Prostatitis

PROSTATITIS pain

Last Updated August 14th, 2019

The most common path for bacteria leaking into the prostate gland is via the urinary tract. It can happen as a result of an STD (gonorrhea, chlamydia, etc) or leakage of the lymphatic content directly from the rectum. Men who have weakened immunity tend to acquire this infection easily.
Prostatitis is a treatable condition. Since it is a bacterial infection, antibiotic course is the primary treatment method. Though this works in case of acute prostatitis, it is not effective in case of chronic prostatitis (associated with chronic pelvic pain), since the exact case of the infection is not identified here.
The key here is to reduce inflammation in the body. One must increase consumption of anti-inflammatory foods which are prostate-friendly - tomatoes, broccoli, soybeans, green tea, legumes, pomegranate, and fatty fish. Avoid at all cost these foods if you have prostatitis - red meat, trans fats, sugar, caffeine dairy, salty foods, and alcohol.
A clear urethral discharge often accompanies prostatitis. Individuals also experience pain during ejaculation and sexual dysfunction in case of prostatitis, along with increased frequency of urination.

What Is The Prostate Gland?

The prostate gland is an important part of the male reproductive anatomy. In a normal, healthy adult male, the size of the prostate gland is comparable with that of a walnut. As men age, the gland grows larger in size.

It is located directly below the urinary bladder and straddles the ureter which is the tube through which the bladder empties itself when one urinates. This structure is an exocrine gland which produces certain male hormones as well as some of the fluid that mixes with sperm to form semen. The prostate gland also plays an important role during ejaculation. Its contractions help to propel semen out through the urethra. There can be various forms of prostate disease ranging from benign age-related enlargement to malignancy (prostate cancer). One such affliction of this organ is a condition known as prostatitis.

 

What Is Prostatitis?

PROSTATITIS diagramProstatitis is the inflammation of the prostate gland. This can arise in males of any age, however, it tends to present more often in men within the age bracket of between 30 to 50 years.

This is often related to infection, but can also arise as a result of pelvic trauma. In some cases, the causes remain unidentified.

Patients often worry that prostatitis can increase their risk of developing prostate cancer. In actual fact, research has failed to reveal any substantial links between the two conditions.

While a patient with a history of prostatitis certainly can develop prostate cancer, there is no evidence to show a causal relationship between the two.

 

Why Are Some Men More Likely To Develop Prostatitis?

Theoretically, males of any age may potentially develop prostatitis. However, as with other diseases, there are certain risk factors that make some men more susceptible than others. For instance, any condition that lowers or weakens your immunity or increases the chances of introducing bacteria into the body puts you at risk of developing prostatitis. Here is a list of some recognized risk factors for prostatitis:

  • Being middle-aged.
  • A past history of prostatitis.
  • Weakened immunity as the result of a condition like AIDS, chronic illness, chemotherapy or a hereditary immune deficiency.
  • HIV infection.
  • Urinary tract infection
  • A sexually transmitted infection.
  • Pelvic injury.
  • Having a urinary catheter.
  • Prostate biopsy.

 

What Are The Different Types Of Prostatitis?

PROSTATITIS painFour different forms of prostatitis are recognized in clinical practice. Each is discussed separately along with its causes, symptoms, and treatment.

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis

As the name suggests, this type of prostatitis is the outcome of bacterial infection of the prostate gland. The term ‘acute’ refers to the fact that onset of symptoms tends to be sudden and severe, usually beginning with nonspecific flu-like indications. This is the least common type of prostatitis. In such cases, if the patient has an existing urinary tract infection, this is likely to be the source of the prostate infection. It is also often linked to prostate biopsy. Patients may display the following symptoms:

  • Fever.
  • Chills.
  • Sweating.
  • Shivering.
  • Difficulty urinating.
  • Pain when urinating.
  • Sudden and frequent urges to pass urine.
  • Pain in the perineum.
  • Genital pain.
  • Some patients complain of rectal pain.

Patients with acute prostatitis should receive immediate medical attention, especially if they find themselves unable to urinate. This painful condition is known as urine retention. It will need to be relieved by artificial means. Since bacterial infection is involved, the best way to treat this form of prostatitis is by means of antibiotics. Medication can also provide pain relief.

Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis

Here, too, the immediate cause of inflammation is a bacterial infection. The condition is known as ‘chronic’ if it persists for more than three months at a time. This is often noticed in patients with a history of urinary infection or urethral infection. Patients with the acute form of prostatitis may be left with lingering symptoms in the form of chronic prostatitis if the infection was not entirely cleared up during treatment.

Patients generally experience the same symptoms as in the acute form but they are less severe. In addition, they may also suffer from pain during ejaculation. Symptoms tend to worsen and improve periodically. Patients are usually prescribed antibiotics to help resolve the bacterial infection. Additionally, medications can also help to relieve difficulties with urination.

Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis

As the name indicates, this condition is asymptomatic. This means that patients do not experience symptoms at all. As a result, they may not even be aware of the inflammation in the prostate gland. This condition may only come to light when undergoing diagnostic tests for some other concerns related to the urogenital tract.Since there are no symptoms, patients are not usually given medications. However, in some cases, patients have benefited from a course of antibiotics.

Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS)

This is the most common manifestation of prostatitis. Even so, this type is poorly understood and its causes are not clearly identified. Symptoms may come and go intermittently. This condition is not connected with any form of infection in the prostate gland. In fact, it is believed that there may be a neurological cause. If you are suffering from CPPS, you will most probably experience the following symptoms:

  • Difficulty in urinating.
  • Frequent urge to urinate, especially through the course of the night.
  • Pain during urination.
  • Pain during ejaculation.
  • There may be some pain between the anus and the scrotum.
  • Patients also complain of pain in the genital organs, usually at the tip and the shaft of the penis.
  • Pain tends to worsen when the patient is stressed.
  • Pain is affected by bowel movements and relieved upon application of heat.
  • Sitting is especially painful.
  • Bloating.
  • Diarrhea.

Since the true cause of the condition is not recognized, the best way to treat patients with CPPS is to relieve their symptoms. Application of heat through warm baths can help to alleviate pain to some extent. Medications too can help to dull the pain. Patients may also benefit from other forms of rehabilitation such as physiotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. There is no known cure for CPPS.

 

What Are Some Complications To Be Aware Of?

PROSTATITIS virusThere can be a few different complications in severe instances of prostatitis. For example:

  • Retention of urine. Since inflammation causes the prostate gland to swell up, this can constrict the ureter to the extent of preventing the exit of urine from the bladder even when the individual is ready to urinate. This is a serious problem and requires immediate medical help.
  • Abscess. Infection can worsen to the extent of abscess formation in the prostate gland.
  • Sleep disturbance. Frequent bathroom visits during the night or chronic pain can seriously interfere with the patient’s quality of sleep over time. This can leave them feeling tired, irritable and unable to concentrate.
  • Erectile dysfunction. In patients with CPPS, in particular, the chronic pain makes them reluctant or embarrassed to engage in sexual intercourse. The psychological stress and worry can cause them to develop problems like erectile dysfunction.
  • Anxiety and depression. Again, patients with a chronic form of prostatitis such as CPPS may become depressed because of the inability to sit or even urinate without experiencing pain.

 

How Is Prostatitis Diagnosed?

If you notice symptoms consistent with those of any of the four types of prostatitis, do make sure to visit an urologist for a check up. You may have to undergo the following tests:

  • Physical examination, usually involving a digital rectal examination.
  • Medical history.
  • Blood tests.
  • Urine tests.
  • Semen tests.
  • Ultrasound.
  • Computerised tomography (CT) imaging.

 

Treatment and prevention

Prostatitis is a common urological condition and can affect males of any age. It can take any of four different forms and may or may not be related to infection. Not all forms of prostatitis are well understood. The prognosis or outlook following treatment is highly variable. Sometimes, a patient who has fully recovered may actually develop the symptoms again after a significant period of time.

The treatment of prostatitis involves the following medications:

  • Antibiotics- Antibiotics are usually prescribed by the doctor to combat infection.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications- they help in reducing pain and inflammation.
  • Alpha blockers- this category of drugs help in urinating and emptying the bladder by relaxing the muscle fibers around the urinary bladder and the prostate gland.

Warm sitz baths also help in reduction of the pain and give symptomatic relief.

A urinary catheter might be used in order to help in evacuating the urinary bladder.

Prevention of the disease is mainly through lifestyle changes and hygiene practices.  Dietary modifications are also necessary to maintain the health of the prostate gland. Although many patients are concerned about the risk of developing prostate cancer, it has no demonstrable link with prostatitis. The latter is a benign condition.

Facts

  • Prostatitis commonly affects males between the age group of 30 to 50 years. Prostatitis is the most common issue related to the prostate gland in males under the age of 50 years.
  • Approximately 10 to 12% of all males experience symptoms related to prostatitis. Prostatitis affects approximately 10 to 15% of the U.S. male population.

Facts

  • The prostate is a small gland of the size of a walnut.
  • Around 2 million visits per year to the outpatient urology department in the United States are made due to prostatitis.

Facts

  • As per the information furnished by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), out of all the males who undergo biopsies for the diagnosis of prostate cancer, more than 50% have a prostatitis lesion.
  • Pain during or after ejaculation is a common symptom of chronic prostatitis.
  • Psychological stress may also increase the risk of having chronic prostatitis.

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The most common path for bacteria leaking into the prostate gland is via the urinary tract. It can happen as a result of an STD (gonorrhea, chlamydia, etc) or leakage of the lymphatic content directly from the rectum. Men who have weakened immunity tend to acquire this infection easily.
Prostatitis is a treatable condition. Since it is a bacterial infection, antibiotic course is the primary treatment method. Though this works in case of acute prostatitis, it is not effective in case of chronic prostatitis (associated with chronic pelvic pain), since the exact case of the infection is not identified here.
The key here is to reduce inflammation in the body. One must increase consumption of anti-inflammatory foods which are prostate-friendly - tomatoes, broccoli, soybeans, green tea, legumes, pomegranate, and fatty fish. Avoid at all cost these foods if you have prostatitis - red meat, trans fats, sugar, caffeine dairy, salty foods, and alcohol.
A clear urethral discharge often accompanies prostatitis. Individuals also experience pain during ejaculation and sexual dysfunction in case of prostatitis, along with increased frequency of urination.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Consult a doctor when you observe symptoms such as blood in urine, painful urination, urinary urgency, fever, chills, burning sensation or painful urination etc.
  • Hit the gym or indulge in any physical activity regularly to maintain the health of your prostate gland.
  • Follow good hygiene practices. Washing hands before and after touching the penis can prevent bacteria from traveling up the urethra.
Don'ts
  • Consume spicy foods, coffee, peppers, tea, alcoholic beverages, chili, acidic foods etc.
  • Indulge in sexual intercourse without a condom. Using a condom can protect you from infections.
  • Perform activities such as cycling and horse riding, until the symptoms of prostatitis diminish.

 

 

 

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7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
L-theanine attention
L-Theanine: Better sleep, higher focus, and many other benefits Did you know that L-theanine found in green tea can make you sleep better and be focused at…
Find all the instant ways to get rid of blackheads Blackheads - Not only are they aesthetically unappealing but if left untreated these can cause bacterial overgrowth on…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself is a detoxifying…
Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody (tTG) Test Transglutaminase is an enzyme present in our body and is involved in protein metabolism. A tTg test is…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 igm
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgM The Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgM test detects IgM class of antibodies in the blood.The presence of beta-2…
ureteroscopy
Ureteroscopy Ureteroscopy is the diagnostic procedure which is used for the detection of the kidney stones in addition to…
Diabetes blood test
Diabetic Profile The diabetic profile is a set of tests used for testing and monitoring the various kinds of Diabetes…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
Tattoo Aftercare: The best practices to follow once you get inked Planning getting permanently inked? Make sure you follow these critical tattoo aftercare techniques to avoid infectious agents attacking…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
thyroid_scan
Thyroid Scan Thyroid scan is a diagnostic procedure that aims to view the thyroid gland and detect any growths or…
anoscopy
Anoscopy Anoscopy is an invasive diagnostic procedure where a small device known as anoscope will be inserted in the…
immunoglobulin M
Immunoglobulin M Test Immunoglobulin M is the largest and the first produced antibody which helps in the prevention or fighting of…
macadamia nuts in food
Proven health benefits and nutrition of macadamia nuts Know all about scientific, amazing health benefits of macadamia nuts, its nutrition, recipes, how to consume, price and…
macadamia nuts in food
Proven health benefits and nutrition of macadamia nuts Know all about scientific, amazing health benefits of macadamia nuts, its nutrition, recipes, how to consume, price and…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking for fun and…
Dragon Fruit – Blessing from Nature’s Basket Dragon fruit is packed with nutrients but low on calories. It is the dream food that can help…
kefir bottle
Kefir: Top reasons why this probiotic drink should be consumed by you Yet another remarkable fermented food, kefir is a much healthier version of yogurt. These chewy white grains can…
Agave nectar: The bitter truth about this sweetener revealed Agave nectar is considered to be sweeter than the normal table sugar and even contains higher amounts of…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
How to correctly perform nasal irrigation using a Neti Pot? Neti pot has been a part of Ayurveda since centuries. This ancient tool is extremely effective in treating…
Oxidative Stress: Understanding the most lethal phenomenon happening in your body right now Free radicals cause damage to the body, which is known as oxidation.  The amount of oxidation caused by…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
Appendix pain: Recent findings on this not-so vestigial organ The exact function of the appendix is still not clear. Some consider it as an organ that once…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
hepatitis B envelope antigen
Hepatitis B Envelope Antigen (HBeAg) The HBeAg or hepatitis B envelope antigen test is a screening test used to diagnose the onset of…
lp-pla2
LP-PLA2 Test The LP-PLA2 test is a test which is carried out to assess the levels of Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2…
complement c4 test
Anemia Profile Anemia Profile test (Basic) is a blood screening test that measures the levels of important components of the…
Tachycardia heart
Cardiac Profile Cardiac profile is panel of blood tests performed to check cholesterol level and other heart disease markers to…
Smiling-happy-pretty-woman-with-flowers
Laughter Therapy– The Best Medicine for Healthy Living Read how laughter influences your stress hormones, belly fat, heart health, and more. Use these simple tips to…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You will never believe…
aspartame or sugar
Aspartame – Hidden truths about this storm in a teacup Aspartame, the artificial sweetener, has gone under the scanner on several occasions for allegedly doing more harm than…
Elderberry: More than just a folk medicine for cold and sinusitis While the raw elderberry can be a hazard, when consumed in the form of teas and syrup, elderberry…
Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? People opt to become a pescatarian in order to enrich their bodies with the essential health benefits that…
Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient Did you know this sweet and sour pulpy fruit does more than just add a tangy flavor to…
Oxalates: How healthy greens can sometimes be bad news for your kidneys Oxalates are compounds present in a majority of healthy foods. However, at times an overconsumption of these could…
11 unbelievable health benefits of thyme you didn’t know! Thyme is a herb that has been used in alternative medicine.It is a well known seasoning in the…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
blood elements analysis
Blood Element Analysis Test A blood element analysis is a blood test performed to measure the level of toxic elements such as…
iron deficiency profile
Iron Deficiency Profile An iron deficiency profile is a battery of blood tests which are performed in order to determine the…
shoudler exercises
Keep your shoulders pain-free with these shoulder exercises Shoulder exercises are important in order to prevent chronic back and neck pain. Learn more about how you…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk of several deadliest…