Brain Cancer

BRAIN CANCER diagnosis

Last Updated February 20th, 2019

What are Brain Tumors?

The central nervous system, in other words, the brain, and spinal cord, is the essential control center for voluntary and involuntary functions of the body. These organs, like other organs and tissues in the body, can sometimes develop tumors. Such tumors can be either benign or malignant. The term ‘benign’ does not necessarily mean that the tumor cannot be life-threatening. In fact, benign brain tumors may grow and put pressure on certain nerves or blood vessels. However, they tend to remain confined to the brain or spinal cord. They are generally well-defined masses with distinct boundaries.

Malignant tumors, on the other hand, have the tendency to grow at a faster rate than benign ones. They generally have irregular boundaries and can even spread to other locations within the central nervous system.

 

What is Brain Cancer?

BRAIN CANCER diagnosisA malignant brain tumor, or brain cancer, is a kind of a brain tumor that tends to grow relatively rapidly, has a tendency to return even after surgical removal and has the capacity to spread to other parts of the brain as well as the spinal cord. Cancer can arise spontaneously in the brain or it may be the result of cancer cells that have migrated to the brain from elsewhere in the body.

Since there are several different types of cells found in the brain, including the neurons themselves, the cells of their protective sheaths and supportive cells, there can be several different types of cancers. Depending on the nature of the malignant change, the cells affected and the location of the tumor, the outcome, and severity of cancer can vary. Some brain cancers have a better prognosis than others. In some cases, the genetic defects responsible for cancer may have been inherited and in other cases, malignant changes in cells may have been triggered by environmental or lifestyle-related factors.

 

How are Brain Tumours Graded?

Depending on the features of the tumor cells as observed during examination under a microscope, doctors assign one of four grades to a certain case of brain cancer. Grading the tumor helps to get a better sense of the prognosis and to formulate a treatment plan. The four successive grades are as follows:

  • Grade I: This is the least aggressive. Under the microscope, these tumor cells appear like healthy cells. Such tumors are benign and generally grow very slowly. The prognosis for long-term survival is good.
  • Grade II: Here, the tumor cells show some changes that indicate malignancy. Such tumors may invade healthy tissues and may also reappear after surgical removal.
  • Grade III: In this case, the tumor cells are clearly distinct from healthy cells and the tumor mass is usually a fast-growing one with a tendency to invade healthy cells. Such tumors tend to reappear as higher grade tumors after treatment.
  • Grade IV: This is the most aggressive form of tumor. Growth is rapid as the abnormal cells are actively reproducing. Such tumors may also be identified by areas of dead tissue inside them. They may also form new blood vessels in order to support further tumor growth.

The first two grades are considered the lower grades and grades III and IV are considered the higher grades. These grades can change as time goes by. For instance, a grade II tumor can transform into a grade III mass. Further, tumors can simultaneously contain cells of different grades.

 

What Causes Brain Cancer?

BRAIN CANCER mriOften, tumors arise in the brain as a result of metastasis of cancerous cells from other sites such as the skin, breasts, and lungs. Other times, malignant transformations in the cells of the brain and its associated tissues gives rise to tumor masses. The direct cause for this is a change in the genetic character of the affected cells. The reason for this is not known. Yet, medical science has been able to identify certain risk factors for brain cancer:

  • Having a family history of brain cancer, although this is uncommon.
  • Inherited diseases such as neurofibromatosis, Li-Fraumeni syndrome and tuberous sclerosis.
  • Advancing age. Those over the age of 65 are up to four times more likely to develop brain cancer than younger individuals.
  • Exposure to ionizing radiation. Those who have received radiation to the head are particularly likely to develop some form of brain cancer.
  • Having cancer elsewhere in the body.

 

What are the General Symptoms?

Brain tumors do not necessarily produce noticeable symptoms. The symptoms can vary widely depending on the size of the tumor and its location. The list below enumerates some signs that may indicate a malignant brain tumor or brain cancer.

  • Headaches.
  • Abnormal sensations such as numbness or tingling in certain areas such as the limbs.
  • Gradual loss of sensation in certain areas.
  • Dizziness or vertigo.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Vomiting.
  • Seizures.
  • Loss of coordination and balance.
  • Difficulty in concentrating or thinking clearly.
  • Changes in memory or loss of memory.
  • Changes in speech, vision or hearing.
  • Behavioural changes.
  • Muscle weakness in affected areas of the body.
  • Paralysis.

 

What are the Different Types of Malignant Brain Tumours?

Brain cancers can be of several different types. The two main categories under which they can be grouped are:

  • Primary: Primary brain cancers are those that originate within the cells of the brain and associated tissues such as the meninges. This is much less common than the secondary type of brain tumour.
  • Secondary: These are brain cancers that develop as a result of malignant cells migrating to the brain from elsewhere in the body through a process called metastasis. Thus, secondary brain tumours are also called metastatic brain tumours. Cancer cells originating in organs such as the lungs, kidneys, colon and even the skin can travel to the brain and give rise to a secondary tumour there. Metastatic tumours are roughly ten times more common than primary brain tumours.

There are more than a hundred types of brain tumours. These are generally named according to the cells from which they arise. For instance, tumours formed of the glial cells that support neurons are called gliomas.

The World Health Organisation has recently released an updated scheme of classification for brain tumours. Under this scheme, histological as well as molecular features are taken into account. This section briefly describes a few types of cancerous brain tumors.

  • Anaplastic astrocytoma: This is a rare form of malignant brain tumor that arises in astrocytes which are a type of glial cell. Hence, it is a type of glioma. The nature of symptoms depends on the location of the tumor. These tend to grow slowly, although in some cases growth can be faster. Symptoms are usually caused by the buildup of pressure within the skull as a result of the growth of a tumor. Often, such tumors are caused by genetic disorders such as neurofibromatosis or tuberous sclerosis.
  • Medulloblastoma: This is a high-grade, fast-growing tumor that generally affects the cerebellum. It is very rare for this kind of tumor to spread beyond the brain and the spinal cord. This is the most common form of malignant brain tumor in children and can be of several possible types. It is also known as a primitive neuroectodermal tumor.
  • Glioblastoma multiforme: This type of tumor is an astrocytoma which means that it arises in a specific type of glial cells called the astrocyte. It can be located anywhere in the brain or spinal cord although the brain hemispheres are the most common location. Its cells reproduce rapidly and are fed by a network of blood vessels. Hence, this type of tumor is a highly aggressive and fast-growing one.
  • Chondrosarcoma: Here, malignancy arises in the cells forming the cartilages and similar tissues. This form of malignant brain tumor is very rare. Often, it is located in areas of the skull known as the sphenoid ridge and the clivus. This type of cancer tends to affect older adult men.

Other types of malignant brain tumors include CNS lymphomas, ependymomas, pituitary carcinomas, germ cell tumors and anaplastic meningiomas, to name a few.

 

What are the Complications?

Since the brain is enclosed within the rigid skull, there is no room within for large tumor masses. As a result, growing tumors tend to exert pressure on the brain and give rise to various complications, some of which are mentioned below:

  • A large brain tumor can obstruct the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid and this can result in accumulation of the fluid in certain spots (hydrocephalus).
  • It is also possible for the brain to push through a space in the skull (a cerebral hernia).
  • Hemorrhage or stroke which can result in loss of sensory or motor function and unconsciousness.
  • Increase in intracranial pressure can lead to severe complications such as coma and death.

 

How Can I Get A Diagnosis?

Brain tumors are generally diagnosed only when they have reached a stage where they begin to produce symptoms. However, asymptomatic ones may be detected incidentally when surveying the area in connection with other problems. The following procedures can help in making the diagnosis:

  • Physical examination and medical history.
  • Blood tests.
  • Tests for a sensory function such as audiometry and visual field acuity tests.
  • Lumbar puncture or spinal tap to test the cerebrospinal fluid for signs of infection or inflammation.
  • Cerebral angiogram.
  • A computerised tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Electroencephalography (EEG).
  • Evoked potentials test in order to assess nerve function.
  • Biopsy of the tumor sample is usually required in order to determine conclusively whether or not the growth is malignant.

 

Treatment and prevention

BRAIN CANCER surgeryTreatment – The treatment of brain cancer is usually complex. Most treatment plans involve getting multiple consulting doctors.

  • Surgery – The main purpose of surgery is to get visual confirmation of the abnormality seen during testing is indeed a tumor and to remove the tumor. If it is not possible to remove the tumor, the surgeon will remove a part of the tumor to test it for the type of tumor that it is.
  • Chemotherapy – A single drug or a combination of drugs may be given. The drugs are given orally or via an IV tube. Some medications are given through the shunt put in place to reduce excess fluid.
  • Radiation therapy – High energy rays are used to kill the tumor cells, thereby stopping them from growing and multiplying. This method may be used for those who cannot go under surgery. It is also used after surgery to remove any remaining cancer cells.

In most cases, more than one of these treatment techniques are used.

Preventions

  • Be aware of the risk factors that can cause cancer.
  • The chances of cancer increase with age.
  • Know your family’s medical history. Only 5-10% of all cancer cells are hereditary.
  • Limit your exposure to radiation.
  • Understand the kinds of radiation that do cancer. For instance, cell phones are proven not cause cancer.
  • Change your eating habits. Make sure that you eat nutritious and immunity boosting foods.
  • Exercise regularly. Aim at walking 10,000 steps every day, this amounts for 5 miles (8 kilometers)

 

 

Facts

  • There are almost 700,000 people in the United Sates who have been diagnosed with brain cancer. Almost, 69,000 will be diagnosed this year.
  • In the United States, more than 28,000 children (0-19 years-old) are estimated to be living with brain cancer.

Facts

  • The most common type of brain cancer is secondary cancer – cancer from another part of the body has entered the brain.
  • The average survival rate for brain cancer – glioblastoma – is 10-12 months.

Facts

  • According to the American Cancer Society, only 6% of the people diagnosed with glioblastoma ages 45-54, and 4% of the ages of 55-64% survive for 5 years, post the diagnosis.

Related Conditions

Want to live a healthy lifestyle?

Subscribe to free FactDr newsletters.

REVAMP YOUR

If you're enjoying our website, we promise you'll absolutely love our new posts. Be the first one to get a copy!

Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week.

I want the latest scoop on :

We hate spam too. We will never share your email address with anyone. If you change your mind later, you can unsubscribe with just one click

By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the FactDr Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of FactDr subscriptions at any time.

 

Dos and Don'ts

Dos
  • Exercise often.
  • Eat a lot of fruits and vegetables.
  • Go for a routine physical exam.
  • Join a support group to help you with the healing process.
Don'ts
  • Engage in smoking as nicotine is carcinogenic.
  • Engage in unprotected sex, since HIV doubles the chances of developing brain cancer.
  • Expose yourself to intense sunlight.

 

 

 

Related Conditions

Trending Topics

ASTtest-liver
AST- Aspartate Aminotransferase Test AST test is a blood test that is used to measure the level of a particular liver enzyme…
Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient Vitamin K2 is claimed to be essential for your bone health, for reducing the risk of cancer, and…
anti-thyroglobulin antibody
Anti-Thyroglobulin Antibody test Anti-thyrogloubin antibody test measures the level of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland cells and are hence indicative…
Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener Sugar alcohols are produced by fruits and vegetables. Maltitol is an artificially produced sugar alcohol and is used…
diverticulitis diet
Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease Are you suffering from diverticultis but clueless about your diet ? Read this complete plan for diverticulitis diet…
TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks TBHQ - Why you should shun the practice of eating instant noodles or microwave popcorn to get rid…
abdominal-CT-scan- image
Abdominal CT scan Abdominal CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that provides a clear picture of the state of internal…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can it protect you…
cytomegalovirus iGG
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)- IgG Test The cytomegalovirus IgG is the immunoglobulin protein produced by our immune system when the body is infected by…
Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people Lectins are a type of protein that are found majorly in legumes. Most people are find it easy…
Top 6 remedies to treat a razor burn at home Symptoms of razor burn include bumps on the skin, redness, and irritation of the skin. Find easy and…
Ferritin blood test
Ferritin Test Ferritin test is a blood test that provides vital information on the level of RBCs and iron in…
Pulmonary Function Tests Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s) are non-invasive breathing tests employed for diagnosing and monitoring lung diseases such as bronchitis
folate test
Folate test The Folate test is used to measure and monitor the levels of folic acid in the blood. The…
The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles Instant ramen noodles might be your go-to snack for your hunger pangs. But with each spoonful you are…
rubella IgG test
Rubella IgG Test The rubella IgG test is a blood test that checks for the rubella virus IgG antibodies present in…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why not try the…
The science behind daith piercing: Can it really cure migraine? Since the ear has several pressure points, it is believed that daith piercing activates the vagus nerve and…
How do neutrophils protect you from fatal bacterial attacks? During an infection, certain enzymes alert the mature neutrophils.  Neutrophils then travel through the bloodstream to the affected…
BRAT Diet: What is the right way to follow this diarrhea-relieving diet? BRAT diet, a simple diet consisting of just bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, can help you combat the…
Silicon Dioxide: How can a component of sand be essential to your wellbeing? Silicon is one of the most abundant elements in the nature. Find out how silicon dioxide can prove…
HELICOBACTER_PYLORI---IgG
Helicobacter Pylori – IgG Test Helicobacter pylori IgG test is a blood, saliva, and urine test performed to determine if the patien is…
serum zinc test
Serum Zinc Test The serum zinc test is a blood test performed to assess the zinc level in the blood (serum)…
Quinine: How gin and tonic came to be known as a potent health elixir The discovery of quinine-containing tree bark is sometimes considered the most serendipitous medical discovery of the 17th century.
Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral supplement for faster weight loss Did you know that about 1.6 million deaths were directly linked to diabetes globally? How is it linked…
Stye : The best natural home remedies to ease the pain Styes developing inside the eyelid tend to be more painful whereas external styes are less painful and ooze…
IGE test
IgE test – Immunoglobulin E IgE or immunoglobulin E test is a test that measures the level of IgE in the blood and…
GM Diet: The fastest way to lose weight or yet another hoax diet? General Motors started this trend of extreme dieting for 7 straight days to ensure its employees were able…
Bubble Tea: Bubbling with nutrition or a hidden sugar mine? The tapioca pearls present in the tea looks like bubbles and hence the name bubble tea became popular.…
RHEUMATOID_FACTOR_(RF)
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) Rheumatoid factor or RF is a blood test used to diagnose painful joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis…
lipoprotein A
Lipoprotein (A) Test Lipoprotein (A) test is used to measure and monitor the levels of LDL(Low-Density Lipoprotein) in the bloodstream in…
Juice Plus: Can you really replace actual fruits with pills?  Juice Plus supplements intend to fill nutritional gaps present in our daily diet. But how successful have they…
hlab27 test
HLA-B27 test The HLA-B27 is a blood test that is used to determine the level of a particular protein called…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes with a plethora…
serum electrolyte test
Serum Electrolyte If there is an electrolyte imbalance in the body, a serum electrolyte test will help to find out…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many experts now have…
Chlorella: Therapeutic powers of the billion-year-old algae now within your reach Chlorella - A billion year old nutrient-rich algae that can potentially ward off cancers and high cholesterol; the…
Jackfruit: Slice your way into higher immunity, better digestion, & more… Native to the South East Asia, the jackfruit is a fruit brimming with thousands of health benefits. Discover…
POSTPRANDIAL-BLOOD-SUGAR
Post-Prandial Blood Sugar Postprandial blood sugar test is an important diabetes diagnosing tool. This simple blood test measure the level of…
Cystoscopy Cystoscopy is intended to look at the abnormalities in the ureters, bladder, and urethra, to assist surgeries performed…
Bloodtestalbumin
Albumin Test Albumin test or blood serum test is a liver function test that measures the amount of the protein…
Free T3 test
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) Test The free triiodothyronine or FT3 test is an important blood test that is used to detect the level…
TPAB test
Treponema Pallidum Antibody(TPAB) test Treponema pallidum bacteria a gram-negative bacteria that has helically coiled, corkscrew-shaped cells, responsible for STDs such as syphilis.
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does our poop turn…
CLA: A breakthrough weight loss supplement with minimal side effects Tried every weight loss supplement in the market with no substantial gain? Why not try CLA supplements, derived…
shakeology woman
Meal replacement or protein drink? Learn all about Shakeology and its claims Shakeology from Beachbody claims to be the most suitable shake that can aid in weight loss, regulate blood…
EMA antibodies
Endomysial Antibodies (EMA) Test EMA test is an investigative blood examination to locate the presence of certain antibodies, called Endomysial antibodies or…
random blood sugar test
Random Blood Sugar Test The random blood sugar or RBS test is a blood test prescribed mainly to check the level of…
Eustachian Tube : Functions and top home remedies to prevent its infection Pressure equalization, mucus drainage and protecting the middle ear from bacteria and viruses are the three important functions…
lipid-profile
Lipid Profile Lipid profile is a blood test that provides complete information on how much cholesterol is present in the…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgG
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgG Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody test involves detecting and measuring the presence of the IgG class of beta…
Poop chart: Top things you didn’t you your poop could reveal about you Bristol poop chart was designed during the 1990s in order to help doctors identify various types of poops…
Barium-enema
Barium Enema Barium enema is also known as colon x-ray. Here, the patient is asked to consume small amount of…
GGt test
GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Test GGT or gammaglutamyl transferase test is a liver function test that is used to detect the extent of…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a healthy mind and…
Balneotherapy jacuzzi
5 things you didn’t know about balneotherapy and how you can do it at home Sauna baths have been popular since a long time. But how much more beneficial can balneotherapy be as…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does it harm some…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity , and much more.…
How accurate is the hair follicle drug test? Hair follicle drug test is one of the best ways to identify drug use in professional circles. But…
carrageenan seaweed
Carrageenan: How a simple seaweed extract could better your gut health & immunity Eat more ice cream to prevent cold and flu? –With carrageenan you get one simple seaweed extract that…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health benefits of using…
Tart Cherry: The healthiest excuse for taking that second serving of pie Tart cherry has been traditionally used in delectable desserts such as pies. Recent studies have revealed that its…
Piaget stages: Do they accurately describe the way the human brain develops?  A common assumption was that children are less competent thinkers as compared to adults, but this was refuted…
SIBO Diet: The important dos and don’ts of this gut-healing diet A SIBO diet is a diet that works by eliminating certain sugars from your diet and adding fibers…
liver cleanse detox
14 go-to foods that are best for a complete natural liver detox Liver cleanse can be achieved by just choosing or avoiding certain types of food. Liver itself is a detoxifying…
CBC blood test
CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test CBC (Hemogram 6-part diff) blood test refers to the test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, etc…
bilirubin-test-result
Bilirubin Test Bilirubin is a substance produced in the body as a result of red blood cell breakdown. A bilirubin…
DHEAS test
DHEA Sulfate (DHEAS) Test DHEAS or DHEA Sulfate test is prescribed if an individual shows symptoms of abnormal adrenal actvity such as…
oral hygiene tips
6 shocking consequences of bad oral hygiene (and how to avoid them) Did you know bad breath is not just turning off, but also harms your body in ways you…
Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine Completely discarding carbs from your life will do you more harm than good. Read more about carb cycling,…
Colloidal silver benefits
Colloidal silver: An essential dietary supplement or yet another pharmaceutical hoax? Colloidal silver is hailed as an effective home remedy for infections. Many believe it can treat HIV and…
Hydroquinone: Is it the best topical treatment for hyperpigmentation? Darkening of the skin due to high melanin levels is called hyperpigmentation.  Hydroquinone interferes with melanin production thus treating…
Helicobacter pylori IGA
Helicobacter Pylori – IgA Test The H.pylori IgA test is a blood test used to identify the level of IgA antigen in the…
hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking is good for…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more about this popular…
antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic Resistance: How common diseases become deadly Can a cold kill you? How important is to get a flu shot? Why do antibiotics fail against…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail because this ayurveduic…
Epley maneuver: Why is this the best protection from the symptoms of vertigo? Epley maneuver is an exercise that can treat the symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).  It was…
blood elements analysis
Blood Element Analysis Test A blood element analysis is a blood test performed to measure the level of toxic elements such as…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the world by the…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders? Do you want…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing is not only…
Pumpkin Seeds: Why pumpkins are more than just for pies! Pumpkins have been long associated with Halloween carvings and delicious pies. But did you know that pumpkin seeds…
Creatine: Is this the right peak athletic-performance supplement for you? Creatine is the amino acid that boosts our energy. Did you know creatine supplements can help you reach…
Bromelain: 11 reasons why you should start adding pineapple to your pizza! If you didn't love pineapples already, here are some of the top health benefits that bromelain can bring…
Horny Goat Weed: Can it improve libido in human beings too? This plant got its name as Horny Goat Weed when one of the goats feeding on the plant…
Cayenne: The remarkable benefits of these red hot chili peppers These may make you rush for a glass of water, but cayenne pepper is actually a healthy additive…
Urologist: When should you visit one and why? A urologist can treat not only genitourinary problems of both men and women but also can treat various…
Chondroitin spine health
9 amazing ways chondroitin can help you bounce back to health Chondroitin is naturally found in meat, especially in the connective tissues of animals. Chondroitin works by reducing the…
reflexology massage
Top reasons why you should go for a reflexology massage today Reflexology involves the application of pressure to your feet and hands to encourage self-healing. Could this be beneficial…
glucose-tolerance
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test – GTT Glucose tolerance test (or Oral GTT) is used to detect the onset of diabetes or prediabetes conditions. It…
beta hcg test
Beta hCG Test A Beta hCG test measures the level of human gonadotropin hormones present in the blood that is primarliy…
myelogram
Myelography Myelography is an important diagnostic tool that is used to investigate and identify abnormalities in the spine and…
shiitake mushrooms healthy
What are Shiitake Mushrooms and why should you eat them? Shiitake Mushrooms are well known for their smoky and robust taste. However, did you know they are replete…
lifestyle diseases
The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you You'd be shocked to know how unhealthy and potentially fatal your everyday routine could be. Has the modern…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know some of the…
cold flu sinus treatment
How to beat the common cold, flu, and sinus infection instantly? Can you guess some of the easiest tricks to treat cold and sinus infections? How are these different…
occupational hazards types
Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace Occupational hazards affect millions worldwide. Chemical spills, faulty wires, deadly pathogen, and work-stress can happen anytime. Follow these…
Kava: Is it the healthy substitute for alcohol you have been waiting for? Native to the beautiful South Pacific islands, Kava is a famous beverage rooted in the local culture. It…
Astaxanthin: Why experts believe it could be 550x more potent than vitamin E! What is astaxanthin and why is this new supplement on the block touted as the most powerful antioxidant…
Lauric Acid: 8 health benefits you can derive from coconuts Appropriate use of saturated fats containing lauric acid can provide you numerous health benefits. This is the main…
Is bronchitis contagious? And how to prevent this infection? It is acute bronchitis that is contagious which means you can contract it from another person or you…
Top reasons why you need to pay attention to your vitamin B6 intake Vitamin B6- An essential water-soluble vitamin. Its deficiency leads to physical changes such as sores & glossy tongue…
Crossfit with rope
CrossFit: Now get the perfectly sculpted body with this explosive gym routine CrossFit is a fitness regimen that makes use of high-intensity exercises in a shorter period to achieve muscle…
ketoacidosis diabetes
HB1Ac Test HB1Ac test is an important blood test that is used to measure the levels of glycated hemoglobin in…
EEG
Electroencephalogram – EEG EEG or electroencephalogram is a diagnostic tool used to access the functioning of neurons and brain activity to…
Chest X-Ray A chest x-ray is a diagnostic test that uses x-rays to visualize the structures inside your chest. It…
erythropoetin test
Erythropoietin (EPO) Test Erythropoetin stimulates the production of RBCs in bone marrow thus an erythropoetin test is done to diagnose blood…
aspartame or sugar
Aspartame – Hidden truths about this storm in a teacup Aspartame, the artificial sweetener, has gone under the scanner on several occasions for allegedly doing more harm than…
boost brain health
The ultimate tips on how to boost your brain health Would you like to be smarter? Want a sharp memory but bored of doing sudoku? Try salsa or…
xylitol gum
Xylitol : Is this the right sugar substitute for you? Discovered during World War 2 owing to sugar shortage, xylitol has become a common name in pharamaceutical industry.…
Vitamin B12: The unknown repercussions of this nutrient deficiency Vitamin B12 is also known as cobalamine; involved in the development of red blood cells in the bone marrow.…
Water Fasting: What are the pros and cons of this practice? Fasting is defined as a procedure that involves the restriction of food intake. This practice has been widely…
Oxalates: How healthy greens can sometimes be bad news for your kidneys Oxalates are compounds present in a majority of healthy foods. However, at times an overconsumption of these could…
How to scrub away stress and fatigue with an Epsom salt bath? Epsom salt is a popular home remedy for many skin ailments. Though there is a lack of scientific…
Internal bleeding brain
Beware: Ignoring these tell-tale signs of stroke could cost a life The signs and symptoms of a stroke differ depending on which part of the brain has been affected.…
arterial-blood-gas
Arterial Blood Gas Analysis Arterial blood gas analysis is a diagnostic procedure used to determine the volume of oxygen and carbon dioxide…
ANTI-MICROSOMAL-ANTIBODY-(AMA)
Anti-Microsomal Antibody AMA Test AMA or anti-microsomal antibody test is a blood test that measures the activity of AMA in the body…
beta 2 glycoprotein 1 igm
Beta 2 Glycoprotein 1 IgM The Beta 2 glycoprotein 1 IgM test detects IgM class of antibodies in the blood.The presence of beta-2…
copper serum test
Copper Serum Test Copper serum test checks for abnormal levels of copper in the body. Both high and low levels of…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk of several deadliest…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you in digesting food?…