Excretory System Diseases

Excretory issues

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

The major diseases and disorders of the urinary system - Kidney stones, kidney failure, urethritis, uremia, anuria, polyuria, and urinary tract infection. The most common and widespread bowel diseases and disorders - Constipation, IBS, haemorrhoids, anal fissures, IBD, and Crohn’s disease.
Human urine is largely water (95%). It mainly contains urea, sodium, chlorine, creatine, and other by-products of metabolic processes. Urea is a substance that contains ammonia (toxic) and carbon dioxide. Normal urine is pale yellow in color and has a pH of about 4.6 to 8.
Your body will fill up with the waste fluid that is not excreted by the urinary system. Your hands and legs will start swelling up due to the accumulation of toxins. Heartbeat, breathing, movement, blood pressure, and more – all are going to be lethally impacted if there is an increased concentration of urea toxin in the body.
When the stool is not expelled out of the body, it backs up to the intestines and causes damage and tears along the inner linings of the gut. This is called bowel perforation. Since the stool is highly acidic, contains toxins, and harmful bacteria – if it lingers in the system for too long it can cause poisoning of the blood.

Overview of excretory system diseases

The excretory system is one of the major functional units of the human body, responsible for the elimination of solid and liquid wastes from the body. Dysfunctions of the excretory system may lead to the retention of the toxic wastes that may give rise to numerous complexities within the body. Excretory system diseases can be broadly categorized into two types- urinary disorders and bowel problems.

A recent survey conducted by the American Urological Association reveals that about 12% of men and 7% of women normally suffer from kidney stones worldwide. This is indicative of some serious urinary disorders. Again, epidemiological studies by the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons suggest that nearly 5% of the general population suffers from bowel incontinence problems, which is clearly indicative of rectal disorders.

 

What are the excretory system diseases?

Excretory issuesExcretory system diseases refer to the array of diseases that cause improper functioning of the excretory system.

Urinary diseases encompass both kidney dysfunctions and urinary tract infections. These are mostly mediated by microbial pathogens.

Bowel problems are caused by dysfunctions of the sphincter muscles. Both types of excretory system diseases may be precipitated by autoimmune disorders that are often present from birth.

The urinary and bowel diseases will be detailed in separate sections.

 

Urinary diseases

These comprise kidney diseases and urinary tract infections. The kidney diseases refer to the malfunctioning of the kidneys due to infections, cysts or certain structural abnormalities.

Kidney stones are solidified masses of salts and minerals that are normally present in urine. These usually form as crystals due to the excess build-up of minerals such as calcium, oxalates, phosphates or uric acid. Smaller kidney stones may not cause many complications and may pass easily through urine.  The larger stones may cause bleeding and painful urination. Kidney stones are of four types-

  • Calcium stones (calcium phosphate and calcium oxalate)
  • Uric acid stones (uric acid and calcium)
  • Struvite stones (kidney infections)
  • Cystine stones (excess amino acid)

The main causes of the formation of kidney stones are-

  • Excess build-up of calcium (hypercalciuria), oxalate (Hyperoxaluria) or uric acid (Hyperuricosuria)
  • Diseases like Renal Tubular Acidosis, Gout or Cystic Kidney disease
  • An occurrence of Medullary Sponge Kidney
  • Clogged urinary tract by the accumulated wastes
  • Familial history of kidney diseases
  • Cysts or scars in kidneys
  • Low intake of fluids
  • Diabetes Type 2

Excretory system kidneysKidney cysts are the fluid-filled outgrowths on the walls of the kidneys, that appear singly or in clusters. About 25% of the people above the age of 40 develop simple kidney cysts.

What are the different types of kidney cysts?

Kidney cysts are broadly classified as-

  • Simple cyst: They originate from the renal parenchyma and vary in size between 2-10 cm.
  • Complex cyst: These are hyperdense cysts with thickened walls, nodular outgrowths, and increased calcifications. They may lead to cancer.

Some other varieties of kidney cysts are as follows-

Polycystic kidney disease: Here hundreds of cysts are present in one or both kidneys. They are of two types-

  • Autosomal dominant: In such cases, if one parent has the mutated gene then there is 50% of that mutated gene being transferred to each offspring.
  • Autosomal recessive: Here, two unaffected individuals who each carry one copy of the mutated gene have a 25% chances of passing on the disease to one offspring.

Parapelvic cysts: They generally originate from the renal sinus.

Acquired cysts: These are formed by external conditions such as chronic hemodialysis or presence of an Indwelling Catheter (IDC).

Urinary tract infections encompass the group of symptoms caused by microbial infections of the urinary tract. They are mainly caused by-

  • Bacterial infections ( E.coli)
  • Clogging of the urinary tract due to the build-up of wastes, the presence of stones or cysts
  • An enlarged prostate gland in men
  • Using Indwelling Catheter for several weeks or months
  • Having sex with a partner having urinary infections
  • Past surgeries of the urinary tract
  • Glomerular diseases or Polycystic kidney diseases
  • Unhygienic urinary habits
  • Excess intake of sodium or purine in regular diet
  • Dehydration

What are the symptoms of urinary tract infections?

The main symptoms of urinary tract infections are as follows-

 

Bowel diseases

Excretory system bowelsBowel diseases present as abnormal bowel movements due to bowel dysfunctions.

In many cases, certain parts of the gastrointestinal tract such as- the beginning of the large intestine and the end portion of the small intestine are inflamed.

These may often arise due to certain autoimmune disorders and are called inflammatory bowel diseases.

These are of two types-

 

Crohn’s disease: It affects the end portion of the small intestine (ileum) at the junction of the small intestine and the colon. In the extreme cases, reddish or greyish patches may appear along the entire thickness of the wall of the bowel. This is known as granulomatous inflammation. Crohn’s disease is of the following types-

  • Gastroduodenal Crohn’s disease
  • Crohn’s granulomatous colitis
  • Ileitis
  • Ileocolitis
  • Jejunoileitis

Ulcerative colitis: It is characterized by inflammatory patches in the colon and the rectum. It is of the following types-

  • Pan-ulcerative colitis
  • Left-sided colitis
  • Ulcerative proctitis
  • Proctosigmoiditis

Both the diseases are characterized by bowel incontinence. Two main conditions arise in such cases-

  • Diarrhea: It is characterized by semi-liquid or watery stools and abdominal cramps during defecation.
  • Constipation: It is characterized by hardened stools and occasional bleeding during defecation.

 

Diagnosis

The following diagnostic tests are carried out for urinary diseases-

  • Ultrasonography
  • Voiding cystourethrogram
  • MRI and CT scan
  • Cystoscopy
  • Urodynamics
  • Radionuclide scan

The following diagnostic tests are recommended for bowel diseases-

  • Abdominal X-ray
  • Defecography
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Colonography

 

Treatment & Prevention

Treatment of excretory system disorders depends on the exact disorder of the system (kidney stones or urethritis) and on the severity of the symptoms.  Following the general treatment methods applied to treat such conditions:

  • Kidneys: Use of antibiotics in case there is a bacterial infection. Often changes in diet and management of cholesterol and blood pressure help in managing the symptoms of kidney diseases. In the case of kidney stones, either medicine is given to dissolve the stone or shock wave therapy is administered to break the stone into smaller fragments.
  • Bladder: In the case of infections, appropriate antibiotics are administered. If bladder cancer has been detected, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or intravesical therapy might be required.
  • Bowel disorders: The treatment of bowel disorders include administering NSAIDs, immune system suppressors, and antibiotic medications. Adding psyllium husk to the diet can help in reducing both diarrheal and constipation symptoms. The treatment of Crohn’s disease entails steroid drugs along with vitamin D and calcium supplements. OTC painkillers such as Advil can be taken to reduce abdominal pain. In case of severe bowel obstruction, surgery might be required to remove the bowel. Surgery might also be required in case there is a perforation, abscess, infection, or fistula formation in the colon.

Prevention of excretory system disorders can be done by:

  • Consuming the daily recommended dosage of fiber.
  • Staying away from potential triggers that could cause gastric disorders (if you have celiac disease, refrain from gluten consumption. Similarly, lactose intolerant individuals should steer clear from dairy).
  • Avoid consuming oily and spicy foods. Also, stop bingeing on unhealthy processed foods such as junk and sugary treats.
  • Keep your gut bacteria healthy by consuming probiotics (yogurt and kefir).
  • Exercise regularly. Don’t have a sedentary lifestyle.
  • Drink ample amount of water.
  • Don’t have the habit of holding in urine or feces.
  • Maintain proper hygiene while using restrooms.
  • Avoid using washrooms which are not clean and sanitized.
  • Keep a check on your calcium intake. Avoid over-consumption of calcium.
  • Drinking cranberry juice (unsweetened) helps in preventing urinary tract infections.
  • Wear cotton undergarments which are well-fitting.
  • Urinate before and after sexual intercourse.
  • Practice safe sex.

 

The major diseases and disorders of the urinary system - Kidney stones, kidney failure, urethritis, uremia, anuria, polyuria, and urinary tract infection. The most common and widespread bowel diseases and disorders - Constipation, IBS, haemorrhoids, anal fissures, IBD, and Crohn’s disease.
Human urine is largely water (95%). It mainly contains urea, sodium, chlorine, creatine, and other by-products of metabolic processes. Urea is a substance that contains ammonia (toxic) and carbon dioxide. Normal urine is pale yellow in color and has a pH of about 4.6 to 8.
Your body will fill up with the waste fluid that is not excreted by the urinary system. Your hands and legs will start swelling up due to the accumulation of toxins. Heartbeat, breathing, movement, blood pressure, and more – all are going to be lethally impacted if there is an increased concentration of urea toxin in the body.
When the stool is not expelled out of the body, it backs up to the intestines and causes damage and tears along the inner linings of the gut. This is called bowel perforation. Since the stool is highly acidic, contains toxins, and harmful bacteria – if it lingers in the system for too long it can cause poisoning of the blood.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Drinking plenty of water is the foremost thing to do. This ensures that toxins are regularly flushed out of the body and your body’s cells are receiving proper circulation of nutrients.
  • Exercise regularly. Firstly, it stimulates sweating that pushes toxins out of the body through the skin. Secondly, it promotes deep breathing which expels toxins out of the lungs.
  • Make sure that the food that you consumed isn’t laced with toxic products such as pesticides.
Don'ts
  • Expose your body to environmental toxins such as pollutants, fumes, and harsh chemicals.
  • Indulge in substance abuse. Alcohol, smoking, and illicit drugs tend to directly impact the smooth functioning of excretory system organs.
  • Use unhygienic restrooms. Also, refrain from controlling the urge to urinate or defecate.

 

 

 

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Lipase Test A lipase test is a blood test performed to quantitatively measure the level of the enzyme lipase in…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
top 5 deadliest cancers
A sneak peek into the top 5 deadliest cancers and the true nature of their origins Did you know that cancer is the 2nd leading cause of deaths globally? Among the 100s of different…
free thyroxine ft4
Free thyroxine test (FT4) The FT4 or free thyroxine test is used to detect the level of free thyroxine of FT4 thyroid…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
Vitamin b12
Vitamin B12 Test Vitamin b12 is an essential nutrient required for healthy functioning of the nervous system and also development of…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are you too a…
smelling-salts-benefits
The actual science behind smelling salts and how it helps in injury recovery Most smelling salts are a mixture of ammonium carbonate and some perfumes which are sniffed by an individual…
Green, brown, & bitter: The instant advantages of including fenugreek in your diet Did you know the earliest usage of fenugreek can be traced back to the Egyptian civilization? Find out…
cystoscopy
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is a procedure to check the health of the urethra and the bladder. The procedure is also…
Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? People opt to become a pescatarian in order to enrich their bodies with the essential health benefits that…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
Anti-Inflammatory foods: 18 foods to a disease-free you Anti-inflammatory foods are the foods which are known to reduce the inflammation as well as the pain from…
Oil of Oregano: The one-stop essential oil you’ve been looking for Are you plagued by a weak immune system? High body inflammation accompanied by pain and infections? Why not…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
Pelvic_ultrasound
Pelvic Ultrasound Pelvic ultrasound is a process where sound waves are used to create image of your pelvic region organs…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your survival. However, these…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
immunoglobulin M
Immunoglobulin M Test Immunoglobulin M is the largest and the first produced antibody which helps in the prevention or fighting of…
blood ketone test
Blood Ketone (D3HB) Test The Blood Ketone Test measures and monitors the levels of ketone in the blood which is usually performed…
Cayenne: The remarkable benefits of these red hot chili peppers These may make you rush for a glass of water, but cayenne pepper is actually a healthy additive…
Inhale oxygen, exhale worries: The top breathing exercises and how to perform them Performing the breathing exercise is like becoming mindful of how you breathe.  Here is a list of breathing…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media? Are you one…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast Ever thought how toxic chemicals find their way into our foods? How can they harm our body? And…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 igm
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgM The Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgM test detects IgM class of antibodies in the blood.The presence of beta-2…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
Low fat diets
A complete list of low-fat diets and how to follow them Low-fat diets help you lose weight in a healthy way, but it works only with regular exercise and…
Crossfit with rope
CrossFit: Now get the perfectly sculpted body with this explosive gym routine CrossFit is a fitness regimen that makes use of high-intensity exercises in a shorter period to achieve muscle…
antiHEV IgM test
Anti hepatitis E virus (Anti HEV) IgM Test Anti HEV IgM test determines the level of the IgM antibodies in the blood, The disease is often…
18 instant steps to make your jogging routine more powerful Jogging is a form of Aerobic Endurance training which includes running at a slow pace. Jogging is slower…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
11 unbelievable health benefits of thyme you didn’t know! Thyme is a herb that has been used in alternative medicine.It is a well known seasoning in the…
blood elements analysis
Vitamin Profile Your doctor will recommend you undergo the vitamin profile test if you are showing signs of either vitamin…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
complement c4 test
Complement 4 (C4) Test The Complement 4 or C4 test measures the level of the protein in the bloodstream, and is primarily…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet can bring all…
CEA_test
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test CEA or carcinoembryonic test detects the presence of CEA antigen in your blood mainly & determines the effectiveness…
toxo gondii igm test
Toxo Gondii-IgM Test The toxo gondii IgM test is a blood test that tells the presence or absence of toxoplasmosis IgM…
anti-chlamydia antibody tets
Anti-Chlamydia Antibody -IgG Test Anti-Chlamydia Antibody - IgG test is performed by collection of urine or genital fluids as sample for testing…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
Top reasons why you need to pay attention to your vitamin B6 intake Vitamin B6- An essential water-soluble vitamin. Its deficiency leads to physical changes such as sores & glossy tongue…
sodium chloride
Halotherapy: How inhaling salt can work wonders for your body Halotherapy is quickly gaining popularity amongst those with respiratory diseases. It has shown promise in its treatment.
free psa test
Free PSA Test The free PSA test is used to detect the level or percentage of free PSA in the body…
Okra: How can this nutrient-dense vegetable help you fight diabetes? Okra is a food which is rich in nutrients and minerals which are extremely essential for a healthy…
Miracle extract from the root of maca: 10 ways it can help you! Maca root has been used for years in herbal medicine. Today scientific research is unearthing fresh evidence in…
lp-pla2
LP-PLA2 Test The LP-PLA2 test is a test which is carried out to assess the levels of Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2…
stain blood
Blood in your stool Know the reason for blood in your stool, toilet bowl or tissue and the important steps to take…
Lauric Acid: 8 health benefits you can derive from coconuts Appropriate use of saturated fats containing lauric acid can provide you numerous health benefits. This is the main…
piles
Best treatment for piles in Bangalore All you need to know about piles and piles treatment in Bangalore - the types of treatment available,…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
PREGNANCY
Pregnancy During pregnancy, the body undergoes a number of biological and physical changes to accommodate and provide for the…
Ear pain model
Easy and safe tips for ear wax removal you can do at home Cerumen impaction generally occurs when an external object like cotton swabs are used to remove the ear wax.…
Krill Oil: Does the solution to human illnesses really lie at the depths of the ocean? The word "krill" means “small fry of fish” in Norwegian. They are usually the primary food source of…
Tart Cherry: The healthiest excuse for taking that second serving of pie Tart cherry has been traditionally used in delectable desserts such as pies. Recent studies have revealed that its…
Hot cups for detox? Read all about the ancient technique of cupping Did you know inverted hot cups on your back can squeeze out and eject toxins from your body?…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make you smarter and…

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