Genital Warts (HPV)

GENITAL HERPES itching

Last Updated December 20th, 2021

Overview

A number of diseases can be contracted by means of sexually transmitted infections. These include chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea. Patients do not always show symptoms of the infection, as a result of which they may be unaware of the possibility of passing on the infection to others. This is particularly true in the case of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection worldwide.

There are several strains of HPV known to cause disease in humans and they can even cause cancer. In fact, cervical cancer in women is nearly always attributable to infection with certain high-risk strains of HPV. Some strains are known to produce cancer at other sites such as the vagina and anus. Low-risk strains are those that do not cause cancer. Some of these are capable of producing warts in various parts of the body including the genitalia. Not all strains of HPV are acquired by means of sexual contact, but those that produce genital warts certainly are.

What Are Genital Warts?

GENITAL HERPES virusGenital warts are soft, abnormal growths that develop in the skin and mucosal lining of the genital regions in both men and women. The virus responsible for this is transmitted by means of sexual intercourse with an infected individual.

These warts can be painful and extremely uncomfortable. Left undisturbed, they may resolve on their own. However, it is also possible that they might grow or increase in number.

Genital warts can also appear in children and this naturally raises the suspicion of sexual abuse. However, it is also possible that these may have arisen as a result of an infection acquired from the mother during childbirth.

Why Do They Appear?

Studies have indicated that HPV infection is highly prevalent across the world, so much so that most sexually active individuals have been exposed to at least one strain of the virus at some time or the other. However, this does not always lead to complications such as genital warts. As many as 40 or more strains of HPV are capable of causing infections in the anogenital tract. In about 95% of instances, genital warts are caused by the strains HPV6 and HPV11. The direct cause of infection is sexual contact with an infected person. This includes vaginal, oral or anal intercourse as well as any other form of skin-to-skin sexual contact. One is capable of transmitting the infection even if one is asymptomatic or having subclinical symptoms.

Certain factors are known to increase the risk of developing genital warts:

  • Those under 30 years of age are at a higher risk.
  • One is most likely to contract the infection in the period soon after one becomes sexually active.
  • Having a weakened immunity increases the risk. This may be as a result of HIV/AIDS, taking cancer treatment or taking immunosuppressant medications as part of organ transplantation.
  • Being born to a mother who had the infection at the time of delivery is another means of acquiring the infection.
  • A personal history of other sexually transmitted infections increases the likelihood of also having HPV infection.
  • Having multiple sexual partners or having intercourse with a person who has had multiple sexual partners.
  • Unprotected sexual intercourse.

What Are The Symptoms of Genital Warts?

GENITAL HERPES itchingHPV infection is often asymptomatic. In those individuals who display symptoms, the wart may not appear for some weeks after contracting the infection. In fact, symptoms may not appear for years after the virus has been acquired. The wart may be flesh-colored or pigmented. It may be flat or it may have an irregular surface textured rather like the head of a cauliflower. Sometimes, these are so small that they are not clearly visible. These growths may appear singly or in clusters.

  • A soft, bumpy growth in the mucous membranes of the genitals. In women, these may be present in inside the vulva, urethra, vagina or even in the cervix. In men, the penis or scrotum may be affected. Both sexes can develop warts in or around the anus, in the region of the groin, perineum or the inner thighs. Warts may also appear on the lips, tongue or even the throat in case the infection has been contracted by means of oral intercourse.
  • Pain, itching or burning sensation at the affected site.
  • Discomfort, pain or bleeding during sexual intercourse.
  • Vaginal or penile discharge.
  • Bleeding between menstrual periods.
  • Difficulty in swallowing, in the case of warts in the throat.

Look no further than these instant and safe measures to get freedom from genital warts.

Can There Be Any Complications?

The strains HPV6 and HPV11, usually responsible for causing genital warts, are not normally considered high-risk strains. In other words, they are not normally known to cause cancer. They are, however, linked with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, a disease that involves the formation of benign growths in the respiratory passages leading to the lungs.

A person having genital warts caused by low-risk HPV strains may also be infected with other strains of HPV which could be high-risk ones. There is also the possibility of other concurrent STIs.

If a pregnant woman has genital warts, she can pass on the infection to her child as it passes through the birth canal during delivery. The newborn may develop severe infections or even permanent disabilities as a result of the mother’s infection. In order to avoid exposing the fetus to the virus, the mother may be advised to undergo a Caesarean section. The mother may even experience other complications such as reduced elasticity of the vaginal canal as a result of a substantial internal wart.

How Are Genital Warts Diagnosed?

There are no diagnostic tests that can determine whether or not a person has acquired the HPV infection. It is important to assess the patient’s medical history and sexual history for indications pointing to HPV.

Physical examination with the help of magnification can help accurately identify warts in the genital area. Warts themselves may be mistaken for hemorrhoids or skin tags. Hence, it is important to rule out these other possibilities. A biopsy may be conducted in order to obtain a confirmation.

Those diagnosed with genital warts are recommended to also undergo screening for cervical cancer.

Treatment & Prevention

GENITAL HERPES safetyThe treatment of genital warts is mainly done either with the help of medications or by surgery.

  • Medications: The topical ointments used to treat genital warts include imiquimod (boosts immune system), podophyllin ( destroys genital warts tissues),  and TCA or Tri-Chloro Acetic acid ( chemically burns and removes the wart).  These medicines have to be prescribed by a doctor after a careful diagnosis of the genital wart. OTC ointments should not be used to treat genital warts.
  • Surgery: If the warts are larger and it is not possible to treat them by topical ointments alone, surgery might be considered. The most commonly used surgical methods include cryotherapy ( liquid nitrogen used to freeze and remove the wart), electrocautery (use of electric currents to remove warts), and laser treatments.

Genital warts can be prevented by following these precautionary measures:

  • Get vaccinated for the HPV.
  • Practice safe sex by using condoms or dental dams.
  • Avoid sexual contact of any sort with an HPV infected person (if he/she has warts on their mouth or genital area, refrain from any intimate activities).
  • Refrain from consuming tobacco. Tobacco consumption weakens your immunity and thus makes you more susceptible to STIs.
  • Discuss the sexual history of your partner before indulging in any form of sexual contact. If your partner has been diagnosed with an STI, get yourself screened too.

Facts

  • Studies indicate that 3 out of every 4 adult, in the reproductive age, have been affected with at least one sexually transmitted infection such as the genital warts.
  • The HPV or the Human Papilloma Virus infects more than 6 million Americans every year, half of which lie in the age group of 15-25 years.

Facts

  • Cervical cancer, which kills almost 500,000 women every year across the globe, is also caused by the HPV.
  • In most cases, (roughly 90%), the HPV disappears spontaneously within 2 years after the genital wart infection.

Facts

  • Though such cases are rare, genital warts can spread from an infected mother to the newborn child.

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You can't get STI from oral sex.
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Cold sores and genital herpes can be caused by the same virus.
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Chlamydia, if untreated, can lead to infertility in women.
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Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Seek immediate medical help the moment you see symptoms of genital warts.
  • Always use protection when indulging in any form of sexual contact. Inform your partner/s if you have been diagnosed with genital warts.
  • Realize that genital warts don’t pop up immediately after sexual contact with an infected person. The incubation period of the virus varies from 2-12 months.
Don'ts
  • Try to remove or cut the wart out of the skin by yourself. It can cause excessive bleeding, painful, and more serious infections.
  • Indulge in sexual contact if you have a serious case of genital warts. Wait till the treatment completes.
  • Attempt to treat genital warts with the help of OTC wart treatments, regardless of how promising they appear.

 

 

 

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Plexus Slim: Is this pink slimming drink the ultimate one-stop fat burner? How effective is Plexus Slim in helping people lose weight? What are its ingredients? Can it be safely…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself is a detoxifying…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
EEG
Electroencephalogram – EEG EEG or electroencephalogram is a diagnostic tool used to access the functioning of neurons and brain activity to…
LFT-test
Liver Function Test – LFT LFT or Liver Function Test is a blood test used to determine the levels of hepatic enzymes which…
Vitamin-D-blood-test
25-Hydroxy Vitamin D test 25-hydroxy Vitamin D test is a blood test used to measure the level of vitamin D in the…
HSV-1_IGG
Herpes Simplex Virus I (HSV)-IgG Test Herpes simplex virus I(HSV)-IgG is an Immunoglobulin protein that acts as an antibody & stays in the blood…
apolipoprotein a1 test
Apolipoprotein -A1 (APO-A1) Test Apolipoprotein A-I (Apo-A1) constitutes 70% of protein content in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and helps in lipid metabolism.
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Squid-ink-spaghetti
Squid Ink: A unique food coloring and flavoring agent Want to add a unique black color to your pasta, noodles and ice-creams? How can you use squid…
Hepatitis A virus infected liver
Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) Total Blood test to look for IgM antibodies to know if you are infected with Hepatitis A virus (HAV),…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of cold beer add…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean saying goodbye to…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken your heart, fatten…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
avocado benefits
Avocado: 15 reasons why this fruit should be a staple in your diet Did you know that the word avocado literally means "testicles". Don't get grossed out as this power-packed fruit…
Cottage cheese: What can you find in this healthy chunk of fresh milk cheese? Love cheese but scared of putting on extra pounds? With cottage cheese, you can get the best of…
General adaptation syndrome: Understanding stress, one step at a time The struggle of the body to produce hormones during a stressful situation is the main theme of general…
Inversion Therapy: The anti-gravity way of healing chronic back pain Inversion therapy involves suspending a person upside dow using different types of equipment. This works by taking the…
The Cabbage Soup Diet: The healthiest way to instant weight loss Cabbage soup diet rapid weight loss diet for those who want to shed those extra pounds in less…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
phenytoin test
Phenytoin test Phenytoin is a drug that is administered mainly to epilepsy patients. The phenytoin blood test measures the level…
Rubella IgM test
Rubella IgM Test The Rubella IgM test is a blood test that is performed to diagnose the presence of the rubella…
Thyroid disorders
Thyroid Profile Thyroid profile is a panel of blood tests performed to check if an individual is suffering from any…
Unbelievable health benefits of gooseberries (and a few tasty recipes) Gooseberries are antioxidant-rich tasty fruits that can be easily added in daily diet to improve overall health and…
piles fissure fistula
Allopathy vs homeopathy vs ayurveda treatment for piles, fissures, and fistula Read to know the best form of treatment among allopathy, homeopathy,or ayurveda for piles, fissures, and fistula
Optavia diet
The features of an Optavia diet The Optavia diet endorses pre-packaged meals and snacks called "fuelings" that are tasty, low in calorie, and incorporates…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you didn't know about…
aspartame or sugar
Aspartame – Hidden truths about this storm in a teacup Aspartame, the artificial sweetener, has gone under the scanner on several occasions for allegedly doing more harm than…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet can bring all…