Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs

vital organ diseases

What are the vital organs?

The human body has 5 vital organs – brain, heart, kidneys, liver, and lungs. These organs carry out fundamental functions that are essential for sustaining life.

Every vital process that is carried out in the human body – digestion, respiration, excretion, metabolism, and circulation – each is performed by these vital organs (and organ systems).

Thus, it’s not a surprise that any dysfunction or disease in any of these vital organs can heavily impact the human body and severely restrict healthy living.

These can also be fatal in a number of cases.

The following mentioned are the main diseases that could affect your vital organs. Additionally, you will also find diseases that could be caused due to a dysfunction or a disorder in the blood and hormonal levels.

Brain diseases

Brain diseases or neurological diseases is an umbrella term that encompasses diseases of the central and peripheral nervous systems.

These primarily affect the cognitive abilities of an individual but may also progress further to hinder movement and functioning of other vital organs too.

Brain diseases can be broadly classified into two categories – diseases or injuries pertaining to the neurological set-up of the brain such as meningitis, stroke, or encephalitis and conditions pertaining to neuropsychiatry such as dementia, epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis.

Brain diseases

As per the reports published by WHO, brain diseases pose a major global burden. Neurological disorders comprise 2% of the global burden of diseases.

Cerebrovascular diseases and infections are responsible for 4.3% of the global burden of diseases (2005). Hence, overall 6% of the total global burden of disease can be attributed to these conditions.

Every year, cerebral stroke claims 6 million lives and 80% of these deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. 10% of the entire global population experiences migraine attacks. Neurological deaths constitute 12% of overall global mortalities.

This category of diseases poses a bigger global burden than respiratory and digestive diseases.

Liver Failure

Liver failure stands as a major threat to the urban population as most of the cases of liver failure, cirrhosis, and cancer can be strongly linked to faulty dietary and lifestyle pattern.

Alcohol consumption and high sugar/cholesterol diet are one of the biggest culprits. Permanent liver scarring or liver cirrhosis is also a significant cause of liver failure. Other reasons include bacterial/viral infections, an overdose of drugs (both pharmaceutical and recreational), and other pre-existing conditions such as fatty liver disorder and autoimmune diseases.

According to the latest studies, alcohol consumption claimed more than 3 million lives in 2016.

Currently, there are around 2.3 billion people on the planet who consume alcohol and the average consumption of alcohol is 33 grams of pure alcohol per day.  As per WHO, 3.8% of global mortality can be attributed to alcohol consumption. 

Liver Failure

Alcohol consumption is linked to 21.3% of all cases of digestive disorders reported worldwide, a majority of which are liver-related.  Additionally, 1.3 million deaths occur annually as a result of viral hepatitis. Alcohol-related liver cirrhosis deaths occur more in men than in women (336,400 males vs. 156,900 females – 2010 reports).

Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac arrest describes one of the most serious and pressing medical conditions pertaining to the heart where the heart stops pumping blood abruptly.

This highly fatal condition, also known as sudden cardiac death, falls under the category of cardiovascular diseases – the number one killer of human beings today. 31% of all global deaths can be attributed to cardiac conditions. Cardiac diseases can be majorly linked to faulty dietary and lifestyle habits.

Smoking and other forms of tobacco use, alcohol, fatty food, stress, and lack of physical activities – these are the major culprits behind the cardiac arrest.  It is estimated that every 90 seconds 1 person dies due to cardiac arrest.

Of the 382,000 people who experience cardiac arrest worldwide, only 50% of them receive timely help.

Death can occur in a matter of a few minutes in many cases.  Of those who survive, 1/4th of them will develop psychological issues such as PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) or even depression.

80% of all deaths caused by NCDs (non-communicable diseases such as heart diseases) occur in low and middle-income countries.  According to the Global Burden of Diseases estimates, the YLD or Years Living with Disability of the entire world amounts up to 751 million YLDS and heart diseases constitute a massive 68% of this colossal statistic.

Heart diseases

Atherosclerosis

One of the biggest pathological reasons behind the abrupt stoppage of heart function (cardiac death) is atherosclerosis.

In this condition, a waxy plaque deposits on the walls of the coronary artery that hinders the circulation. This could cause the heart to stop beating that automatically leads to a cardiac arrest or sudden cardiac death.

Studies reveal that 80-90% of deaths by cardiac arrest have shown significant levels of arterial plaque deposits.  The major lifestyle habits responsible for plaque deposition are high tobacco consumption and elevated cholesterol levels.

Diets rich in dairy and meats are interlinked to atherosclerosis too. In addition to causing severe and life-threatening heart conditions, atherosclerosis is also responsible for cerebral strokes, aneurysm, and even kidney failure.

Often high income countries show higher tendencies of lifestyle diseases such as high cholesterol, obesity, and cardiac issues. However, in the past 20 years, these nations have successfully reduced the incidence of such diseases.

In contrast, low and middle-income countries are showing an upward trend in mortalities that can be attributed to high BMI, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels.

Kidney stones

The human urine contains several chemicals and minerals- mostly calcium and oxalates that are flushed out of the body.

When the concentration of these minerals increases, they tend to form deposits in the form of kidney stones.  In the past few decades, the prevalence of kidney stones in the American population has witnessed a steep upward trend and is postulated to increase further in the upcoming years (from 3.2% of the general population during the 70s to 5.2% in the 90s).

It is responsible for more than 3 million visits to the doctor (in the USA) and out of these almost 500,000 require hospitalization. 5-10% of all patients with kidney stones require immediate hospitalization and surgery.

Upon examination, it has been found that 80% of all kidney stones contain calcium as the main mineral.  It is prevalent twice as many times in men than in women. And those who have had kidney stones before have 30-50% of developing it again within a period of 5-7 years.

Renal Diseases

CKD – Chronic Kidney Disease

As the name suggests, Chronic Kidney Disease refers to the permanent damage to the kidney that results in severe renal malfunction.

Currently, it is prevalent in 10% of the entire global population. The most inevitable consequence of chronic kidney disease is complete kidney failure which is highly fatal.

In addition to this, chronic kidney disease is co-morbid with other life-threatening conditions such as high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, heart diseases, malaria, and even HIV infections.

According to the 2015 report of GBD (Global Burden of Disease), 1.2 million fatalities and 19 million DALYs due to cardiovascular diseases were related to chronic kidney diseases.

Since 2005, the mortality rates due to kidney diseases has increased by a staggering 32%. Today, roughly 2-7 million succumb to kidney diseases due to lack of dialysis facilities.

The DALYs caused due to kidney diseases has increased from 19 million in 1990 to 33 million in 2013. In 2010, 2.6 million were undergoing kidney dialysis. Experts suggest that this figure is expected to double by the year 2030.

Emphysema

Emphysema is a type of COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease caused by permanent damage to the alveoli (air sacs).

The lungs lose their “spongy-ness” and thus trap in more air than what is exhaled. This is often an under-diagnosed and life-threatening condition which is postulated to become the 3rd leading cause of global deaths by 2030.

Today COPD alone claims more than 3 million lives annually and is prevalent in more than 250 million people worldwide.  Almost 90% of all deaths due to this chronic illness occur in low and middle-income countries.

Cigarette smoking is the number one reason for emphysema. In addition to this, second-hand smoking and exposure to environmental pollutants are responsible for the widespread incidence of this disease.

Though it is common and highly pervasive, it also highly preventable. In 80-90% of cases of COPD, the patient has been a smoker. If left untreated, emphysema can progress to pneumonia, collapsed lung, and even severe cardiac conditions.

Lung diseases

Bronchitis

Similar to emphysema, bronchitis is also a chronic lung condition categorized under COPD.

The air pathways are in a state inflammation in bronchitis and there is excessive mucus production. This narrows the bronchioles and leads to severe breathlessness.  This could be brought on bacterial and viral infections, environmental pollution, seasonal allergens, but mostly because of tobacco smoke.

As per the reports published by WHO, 42% of all chronic respiratory disorders can be traced back to tobacco smoking.

Every year, more than 10 million cases of chronic bronchitis are reported in the USA.  Women are twice as much likely to develop bronchitis as men.

20% of all cases of bronchitis can be linked to occupational exposure to toxins. 12% of all COPD mortalities is a direct result of occupational exposure.

The most lethal fields of occupation in this context are silica mines, stone quarries, agriculture work, textile industries, and paper mills. In addition to causing chronic pulmonary conditions, hazardous occupational exposures account for 8% of all lung cancer cases.

Thyroid disorders

The thyroid gland is perhaps one of the most vital endocrine glands that is involved in the critical bodily processes of metabolism and growth.

The thyroid also governs temperature regulation within the body. Any slight dysfunction in the functioning of this gland can result in serious bodily symptoms – most of them pertaining to weight, appetite, and energy levels.

Thyroid disorders are quite common. As per studies, more than 200 million people across the world have some form thyroid disorder. Fluctuations in the production of thyroid hormones can impact the immune system as well.

Abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland can result in a condition called goiter, which can be related to either too high or too low production of thyroid hormones. Usually, thyroid disorders can be linked to iodine deficiency.

Thyroid

Blood disorders

Blood disorders occur when there is an imbalance in the count/concentration of blood components – RBCs, WBCs, Platelets, and plasma.

These components are responsible for the transport of oxygen, fighting disease-causing pathogens, clotting of blood, and other critical functions.

Infections, unhealthy lifestyle, genetics, and infections – these are the major causes of blood disorders. Usually, these are treated by blood transfusion, diet modification, and medications.

The most common symptoms of blood disorders are weakness, shortness of breath, weight loss, bone deformities, embolism, frequent headaches, and dizziness. Folate and iron-rich foods can help in reducing the severity of the symptoms.

 

 

 

Trending Topics

hidden benefits walking
9 benefits of walking we bet you didn’t know! Did you know walking can be the miracle pill for eternal youth? Everyone knows walking…
eating disorder anorexia
Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Is eating disorder just a harmless bad habit? Or does it represent grim psychological disorders?…
understanding addiction
Addiction explained: An obsession that could cost you your life Is addiction a behavioral disorder? Or is it a chronic disease? How does addiction cause…
50 common health conditions
What are the top 50 deadly and widespread diseases? A complete list of the top 50 most common and deadly diseases that plague humanity.…
low carb foods spinach
Low carb vegetables: A complete list of what to pick from during a keto diet Is your plate of veggies making you fat? Are all vegetables created equal? Research reveals…
social media adddiction
Your health in the age of Social Media: Why is digital detox a necessity? Did you know that more than 400 million people are dangerously addicted to social media?…
fitness routine fun
10 fantastic ways to make your fitness routine more fun! Are you too bored to exercise? Do you avoid gym cause it's too monotonous? Looking…
boost immunity tips
Step up your defence: 15 proven tips on how to boost your immunity Want to naturally build up a stronger immunity? Tired of frequent colds and runny nose?You…
sleep deprivation
Don’t let your sleep deficit grow into memory loss or heart attack Why is sleep important for us? How could sleep deprivation harm you? We bet you…
canola oil cooking
Canola oil: How safe is it to consume this popular cooking oil? Extracted from rapeseeds, Canola oil derives its name from Canadian Oil. Did you know that…
Jicama: A fiber-rich tuber for your weight loss goals Pronouced as HEE-kah-ma, Jicama is the "new kid on the block" that has taken the…
stress depressed anxiety
Are you depressed or just stressed? Know when to see a doctor Why are some people more anxious than others? Is being depressed the same as feeling…
yoga health benefits
How to practice yoga for astounding health benefits Can a 5000-year-old system be the ultimate body healer? Did you know yoga can make…
acne removal tips
Anatomy of acne: 7 instant steps to kiss those zits goodbye Blackheads, whiteheads, or pimples-call them what you may. Acne is never good news.Did you know…
waking up tired
10 reasons why you might be waking up tired Do you feel you are not getting enough sleep? Sleep-deprived and frustrated? Read on discover…
dandelion health benefits
Dandelion: Little parachutes of health and wellness for your whole body Dandelions are not just bright looking blossoms that cheer your mind. These are powerpacked with…
IIFYM diet shopping
If it fits your macros (IIFYM) : A contemporary macro diet regime A diet that lets you eat everything- sounds unbelievable, right? Well, with IIFYM now you…
Kratom drug banned
Kratom: Why is this distant cousin of coffee banned in numerous countries? The name Kratom has often stirred controversies ; this psychoactive drug is both the cure…
maltodextrin sugar
Maltodextrin: What are the hidden health benefits of this food additive? Maltodextrin is one of the few food additives that has been relatively deemed safe. Many…
stress adverse effects
Fight, flight, or freeze: 8 ways stress can ruin your body Did you know that stress is in-built in our systems? It helped our ancestors respond…
oral hygiene tips
6 shocking consequences of bad oral hygiene (and how to avoid them) Did you know bad breath is not just turning off, but also harms your body…
back pain relief
Don’t choose pain: 10 truths about your back ache (and how to get relief) Back pain is one of the most common ailments in the world. Almost 80% of…
Isagenix diet
Isagenix Diet: Do you really need liquid meal replacements to lose weight? Isagenix Diet - What are liquid meal replacements and why is the world going ga-ga…
Ketosis bad breath
Ketosis: A potentially dangerous side effect of the popular keto diet? Ketosis occurs when you have too low carb intake. Though it means rapid fat loss,…
Moringa drink
Moringa: This could be the most nutrient-dense food known to us! Moringa is a lush green tree brimming with over 90 essential nutrients required for a…
eating myths debunked
8 ‘healthy eating’ myths you believed until now Is a zero-carb diet really healthy for you? Are organic products worth their cost? Did…
Panera bread steak arugula
Panera Bread: The truth behind this “healthy” restaurant chain What to order and what to avoid when dining at Panera Bread ? Know more…
Jack in the box fast food
Jack In the Box : The perils of surging fast food culture in the USA Jack in the Box - How a culture of fast-food can clog your arteries, weaken…
Fluoride: An indispensible mineral or a potential toxin ? Fluoride, the main ingredient of toothpaste, has shown a great potential as a cleanser. However,…
improve digestion weight loss
Power up your gut: 8 proven steps on how to improve your digestion Did you know you have a colony of bacteria in your gut that help you…
ashwagandha brain
Ashwagandha: The best-kept secret of Ayurveda now revealed! Ashwagandha literally means "smell of horse". Don't get bogged down by that one tiny detail…
chia seeds weight loss
Chia seeds: How to consume this staple Aztec food to get a leaner body Chia seeds: What is the actual reason for its sudden popularity? Why are celebrities swearing…
Garlic health benefits cloves
Garlic: Nature’s white pill as an effective home remedy What are the secrets hidden in these tiny white pills? Find out the immense health…
passion fruit juice
Passion fruit: How one exotic fruit can help you fight infections and cancer! Passion fruit: Why does this exotic fruit have such an enticing name? And how can…
hidden causes obesity
8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! Did you know that around 2 billion people worldwide are either overweight or obese? Are…
liver detox facts
7 liver detox facts and why ignoring these could kill you! Are you taking care of this organ that handles over 500 different vital functions in…
Whole30 diet fad
Whole30 Diet – Why eliminating certain foods just doesn’t cut it Whole30 Diet: Is this the ‘whole’-y grail of a disease-free body? Read more to find…
lose pregnancy weight
5 most effective ways you can lose those pregnancy pounds! Are you looking for ways to get back into shape? Scared of crash diets? Don't…
MANUKA HONEY child
Manuka Honey Manuka honey is a specific type of honey produced by honey bees that collect nectar…
castor oil hair
Castor oil : A vitamin-rich oil for shiny locks and healthy bowels Castor oil bestows unlimited benefits, whether you use it for your hair or skin. But…
iron food shellfish
Iron-Rich Foods: Eat these foods to keep fatigue and anemia away! How to ensure a muscles as strong as iron? Eat iron rich foods ! Iron…
kale
Kale: With more iron than beef, this superfood is the ultimate way to lose weight Checkmate meat-eaters; with kale, vegans now have the ultimate iron-rich superfood as their ally that…
low fodmap plan
Troubled with IBS? Here’s a complete roadmap to the low FODMAP diet Leaky & inflammatory gut troubling you? No medicine bringing you relief from the pain? Why…
superfoods quinoa probiotics
10 fantastic Superfoods you need to include in your diet from today! What exactly are superfoods and how do they battle diseases? From losing weight to looking…
alcohol toxic
7 startling facts that will make you quit alcohol today Does drinking really make you friendly and happy? How many calories does a can of…
Healthy pregnancy tips
How to have a healthy pregnancy: Essential tips to remember What to expect when growing a life within you? How important are prenatal vitamins anyway?…
top 5 deadliest cancers
A sneak peek into the top 5 deadliest cancers and the true nature of their origins Did you know that cancer is the 2nd leading cause of deaths globally? Among the…
paleo keto diet
Paleo vs. Keto: Which diet plan is best suited for your body goals? Is eating like a caveman the right way to go? Can you really eat fats…
autoimmune diseases facts
Autoimmune Diseases: Find out if your body is attacking you right now Did you know your body can harm itself? What are autoimmune diseases and why does…
antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic Resistance: How common diseases become deadly Can a cold kill you? How important is to get a flu shot? Why do…
vital organ diseases
Common diseases that could cripple your vital organs Brain, heart, kidney, lungs, and liver - these vital organs are indeed vital for your…
Creatine: Is this the right peak athletic-performance supplement for you? Creatine is the amino acid that boosts our energy. Did you know creatine supplements can…
nutritional yeast bread
Nutritional Yeast : How can a fungi culture be good for your body? Nutritional yeast: How a simple culture of fungi can transform your skin, digestion, immunity ,…
Nitric oxide: Why is this heart-healthy supplement every sportsman’s first choice? Once considered a vastly toxic substance, nitric oxide is now deemed to be a great…
gallbladder diet tomato
Gallbladder surgery :Tips on post-operative care and diet What to eat post a gallbladder surgery? What are the key things to avoid if…
nature health benefits
Green Healing: The amazing health benefits of being in nature You have no idea what sitting in a closed room does to your body and…
about mediterranean diet
Why you should be adopting a Mediterranean style of diet today Ever wondered why the Mediterranean diet is so healthy? One simple solution to lowering risk…
common mental disorders
Common mental health disorders :The silent stigma surrounding millions More than 300 million sufferers and yet a silent and agonizing stigma; why are people…
lose weight fast
12 easy and instant steps to successful weight loss Do you want to lose weight without losing your mind? Does weight loss always mean…
Keto diet healthy
Keto Diet: Did you know you could eat fats to burn fats? Keto diet - A wonder diet that lets you eat fats and lose weight too!…
low carb diet meal
Low carb diet : Go high on fats and low on carbs for a leaner body! Did you know that sugar is the new fat? Going low on carbs and high…
High Fiber Diet – Fire up your fiber intake for these health benefits! Regular bowels, healthy detox, higher immunity, and guaranteed weight loss - a high fiber diet…
boost brain health
The ultimate tips on how to boost your brain health Would you like to be smarter? Want a sharp memory but bored of doing sudoku?…
health benefits coffee
Dark, hot, & steamy: The remarkable health benefits of drinking coffee Coffee does more than just wake you up. One of the most widely consumed beverages…
matcha tea leaves
Matcha: The unthinkable health benefits of this unique green tea Did you know that a cup of matcha can boost your immunity against toxic diseases?…
Military diet
Military Diet : Why following a highly restrictive diet is a bad idea Is seiging your calorie intake the right way to attack fats? Read more about Military…
BCAAs powder
BCAA: Now get more out of your workouts with this miracle protein BCAAs are counted as one of the best supplements for increasing your physical endurance. Find…
Milk Thistle skin
Milk Thistle: Find possible cures for fatal diseases in these purple blooms Milk thistle is well-known for treating liver conditions. However, did you know that it comes…
CBD oil safe
Cannabidiol benefits: Evaluating the “highs” of CBD Oil The word cannabis paints a picture of addicts. But did you know that CBD oil,…
green poop causes
Green poop : What are the reasons and how can you correct it Ever sneak a peek down the toilet only to shockingly find green poop? Why does…
kefir bottle
Kefir: Top reasons why this probiotic drink should be consumed by you Yet another remarkable fermented food, kefir is a much healthier version of yogurt. These chewy…
cancer facts
8 hard-hitting truths no one tells you about cancer Did you know that 1.5 million new cases of cancer are reported every year? Can…
turmeric skin
We bet you didn’t know that turmeric could be this beneficial! Did you know that turmeric, a humble ingredient found in most Indian kitchens could cure…
dance health benefits
5 unbelievable effects of dance on your overall health! You enjoy dancing, but did you know what else it does to your body? Dancing…
Serotonin happiness
Serotonin : What you didn’t know about this “feel-good” chemical Serotonin : Did you know that this "feel-good" hormone could well impact your sleep cycle,…