrointestinal diseases.
  • Streptococcus pneumonia: It mainly causes respiratory disorders.
  • Salmonella typhi: It causes typhoid.
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae: It causes different sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea.
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis: This causes tuberculosis and other associated infections.

What are the different fungi that form pus?

Following are the different types of fungal infections that cause pus formation-

  • Nail fungus: The fungal agents that belong to this category are- dermatophytes, yeasts, and non-dermatophyte molds. Nail fungus or “Onychomycosis” is a medical term for a particular nail disease mediated by fungal infections. The nail, in this case, is called “mycotic nail” and is severely damaged in most of the cases. With the gradual growth and spread of the fungus, the nails become hard, thickened and yellowish with corroded edges and can even be uprooted in case of extreme damage. Nail fungus not only affects the nails but also damages the surrounding skin and underlying tissues.
  • Ringworm: Ringworm is a fungal infection caused by the tinea species that affects both human beings and other animals. It forms elevated reddish patches and pus-filled blisters. This infection is highly contagious.
  • Scalp psoriasis: Scalp psoriasis is the medical condition in which scaly patches and reddish plaques appear in different regions of the scalp. Under such conditions, the immune system of the body mistakes the dead skin cells as harmful foreign substances and attacks the skin itself. This results in the formation of whitish or greyish flakes on the skin along with itching, redness, and tenderness. Pus-filled blisters form at a more advanced stage.

Pus accumulation is painful and can easily become a hub for bacterial growth. Try these easy and effective pus treatment measures to avoid infections.

What are the different types of pus-filled eruptions?

Eruptions or blisters that are filled with pus are of different types and occur in different types of infections. These are given below-

  • Papules: They are also called micro comedones and appear as clusters producing a rough patch on the skin. A single papule is seen as a reddish eruption on the skin. These are usually caused due to the localized reaction on the skin and are inflammatory in nature. They are painful and extremely sensitive when touched.
  • Macule: Macules usually form as after-effects of papules. They appear as scaly spots with prominent borders and usually leave impressions after getting peeled off.
  • Pustules: They are also called “zits” or pimples and are often filled with pus. They are usually very sensitive and might transform into cysts in certain cases.
  • Nodules: They appear as irregular elevations on the skin and are painful when touched. Nodules are more critical in characteristics and are deep-rooted within the skin. They might lead to a gradual destruction of the underlying tissues and must be taken care of immediately after occurrence.
  • Cysts: Cysts are the most critical forms of acne so far and erupt as pus-filled lesions. They can intrude the deeper layers of skin, causing permanent damage to tissues.

How is it diagnosed?

Pus or pus-filled blisters are diagnosed through the following techniques-

  • Blood and swab tests
  • Fluid test
  • RAST (Radio Allergosorbent Test)


Treatment & prevention

Pus in diabetic footThe treatment method(s) used for treating pus depends upon the cause of the pus and also the severity of the pus infection. In mild cases, a warm and wet piece of sterile cloth can be used to compress and drain the pus. Care should be maintained when draining pus from a wound since it might lead to secondary bacterial infections. It is always wise to opt for expert medical help when draining larger and deeper pus wounds. The doctor will either drain the pus with the help of a needle or by making an incision just below the pus wound.

Pus is generally formed at the site of the infection. It could be white or yellow in color and consists of dead cells, tissue, and bacteria. Generally, bacteria or fungi enter the body through broken skin. The body will respond by sending neutrophils to fight off the pathogens. During this process, some of the neutrophils and tissue will die out. This is what forms as pus where the infection has occurred. Epsom salt is chemically magnesium sulfate. Epsom salts have a natural ability to draw out the pus, causing the abscess to drain.

For proper treatment of any kind of such blisters, it is necessary to find the root cause. Doctors usually recommend protective measures such as well ventilated clothes and shoes, or friction pads (for athletes) in order to reduce possibilities of blisters and eruptions containing pus.

While it is impossible to completely prevent the onset of pus and pus wounds, one can still decrease the likelihood of getting these by practicing the following methods:

  • Not sharing shaving equipment such as razors.
  • Keeping wounds clean, dry, and covered.
  • Scratching pimples or trying to pick them with any sharp object.

Whenever the tonsils get inflamed and infected (tonsillitis), they become an easy ground for the bacteria to spread. The oral cavity provides a warm and moist atmosphere with a lot of leftover debris from food and this leads to rapid bacterial invasion. The S.pyogenes bacteria are responsible for pus-formation on the tonsils. If the tonsillitis infection is left untreated, it gradually becomes a pus-filled pocket, known as a peritonsillar abscess. These can also occur as a result of mononucleosis.
Even the eyes are highly susceptible to bacterial infections and hence pus accumulation. Excessive discharge from the eyes in the form of a white thick fluid is the indication of pus formation in the eyes. This is most commonly seen in the case of bacterial conjunctivitis. In many cases, a strep throat infection can give rise to pus formation in the eyelids. Many STIs such as gonorrhea or chlamydia also give rise to infections and pus accumulation in the eye.
If you are experiencing a burning sensation in your urine, chances are that you have a bacterial urinary tract infection and this could mean you have pus in the urine. Medically known as pyuria, this condition is not restricted only to UTIs. At times, there might be other causes too for high WBC count in your urine – pneumonia, polycystic kidney disease, and even intake of certain medications such as PPIs and NSAIDs.
Pus accumulates at the site of an infection. The moment your body’s immune system senses that it has been invaded by pathogens, it sends a team of disease-fighters, aka, the WBCs to that location. When these WBCs attack the pathogens, this results in the accumulation of these bodies and in addition dead tissue debris. The yellow liquid oozing out of an infection site (pus) is this exactly.
If the pus formation is due to the infection of anaerobic bacteria, it usually has a foul odor. The exact smell of pus depends on where it has formed. Many say that pus collection in the oral cavity (tooth abscess) smells like feces. Pyogenic (pus-causing) bacteria often give out a foul smell. This is because the bacteria breaks down healthy tissues and release certain enzymes which have a bad odor.
The color and odor of pus can indicate how serious the infection is. Generally, pus is yellowish in color because of accumulation of dead neutrophils. At times it can have a slight greenish tinge. A special type of antibacterial protein released by the WBCs makes the pus greenish in color. Another reason of green-colored pus could be an infection by P. aeruginosa. Brownish pus could mean that your liver has amoebic infection. Tinges of red are also seen in pus in several cases. This happens when the blood gets into the site of infection.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Pus formations after surgery should be immediately reported to the physician.
  • If the point of pus bursts open on its own, then wipe the entire area with a clean piece of cotton and press the end of the wounds to expel the pus completely. Apply antibiotic cream/ointment and cover the area with a clean bandage.
  • Turmeric is an excellent substance to apply to pus wounds because it has high anti-microbial properties.
Don'ts
  • Try to drain the pus at home, in case of large pus build-up. Refer to a doctor for surgical removal or drainage of the fluid.
  • Avoid going to the doctor if the pus formation is accompanied by fever and weakness.
  • Use turmeric as the sole method of treating the pus wound.

 

 

 

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Inversion Therapy: The anti-gravity way of healing chronic back pain Inversion therapy involves suspending a person upside dow using different types of equipment. This works by taking the…
Diabetes blood test
Diabetic Profile The diabetic profile is a set of tests used for testing and monitoring the various kinds of Diabetes…
anti ds dna test
Anti Ds-DNA antibody Test The  Anti Ds-DNA antibody test is used to diagnose the disease called lupus or more aptly the SLE(Systematic…
Anhedonia: Does the chronic inability to feel joy affect you too? How often do you feel dragged down by an invisible force? Do you feel an inexplicable emotional numbness…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
Isagenix diet weight loss
How are BMI and BMR different and what do these numbers mean? BMI and BMR are two important metrics that provide a clear picture of your body's metabolism and also…
antinuclear antibody test
Antinuclear Antibody Test – (ANA) Antinuclear antibody or ANA test is a blood test that measures the level of ANA antibodies that are…
DHEA wrinkles
DHEA: Now get unbelievable age defiance with this wonder hormone! DHEA is known popularly as the age-defying hormone. This supplement is widely used to slow down aging and…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
The Cabbage Soup Diet: The healthiest way to instant weight loss Cabbage soup diet rapid weight loss diet for those who want to shed those extra pounds in less…
Goji berry: A traditional Chinese berry that packs the best of antioxidants Goji berry is an ancient berry that is considered to be power-packed with nutrients and antioxidants. Which means…
woman with abdominal pain holding ovulation calendar
Ovulation – facts to know about ovulation Learn how and when ovulation occurs, demystify common misconceptions, identify symptoms, methods of detection and right period for…
HSV-1_IGG
Herpes Simplex Virus I (HSV)-IgG Test Herpes simplex virus I(HSV)-IgG is an Immunoglobulin protein that acts as an antibody & stays in the blood…
Green, brown, & bitter: The instant advantages of including fenugreek in your diet Did you know the earliest usage of fenugreek can be traced back to the Egyptian civilization? Find out…
tonometry
Tonometry Tonometry uses a device called tonometer to measure the pressure inside the eye. This pressure is depends upon…
Is it possible to achieve full body detox with Master Cleanse? Master cleanse is a diet consisting of a lemonade based beverage, a salt water drink and a herbal…
complement c4 test
Anemia Profile Anemia Profile test (Basic) is a blood screening test that measures the levels of important components of the…
Thyroid disorders
Thyroid Profile Thyroid profile is a panel of blood tests performed to check if an individual is suffering from any…
colposcopy
Colposcopy Colposcopy is a simple, quick and non- invasive diagnostic tool to look closely inside the vulva, vagina, and…
cancer-389921_1280
Radiation Therapy Radiation therapy or radiotherapy is used to treat cancer. The treatment includes high doses of radiation to destroy…
iron deficiency profile
Iron Deficiency Profile An iron deficiency profile is a battery of blood tests which are performed in order to determine the…
Love tea, hate tannins? Rooibos tea is just what you need The market is brimming with a multitude of herbal teas. But what makes rooibos tea (or red bush)…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
common mental disorders
Common mental health disorders :The silent stigma surrounding millions More than 300 million sufferers and yet a silent and agonizing stigma; why are people still hush-hush about…
amylase test
Amylase Test Amylase test is done by checking the level of this protein in the blood sample and also in…
Cordyceps: How the Caterpillar fungus works as a proven cancer-shield Strange as it may sound, but cordyceps or "caterpillar fungus", a fungus variety native to the Himalayas may…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
rosacea-treatment--before-_-after
The best and safest ways to treat rosacea Rosacea is a skin disease that is characterized by reddish hives and rashes on the face. Read more…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
What is the right way to take a pregnancy test? A pregnancy test is undertaken to determine if you have conceived. A home pregnancy test is the most…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
Cottage cheese: What can you find in this healthy chunk of fresh milk cheese? Love cheese but scared of putting on extra pounds? With cottage cheese, you can get the best of…
Heart diseases patient
Heart Valve Surgery A heart valve surgery is a procedure to replace or repair the diseased heart valves. The most commonly…
Sputum test Sputum test is a commonly used diagnostic tool that is used to examine the presence of pathogens in…
Miracle extract from the root of maca: 10 ways it can help you! Maca root has been used for years in herbal medicine. Today scientific research is unearthing fresh evidence in…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
Oxidative Stress: Understanding the most lethal phenomenon happening in your body right now Free radicals cause damage to the body, which is known as oxidation.  The amount of oxidation caused by…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
Low fat diets
A complete list of low-fat diets and how to follow them Low-fat diets help you lose weight in a healthy way, but it works only with regular exercise and…
Vagus nerve: 7 health benefits of stimulating the “gut-brain” connection As a matter of fact, there are two vagus nerves namely the left and the right but is…
Mood swings
The real reasons for your mood swings and how to overcome them Are you prone to heated moods frequently? Do you also feel bouts of depressive feeling creeping up on…
black seed oil benefits
Black Seed Oil: What secret benefits could it bestow on your health? Black seeds or nigella seeds are tiny packets of health brimming with amazing benefits. Find out why should…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in your body? Your…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
angiography
Angiography Angiography is a diagnostic tool used to determine the narrowing or blockage in the arteries and veins supplying…
How can berberine supplements help you live longer and healthier? Berberine is a turmeric look-alike herbal extract that is credited with numerous health benefits ranging from diabetes cure…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
Greek Yogurt: Discover the secret ingredient to the real Spartan strength Greek yogurt is probably the tastiest way you can enhance your gut microflora. Read more to find out…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
Potassium healthy
Potassium: How only 100 mg a day can dramatically increase your lifespan! The word potassium comes from the process where wood ashes were stored in pots for extraction. What else…
Blood Disorders cancer
Immunotherapy immunotherapy is a treatment that boosts the body's immune system to identify the cancer cells and fight cancer.
Lung cancer xray
Lobectomy Lobectomy is a surgery where a lobe of the diseased lung is removed. It is mainly done to…
heartfail_2
Open Heart Surgery An open heart surgery is a major procedure performed to treat heart diseases like congenital heart problem, heart…
Tart Cherry: The healthiest excuse for taking that second serving of pie Tart cherry has been traditionally used in delectable desserts such as pies. Recent studies have revealed that its…
These are the top foods to increase your hemoglobin count It is important to add iron-rich foods into your diet in order to increase hemoglobin. Deficiency of hemoglobin could…
biopsy procedure
Biopsy Biopsy is a procedure of studying a live tissue sample collected from a specific organ for diagnosing a…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
vdrl test syphilis
VDRL Test The VDRL test is a blood test that is used to diagnose sexually transmitted or venereal diseases, primarily…
What is Qigong and how can it help you channelize you inner “Qi”? Qigong is an integrated way of performing a traditional exercise regimen that can help in promoting health, mental…
Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody (tTG) Test Transglutaminase is an enzyme present in our body and is involved in protein metabolism. A tTg test is…
xylitol gum
Xylitol : Is this the right sugar substitute for you? Discovered during World War 2 owing to sugar shortage, xylitol has become a common name in pharamaceutical industry.…
fructosamine test
Fructosamine Test A fructosamine test measures blood sugar glucose content. Fructosamine level can indicate blood sugar level in past 2-3…
Period sanitary napkin-menstruaion-blood-colors
Period blood – what it says about your health Your period blood color and consistency indicate what is happening in your body. Is your blood bright red…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling sad? Have you…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
Bronchoscopy procedure
Bronchoscopy Bronchoscopy is a procedure where in a scope is inserted into the lung pathway to observe any growth…
APL IgM Test
Antiphospholipid Antibody(APL)-IgM test The antiphospholipid antibodies are specific protein in the body directed against the phospholipids. It is used to detect…
Hibiscus: Nourish your beauty and health with these vibrant blooms Hibiscus is a trumpet shaped flower found abundantly in tropical countries. It has been historically used for its…
Pelvic_ultrasound
Pelvic Ultrasound Pelvic ultrasound is a process where sound waves are used to create image of your pelvic region organs…
Erythritol: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another marketing ploy? Erythritol is a popular choice of a healthy alternative sweetening agent in foods. But how healthy can a…
helping friend with depression
Support and care tips for helping people with depression Read to find out what is depression, its causes and symptoms. Also check out the steps describing how…

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